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" 10 per cent. upon his capital. The, from causes, over which the farmers had “present average price, according to no controul, that is to say, in part, at “ Saturday's Gazette, is 7s. 11d. the least, from the war.
It is not true, “ bushel. We have thus fulfilled our (though it has nothing to do with the "intention of collecting a few facts, point at issue) that the farmers were “which we have endeavoured to place wholly innocent here; for, they were no" in a prominent point of view, offering toriously amongst the foremost to uphold “such reasons as they are suggested to Pitt in making war and in carrying on "our minds. We are quite sure that war, against the Republicans of France. "we speak without partiality or prejudice That has been accomplished, which they w ourselves; We are neither farmers nor tendered their lives and fortunes to ac"merchants, neither growers of home nor complish. The republic of France has “ importers of foreign corn. Our chief | been destroyed; the Bourbons have been “anxiety is to remove, if possible, some restored; liberty has been nearly put out " prejudices, knowing that he best pro- in that country; and, really, if our far"motes the interests of the poorer classes | mers were to suffer in consequence of "and of British ayriculture, who encou- what has taken place, they certainly would
rages and promotes the interests of the come in for their full share of meriting " Batish farmer. " If the price of the that suffering. Now we come to the sub
corn,” says an eminent writer, should ject :- The argument is this : that, un"not compensate the price of growing it, less com is dear, the English farmer can
the most serious evil, the very destruc- not grow it, because it would not bring " tion of agriculture itself, is to be appre-him enough to enable bim to pay wages " kended.” Now, though this article is of labour, keep of horses, repair of wagwritten with great ability, and with even gons, cost of seed, and rent to the landgreater craft than ability, it will require, lord.-Now, how fallacious is this! Is I trust, not a great deal to be said, to not the corn which the horse eat, shew that its tendency is to deceive the and which is sown for seed cheap, if people, and to entice them, by a fallacious corn be cheap at market ? Are not the statement, into an acquiescence in a mea- wages of labourers, the prices of wheelsure for making corn dear; that being wrights, and the rent of land cheap, if the undisguised object of the writer.- the corn be cheap at market? Why, then, Before I proceed to the main points, let should not the English farmer be as able me notice the insinuation, that objections to grow cheap corn as dear corn? And to a Corn Bill have been owing to the what becomes of all the terrific statement "' industry of faction." What then, is about dependence upon foreign nations, OLD GEORGE ROSE become the about the extortioning of the foreign farleader of faction? Ile, who wrote a mer, about scarcity, about the ruin of pamphlet to convince the people of Eng- the labourer, and the like ? Is it not noland, that, if they did not quietly pay torious, that wheat used to be 5s. a the war-taxes, the French Republicans bushel in England ? Nay, is it not notowould deprive them of the blessed com- rious, that it used to be 2s. a bushel ? forts of religion? He has, indeed, been How did the farmer live in those days? very industrious upon this occasion; but was the labourer starved in those days ? has his been the industry of faction ?" On the contrary, is it not notorious, that Have the petitious of " the Toyal” of the paupers have increased with the high Southampton, Portsmouth, Winchester, prices ? Will any man have the confidence and hundreds of other cities and towns, to deny this ? And if this cannot be deproceeded frum" the industry of faction?" nied, what reason is there to be alarmed Oh, no! this will never do. The pro- at the prospect of continued cheapness ? moters of the measure cannot now raise a What reason is there to suppose, that the cry against the Jacobins. That humbug farmer will be unable to raise cheap corn, is over for ever.--Who told this writer, seeing that his labourers, his smith, his that any body ever said, that reringe wheelwright, 'his collar-maker, his seed, against the farmer was the object of the his tent, will all keep pace with the price opposers of the measure ? This is pure of his corn ? If these items amount to a invention. It is an invented fact, whereon hundred pounds a year when wheat is 405, to build a fallacious argument.