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scribe ; and in the Note of the 9th September, afterceived. We have the honour to be, with perfect having shown that the basis of uti possidetis, such respect, your obedient servants, John Quince as it was known to exist at the commencement of Adams, J. A. BAYARD, H. CLAY, Joxa. Rusa the negociation, gave no claim 10 his Britannic sell, A. GallatiN. Majesty to cessions of territory founded upon the right of conquest ; they added, that even if tlu No. XII.---NOTE froin the British to the Amechances of war should give to the British arins
rican Ministers. October 31, 1814, a momentary possession of other parts of the terri
The undersigned have the hunoni w acknowledge tory of the United States, such events would not aller their views with regard to the terms of peace American Plenipotentiaries on the 24th instant, in
the receipt of the note addressed to them by the 10 which they would give their consent. The un
which they object to the basis of uti possidetis prodersigned can now only repeat those declarations, and decline treating a pon the basis of uti possidetis
, posed by the undersigned, as that on which they
are willing to treat in regard to part of the boundaor upon any other principle involving a cession of any part of the territory of tbe United States. As ries between the dominions of his Majesty and those
of the United States. The American Plenipotentiathey have uniformly sta:ed, they can treat ouly upon ries in their note of the 13th instant, requested the the principles of a mutual restoration of whatever
undersigned to communicate 119, tiem the projet of territory may have been taken by either party.
a treaty, embracing all the points insisted on by From this principle they cannot recede; and the
Great Britain, engaging on their part to deliver undersigned; after the repeated declarations of the immediately after a contra projet as to all the British Plenipotentiaries, that Great Britain had
articles 10 which they might not agree, and as to all no view to acquisition of territory in this negocia che subjects deemed material by she United States, tion, deeni it necessary to add, that the utility of
and omitted in the projet of the undersigned. The its continuance depends on their adhierence to this principle. The undersigned having declared in undersigned were accordingly instructed 10 waive
the question of etiquette, and the advantage whicle their Note of the 21st of August, that
miglii result from receiving the first comruunication, although instructed and prepared into an amicable discussion of alf the points
. Plenipotentiaries, communicated in their notes of
and confiding in the engagement of the American on which differences or uncertainty had existed,
the Atst instant, all the points upon which they are and which might hereafter tend l interrupt the
instrucied 10 insist. The Anierican Plenipoteutiabarmony of the two countries, they would net makeries, have objected to one essential part of the prva the conclusion of the peace at all depend upon a successful result of the dişcussion ; and having since jet thus coramunicated, but before the undersigned
can enter into the discussion of this objection, they agreed to the preliminary article proposed by the British Government, hud believed that the negotia- eliat
, pursuant to their engagement, they will deli
must require from the American Plenipotentiaries tion, already so long protracted, could not be brought
ver a contra-projet containing all their objections w an curly conclusion otherwise than by the conu
to the points submitted by the undersigned, logee wunication of a projet, embracing all the other ther wiih a statement of such further points as the specific propositions which Great Britain intended Government of the United States consider to be to offer. They repeat their request in that repori, material. The undersigned are authorised 10 slate sod will bave no objection to a siniullancolis ex
distinc.ly, that the article as to the pacitivaliva change of the projets of both parties. This course will bring fairly into discussion the other topics ed, they have brought forward their pole of the
and rights of the Indian natious having been accepte crobraced in the last note of the British Plenipoten- 21st installt, ali tiie propositions they have to offer. tiaries, to which the undersigned liave thought it They have no further in deruands to mabe, no other mpecessary to dreyl is the present time. The undersigned senua to the British Plenipotentiavien and they are empowered io sign a Treaty of Peace
stipulations on which they are instructed to insist, the assurance of their high consideration. (Signed) furthwith in contormity with those xaled in their
Juax QUINCY ADANS, JS d. Baraku, former noie. Tive undersigned trust, therefore, HENRY CLAY, Joxallax RusselL. A. Gai.
ihat ihe American I'lenipotentiaries will no longer -4411y.
hesitate to bring forward, in form of articles or No. XI.---Copy of a Letter from the American sitioupon wlich they are empowered to sign a.
otherwise as they may prefer, those specific propo. Cornmissioners to the Secretary of State, dated Ghens, October 31, 1014.
