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down our throats.—Sir J. C. Hippis-, ral position, that it was consistent with the prin. lev, or the Times, may say that they hateciples of public law, and with the practice ui cis the Americans if they please ; that will vilized nations, to include allies in a treaty vf do the Americans no harm. I like can- peace, and 10 provide for their security, never dour; therefore it should be allowed was called in question by the undersigned; but every one, with the same candour, to they have been di sied the right of Great Britain, speak the truth. Then it might be truly according to those principles and her own practice, said that we live in as free a country as to interfere in any nuanner with Indian tribes reAmerica.---According to the sense our siding within the territories of the United States, Big Wigs have given to the word libel as acknowledged by hersell, to consider such tribes (namely the greater the truth the greater as her allies, or 10 treat for them with the United the libel) Sir J, C. Hippisley was cer- States. They will not repeat the facts and argue tainly correct when he said, that Mr. ments already brought forward by them in sup Hunt was libelling our own country: port of this position, and which remained unanWe must therefore take it for granted swered. The observations thade list the British that Sir John's admits the truth of Mr. Plenipotentiaries upon the treaty of Grenville, imid Hunt's assertion, " that the Americans their assention, that the United States wow, for the “ are the only remaining free people in tirst time, deny the absolute independence of the " the world.” Here I certainly would have Ivian tribes, and claim the exclu-ive right of bees on Sir John's side of the question. purchasing their lands, require, lowever, --At the same time, I should have made | notice. If the United States had now isserter, it distinctly understood, that it was be liat the Indians within their boundaries, who have cause I considered Mr. Hunt's assertion acknowledged the United States as
their only to be the truth, call it what you may.-- protectors, were their subjects, living only at suiPossibly Sir John thinks gageing a part terance on their lands, far from being the fise of our boasted liberty. But it is my mis- in making that assertion, they would only have foolfortune not to consider any country free, lowed the example of the principles unionuly and or enjoying the blessings of nature, that invariably asseried in sulsiance, and frequently is deprived of the liberty of speech.-
avowed in express term3, by the British Govenia What constitutes genuine freedom ? Is it
ment itseit. What was the meaning of all the not the liberty of speaking and speaking colonial charters granted by the British Monarchis, the truth, the source from which
froin that of Virginia, by Elizabetli, iu that of have derived all human blessings?
Georgia, by the immediate presiccessor of the When, therefore, we punish or censtire others for exercising this faculty, we ren
present King, if the Indians were the Sovereigns der it a curse instead of a blessing; "c'
and proprietors of the lands bestowed by thuss are, in that case, less benefiised by the Charters? What was ile m-aning of that article rights of nature than the brute creation, in the Treaty of Utrechi, by which ile Five Nations
were described in terms us sulject to the dominion I am, &c. W. P. R.
of Great Britain ? or that of the treaty with the
Cherokees, by which it was declared that the King AMERICAN DOCUMENTS.
of Great Britain granted them the privilege in live
where they pleased, it those sujects were indeContinued from page 221. pendeat supercigns, and if these letonis at the may be permitted to add, that even if the chances licence of the British bring, were the rightiul lords of war should yield to the British arms a moment
of the bands where he granted then perusission tary possession of other parts of the territory of to live? What was the meaning of that procla. the United States, such events would not alter their mation of his present Britanniv Majesiy, issued in views with regard to the terms of peace to which 1763, declaring all purchases of lands nall and they would give their consent. Without recurring void, unless nade by irenties lield under the sanction to examples drawn from the Revolutionary Gureru- of his Majesty's Govermant, if the Indians had Bients on France, or to a more recent and illus- the right to sell their lands to wlom they pleased ? trious triumple of fortitude io adversiis, they What was the meaning of boundary lines of have been taught by their own history that the oc
American territories, in all the treaties of Great copation of their principal cities would produce no Britain with othe: European Powers having Amedespondency, nor induce their subnuission to the rican possessions, particularly in the treaty of disnenuberment of their empire, or to the aban. 1763, by which she acquired from France the donment of any one of the rights which constitute sovereignty and possession of the Caradus in hier a part of their national indeprindence. The gene- ircaiy of peace with the United States in 1783?..
