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Columbus, 525.

| Fog signals, 743–; horn, 750-; sailing in'
Commerce, antiquity, 83; progress, 75; 753.
v. Caravans.

Foreign enlistment in England, 1407,
- - innocent, 1481-; colonial, 1430–; in United States, 1409, 1424-.
1483-1486, 1489; home, 1487; enemy's Fountains, 29-
goods, 1484, 1494-; neutrals in enemy Fowey, 389-

ship, 1484, 1490—; 'v. Contraband. Further proof, 1735-.
Communication between enemies, 1295-,

Gades, 163, 225-, 290.
1326.

-, waters of, 56, 589, 592. Gama, 533.
Compensation for injury, 756.

Gaul, 254.
Condemnation of prize, 1686–, 1709-,

Genoa, 309, 335-
1726–; confiscation, 1753.

Geography, Ancient, 492-, 500: of Sara-
Condition of ship, 727-, 802.

cens and Portuguese, 501-, 507, 510,
Condottieri, 470, 1221.

519-, 525.
Conduct of captors, 1636 ; of ship, 706

Golden Fleece, 177-
754, 812; internal, 755; collision, 758;

Good Hope, 115, 239, 523, 533.
law of the sea, 759, 774.

Goths and Vandals, 308.
Confederates, 1364-

Greeks, 112, 118, 152–; fleet before Troy,

182-
Constantinople, 356; British Court at, 934.
Contraband of war, what is, or not, 1442–;

Guerillas, 1230, 1240-,
destination, 1471-; confiscation, 1769.

Gunpowder, 517-
Contract, 585.

Hamilco, 262.
Conventions, 424-

Hanno, 261.
Convoy, 1389-, 1775.

Hanse, 408-
Corsairs, 549, 1236-

Hibernia, 294-
Corsica, 235, 239, 254, 274.

High-water mark, 22 ; sea, v. Open sea.
Crete, 123, 141-

Homerites, 101.
Crew, 736-

Hostilities, commencement of, 1194.
Crossing ships, 793.

Hyksos, 122-, 125.
Crusaders, 326-, 463, 504.
Cumæ, 208.

Iceland, 483-
Cyaxares, 115, 195.

Idumea, 121-
Cyprus, 123, 140.

Imminent danger, 792, 803–
Cyrene, 238

Indemnity for wrongful capture, 1778.

India, 77, 79, 95-, 155-, 533-.
Damage, direct, 872-; consequential, Injunction, Chancery, 952-

878; collision, 947; amount, 913, 937-; Insurance against collision, 913.
and costs and expenses, 1778.

Interest on ship's value, 918.
Damascus, 124, 134, 247.

International law, 12-
Danger, imminent, 792, 803-.

Intervention, 1796.
Dark Ages, 497.

Ionians, 187.
Departure 'on outbreak of war, 1195-, Irregulars, 1205, 1255–
1203, 1272,

Israelites, 109-, 125-, 137, 164.
Diaz, 523
Duties of ship, 706, 787 ; of captors, 1636. Japan, 81, 87, 90-

Jerusalem, 244-, 248.
East, travels to, 514-; science in, 505–. Jomsborg, 379.
Egypt, 77, 79, 104-, 120, 157.
Embargo, 1195-, 1203, 1272-, 1294.

Land, enjoyment of, 4, 5; division, 6..
Enemies, rights against each other, 1180-; | Leghorn, 351.

ships, 1338–; goods, 1342-; produce Letters, antiquity of, 83.
and manufactures, 1353-; confiscation, Liability of ship and owner, 695–, 881-;
1324.

for what, 888-; for what not, 883-
England, 380, 383-

891; exemptions, 887-; pilot on board,
Etruria, 78, 81, 168-, 205, 215.

861-; extent, 892; limited, 893–, 920;
Euxine settlements, 197-, 309.

how estimated, 901-; colonies, 898; open

sea, 899; national waters, 899; forum,
Fairs, 82, 102.