---But, we a quarter, and to two hundred pounds a arę told here, that the brigh prices arose ! year when wheat is 80$. a quarter, is not the farmer as able to raise the forty shil- you are laudably enthusiastic. But the ling wheat as the eighty shilling wheat ? real tendency of your exertions is to proHow came this writer to be so indiscrect tect and promote the taxing system, and as to mention horse feed and seed amongst thereby to enable the Government to keep the outgoings of the farmer? These must up, during peace, a standing army and all be at a low price, if his market corn is at those means of patronage, heretofore una low price. They consist of the same known in England, and the keeping up sort of corn that he has to sell. How, of which tends to the total extinguishment in the name of common sense, then, should of even the great country gentlemen, the he have to complain of the amount of little ones having all been swallowed up these outgoings, and, at the same time, long ago Stand here, I pray you, and complain of the cheapness of his comp? reflect before you proceed another inch. But, the truth is, that the absurdity of You perceive clearly, that the writer, these positions arises from a very ma- whom I have quoted, under pretence of terial omission in the enumeration of the protecting the farmer and promoting agrifarmer's outgoings ; to wit ; tbe TAXES ! culture, aims at keeping up the taxes, that ' which, direct and indirect, amount to is to say, an immense military establishmore, aye, to double as much, as his la- ment and patronage, which it is your inbour, horse feed, seed, implements, and terest, and the farmer's interest, and the rent, all put together. The direct taxes country's interest, to sce reduced to noare upon bis land, his property, his horses, thing, seeing, that we now want no bis house, his windows, his gig, his dogs, standing army any more than our forehis man servant, and to these must be fathers did. I have read a long letter added his poor rates. He pays about 178. of Mr, WESTERN to shew, that it is just a bushel tax out of every 20s. which he and necessary to pass a Bill to protect the lays out in salt; and, in a large farm farmer. The reasonings of that very able house, the salt tax amounts to about 101. letter are unanswerable, if we admit
, that a year. He pays more in tax upon malt the taxing system must remain in full vi. than his barley, of which the malt is made, gour, which the author seems to admit, amounts to. He pays a tax upon the and which I wonder that he should have soap and candles, and tea and sugar and admitted. It is clearly shewn, that the wine and spirits used in bis house. He English farmer will not grow corn, unless pays a tax on the leather and iron used in he is put upon as good a footing, at least, his implements and his harness. And, as the French farmer. But, then, it is be it observed and remembered, that he not shewn, that this cannot be accompays a tax upon the beer, the gin, the tea, plished without a Corn Bill; and yet, the sugar, the salt, the soap, the candles, this ought to be shewn, and clearly shewn, the shoes, the tobacco, used by his la- by those, who, in open hostility to the bourers. For every quart of beer drank common feeling of mankind, propose such by the ploughman, at a public house, the a measure.- The farmer, and the profarmer pays about 4d in tax. The brewer sperity of agriculture, do not depend upon and malster first pay it; the publican the price of corn alone : there are the pays it to them; the labourer pays it to hides, the skins, the wool, and the flax, the publican ; the farmer pays it to the All very great articles of produce. These labourer; and, as the farmer must be re- are, in great part, wrought into articles of paid, he must,, of course, charge it in dress by our manufacturers, and thus they the price of the next cor that he cells. are exported. Make the corn dar; make --Here, then, is the real cause of the the food of the manufacturertwice as dear necessity of high prices. It is the GO- as the food of the manufacturer in France, VERNMENT, and not the FARMER, America, and elsewhere, and who will who stands in need of high priced corn. purchase the dear manufactures ?-But,
-Oh! ye Cokes and l’esterns, be not; take away the taxes that support the be not, I pray and supplicate you, made arny, the ordnance, a great part of the the tools of the taring system ! I know navy; abolish the new military schools well that neither of you wish for high and all their enormous expences ; return prices in order to increase, or keep up agaio to cheap and peaceful government; your own incomes. Your wish is to pro- lay aside the bayonet and the broadtect, to secure the well-being of, a de- sworii, and be content with the oldscription of persons, as to whose pursuits fashioned sherift's wand and constable's staff. Do this, and there will be quite the constitution. It is for those who proenough left to discharge the just debts of posé such a measure to shew, that it the country and to support the Crown cannot be done without ; and this they with