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TABLE OF CONTENTS. June 1, 1920. United States Armenia. The United States Senate by a vote of 62 to 12 rejected the President's recommendation that executive power be granted to accept a mandate over Armenia.-Cong Rec., June 1, 1920, p. 8334; 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 438.
June 1, 1920. Únited States Armenia. An amendment to above providing for a commission to study the rehabilitation of Armenia and for an American Loan of $50,000,000. Was also defeated by 41 to 34.Cong. Rec., June 1, 1920, p. 8691 ; 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 438.
June 3, 1920. Colombia, United States. Ratification of the treaty of 1914 for settlement of differences arising out of partition of Panama in Nov. 1903 recommended by Committee U. S. Senate on Foreign Relations.--Cur. Hist., July, 1920, 12; 593; 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 643.
June 6, 1920. International Juridical Union. Third session held in Paris, Paix par le droit, June-July, 1920, p. 228. The Union resolved to accept, with the
University of Paris, the patronage of a school of International Law.-Temps, June 17, 1920, p. 2; 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 643.
June 15, 1920. Chinese Consortium. Plans completed, first organization meeting of representatives of American, British, French and Japanese groups to be held in New York in September.-N. Y. Times, June 16, 1920, p. 18; 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 646.
June 16, 1920. International Court of Justice. Under Article 14 of the League Covenant an advisory commission of jurists from ten countries met at The Hague to draft plans for an International Court.
The commission adjourned July 24 and transmitted to the Council of the League a draft of the project. This recommended (1) A new International Conference to carry on the work of the Hague Conferences; (2) Establishment of a High Court of International Justice, according to a plan submitted; (3) Opening of an Academy of International Law.London Times, July 26, 1920, p. 15; 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 646 ; Text, 14 Sup. Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 371.
June 17, 1920. International Labor Conference. Held in Geneva under League of Nations.--14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 647; New Europe, July 22, 1920, p. 38.
June 21, 1920. Boulogne Conference, Allied Council. Held to consider German Indemnity, disarmament, Greek mandate, etc., Germany asked an army of 200,000. She was required to reduce her army to 100,000, but allowed a police force of 150,000 instead of 80,000.–London Times, June 23, 1920, pp. 16-17; Text of notes sent Germany June 22, Temps, July 1, 1920, p. 4; 14 Am. Jour Int. Law, p. 648.
June 23, 1920. International Chamber of Commerce. International Commercial Congress opened in Paris, resulting in organization of an International Chamber of Commerce.-Adv. of Peace, Aug., 1920, p. 278; 14 Am. Jour Int. Law, p. 648.
June 24, 1920. Guatemala–United States. The Government of Guatemala recognized by the United States.-Cur. Hist., Aug., 1920, 12, 819; 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 648.
July 3, 1920. Brussels Conference. Interallied Conference held to discuss German disarmament, indemnity, etc., and procedure for Spa Conference.-Temps, July 3, 1920; 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 619.
July 5, 1920. Spa Conference. Allied and German Prime Ministers met at Spa to negotiate as to German reparation payments, disarmament, war criminals and coal deliveries. Disarmament settled July 7. German representatives signed coal protocol July 16 and conference adjourned. Cur. Hist., Aug., 1920, 12; 765; London Times, July 5, 1920, p. 14; Text Coal Protocol, Wash. Post, July 17, 1920, p. 1. Agreement approved Reichstag, July 28.—Cur. Hist., Sept., 1920, 12-1064, 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 649.
July 7, 1920. Soviet Russia-United States. Trade restrictions between removed by U. S. Dept. of State, except as to shipment of materials capable of immediate use for war purposes.-Wash. Post, July 8, 1920, p. 1; 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 650.
July 13, 1920. Japan-United States. Informal conversation held between the two governments as to California legislation to prevent Japanese from owning or leasing land.-N. Y. Times, July 14, 1920, p. 1; 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 651.
July 15, 1920. League of Nations Assembly. Call for meeting of Assembly in Geneva on Nov. 15, issued by Pres. Wilson.-London Times, July 15, 1920, p. 15; 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 651.
July 30, 1920. League of Nations Council. Eighth session opened at San Sebastian, at which Aaland Islands question, European travel and other matters were discussed, and plans for International Court of Justice and for an International Hygiene Bureau were approved.-Cur. Hist., Sept., 1920, 12: 1096; 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 654.
