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these men was magnified ; and a belief | pay my part of it with a great deal less tras created, that a division would take dissatisfaction.—The following is the arplace. This hope, however, has failed; ticle :--" The reports of the intended marand you will have the pleasure to see, in riage of Mrs. Perceval are, we believe, a short time, this faction plunged into irre- " quite unfounded. They have arisen from trievable disgrace and ruin.
“ her intercourse with a neighbour's faHaving now endeavoured to place in a “mily, that of the Rev. Mr. Carr, the clcar light, the cause of the war, and the “ Clergyman of Ealing, where Mrs. Percauses of its continuance after the Euro-1“ ceval lives. Mr. Carr has some charmpoan peace, I shall, in another letter, state“ ing daughters, and to them Mrs. Perthe causes of the peace, and its probable
" ceval has within the last two months important consequences,
“ shewn particular attention, visiting, and In the meanwhile I remain, with the having them at home with her frequently.
- The Rev. Mr. Carr has two sons, one a greatest respect, and most sincere attachnient, your faithful and obedient servant, “ Colonel, the other a Major in the Army. WM. COBBETT.“ The latter, now at home, is a remark
ably handsome man, about thirty, and he MRS. SPENCER PERCEVAL. “ is the person whom the town tattle has
" destined as the bridegroom, merely beYe lovers of cant!
cause, on his sisters' account, he has religious, moral, and political! Draw “shewn becoming respect, which has been near and regale yourselves with a treat. “becomingly received by Mrs. Perceva!. Here is
older The following paragraph from the Courier “ than he is, with twelve children, the of the 4th instant, on the subject of " children of our late excellent Prime this lady's reported intended marriage, “ Minister, who fell by the hands of an will make every man of sense and sincerity “ assassin. Mrs. Perceval's love of her laugh. It is clearly discernable, that the children, her reverence for the memory of canting fellow believes the report to be an adored husband, whom she lost under true, and that his object is to frighten the “ circumstances so awful, would be sure safe. lady with the condemnation of public opi- “ guards for her conduct, even if it were posnion. Ladies, in such cases, are not so “sible to forget the exalted place she occueasily frightened, let me tell him; and" pies in the eve of society. The heavy grief, they would be fools if they were.
turning her almost to slone, which she felt “ country has voted a large pension.” He " for the loss of her husband, the conspimeans the Meinbers of Parliament. But
cuous part she has taken among the most what then? Was it made a condition, that “ religious, moral, and amiableclass; the exshe should not fall in love with
" hand- “ ample her conduct has set in all respects, “ some Major .?” Away, you paltry, snivel.“ renders it impossible to believe she will ling hypocrite, whoever you may be ; and, “ take a step so contrary to the course she perlaps, you may be a rival of the lady. “ has hitherto pursued." The Country has Things much more unlikely have been ; “ done every thing kind and honourable tricks more strange have been played of " to her, voting her a large pension during through the press of London, which has “ life, providing for her children, &c.frequently been made the tool in the hands Among the children of her late Lord, of those who wished to break off, or to " she finds the highest consolation for his make
up matches.- Well, Madam, (for, loss, and she is the last person who will I am sure, you are no man) suppose the" forget him so far as to throw herself inta lady is twelve years older than the Major, “ the arms of any other Centleman, how. could you not have left him to find that ever deserving." out? And suppose she has twelve children, did not the Major know that, think you ?