sufficient splendour, though Wheat must shew before any just man will give should again fall (as I hope it will) to the bis consent to it. The measure would old 5 shilings a bushel of JETHROTULL; be no proteetion to the farmer; it would and agriculture will flourish and farmer do him no good ; it would do the landwill thrive as much as they have done for owner no good: what it gave in prohithe last twenty years; and, what is still bition, it would take away in tax, and of more importance, pauperism will al: give it to the military, waval, and official most disappear, hospitality will revive, and part of the community, the tendency of honesty, the constant companion of com- which must inevitably be to give these a petence, will curtail the long and dismal predominance over all the peaceful arts Lists of crimes, commitments, convic- and professions, and to produce all the tions, banishments, and executions, which lamentable consequences which I have now fill the mind with horror and dismay. above described.--For these reasons, I, is Here" say the writers, we take our who am a farmer by taste as well stand. The English farmer cannot grow as in fact, and who am deeply interested corn, unless,“ by an importation duty, in the prosperity of agriculture, detest and " the foreign farmer be made to bear part abhor, from the bottom of my soul, the " of the English farmer's taxes".--But, he idea of any measure tending to raise, or will not bear part then; for, he will not keep up, the price of corn ; and, if there bring his corn, and it is meant that lie be byt one man in all England found to should not. Here I take my stand. Re- petition against such a measure, I will be duce the taxes of the English farmer, that man. and then he will grow corn enough without the aid of foreign supply; and the COTINENTAL AFFAIRS. It is immanufacturers, eating cheap food, will be possible to peruse the information which able to sell cheaper than the manufacturers now daily arrives from the Continent, of other nations; and, thus, all will thrive without experiencing the mostaweful sen together; make corn dear, by continued sations as to the critical state of affairs heavy taxation, and all will decline toge in that quarter. It is true, appearances ther, except the military and naval otti- are very often deceitful, and lowering cial part of the community, who will, in clouds frequently subside; but there ne the end, obtain a predominance, such as ver was a period known, in universal histhey possess in the Austrian, Prussian, tory when the " din of preparation" Russian and German dominions, and seemed so great, Let us turn our eyes English freedom and English manners from the Mediterranean to the Baltic, and English morals and English tastes peace and tranquility is no where to be and English learning and eloquence will found. In Italy, all the convulsions of take their flight for ever to the other side the thirteenth century appear to have réof the Atlantic.-1 hardly think it possi- vived. The dawn of liberty having open, ble, that sạch men as Mr. Coke and Mr. ed on that delightful country, its inhabiWestern should be the partizans of a tants cannot without difficulty return unmeasure having such a tendency. They der the yoke of slavery. We find the may doubt, whether it be practicable, court of Vienna in the most feverish ioithout injury to the fund-holders, to re- alarm on the subject. Long accustomed duce the taxes so as to enable the farmer as the Austrian monarchy has been to to sell wheat at 5s. a bushel. For my look with anxiety to the entire possession part, I have no doubt at all upon the sub- of the Adriatic Gulf, from the possession ject; but, before I give myself the trou- of the ports of which, she might indulge ble of proving, and my readers thę trou- a prospective hope of possessing." ships, ble of reading what I have to say upon colonies, and commerce,"
," it cannot be, the subject, let the advocates of a new but with the utmost apprehension, that and odious measure give us their argu- she finds the voice of public opinion depents to prove, that the measure is indis- cidedly against her views. Little doubt pensably necessary to the discharge of can be entertained by the most commonthe just debts of the country and to the place politician, that a great motive which opport of our government agreeably to Linfluenced Austrią to join the Aļlies, f