901 ; suit to limit, 953-, under conven-
Fault, injurious, 849, 855-; in both ships, tions, 907-; in United States, 912-;
857, 860; presumptions as to, 865-

conditional privileges, 908.
Fish, right to, 45.

Life, loss of, 891, 946.
Flag, 433.

Lights, 742
Flanders, 372 ; Flemings in England, 386. Limited liability v. liability.
Fleets and ships, 454, 542-,

Line, presidial, 48, 50, 612; shore, 22, 32';
Flight from search, 1586-

marine, 31, 48; coast, 51; river, 33.

London, 384, 421-, 430.
Look-out, 751-, 869.

Oleron, 407.
Open sea, 11, 20-; limits of, 591; bed,

31; right to use, 47, 635-; regulations
of, 637-; aggressions on, 638 ; law of,
588, 642-; conduct on, 759-; highway
without toll, 332, 640 ; ships on, are

still national, 642.
Ostia, 170, 264.
Ostiam fluminis, 27.
Overtaking ships, 794.

Madeira, 488, 522.
Magellan, and Straits of, 541.
Magna Græcia, 175, 203–, 220-
Malays, 97.
Maps, Ancient, 110.
Marco Polo, 516.
Marine or maritime law, 24, 39-, 564

759-, 765 ; line, 31, 48; territory, 48-
Mariner's compass, 75, 85, 347, 511, 515.
Marque, Letters of, 432, 436, 440-, 448.
Marseilles, Massilia, 250, 257, 282-, 309-,

353.
Master, when pilot on board, 836-.
Mean line, 50.
Mecca, 102
Meeting ships, 780, 791-
Mercenaries, 1441.
Mesopotamia, 77.
Miletus, 152, 190-
Mohammedans, science, 501-.
Municipal law, conflict with international,

568 to 584.
Muscat, 103.

Naples, 208.
Nation, dominant, privileged, foreign,

593; protected, 1176.
National law, 14, 17, 19; rights, 62–;

waters v. waters.
Nationality of ship, 712-; masters and

crew, 724; owners, 725; cargo, 726.
Nations, law of, 563-, 586; conflict with
municipal, 568 to 584; equality of, 566,

1146.
Nature, law of, 563.
Naucratis, 112, 118, 258.
Navigable area, use of, 681-; subordi-

nation of rights on, 682-; incidents to

use of, 685; use of shore, 686-
Navigation, right of, 45; improper, 914.
Navy, Grecian, 182-; Edward III., 182;

English, 542; of Scotland, 390.
Neutrals, ch. xii., and rights of, 470-;

as to belligerents, 1378-; rights and
duties of state, 1384-; of subjects,
1438–; neutral ships' admission to bel-
ligerent ports, 1384; search, 1385-;

convoy, 1389-
Neutrality, armed, of Rhodes, 151 ; of

Northern States, 1391.
Neutral waters, belligerent ships in,

1397-; repairs, 1405-; augmentation

of force, 1406-
Neutralization, 1178, 1371-.
Nomades, 82.
Norman conquest, 376-
Northmen, 296, 305, 324.
North-western voyages, 548, 555.

Palmyra, 124, 130.
Paris, Declaration of, 1163.
Parthenope, 208.
Passengers evidence of number, 920.
Peace, 1797.
Pelasgians, 168, 173, 175.
Petra, 103, 124.
Phocæa, 189, 192, 250-..
Phoenicia, 79, 112-, 121-, 136-, 152-, 159-

173-, 211-, 225, 230-, 235.
Pilots, 814 ; duty, 835-; when ship re-

lieved from liability, 820, 834, 861;
when not, 822–; boats, 818-; pilotage

or salvage, 1021-
Piracy and pirates, 112, 378–, 424, 543,

1208-, 1230-
Pisa, 342, 351-
Portugal and Spain, Discoveries of, 532.
Precautions, 847, 853.
Precedents of English and French prize

courts, 1791.
Pre-emption, 1475-
Preliminary examination, 1728.
Presidial line, 48, 50, 612.
Presumption as to fault, 865-
Private armament, 470-