nav, what is el.encaning of the nortlı western boun- with the Treaty of Grenville. These principles have dus line nos proprescd by the British Commis:i- been unitorinly recognised by the Indians theroners themselves, if it is ihe righstil possession selves, not only by that treaty, but in all the and soversigniy of independent lodians, of which other presious as well as subsequent treatics between thue se burladaties viispose? Is it ideed necessary then and the United States. 10 aski, ulcer Great Britain ever his permined, The Treaty of Grenville neither took from the or woulu puit, any fureign nation, or without Indians tlie right, which they had not, of selling der consen, many of lier sittjects, to acquire lunds hands within the jurisdiction of the United S:ates from the 1:1lians, in the lerritories of the luidson tv foreign. Governments or subjecis, nor ceded to Diy Company or in Canada? Ini formally pro- them the right of exercising exclusive jurisdiction testing meinase this systein, it is not against a novel within the boundary line assigned. It was merepretension vi the American Government---it is ly declaradory of the public law, in relation to the against the most sulema acts of their own sovereigns, parties, founded on principles previously and unigainst the royal proclamations, charters, and versally recognizedt. It left to the United States the treaties of Great Britain for more than two centi- rights of exercising sovereignty and of acquiring ries, from the first settlement of North America soil, an: berts no analogy to the proposition of 10 the present day that Ilie British Plenipotent i Great Britain which requires the abandonment tiaries prueest. From the rigour of this systemu of both. The British Plenipotentiaries state in bowever, as practised by Great Britain and all their last Note, that Great Britain is ready to enter the other European Powers in America, the brim into the same engagement with respect to the male unui liboval policy of the United Slates has Indians living within their liney of demarcation, voluntarily relaxaci. A celebrated writer on the as that which is proposed to the United States. The Jaws of litions, to whose authority British jurises undersigned will not dwell on the immense inequizhave taken particular sistisiaction in appealing. lily of value between the two territories, which, alier stating, in the most explicit manner, the under sich an arrangement, would be assigned, ly legitimacy of colonial seulements in Ancrica, the each nation, respectively, to the ludians, and which exclusion of all rights of uncivilised Indian tribes, aloe wondininke ilie reciprocity merely nomina'. bas tiken occasion 10 praise the first settlers of New The condition which would thus be imposed on Ergland, and the founder o1 Pennsylvania, in lav- Great Britain nut to acquise lunds in Canada froin ing purchased of the Indians the lands they re- the Indians, would be productive of no advantage to solved to cultivate, nesithstanding their being the United States, and is, therefore, no equivalı nt furnished with a charter from their sovereign. Il for the sacrifice required of them. They do not is ibis example which the United States, since they consider that it belongs to the United States, in any became by their independence the sovereigns of respect to interfere with the concerns of Great We territory, have adopied and organised into a Britain in ber American possessions, or with her political system. Under that system the Indians re- pulicy low arus the Indians residing there ; and they siding willoin the Cnised States, are so far incepeud cannot consent to any in esterelice, on the part of 401, 1hat they live under their own customs, and no!
Great Britain, with their own concerns, and pare under the laws of the United States; that their ticularly with the Indians living within their terririches upon the lands where they inhabit or huntsories. It may be the interest of Great Britain to are secured to them by boundaries defined in anii limit hier setilements in Canada, to their present calidaireatie's between the Cured States and theme extent, and io have the country to the west a per. stives; and that whenever those bomanies are sect wilderness, to Le for ever inhabited by scattered varied, it is also by amicable and voluntary treaties tribes of hinniers; but it would infici a vital injury by which they receive from the United States ample
on the United States to have a line run througla compensation for every right they have to the lands their territory, beyond which their seitlenients ceclent by thein. They wie so iar dependient ay not should lor ever be precluded from extending, thereby to have the inghit iu dispose of their lands to any arresting the natural growil of their population privale persons, nur wo any power, other than the and strength; placing the Indiars substantially , United States, and to be under their protection by virtue oftlie proposed guarantee, under the proalone, and :iut under that of any other power. Wciwn of Great Britain, dooming them 10 perpetual Whether called subjects, or by whatever name barbarism, and icaving an extensive frontier for designated, such is the relation between them ever exposed to their savage incursions. and the United States. That ruation is ncidier asserted now for the first time, nor did it originale
Signed as before.