I'reaty of Peace between the two countries. The
undersigned avail themselves of the present opportuSir,---The detention of the Chauncey at Ostend, why tu renew to the Plenipotentiaries of the United çaables us to send the inclosed isolę from the
States the assurance of their higli consideration. Britisha Plenipetertiaries, which we have just rea (Signd) Gameisn, U. Ceuta RN, Wx. Apax.
Capt. Blakeley's official Account, felt myself compelled to forego the satisfaction of
destroying the prize. Our braces having been Cupy of a Letter from Jounson Brakel.ey, Esq. cut away, we kept off the wind until others could
Commander of the United Stait's sloop of war be rove, and with the expectation of drawing the Wasp, to the Secretary of the Navy, dated second brig from his companions, but in the last ed States' ship Wasp, September 11, 1814,
we were disappointed. The second brig.continued
to appr jach us until she came close to our stern, $1.4*. N. long. 16. .
when she hauled by the wind, tired ber broadside, S18--- After a protracted and tedious stay at which cut our rigging and sails considerably, and, L'Orient, I had at last the pleasure oi leaving that shiot away a lower inain cross tree, and retraced place on Saturday the 27th Augist. On the 30th her steps to join her ccnsort, when we were necescaptured the British brig Lettice, Henry Cockbain, siiated to abandon the prize ; he appeared in master, and 31st August the Britishi brig Bon every respect a total wreck. He continued for Accord, Adam Duny, master. In the morning of
some time firing guns of distress, until probably the 1st September discovered a convoy of ten sail delivered by the two last vessels who made their to Iceward, in charge of the Armada, 74, and a
appearance. The secuud brig could have engaged bomb ship; stoud fur them, and succeeded in cut
us if he bad thought proper, as he neared us ting out the British brig Mary, John D. Alles, mas
fust, but contented himseit wiili firing a broadside, ter, laden with brass cannon taken from the Spa- and immediately returned 10 liis companioni. niards, irun cannon and military stures, frowa Gibral. It is with real satisfaction I have again the pleasure tar to England, renoved the prisoners, set her ou of bearing restiinony to the merits of Lieutenant fire, and endeavoured to capture another of the Reilly, Tillinghurse, Baury, and sailing-inaster Cart: euvoy, but was chased v tl' by the Armada. Ou and to the good conduct of every officer and man the evening of the same das, at hali-past six,
on board the Wasp. Their divisions and departe while going tree, discovered wir vessels nearly at
ments were attended and supplied with the utmost the same time, two on ihe slaboard, and two on regularity and abundance, which, with the good the larboard buw, hauled up for the one most on the order maintained, together with the vivacity and starboard bow, being farthest tu wind ward. At precision of their dire, reflects on them the greatest seven the chace (a brig) cuiumerced making sig. credit. Our loss is two killed and one slighuy nals with flags, which could not be distinguished wounded with a wad. The hull received four round for vant of light, and soon afier made various oues slici, and flie faremast many grape shot, Our rigwith lanterns, rockets and guns. Al 26 minutes ging and sails suffered a great deal. Evety damage arier nine, having the chace under our lee bow, the
was repaired the day atier, with the exception of 12 pound cartonade was directed to be ared into
our sails. Of the vessel with whom we were engahim, which he returned; ran under his lee to pre-ged, nothing positive can be said, with regard ta vent his escaping, and at nine minutes alter wine her 1:anie or force, While hailing him previous to commenced the action. At 10 o'clock believing his being fired into, it was blowing fresh (and then the enemy to be silenced, orders were giveu lu going ten knots) and the name was not distinctly cease firing, when I hailed and asked if he had understood. or her force, the four shot which surrendered. No answer being given to this and struck u3 are all thirty-two lbs, in weight, being nis tire liaving recommenceil, it was again returned.