- wars, 439, 444, 453.
Privateers, 472, 543, 549, 556, 1221-, 1244,

1266-, 1419.
Privileged nation, 593.
Privileges of foreign ships, 908
Prize, Right to, 1626–; property in, 1646 ;

custody of, 1742 ; release, 1651; ran-
som, 1659; abandonment, 1653-; right
of possession, 1658; in neutral waters,
140-; court, 1708 ; jurisdiction, 1711-;
proceedings, 1731 ; law which should
govern, 1749–; reclamations against,

1710.
Proclamations relating to war, 1201-.
Property in ship and cargo, 1754 ; in

enemy's country, 1278-, 1282.
Proprietary rights, 44.
Protected nation, 1176.
Pytheas, 283.
Ramses Miamoun, 107, 110, 157.
Ransom, 1659.
Ravenna, 313-
Recapture, 1670.
Recognition as belligerent, 1169, 1793;

as a nation, 1792.
Regulations, observance of, 851.
Remedy for injury by collision, 922-,

. 1749131; 1 Tisdicti, al wat &

Obstruction to navigation, 812-.
Ocean, 52; v. Open sea.
Offence, Capture in, 1617-
Officers, 736-,

1 to 6804; foreigrossing, 7999h, '867.

neutrality; ar between gerent and

.

Reprisals, general and special, 452,1 715; publicized, 716 ; privateers, 717, v.
1198-

Privateers; responsibilities, 693–; name,
Rescue, 1670-

693-, 706, 710-; condition, 727 ; officers
Resistance to search, 1611-; construc and crew, 736-; papers, 720-; conduct,
tive, 1614.

693-, 706-; launch, 811 ; at anchor, 867;
Responsibility of ship and owner v. lia anchoring, 808-; under weigh, 867;
bility.

meeting, 791-; crossing, 793- ; over-
Restoration of prize, 1681 ; of unlawful taking, 794; foreign, in national waters,

capture, 1717.
Rhodes, 123, 144-; law of, 148–; armed Shore line, 22, 32.

Sicily, 203,
Rights of war between enemies v. ene Sicyon, 78, 81, 172-.

mies; between belligerent and neu Signals, 741-, 786; fog, 743.
tral, 1378-

Sinope, 193.
Riparian law, 25, 30, 40, 43; waters, 58, Skill, adequacy of, 224.
60.

Slave trade, 1082; universality of, 1083-;
River, 25; subterranean, 2; mouth, 27; as to right to enslave, 1091-; to sell

distinct from land, 28; bed, 33; shore, slaves, 1095, offence, 1098-; English
34, 37; bank, 35 ; line, 33; property provisions, 1101-; fitting out for, 1106-;

in, 28: rivers of communication, 596. search for slaves, 1110, 1115; treaties
Road, rule of, 777-

as to, 1111-; punishment under treaty,
Rome, 217, 263-; and Carthage, 260-: 1111.

primeval, 170, 263; Roman empire, Smuggling, 1116-
dissolution of, 307-

Soil, subaqueous rights to, 62.
Rules for sailing, general, 796-; time for South Sea islands and ships, 100.
obeying, 801-; departure from, 803 Sovereign represents public rights, 63;

sovereignty of the sea, v. Sea.
Sabæans, 101, 114.

Spain, 162, 235, 263, 292, 358-, 432, 532.
Salmon, 390.

Speed, 790, 870.
Salvage, 982; civil, 983-: military, 984 State responsible for subjects, 586.

1694; nature of, 986–; for what and Steamer, 781-; towing, 782-
for what not, 989-; who entitled to, Straits, law of, 594, v. Waters.
1003; who not, 1012-; contract for, Stream, v. River.
express or implied, 1038-; rate of Syracuse, 24, 215.
civil, 1049-; of military, 1698-; lien Syria, v. Phænicia.
for, 1065 ; retention, 1066; remedy for,
1072-; value, 1706; apportionment,

Tadmor, 130,
civil, 1067; military, 1707.