GERMAN TROOPS. No ; no ; you'll never persuade the lady, MR. CORPETT, - 'To comment upon that her reputation will suffer from marry- employmeüt of Germail troops is liable, in ing a handsome young man. The public some cases, to give oflence; but a bare rewill pay her pension as cheerfully wben she cital of facts, without observations, surely js Mrs. Carr, as if she had remaineel Mrs. no reasonable being can object to. ImPERCEVAL ; and, for my own part, I shall pressed with this idea, I conceive I may be
permitted to state, that the people of this riot in question. And it ought to be fortown did not show any extraordinary ther recorded, that the sailors confined symptoms of joy, on the arrival here of the their proceedings solely to the objects Brunswick Hussars, who were called in connected with their dispute ; namely, the by the Mayor to assist in quelling the late preventing mariners from proceeding to riot ;-and several very respectable inha- sea at the reduced wages, and the liberatbitants, who had been summoned, and had ing their comrades who bad been taken attended, in aid of the civil power, declined into custody ; and that, in every other regiving any further assistance when the spect, they avoided offering the slightest foreign troops arrived, assigning, as the insult or molestation ; for when, in the reason, their disapprobation of the mea- stroggle to effect the release of their comsure. I do not pretend to say, whether panions, they had overcome every effort of these persons thought or acted right or not; the civil power to resist them; when they neither shall I undertake to decide with bad thus become, as it were, masters of the whom originated the several disputes in place, they immediately retired with their which the Germans were engaged whilst rescued brethren, and the town became as here"; but shall conclude my narrative by peaceable as if nothing had occurred. It stating, that some very unpleasant occur- is but justice to make these facts public; rences having taken place in the evening før, though the circumstance of breaking of Tuesday, December 13th, the Hussars open the prison cannot be denied, yet it is hastily and unexpectedly took their final boped the above considerations may plead, (but very abrupt) departure from the town and plead strongly, in mitigation of punishabout midnight! To the events of that ment. The writer in the Courier observes, evening is to be ascribed the circumstance" that the Mayor and other Magistrates alluded to in the following paragraph which“ deserve, from every peaceable and wellappeared this day in the Norfolk Chronicle disposed inhabitant, the most sincere and Norwich Icrcury newspapers, under “ thanks, as their conduct was greatly to the head of Lyon news:-" The private " be admired.”. Now, Sir, though all “ belonging to the 5th Dragoon Guards, this may be true, and though I believe the “ who was seriously wounded here a short mass of the inhabitants of this town to be " time since, in a fray with the Brunswick as peaceable and well-disposed as most
Ilussars, we are glad to find is in a fair people, yet they scem not, at present, to way of recovery. -I am, &c.
have caught the enthusiasm of the Courier's Lynn, Dec. 31st. A BY-STANDER. correspondent. They feel attached to the
character of the British seaman, with all RIOT AT Lynn.
his faults, and with all his errors, they enMR. COBBETT,- In your second Letter tertain a respect for some political opinions “ to the Cossack Priesthood of the State of their ancestors; but the
66 sincere " of Massachusetts,” inserted
“ thanks” for the much-to-be-admired conREGISTER of Dec. 24th, you favoured duct above-mentioned, are yet to come. them, and the world at large, with two ex- Though by no means deficient in the rights tracts from the Courier newspaper, respect of hospitality, yet no espressions of their ing the late riot in this town. - -Though admiration have hitherto burst forth at the all due deference should be paid to the jovial entertainment given by the Mayor Courier's Lynn Correspondent, who evi-(at his own bouse) to the German Officers, dently writes in a tone of dignified hateur, the day after their arrival.--Now, Sir, and with a proper contempt for those below as animadverting pon certain local politibim, yet certainly the great majority of the cal occurrences, is sometimes a ticklish inhabitants of this populous town, do not point, which no man can more feelingly deappear to bave imbibed his conception of 'scribe than yourself; and as placards and the subject.-As some of the sailors, or, sarcastic hand-bills are posting and flying (as this writer calls them) “ poor deluded about here in various directions, it would “ FELLOWS,” are to be tried for their lives, be friendly in you to act as a Nionitor to it should be made known, that the mer- the “ deluded” inhabitants of this town, chan s and ship-owners have voluntarily lest, peradventure, through any mistaken acceded to the terms which these “ deludeč zeal for the constitutional notions of their " FELLOWS" first demanded, and the re- ancestors, they should fall into perilous fusal to comply with which occasioned the error, by murmuring when they should
offer their “ most sincere thanks,” and by them, ought we not to have a still greater ecnsuring proceedings which are “ greatly tenderness for what we consider their lost " to be admired!" I remain, "Sir, a condition, instead of despising, rejecting, friend to the real British Constitution, and punishing them?