August 2, 1920. Costa Rica,United States. The United States recognized the Government of Costa Rica, Ga., Aug. 1 and 4, 1920.–14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 654.
August 3, 1920. League of Nations. Permanent Advisory Commission on Naval, Military and Air questions, held first meeting at San Sebastian.-L. N. 0. J., Sept., 1920, p. 346; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 84.
August 9, 1920. Ethiopia–United States. Commercial treaty, signed June 27, 1914, proclaimed by Pres. Wilson.-U. S. Treaty Series No. 647; 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 655.
August 9, 1920. International Seamen's Conference. Opened at Brussels, for further consideration of questions not disposed of at the International Labor Conference at Geneva.-Temps, Aug. 10, 1920, p. 4; 14 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 655.
September 2, 1920. Permanent Court of Arbitration. First tribunal since the war, met at The Hague, with Elihu Root as Chairman, decision rendered in Portuguese Church property case.—Temps, Sept. 4, 1920, p. 4; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 85.
September 16, 1920. League of Nations. Ninth session of Council held in Paris. Purchase of hotel National in Geneva approved; transfer of districts of Eupen and Malmedy to Belgium recognized. PolishLithuanian controversy and Aaland Islands question considered.--Cur. Hist., Dec., 1920, 13: 364; N. Y. Times, Sept. 21, 1920, p. 17; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 86.
September 20, 1920. League of Nations. Council of League fixed boundaries between Lithuania and Poland and sent a military commission to disputed territory. After temporary suspension of hostilities, fighting was renewed and Vilna occupied by Polish Gen. Zeligoroski on Oct. 9.Cur. Hist., Dec., 1920, 13: 454; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 86.
September 23, 1920. United States, Canada and Newfoundland. The Marine Fisheries Informal Conference was held in Ottawa as to investigations in the interest of marine fisheries of the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts.-Press notice, Oct. 15, 1920; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 86.
September 24, 1920. International Financial Conference. Held at Brussels to consider the financial crisis and means of avoiding dangerous consequences therefrom. Summary of Proceedings, New Europe, Oct. 14, 1920, p. 21; Cur. Hist., Dec., 1920, 13: 470; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 87.
September 24, 1920. United States. Department of State made known President Wilson's position in declining to carry out section of Merchant Marine Act of June 5, 1920, instructing him to notify foreign governments within 90 days of the termination of certain clauses of commercial treaties.-Wash. Post, Sept. 25, 1920, p. 1; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 87.
October 1, 1920. International Clearing House for Commercial Exchanges. Organization proposed by Premier Delacroix of Belgium at
International Financial Congress.-N. Y. Times, Oct. 5, 1920, p. 17; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 87.
October 1, 1920. Postal Congress, Universal. Seventh Congress opened at Madrid to revise postal rates, etc.—Temps, Oct. 3, 1920, p. 2; Union Postale, Oct. 1, 1920, p. 145; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 87.
October 5, 1920. Free trade, International Congress. Held in London.-Temps, Oct. 7 and 9, 1920; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 88.
October 7, 1920. Labor Congress, International. Held at Brussels to consider creation of an international office of statistics, prices and quantities under League of Nations.-Cur. Hist., Dec., 1920, 13: 366; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 88.
October 8, 1920. Communication Conference, International. Preliminary sessions opened at Washington to prepare for conference of world-wide character on cable, radio telegraph and telephone problems.Wash. Post, Oct. 9, 1920, p. 9; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 88.
October 11, 1920. Economic Conference, International. Second meeting held in London to consider restoration of Europe.-London Times, Oct. 12, 1920, p. 12; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 88.
October 15, 1920. Chinese Consortium. Organization completed at conferences in Washington and New York. Final agreement signed.-Far Eastern Rev., Nov., 1920, 16; 624; Cur. Hist., Dec., 1920, 13; 459; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 88.
October 15, 1920. United States Venezuela. Commercial traveler's convention signed July 3, 1919 and ratified by both countries Aug. 18, 1920, proclaimed.-U. S. Treaty Series, No. 648; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law,
October 20, 1920. China–United States. Commercial convention signed, to bring into effect as regards imports into China from the United States, the revised tariff schedules recommended by International Tariff Commission, sitting at Shanghai in 1918.--Press notice, Oct. 21, 1920; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 89.