Taprobane, 99, 103, 114.
Salvors' skill, 1028; duties, 1020, 1028–.

Terrene law and rights, 6, 10-, 30-,
Samaria, 244.

Thule, 81, 298.
Saracens, 323-

Tin, 113, 226, 255, 290.
Sardinia, 274.

Towing, 782; reciprocal duties and lia-
Scandia, 293–

bilities, 862-; towage or salvaye, 1021.
Scythians, 195.

Towns, independence of, 380–; treaties
Sea, open, v. Open sea; shore, 33, 36;

with, 437, 446, 453.
bank, 35; pass, 720; sovereignty of,

Trade of enemies, 1300-; between them,
53-, 200-, 465–

1303–; in enemy's ships, 1319-, 1324;
Search, 1568-; right of, 1568-, 1574–;

licences for, 1322, 1326; between enemy
office, 1568-; by what ships, 1570; of

and neutral, 1327-; Board of, 946, v.
what ships, 1573; of what not, 1572 ;

commerce.
where, and where not, 1580; purpose,
1575-; conduct of cruiser, 1581-; of

Transit tolls, 332.

Troy, 181.
merchantman, 1583; flight from, 1586-;

Tyre, 77, 131, 158 ; siege by the Babylo-
resistance to, 1611; constructive, 1614;

nians, 243–; by Alexander, 266, v.
process, 1595; detention, 1450, 1595-,

Phoenicia.
1601; capture, 1598.
Security from claimants and captors,
1745.

Utica, 162, 165.
Set forth for war, 1682.
Ship part of her country, 52, 642–, 712–; Value of impugnant, how estimated, 916,

impersonation, 559-, 693; forum, 83; 919.
Chinese, 88; Malays, 97–; Indian, Veneti of Gaul, 286-, 292.
97 ; South Sea, 100; Egyptian, 104-; Venice, 309,
Grecian, 182-; ancient, 288; Veneti, Vikings, 364-
287; coracles, 301 ; Scandinavian, 457-; Viseo, Duke of, 491-, 521-,
fleets, 454-; public ship, 714; private, Voyages of discovery, 480-.

War, laws of, 1127 to 1168 ; justice of,

1177.
Waters, Area of, 16 (see open sea); of

communication, 56, 589, 592, 773-;
national, 9, 48, 55, 590, 773; limits,
61; external, 612; internal, 623-; re-
striction or extension of, 629-; maritime
territory, 650 ; highway on, and on the
shore, 45, 633–; division, 20; distri-
bution, 58; law of, 17; rights in, 9, 12,
45, 58-; fluctuating state, 9; enjoy-
ment of, 7, 9, 17-; dominion over, 7,
8, 10, 18; property in, 7, 9, 18, 58, 61;

inmates of, 7-; riparian rights, 9, 58-.
Western settlements, 290-, 308, 314.
Wisby, 405, 416.
Wreck includes ligan, flotsam, and jetsam,

966-; ownership, 967; law, Rhodian
and Roman, 959; Welsh, 960; Saxon,
961; Scotch, 962; Barcelona, Oleron,
etc., 963; France, 964 ; general, 965 ;
English, 961,978-; foreign owners, 976;
assistance and access to sea, bank, and
shore, 968; obstructing, 973; protec-
tion by Board of Trade, 970; officers,
971 ; receiver, 971, 979; persons find.
ing, 972; plundering, 973; selling, 974 ;
riotous plundering, 975-; foreign
goods, 977 ; salvage, v. Salvage.

Yu, 84.
Zenghis, 512, 513.

TIIE END.

JOHN EDWARD TAYLOR, PRINTER,
LITTLE QUEEN STRRKT, LINCOLN'S INN FIRI.DS.

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