a pound and three quarters heavier than any we had At 12 minutes aites 10, the enemy having sultered belonging to our vessel. From this circumstance, greatly and having made no returt. 10 uur ewo last
the anumber of men in her tops, her general appearbroadsides, I hailed him the second time, to know
ance and great length, she is believed to one of if he had surrendered, when he answered in the the largest briys in the British Navy.—1 bave ilie affirmutive. The guns were then ordered to be
honour, &c. &c. secured, and the boat lowered to take possessivu,
J. BLAKE LAY. In the act of lowering the boat a second brig was discovered a liitle distance a-sfern and standing for P. S. I am told the enemy, after his surrender, us. Sent the crew 10 ulicir quarters, prepared asked for assistance, and said he was sinking. The every thing for another action, and awaited his probability of this is confirmed by his firing signal. coming up; ai 36 minutes after 10, discovered iwo guns for some time after his capture. The action more sail a-stern standing towards us.
took place in lat. 47. 30. N. loog. 11 W.
Printed and Published by G. I'C'STON: No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed to the
Kultur ure requested to be forwarded,
Vol. XXVII. No. 5.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, FEB. 4, 1815.
130 HAMPSHIRE MEETING. that it first reached the High Sherifi,
notwithstanding that, ip all other cases, Property Tax.--Trick of the London an application to the former is looked Press.
upon, and, in law, is an application to Having taken a part personally at this the latter. meeting in my own county, it was not These circumstances would have bear. my intention to have made its proceed almost unworthy of notice, if they had ings a subject of observation in print, not had an effect upon the proceedings because it seems ratler unfair to avail of the day; but, as will be seen presentmyself of an advantage, not possessed ly, they had a very material effect upon by those gentlemen, from whom I had those proceedings, and tended to shew, the misfortune to differ in opinion. But, in no very amiable light, the character I am compelled to do this, on the present and real views of the party, by whom occasion, in my own defence, seeing that the second Requisition was urged forthe London daily newspapers have ward. For my part, I signed neither of wholly misrepresented the proceedings; the Requisitions, and, until my arrivalat bave garbled every thing that they have Winchester, had had no communication touched; have suppressed the Petition with any ones upon the subject. I had which I moved; have exhibited me as determined upon the course to pursue, guilty of the most. glaring inconsistency, and left co-operation to chancé, heand as having behaved in a di nrdrrly ing ten thousand Jimes more alixious, ło and even ridiculous manner. I shall, I inculcate a sound principle or tivo, as to trust, therefore, be excused for giving the rights and liberties of my country, an account of the Proceedings, through than to relieve myself from the Property ibe only channel that I have access to, Tax, and all the other taxes put togeespecially as the discussion embraced ther! some great political principles, in which About eleven o'clock, that is to say,about the nation are, of course, deeply inter- an hour before the Meeting took place,some ested. When I have given an account of gentlemen joined me at the inn where I the Proceedings, I will give an account was. Sometime after this, I drew up a of the Trick of the London daily Press, petition to offer to the Meeting, in case and endeavour to open the eyes of the the one to be presented by the Whigs, public to the true character of that xe-should not be such as I approved of. So hal instrument of all that is hypocritical far was 1, from having time to copy the and corrupt.