October 20, 1920. Wilhelm II, of Germany. Bonar Law announced in the House of Commons that British Government would not bring him to trial. Temps, Oct. 21, 1920, p. 1; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 89.
October 21, 1920. Passport Conference, International. Session at Paris, adjourned after unanimous adoption of resolutions embodying changes in present passport system of chief nations of world.-N. Y. Times, Oct. 22, 1920, p. 17; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 89.
October 22, 1920: Argentina-United States. Commercial treaty governing reciprocal rights of commercial travelers in both countries signed.-Wash. Post, Oct. 23, 1920, p. 6; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 89.
October 22-28, 1920. League of Nations Council. Tenth session held in Brussels, discussed budget, minorities, plan for International Court, Polish-Lithuanian controversy, etc.- London Times, Oct. 21, 1920; Cur. Hist., Dec., 1920, 13; 365; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 89.
October 27, 1920. League of Nations. Headquarters of League moved from London to Geneva.-N. Y. Times, Oct. 28, 1920, p. 17; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 89.
November 2, 1920. California Alien Land Law. Referendum of Nov. 2 resulted in adoption of same. New law put in force Dec. 10, 1920.–Text of Act; Cur. Hist., Jan., 1921, 13 (pt. 2), 119; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 273.
November 8, 1920. Maritime Commission. First session of Joint Commission set up by the International Labor Conferences at Geneva on July 9, 1920 met at Geneva.--Proceedings I. L. O. B., Nov. 17, 1920; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 91.
November 15, 1920. League of Nations, Economic Council. Appointed by League Council.--N. Y. Times, Nov. 15, 1920, p. 2; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 91.
November 15, 1920. League of Nations, Financial Council. Appointed by League Council to carry out recommendations of Financial Council of Brussels.-N. Y. Times, Nov. 15, 1920; p. 2; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law,
November 15, 1920. Japan-United States. Announced that treaty with Japan has been drafted, affecting future Japanese immigration.N. Y. Times, Nov. 16, 1920, p. 17; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 91.
November 15-30, 1920. League of Nations, Assembly. Met at Geneva, Nov. 15. Six committees appointed on which each of 42 nations, members of the League, is represented. 1. General organization. 2. Technical organization.
3. Permanent Court of International Justice. 4. Organization of the Secretariat and Financies of the League. 5. Admission into the League. 6. Mandates, Armaments and the economic weapon. Nov. 17 a delegate from Argentina appealed for admission of all sovereign states to the League. On Nov. 20 a motion was presented by 18 nations that Spanish should be one of the official languages of the League. The delegation from Argentina being dissatisfied on failure of above withdrew from the Assembly, Dec. 4, 1920. Nov. 25 an invitation was sent to Pres. Wilson to mediate for the Armenians. Nov. 26 a Permanent Mandate Committee was appointed. The plan for a Permanent Court of International Justice upon the lines recommended by the Conference of Jurists at The Hague, but modified by the Council and further modified by the Assembly of the League, was adopted by the Assembly, subject to ratification by the member-states.Jour. of First Assembly League of Nations, Nov. 15, Dec. 1, 1920; London Times, Nov. 16-Dec. 1, 1920, 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, pp. 91-2; for abstract of proceedings by Chas. Noble Gregory see 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 240 to p. 252. As to Permanent Court of International Justice see 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, pp. 260-266; editorial comment by Dr. Jas. Brown Scott.
November 18, 1920. League of Nations. Council decided to send composite force from various nations to Lithuania to maintain order and supervise plebiscite to be held at Vilna.-N. Y. Times, Nov. 19, 1920, p. 1; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 92.
November 19, 1920. Germany. Note of protest to League of Nations made public in which Germany states that she no longer considers herself bound by clauses of Versailles Treaty yielding her colonies, on the plea that the Allies broke the pact.-Wash. Post, Nov. 20, 1920, p. 1; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 92.
November 25, 1920. Armenia. League of Nations sent to the United States, as well as to League members, an invitation to volunteer for mediating between Armenia and Mustapha Kemal.-N. Y. Times, Nov. 26, 1920, p. 1; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 92.
