The Women's Joint Congressional Committee and the Politics of Maternalism, 1920-30

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University of Illinois Press, 2010. 10. 1. - 272페이지
The rise and fall of a feminist reform powerhouse

This is the first comprehensive history of the Women's Joint Congressional Committee (WJCC), a large umbrella organization founded by former suffrage leaders in 1920 in order to coordinate organized women's reform. Encompassing nearly every major national women's organization of its time, the WJCC evolved into a powerful lobbying force for the legislative agendas of twelve million women, and was recognized by critics and supporters alike as "the most powerful lobby in Washington."

Through a close examination of the WJCC's most consequential and contentious campaigns, Jan Doolittle Wilson demonstrates organized women's strategies and initial success in generating congressional and grassroots support for their far-reaching, progressive reforms. By using the WJCC as a lens through which to analyze women's political culture during the 1920s, the book also sheds new light on the initially successful ways women lobbied for social legislation, the inherent limitations of that process for pursuing class-based reforms, and the enormous difficulties faced by women trying to expand public responsibility for social welfare in the years following the Nineteenth Amendment's passage.

A volume in the series Women in American History, edited by Anne Firor Scott, Susan Armitage, Susan K. Cahn, and Deborah Gray White

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Introduction
1
1 The Emergence of the WJCC
9
2 The Lobby for the SheppardTowner Bill 1921
27
3 Opposition to the State Campaign for SheppardTowner 192123
50
4 The Crusade for the Child Labor Amendment 192224
66
Illustrations follow page 92
92
5 Allies and Opponents during the Battle for Ratification 1924
93
6 Defeat of the Child Labor Amendment 192426
110
8 The Impact of RightWing Attacks on the WJCC and Its Social Reform Agenda 192430
148
Conclusion
171
Appendixes
175
Notes
183
Bibliography
221
Index
239
back cover
251
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7 The Struggle to Save the SheppardTowner Act 192630
133

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211 페이지 - an act for the promotion of the welfare and hygiene of maternity and infancy, and for other purposes.
81 페이지 - The power of the several states is unimpaired by this article except that the operation of state laws shall be suspended to the extent necessary to give effect to legislation enacted by Congress.
231 페이지 - Maternal and Child Health and Mental Retardation Planning Amendments of 1963 and the Mental Retardation Facilities and Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act of 1963 (77 Stat.
81 페이지 - The Congress shall have the power to limit, regulate and prohibit the labor of persons under eighteen years of age.
28 페이지 - Bureau shall investigate and report . . . upon all matters pertaining to the welfare of children and child life among all classes of our people...
68 페이지 - ... parental responsibility with respect to the employment of children; to assist in protecting children, by suitable legislation, against premature or otherwise injurious employment...
148 페이지 - Miss Bolsheviki has come to town, With a Russian cap and a German gown, In women's clubs she's sure to be found, For she's come to disarm AMERICA.
30 페이지 - Next to the duty of doing everything possible for the soldiers at the front, there could be, it seems to me, no more patriotic duty than that of protecting the children, who constitute one-third of our population.
69 페이지 - So here the so-called tax is a penalty to coerce people of a state to act as Congress wishes them to act in respect of a matter completely the business of a state government under the Federal Constitution.
190 페이지 - Read before the Section on Preventive and Industrial Medicine and Public Health at the SeventyThird Annual Session of the American Medical Association.

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