Pricsts may say and to social order, though
what they please, but disinterested mer Lynn, Jan. 2, 1815. No GERMAN. will never agree to their positions as to
people" turning a deaf ear," being “ wilON RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION.
fully blind,” or “hardening their own LETTER IV,
hearts against the truth.” It would be the Nothing is more contrary to Religion than con- grossest presumption in us to arrogate
such straint." Justin Martyr ; Lib. 5.
power over ourselves. Whatever
appertains to us must be an effect, of SIR, HELVETIUS remarks “That which God, or the Devil by his permis« Governments are the judges of actions, sion, is the cause. And would it not be 6 and not of opinions. If Faith (says he) much more consistent with Christian cha“ be a gift of Heaven, they who have it rity, to view the different notions of our
not, deserve to lie pitied; and not pu- brethren in this favourable light? Those “ nished ;” and adus," it is the excess of who avow sentiments contrary to popular “inhumanity to persecute an unfortunate superstitions, and thus incur that contempt a person.” Every age and country fur- and opprobrium which the bigotry of the nish us with proofs, that it is possible for sugar always bestows, are by far more persons of opposite opinions to live in har- likely to be in earnest than they who conmony together, and with abundant testi- form to general customs and conimonly monies that people entertaining the great received opinions; and what impartial est diversity of tencts have been alike man can doubt the sincerity of the Deists good husbands, fathers, children, and citi- in tlicir religious professions more than zens.-Governments are instituted for the any other class of people ? preservation of social order, consequently The reason why the mass of mankind they have a right to look to our conduet, doubt whether there be such persons as which, if they aro wise, they can suffi. fervent Deists, is because they are not ciently regulate by proper civil laws aware of their mode of reasoning; or, if founded on the nature of man, liis inte- they are, they do not feel its force; and, rests, and bis wants. If we deport our like the Deists, cannot draw the same conselves in a manner compatible with the clusions from the same premises that they good of society, neither legislatures nor do. Deism has had nearly as long standindividuals bave a just pretence, authori- ing in this country as the Reformation. tatively, to interfere with our opinions, let it was first promulgated in the reign of them be ever so ridiculous or absurd. As Queen Elizabeth, and is said to have to Faith, I would say the same of it as La been imported from Italy, perhaps from Rochefoucault says of Love, it is perfectly the circumstance of this country being involuntary, and therefore it is no more in about that time honoured by the visit of our power to believe or disbelieve, than it several cminent Italian philosophers, among is to love or to let it alone. Why, then, per- whom we can name the celebrated Doctors secute a person for a defect in the under- Lucilio Vanini and Giordano Bruno, both standing, or a bias he cannot help?-Will of whom were ultimately led to the stake any reasonable person assert that man and received the crown of martyrdom ; the ever chooses eril for the sake of evil? or first at Toulouse, through the good offices of embraces error because it is error? No! an Attornezj-General, and the last at Venice, we make choice of bad through our de- from the hands of Inquisitors, for stedpraved taste, and we receive false doc- fastly adhering to the Doctrines they had trine because we think it true. If this be broached.* The first English writer upon admitted, onght not those who deem others the subject was Lord Herbert, of Cherbury, wrong, and conceive themselves to be whose book,“ De Ventate," was published blessed with a knowledge of what is right, in 1624 ; since which they have had to have compassion forsuch as have the mis- among their number many of the greatest fortane to be deluded with mistaken notions ? and if their faculties should be so benumbed
* See the Lives of Bruno, Vanini, Spinoza, with preju:lice that we cannot convince tionary.