November 25, 1920. France-United States. American delegates to International Postal Congress reached agreement with French postal authorities for an increase in weight of parcel post packages and insurance for the same.- Wash. Evening Star, Nov. 7, 1920, Pt. 2, p. 2; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 92.
November 26, 1920. Great Britain United States. Reply of the United States, dated Nov. 20, 1920, to British note of Aug. 9, 1920, as to mandate rights, under peace treaties, made public.-Wash. Post, Nov. 26, 1920, p. 1; N. Y. Times, Nov. 26, 1920, p. 1; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 92.
November 26, 1920. League of Nations. International Court of Justice: Commission of League as to International Court of Justice decided that the plan of the Advisory Committee of Jurists should stand, as amended by the League of Nations Council. Elimination of obligatory jurisdiction was approved.-Wash. Post, Nov. 27, 1920, p. 3; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 93.
November 28, 1920. International Council of War Veterans. Organized in Paris by delegations from France, Great Britain, United States, Italy, Belgium, Greece, Jugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Portugal, Poland and Roumania.-N. Y. Times, Nov. 29, 1920, p. 17; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 93.
November 30, 1920. Armenia-United States. President Wilson accepted invitation of League of Nations Council to mediate in Armenian question.-N. Y. Times, Dec. 1, 1920, p. 1; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 93.
November 30, 1920. Pan American Postal Union. Formed at International Postal Congress in Madrid, comprises all American states, except Canada and British colonies. Spain has adhered to the Union.London Times, Dec. 1, 1920, p. 11; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 93.
November 30, 1920. Universal Postal Convention. Signed Madrid.London Times, Dec. 1, 1920, p. 11; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 93.
December 1, 1920. Armenia. Offers of Pres. Wilson, Premier Dato of Spain and Foreign Minister Marquez of Brazil to mediate to save Armenia were placed before the Council of the Leagne of Nations.N. Y. Times, Dec. 2, 1920, p. 1; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 275.
December 1, 1920. Mexico-United States. Proposal of Secy. State Colby of Nov. 25, 1920 for commission to draft treaty as basis for resumption of diplomatic relations made public.—Text. Wash. Post, Dec. 1, 1920, p. 1; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 275.
December 3, 1920. League of Nations. League Council invited the United States to name a representative to act in consultative capacity with the military, naval and air commission of the League. The Dept. of State declined the invitation Dec. 8, 1920.–Press Notice Dec. 8, 1920; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 276.
December 7, 1920. Armenia-United States. Pres. Wilson in his message asked Congress to authorize loan to Armenia.-Cong. Rec., Dec. 7, 1920, p. 26; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 276.
December 8, 1920, France-United States. Details of Western Union Cable dispute with France made public.-N. Y. Times, Dec. 8, 1920, p. 1; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 276.
December 9, 1920. Denmark—United States. Copyright proclamation, signed by President Wilson. Grants to subjects of Denmark the protection of American copyright law of Mar. 4, 1907, and acts amendatory thereof.-Press Notice, Dec. 14, 1920; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 277.
December 9, 1920-January 3, 1921. German Disarmament. Note sent to Allies by Germans Dec. 9, as to disarming and disbanding self-defensive organizations (Einwohnerwehr) stated that the German Government has never recognized that as an international obligation. Text (in part) London Times, Dec. 11, p. 9. Reply of Inter-Allied Military Commission repealed the demand, summary Temps, Dec. 16, 1920, p. 1. Officially reported in Berlin on Dec. 26 that German Regular army had been reduced to 100,000 officers and men. Berlin dispatch of Jan. 2, 1921, said there were only. 90,000 in actual service and that armed police force was less than'150,000.-Cur. Hist., Feb., 1921, 13 (Pt.2), 226. French Government in note to Germany on Dec. 31, 1920 said Inter-Allied Military Control Commission had not been able to verify such reduction. Reply of Jan. 3, 1921, reasserted Germany's desire to live up to Spa Agreement.—Text of notes, Temps, Jan. 15, 1921, pp. 1, 4; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 277.
December 10, 1920. Armenia. Pres. Wilson's award concerning boundaries delivered to French Foreign Office.-Wash. Post, Dec. 11, 1920, p. 3; Cur. Hist. Feb. 1921 (Pt. 2), 379; 15 Am. Jour. Int. Law, p. 277.