paper, I was drying the ink at the fire, Before we come to the Meeting itself, when word, was brought us, that the we ought to notice the previous steps. A Meeting was begun. Čramming the paRequisition to the Sheriff
, signed by 53 per into my pocket, without reading it gentlemen, was left with the Deputy even once over, I lastened to the Castle, Sheriff at Winchester. These gentlemen and entered the Court-house in the midWere, principally, land-owners as well as die of a speech of Mr. PORTALL, who, farmers, but none of then distinguished I learnt, had opened the business of tie as belouging to either of the Parties, as day. The fairest way for me to act as to they are usually termed. After this Re- this Speech, is to insert the report of it quisition was set on foot, another was put as I find it in the Times newspaper of the in circulation by what is, ludicrously 25th of January. "The speech was an enough, called the Whigs; and, though hour long ; but, really, the reporter has the former petition was first in the bands had the ability to bring into about ten
of the Deputy Sheriff, the Meeting was minutes compass all the material points called upon the latter, on the ground, of it. The Speech was delivered with:
great clearness and eloquence; but, ge-1" who by their mental energy, and bodily nerally speaking, there was nothing new “health, were just in a condition to in it, which the report here inserted does "maintain their families, and from whom not contain:
“ much of the fruits of their industry " Mr. PORTALL came forward to " was torn by the operation of this tax.
move for a petition to be presented to “What could be more unjust, than that " the House of Commons, against the “ such men should be obliged to pay the “ revival of this tax. He, as being a “ same tax for an income so acquired, as " Commissioner for collecting this tax, if their income bad been the regular " had many opportunities of consider-| " produce of large sums inrested in the "ing the machinery of it, and witness- funds ? This was not like the other
ing its unavoidable oppression: on this " taxes which were paid indirectly or
account, he did not hesitate to put collaterally. It was a tax on the thing “ himself forward on this occasion, al- " itself. If he had ten guineas on his ta
though there were many present of "ble, the tax-gatherer took one of them.
superior weight and property in the" This appeared in its principle to be " county. He should begin by entirely." something of a highwaymen's-tar. It " disclaiming all party motives, and" was ertorted, not by thio means of a " therefore he should not consider who pistol, but by the surcharges and sur
the man who first proposed the veyors. The surveyor administered to tax, or who it was that increased it. If the party the oath of purgation, and “ he felt any confidence that this most " then the inquisition followed. This “ obnoxious tax would be suffered to die “ tax went to destroy all confidence be
away of itself at the period which the “ tween nian and man. No man dared “ legislature had marked out for its de " to speak of his circumstances, for fear
cease, he should not have thought it of being exposed to the surrcyor. in necessary to disturb its expiring mo- “this country there were men who would
ments. Ministers had, however, both |“ not be afraid to take a lion by the * by their demeanour and their language“ beard, but who trembled before the " in the House, as well as rait of it, by surroyor, who is, in fact, the greatest
their refusing to answer questions, and" bugbear in the land. It might be “ by their sending private letters to their asked, how came it that such a tax “ friends whom they supposed to have " was ever suffered ? It was because it « considerable local interest, shewed " was then stated that the enemy was at
pretty clearly to the country, that it " our doors, and that every thing which
was their intention to propose the re- we valued was at stake. Under such « newal of the tax. If this tax was real- " circumstances, the country was not “ ly as good in itself as any other tax by "very particular in enquiring into the " which the necessary supplies were to means which were proposed for our " be raised, he should not have such“
“ safety. The Legislature lrad expressly “ great objections to it,
s stated those circunstances in the first “ convinced, however, that this tax which "act, the 38th of the King, and men“ professed to be equal and impartial, “tioned in the preamble," that the " was in fact the most unequal and the safety of his Majesty's Crown, the se
most partial. It was said to be a tax curity of our holy religion, vur laws,
upon profits, and yet no deduction was lives, anıl properties, were at hazard." s made on account of the necessary ex
" 1f Ministers now wished to renew the pense of repairs.
Was the expense lax, it would be for them to shew tbat " that a landlord or farmer was obliged “ the same circumstances now exist. The “ to incur for keeping the premises in re “Legislature had always shewn the "pair, to be called their profits? Were "greatest anxiety about the time in which " the three-fourths of the tax upon land “ the act was to expire; and after tixing “ which the farmers are obliged to pay " that time in all their acts, they added “ to be called a tax upon their profits ? “and “no longer.” The period at which * When a lease was taken for 21 years, "its expiration was fixed, was the 6th
subject to a heavy fine on the renewal, “ of April, after the conclusion of the
no deduction was made on account of war Then existing. If ever there was " this fine. The case was still karder " a pledge given wy the Legislature to the “with professional men and trarlesmen," country, that a tax should expire at a
“ certain time, that pledge had been' " moving a resolution, that it was expe"given in this instance. The country “ dient to present a Petition to the House " had performed its part of the contract, “of Coinmons against the revival of those " and submitted to the tax with unex"ampled patience, as long as the war “SIR W. Heathcote shortly second. “continued. They had now a clear and “ed the Resolutions, and observed that he "irrefragable right to the benetits of the “had voted against the new Malt Duty.