Bodin, and Campanella, in Bayle's General Dic
and best men this country has produced. “ism, and bring on the ruin of their pomp- Within the last twenty years Deists ous cerimonies.”_When
we consider have become very numerous ; probably the change which time makes in every more so than is generally suspected, as thing; when we reflect opon what Chrismany thousands of them do not openly tianity then was, and wbai Deism is now, avow their convictions on account of the shall we wonder if the Deists, at the preprejudices excited against them by the sent day, apply these passages, in their priesthood, who, of course, cannot be much schools, to their own unfortunate case. attached to persons whose opinions are op- They, like the early Christians, are moral posed to their interests. But whether they and sincere ; but their morality and sinmake a public profession of their sentiments, cerity is no protection. Who sball decide or only impari them to the liberal minded, in matters of opioion ? Not the law: it I have generally found them to have a will justify the Jews against the Chrisstricter sense of justice, honour, and mo. tians, and they will have cause to comrality, than, I am sorry to say, the greater plaiu.
A little further Mosheim says, part of my fellow-Christians possess:
· The Christians persecuted by the priests, Whether their general good conduct arises
“ and the people set on to persecute them from their consciousness that the[Philistines
“ in the most vehement manner."--The keep a jealous eye upon them, and would Deists may, for aught I know, rank some take a malignant pleasure in magnifying of our priests with the savages of those their iudiscretions ; or whether it is å days; but I should be sorry to go so far consequence of the morality taught by the myself. religion of NATURE being ansophisticated
In the same chapter he tells us, that by dogmas, creeds, or the mysterious Nero was the first Roman Emperor who wonders of Saith, I will not pretend to de- enacted laws against the Christians, and termine; but merely, as an humble aspirer says, “ The principal reason why the Roto the charity of Jesus, hear witness of mans persecuted the Christians, seems the fact, and doubt not of my testimon
6 to have been the ablurrence and conbeing corroborated by every unbiassed ob-“tempt with which the latter regarded the server of man.
“ religion of the empire, qhich was so inHaving said thus much, and having in timately connected with the form, and, my last given a slight sketch of the plain
“ indeed, with the essence of its political and simple tenets of these people, might I
constitution.”—The Jews and the Ronot ask, whether the conduct of Christian mans, like us, had costly temples, altars, States in persecuting the Deists, does not sculptures, paintings, solemn forms, grand subject them to the same reproaches which ceremonies, sublime mysteries, innumerthey bave bestowed on those who persecuted able priests with fine garments, expensive their predecessors ? To illustrate this ques- offerings, tythes, and rates; but the early tion, I shall occasionally make a few ex- Christians, like our simple Deists, did tracts from the pious and learned Dr. not know the inestimable value and imMosheim, late Chancellor of the Univer- portant advantages of these
things, sity of Gottingen, who stands without a which the Romans seemed duly to apcompetitor as’ a writer of ecclesiastical preciate, as appears by the following: history. When treating of the calamitous * Another circumstance which irritated events which happened to the Church, the Romans against the Christians, was during the first century, he has these re
" the simplicity of their worship, which remarkable words: “ The innocence and“ sembled in nothing the sacred rites of any & virtue that distinguished so eminently “other people. The Christians had neither “ the lives of Christians, and the spotless sacrifices nor temples, nor images, nor “purity of the doctrine they tanght, could“ oracles, nor sacerde al orders ; and this " not defend them against the virulence was sufficient to bring upon them the re" and malignity of the Jews ;” and again,“ proaches of an ignorunt multitude, who “ This odious malignity of the Jewish “imagined that there could be no religion “ doctors was undoubtedly owing to a secret“ without them : thus they were looked “ apprehension that the progress of Chris
upon as a set of Atheists."" But this “ tianity would destroy the credit of Juda-" was not all; (continues Mosheim) the
“ sordid interests of a multitude of selfish ► Fol. I. cent 1. part 1. chap. v. “and lazy priests, were immediately con•
"nected with the ruin of the Christian designated Unbelievers, the latter, in pro“ cause."----He then goes on to tell us, portion to numerical strength, would be that “to accomplish the more speedy ruin found to liave produced the most 6000 " of the Christians, those whose interests Mex: – With fervent prayers for the cause “ were incompatible with the progress of of Civil and Religious Liberty, I am, « the Gospel loaded them with most oppro- Dear Sir, your sincere Friend, u brious calumnies; and these (adds he) London, Jun. 1815. ERASMUS PERKINS.