iñe critical period when by Francis's un-, the present system, and his very name so natural desertion of his soui-in-law-a de- seldom oceurs, except when he hinuself sertion so totally unlooked for, that it introduces it, that there is every appearproduced, as it could not fail to do, the ance of his sinking fast, as I fervently most decisive consequences.-I say, the hope he will; into his old denomination Emperor Francis must have been greatly of Bishop of Rome; when Pope, constimulated to this act, by the jealousy clave, and cardinals wonld bre with which he viewed the Iron Crown on forgotten, was it not for the persethe head of Napoleon; shutting out, as cutions which rcligion, from time it did for ever, all his Italian prospects. immemorial, bas brought upon mankind. The information from Italy is rather bar- -In Spain, the beloved Ferdinand has ren; but no doubt can be entertained that outragerl every feeling, which thie Austria, tinding Murat necessary to her laws of policy and brunanity ought to views, las entered into a secret alliance bave diciated. His friends and his foes with him to secure his throne, on condi- have fallen in one universal conscription. tion that the upper part of Italy shall be- Neither age nor sex is sparen.' The come Austrian. Insurmountable difficul- reign of priesthood is revived, in all its ties have been thrown in the way of this horrors. That bloody tribunal the Inproject. Among others, the sudden re- quisition, is procceiling with gigantic vival of the King of Sardinia, who, iir the strides. Borror amal desolation nark its present rage for the resuscitation of legi- progress, and universal siestruction is ile tinate monarchs, has, of course, asserted only trace it leaves behind.
Iu France, his claim to his " lawful possessions." Bitde of tranquillity appears to have been But great part of the former kingdom of established. Louis Xlll. uhein all para Sardinia had so often changed owners, ties agree to be a mikl, benificent, and that it was impossible almost to recollect good man, appears to be too much under its dispersed masters. Austria has there the influence of the priests to be as popufose been contented to secure at present lai as he might be, if he would shalie off what she could lay hold of, leaving to their odious voke. The revolution in that time and fortune the completion of her country, unesampledi as it has been in ultimate views. The sacrifice of the free extent, both of moral and political intistate of Genoa to the Sardinian throne ence, las so completely opened the eyes has been a part of this system. Tois of all mankind, that the delusions of measure is, said, in almost all our news- religion now excite little else than ridipapers, to be tyrannical and oppressive; cule.
If I am
to believe the Times to be in palpable contradiction to every newspaper whichi, to use an approprideclaration of the allied powers; and ate plirase on this subject, is always apo. violatory of every profession they made cryphal, a most serious convulsion was as to the liberating of Europe. True, or on the point of lately breaking forth false, as these accusations may be, I have in Paris, in consequence of a fanatic little doubt the poor Genoese must subuit monk, wishing, and errueavouring, to to "exising circumstances." I have also revive one of uluse moustrous absurdities my fears that surat himself will ultimate- which disgraced the dark and barbarons ly fall. Alone as he stands among the periods of ignorance and superstition, legitimate monarchis, can it be supposed Nor was it prevented mul the king back thai his existence will be endured, re- been tryice sent to, and, from its increasing minding them of ile great inan by whom violence, the most plurming consequences they were set up, and put down at pleu- were to be apprehenderi : and all this .sure? Constant reports and hints are because a wretched priest thought pro)circulated in all the continental papers, of per to deny the riglits of sepullire to a the advantageous exchanges ofered to respectable wonian, ulio had for sixiy hinn for his present kingdom; and it, like years been an artist in a profession cur Deauharno)., be should not choose to yo tainly more larmless, if not more rationis, with a good grace, he lias every reason Iban his own, Froin every thing whichi to dread the result. It may not happen I can perceive in that country, hier affairs mmediately ; but if the new organization are in a most unsettled state. Sowi, ot' Europe remain, his eventual fate may who wishes to out llerod-Herod, ha be considered as already sealed. As io excited a Hame in the matter of General the Pope, he is so little thought of under Eacelmains, which will require more shit
and ability than he possesses, to extin- the monstrous aggression which all Euguish.--Proceeding northward, the affairs rope, and, I lament to say, Great Britain of Holland next meet the eye. Here, we also, have committed against the brave find the most unnatural union between the Norwegiaus. The historian will blush, * Dutchman and the Brabanter: men as when he indites the page in which he • opposite in their pursuits, composition, records the detestable fact, that a British
and constitution as two animals of the Fleet blockaded the Norwegian ports, to same species can possible be.
