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The results of strikes for the five-year period, 1899 to 1903, are shown in the table following:
LOCKOUTS.-During 1903 there were 70 lockouts reported, affecting 1,714 establishments. Of a total of 52,541 employees in the establishments affected, 35,273 were locked out and 835 others were thrown out of employment on account of the lockouts.
The following table shows the results of the lockouts in 1903:
RESULTS OF LOCKOUTS, 1903. [The column headed " Persons locked out" shows the maximum number of persons locked out at
any time during lockout.)
Of the lockouts in 1903, 51.4 per cent were successful, 21.4 per cent were partly successful, and 27.2 per cent were complete failures. Compared with the rates per cent for 1902 the successful lockouts for 1903 show a decrease of 13.8 per cent, the partly successful an increase of 6.2 per cent, and the complete failures an increase of 7.6 per cent.
The following table shows, by principal groups of industries, the number and results of lockouts, the number of establishments and persons involved in lockouts, and the number of other employees thrown out of work on account of lockouts during the year 1903:
SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS, BY GROUPS OF INDUSTRIES, 1903. [The column headed " Persons locked out" shows the maximum number of persons locked out at
any time during lockout.)
The group of building trades had the largest number of lockouts, establishments affected, and number of persons locked out, nearly onethird of all the persons locked out during 1903 being engaged in this industry. Nearly 43 per cent of the lockouts in building trades were successful. Next in importance with regard to the number of persons involved are the groups of metal work and machinery, tools, and instruments. Seventy-six per cent of all the persons locked out belonged to these three groups of industries.
The next two tables show, respectively, the results of lockouts according to their duration and according to the number of persons locked out:
SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS, BY DURATION, 1903. [The column headed " Persons locked out" shows the maximum number of persons locked out at
any time during lockout.]
SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS, BY NUMBER OF PERSONS LOCKED OUT, 1903. [The column headed "Persons locked out" shows the maximum number of persons locked out at
any time during lockout.]
The following table shows the causes and results of lockouts in 1903, the cause and not the lockout being taken as the unit:
LOCKOUTS, BY CAUSES, 1903. [Lockouts due to two or more causes have been tabulated under each cause; hence the totals for
this table do not agree with those for the preceding tables.]
The results of lockouts for the five-year period, 1899 to 1903, are shown in the table following:
out. affected. ments
1899 1900 1901 1902 1903
607 238 948 1,714
8, 290 22, 462
7,980 18, 705 52, 541
5, 298 9,085 6,414 10, 305 35, 273
6 13 16 30 36
34. 8 14.3 31.4 19.6 27.2
Report on Strikes and Lockouts in the United Kingdom in 1903, and on
Conciliation and Arbitration Boards. 1904. 142 pp. (Published by the Labor Department of the British Board of Trade.)
The report on strikes and lockouts in the United Kingdom, prepared by the labor department of the board of trade, is the sixteenth issued since the commencement of the series in 1888. The report shows in detail for each dispute, beginning in 1903, the locality, the number of establishments involved, the number and occupations of working people thrown out of work, the cause or object of the dispute, the date of beginning and ending, and the result; also statements of the work of boards of conciliation and arbitration, and of certain agreements and awards terminating trade disputes. The tables giving details are preceded by summary tables, by tables presenting comparative data for the years 1899 to 1903, and by an analysis of the statistics of strikes and lockouts and of conciliation and arbitration. The general method of inquiry and the plan of presentation are the same as for the past few years. Disputes involving fewer than 10 employees (and those which lasted less than one day) have been omitted from the tabulations, except when the aggregate duration exceeded 100 working days.
STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS IN 1903.—The number of labor disputes arising in 1903 was less than in any of the preceding four years (1899 to 1902), and the number of working people directly and indirectly affected and the aggregate days of duration were also less than in any of those years. During 1903 there were 387 strikes and lockouts, involving 93,515 employes directly and 23,386 indirectly, or throwing out of work a total of 116,901 working people, and resulting in an aggregate loss of 2,338,668 working days.
The following tables show the number of strikes and lockouts and the number of employees involved in 1903, classified according to the principal causes and the results:
STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS, BY CAUSES AND RESULTS, AND WORKING DAYS LOST, 1903. ["Aggregate working days lost by all employees thrown out of work" includes the aggregate duration in 1903 of disputes which began in previous years and excludes the duration in 1904 of disputes which began in 1903.)
Strikes and lockouts the results
Aggregate of which were
days lost Principal cause or object.
by all em-
thrown ployees. ployers. mised.
1,768, 608 Hours of labor Employment of particular classes or persons. Working arrangements, rules, and discipline... Trade unionism. Other causes
2, 426 Total
387 | 2,838, 668
3 10 14 14 1
7 29 26 8 2
7 13 16 1
17 54 56 25 3
44, 173 132, 862 238, 737 151, 862
STRIKERS AND EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT, BY CAUSES AND RESULTS, 1903.
As in previous years, the disputes in 1903 related mostly to wages, 232 out of a total of 387 strikes and lockouts, or 59.9 per cent, resulting from this cause. Of the total of 93,515 strikers and employees locked out in disputes from all causes, 49,557, or 53 per cent, were involved in wage disputes. Only 17 disputes, or 4.4 per cent of the total were due to the question of hours of labor, and but 4,108 working people, or 4.4 per cent of the total, were directly affected thereby.
Of the 387 disputes, 88, or 22.7 per cent, resulted in favor of the employees; 179, or 46.3 per cent, in favor of the employers; 110, or 28.4 per cent, were compromised, and 10, or 2.6 per cent, remained indefinite or unsettled. Of the 93,515 strikers and employees locked out, 28,908, or 30.9 per cent, were engaged in disputes which resulted in favor of employees; 44,276, or 47.3 per cent, in disputes which resulted in favor of employers; 19,310, or 20.7 per cent, in disputes which were compromised, and 1,021, or 1.1 per cent, in disputes which remained indefinite or unsettled at the close of the year. Employees involved in disputes relating to wages and hours of labor were mostly unsuccessful, while in disputes relating to trade unionism they were mostly successful.