engagements on the other side, and to This motion being made and seconded, " expect that the tax should not be re- Mr. Hunt rose to speak; but was called " newed. If the tax were now renewed, to order by Mr.PORTALL, and the Sheriff "it would not only be a gross violation decided, that he could not be permitted " of the contract, but it would be an ag- to speak till Lord NoTHESK had read a peti
gravated breach of trust, by making tion; that is to say, Mr. Portall was per"the very violation of their contract mitted to make a long speech and a motion, "a sort of precedent for further viola- | 'which motion was seconded, and Lord "tions. It was his first opinion, that if NORTHESK was to make another motion, " the tax were but submitted to for an- and that was to be seconded also, before other
year, it would never be taken off. any person on the other side was to be "New circumstances and new pretences permitted to speak! If this was fair and “ would then arise; and rather than regular, it must be acknowledged, that
give up the tax, Ministers would pre- Hampshire has its peculiar mode of con"fer another war, perhaps with the Dey ducting debates and discussions.
of Algiers, the Nabob of Arcot, or some The petition was then produced and " of those gentlemen. Ke should object moved, and, kaving been read, 'was se
modification of the tax. If it conded by SIR HARRY TICHBORNE. were reduced to one per cent. or one- Here Mr. Hunt requested that the first "fourth per cent. he should equally requisition might be read. It Row ap"object to it, as an unfit tax to be intro- peared, that that requisition included, "duced into a free country. Every man by name, the War Tax upor Malt
, " who is now summoned before the sur- which, as the reader will perceive, had
veyor goes up like a culprit, and feels been embodied into the Whig Petition, " like one. The difference is, that by though not mentioned in the Whig requi* the law of England, every man is pre- sition. The motive for this act of irre.
sumed innocent until he is found gularity was clearly this : that the Whigs " guilty; whereas, before the surveyors, knowing that, if they left it out, an
every man is presumed guilty, until he amendment would be moved, and that, " is found innocent. He did not mean thus, they would be defeated upon their " to cast the slightest reflection on the own dunghill, seeing that the Malt Tax
surveyors personally, but without such is full as burdensome and as odious as a course
the tax could not be raised.-- the Property Tax. The getting over this " There was another subject which af- irregularity by " taking the sense of the "fected the people of this country al- Meeting.” as it was called, amounted to "most as much as the property-tax. just nothing at all ; for, by the same rule, " Among those taxes which were called any thing might be introduced into the
war taxes, and which by law would Petition; and yet, as the reader will "expire about the same time with the presently see, great efforts were made to
property tax, there was one of no less set my Petition aside upon the ground, " than two shillings a bushel on malt. that it contained matter of complaint, “This bore no less on the comforts of the not specified in the requisition. poor end middling orders, than it did Having thus shewn the tactics of the upon the interests of agriculture. He Whigs this. far, and exposed the motive, had, therefore introduced into the peti- whence they were led to introduce the " tion a prayer, that this tax also should Malt Tax, I now proceed to the discussion "not be revived. As this was not regu- of the Petition, into which we were . per"larly introduced in the requisition, it mitted to enter, though we had not been “ was only by the pleasure and sufferance permitted to oppose Mr. Portall's resolu"of the Meeting, that he could incorpo- tion. The Whig Petition, as the Times “ rate it with his petition. (The sense of newspaper observes “ was then read the Meeting on this point was testified by the Under-Sheriff. It was of com
by loud applause.) He concluded by