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BEFORE A

4
HEARINGS

U.S. Congress, Hous
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON
INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE,

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

SEVENTY-NINTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

H. R. 6448

A BILL TO PROMOTE THE PROGRESS OF SCIENCE AND
THE USEFUL ARTS; TO SECURE THE NATIONAL
DEFENSE; TO ADVANCE THE NATIONAL
HEALTH, PROSPERITY, AND WELFARE;

AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

MAY 28 AND 29, 1946

Printed for the use of the
Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1946

88581

COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE

CLARENCE F. LEA, California, Chairman ROBERT CROSSER, Ohio

CHARLES A. WOLVERTON, New Jersey ALFRED L. BULWINKLE, North Carolina PEHR G. HOLMES, Massachusetts VIRGIL CHAPMAN, Kentucky

B. CARROLL REECE, Tennessee LYLE H. BOREN, Oklahoma

CHARLES A. HALLECK, Indiana LINDLEY BECKWORTH, Texas

CARL HINSHAW, California J. PERCY PRIEST, Tennessee

CLARENCE J. BROWN, Ohio OREN HARRIS, Arkansas

EVAN HOWELL, Illinois GEORGE G. SADOWSKI, Michigan

LEONARD W. HALL, New York RICHARD F. HARLESS, Arizona

THOMAS D. WINTER, Kansas JOHN W. MURPHY, Pennsylvania

JOSEPH P. O'HARA, Minnesota EDWARD A. KELLY, Illinois

WILSON D. GILLETTE, Pennsylvania
LUTHER PATRICK, Alabama
JOHN B. SULLIVAN, Missouri
DWIGHT L. ROGERS, Florida
BENJAMIN J, RABIN, New York
VITO MARCANTONIO, New York

ELTON J. LAYTON, Clerk
F. P. RANDOLPH, Assistant Clerk

PUBLIC HEALTH SUBCOMMITTEE

J. PERCY PRIEST, Tennessee, Chairman ALFRED BULWINKLE, North Carolina CLARENCE J. BROWN, Ohio VIRGIL CHAPMAN, Kentucky

THOMAS D. WINTER, Kansas VITO MARCANTONIO, New York

WILSON D. GILLETTE, Pennsylvania

II

19466

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CONTENTS

Page

Text of the bill, H. R. 6448..

1

Statements of—

Jenkins, Hon. Thomas A., Member of Congress from the State of

Ohio.

1

Bowman, Dr. Isaiah, president, John Hopkins University, Baltimore,
Md.

6

Mills, Hon. Wilbur D., Member of Congress from the State of

Arkansas.

15

Patterson, Hon. Robert P., Secretary of War.

24

MacQuigg, Dr. C. E., chairman, committee on legislation, of the

Engineering College Research Association, Columbus, Ohio

31

Dyer, Dr. Rolla, Assistant Surgeon General, United States Public

Health Service, and Director, National Institute of Health..

33

Kenney, Hon. W. John, Assistant Secretary of the Navy-

41

Bush, Dr. Vannevar, president, Carnegie Institution of Washington,

and Director, Office of Scientific Research and Development -- 47

Smith, Dr. Homer W., professor of physiology, College of Medicine,

New York University -

55

Victory, John F., executive secretary, National Advisory Committee

for Aeronautics -

60

Folk,, George E., representing, National Association of Manufac-

turers, Washington, D. C.--.

65

Bronk, Dr. Deltev, director, Johnson Research Foundation, Phila-

delphia, Pa

68

Richards, Dr. A. N., chairman, committee on medical research, Office

of Scientific Research and Development -

72

Condon, Dr. E. U., Director, National Bureau of Standards, Depart-

ment of Commerce-

75, 85

Wallace, Hon. Henry A., Secretary of Commerce

75

O'Donnell, Rev. J. Hugh, C. S. C., President of the University of

Notre Dame...

89

Communications submitted:

Letter dated June 6, 1946, from Oscar L. Chapman, Acting Secretary

of the Interior..

92

Letter dated June 10, 1946, from R. R. Renne, president, Montana

State College, Bozeman, Mont-

93

Documents submitted:
Analysis of bill by Dr. Vannevar Bush..

47
Analysis of the bill H. R. 6448 by W. D. Mills.

20
Statement by Secretary of Commerce, Hon. Henry A. Wallace, before
Senate committee.-

75
III

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ACT

TUESDAY, MAY 28, 1946

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

SUBCOMMITTEE ON PUBLIC HEALTH,
COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE,

Washington, D. C. The subcommittee convened at 10 a. m., pursuant to call, the Honorable J. Percy Priest, chairman of the subcommittee, presiding.

Mr. PRIEST. The subcommittee will come to order. We have met this morning for hearings on the bill, H. R. 6448, introduced by Mr. Mills of Arkansas.

The Chair would like to state and make it a matter of record at this point that other related bills that have been introduced back over a period of some time have been referred to this committee-two of them by Mr. Randolph, another by Mr. Mills, and one by Mr. Gossett. The hearing today will be on H. R. 6448, and these other bills are simply made a matter of record.

It has always been the custom of this subcommittee to hear Members of Congress who are present in the beginning if they care to make a statement at this time. I see the gentleman from Ohio, Mr. Jenkins, is present, and I wonder if he would care to make a statement at this time.

STATEMENT OF HON. THOMAS A. JENKINS, A REPRESENTATIVE IN

CONGRESS FROM THE STATE OF OHIO

Mr. JENKINS. I would hesitate to make a statement on as complex a subject as this bill deals with. In other words, I would not presume to enter the field with the scientists but I know enough about their work to say that I surely am on their side; and that is about as much as I can say.

Mr. PRIEST. We certainly thank you, and we are glad that you are here this morning.

Mr. Mills, the author of the bill, will appear later on the program and discuss his bill more in detail, and we are very happy to have you gentlemen here.

We will insert into the record at this point a copy of the bill, H. R. 6448, and then we will hear the statement of Dr. Bowman.

(The bill is as follows:)

[H. H. 6448, 79th Cong., 2d sess.]

A BILL To promote the progress of science and the useful arts; to secure the national

defense; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; and for other purposes

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, in order to secure the full development

1

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