starve that wretched country into subof 75,000 troops, in the pay of England, mission their new masters, by one half our own countrymen, is in gar- preventing the entry of all the common rison in that country. · Where the people articles of necessity, to food; are satisfied, such an army is unnecessary, and this in violation of the general wish and if they are not satisfied, twice the of the whole country, expressed in the number will not make them so.--It is ut strongest manner almost by acclamation. ferly impossible to describe the state of The inind revolts at a picture like this ; Germany, for here calculation is perfectly and yet this is the state of peace and haplost. Report contradicts report, in end piness which the allied Sovereigns have dess variety. One thing alone is clear, so pompously sormded throughout Europe that the allied sovereigns, who established they were about to conter upon mankind. the late crusade, in the most solemn It remains to say a few words as to our professions of the most pure disinte- own favoured country. In the year 1792, restedness are now adopting thie very when the heaven-born minister involved system of Napoleon, even to the expres- us in twenty-two years war, bad any man sions he made use of in that system. ventured to assert, that in the year 1816, The ear is fatiguer with the word " In- we should have incurred a debt of nearly "" demnity," and I was in hopes that, in a THOUSAND MILLIONS, and that the
common decency, it would have been left boasted “ free Englishman,” should be out of the vocabulary of the Allies. On subject to a tax by which his most secret the contrary, it appears that the Vienna concerns were laid open to investigation, Congress is occupied, day and night, in he would have been treated either as a rárling out fresh " indemnities” for the fool, or a madman. Yet so it is, and so conquerors of their grent prototype, the it will continue, unless something like the fallen Napoleon.' Russia and Prussia public spirit of former times is revived. are said to be determined on seizing their The operation of corruption has been so 'desenceless prey, and to possess them- general, that it has extended its baneful selves by force of what is denied to them influence, more or less, in every quarter. by reason, justice, and common honesty. The vile hireling press has had its full Was there a single act in the whole life of sirare of the mischief. Men's minds, durthe French Emperor so base and atrocious ing the continuance of the late war, were as the attempt attributed to these monarchs too much occupied with foreign politics, to root out the whole family of the King to devote sufficient of their tine and atof Saxony? The deposition of Ferdinand tention to what was passing at home. of Spain, was but child's play to this.-- The evil, therefore, has taken deep root, He signed his abdication, and Josepih bad and it will require all our energies to root a pretence at least to his throne, not only it up. It is a sacred duty every one owes by this act of Ferdinand, but by the will to the country, and I cordially hope that of at least one half of the population of duty may be fulfilled. the country. But, in Saxony, the whole nation, to a man, concur in abhorring this
FINANCE, tartar-like usurpation; and it never can be carried but by the loss of much hu- Mr. CORBETT:- have read with peman blood. The same argunent precise- culiar attention an account in the Mornly applies to Poland. That ill-fated conning Chronicle, purporting to be detail try has been ever the prey to Jawless of the proceedings of the late Winchester violence and ambition; and the magna- Meeting on the subject of the Property nimous Alexander is accused vi foliowing, Tax.- I have looked this over in the mo:t with undeviating accuracy, the blood-careful manner, and am of opinion, from stained steps of his ancestor, ihe immor- its interual evidence, that this must be a tul Catherine. But hun skal I describe garlled staten:ent, and that Mr. Perry