were the only aims they had to oppose “ the TRUTH."
Edipus JUDAICUS. How sorry I am, in reading the history of my own church, to find in its infancy
NR. CODBETT,-One of your Corressuch a strong parallel between the beha- pondents, who signs himself Varro, has viour of the Romans towards the Christians, thought proper to introduce a defence of and the conduct of by far too many pro
Sir William Drummond into
REGISfessors of our holy religion, in the present Ter, of the 14th inst. He has cast some day, towards those unfortunate people free expressions on the Rev. G. D'Cyly, whom we stigmatize with the name of Christian Advocate in the University of DEists or Theists, because they acknow-Cambridge, who has publicly animadverted ledge but one God, in opposition to us who on the Edipus JUDAIcus, and has inare Tritheists. How many books have we in sorted in your Register a rather full exthis countıy wherein these unhappy persons
tract of violent, and, as I think, most unare branded with every odious epithet that just abuse of him, which bas heco poured the imagination can devise, and charged forth by some anonymous writer." As I with conspiring against the eternal
conceive the statement wbich VARRO bas
peace and happiness of their fellow creatures, conveyed to you to be extremely unfair, I when we know their works breathe nothing venture to trouble you with what I conbut the most unbounded philanthropy and ceive to be a far niore just and true rebenevolence. The general tenor of their presentation of the matter. I trust to writings approaches much nearer to the your candour to take the earliest opportumildness and charity of our blessed Saviour nity of making this letter public, in comthan the sermons of many of the most pliance with your avowed wish, on every eminent divines. Have not philosophers, occasion, of letting both sides of the ques. whose labour's have been devoted to the im-tion be fairly heard. It is pretty well provement of mankind, whose dispositions known that, two or three years ago, Sir have lieen most amiable, and whose lives William Drummond printed, and privately most exemplary, been held up to the exe- circulated, his book, entitled CDipus cration of the public as impious wretches, JUDAICUS, in wbich he endeavoured to unworthy of existence? I grieve for the prove the Bible to contain nothing but injury the cause of Christ has sustained by fable, allegory, and romance ; and treated those who profess to be his ministers or it with as profane and blasphemous ribaldıy, disciples, descending to such unworthy as had ever been done by the most invemeasures, and promise, if God is pleased terate of infidels. Although this book was to spare me, and bless me with health and not publicly sold, yet it was clear that the resolution, to vindicate genuine Christianity author's forbearance did not proceed from from the disgrace it has incurred from tenderness to the Bible, but from his pruweak and wicked pretenders; but, at the dent regard to his own safety, and his desame time, for the honour of my faith, to sire of sheltering himself from animadprose to the world, that an humble fol- version ; for he, and others acting for lower of Jesus is capable of writing “ An lim, distributed the work at first without “ impartial, hingraphical, and critical ac- scruple, whenever they deemed the quar"count of all those persons denominated ter a safe one, and even took singular " injideis, who have flourished since the pains, in some instances, to extend its cir. “birth of our Lord ;" a work for which I culation. Thus the book passed into a have been collecting materials during the number of hands, became of public noto, last trenty vears; and I bave little doubt riety, and was, in some instances, the I shall be able to shew, that is the numbers more eagerly sought for, from the secret of those calling themselves Christians manner of its distribution. Under these could be analysed and compared with tbose circumstances, what was to be done?