Printed and Published ly G. Hou'STON: No. 192, Strand ; where all Communications addressed to the
Editur are requegled iu be for arud.
VOL XXVII, No. 10.] LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 11, 1815. [Price 1s
smallest, was made to infame, or to mislead; no attempt to mark out any par
ticular class for popular resentment; no WILTSHIRE COUNTY-MEETING,
atteinpt to stir up the labourer to cut the Held at Salisbury, on the 8th of March, throat, or to set tire to the house or barus
of his employer ; but, many endeavours 1815,
were used, and it is believed with con This meeting, which was convened by plele success, in make the vast assem advertisement, under the authority of blage clearly understand, that the propotheHiGHSHERIFP: was the most mumerous sition to make corn dear had grown out ofany that had ever been witnessed in the of the desire to continue to raise war County. The Sheriff opened the proceed- taxes upon the farmer; that this desire had ings in the Council Chamber of the City, grown out of the immense expenditure but, it being found, that the open air was still intended to be kept up; and that the only proper place to afford a chance this immense expenditure had grown out of bearing to such an immense assembly. of those measures;, which would have an adjournment took place to the square been all prevented by a Reform in the in the front of the Council House.--Here, Commons' House of Parliament.-It was after the requsition had been read, the explained to the people, that the owners Resolution, and after it the Petition of land and growers of corn woulil, not (which will be found below) were moved gain, in the end, by a Corn Bill, which, by Mr. Hunt and seconded by Mr. in fact, was intended to enable them to Cobbett of Botley, who having a free-pay war-taxes in time of peace, though hold in Wiltshire was induced to take some of them had been evidently actuated part in a discussion, in which every man by the selfish notion of gain to themselves. in the kingdom' is interested. --Whatever It was explained to the Meeting, that the might have been the wishes, or the ex- inevitable eifect of the Bill would be to pectations, of the friends of Corruption, enhance and uphold the price of corn; they were not here gratified by witness- or, in order words, that it would impose ing any attempts to work up the passions a new tax upon the loaf, and that, too, and prejudices of the people into that without any ultimate benefit to the landflame of violence, which, unhappily, has lord or tenant, however some of these burst forth in the metropolis, and which might think the contrary.-In adverting it is the duty of every man to discourage, to the Wiltshire Petition for a Corn Bill, and to prevent, if he has it in his power. it was observed, that the Petitioners had - Mr. Hunt gave early proof of his de- said, that they had long borne heavy sire to discharge this duty and of the taxes, AND THAT THEY WERESTILL weight which a man may have with the WILLING TO BEAR HEAVY TAXES, people, it' he proceed in the right way, provided the Government and Parliament
- There were carried into the Council would pass a law, the effect of which Chamber, upon the tops of two long should be TO RAISE AND KEEP poles, a large loaf decorated with gay UP THE PRICE OF THEIR CORN, ribbons, and a small loaf arrayed in crape. That is to say, that so long as tiey could Mr. Hunt requested, that those loaves have a price, which should be a protto(the sight of which was so well calculation to them against ruin, they did not ted to inflame) should be taken away. care how heavily the loaf was taxed, They instantly were taken away, and never how much money was squandered away, again made their appearance. To give how large a standing army was kept up any thing like a report of speeches here in time of peace, nor how the liberties will not be attempted. But, it is right to and rights of the people were dealt with. observe, that no attempt, not even the It was explained to the meeting, that, in
this the petitioners for a Corn Bill were account was sent away the Petition hed wrong; that they ought, on the contrary, been signed by some thousands of perto have called for a reduction of the sons, and it is expecud to be before taxes, without which the immense stand- the House of Lords in the course of ing army could not be kept up in time next week.--The following are copies of of peace; and, being relieved from those the Resolutions and Petition. taxes, they might well afford to sell their corn as cheap as any that could be bronght from abroad. It was observed
WILTS COUNTY MEETING, to the meeting, that, in consequence of the price of provisions having fallen, it was notorious, that the price of labour bad
RESOLUTIONS fallen; that the farmer now, and very Unanimously agreed to by the most nujustly, paid less to his people than be paid before, including his smith, wheel- merous Assemblage ever witnessed in wright, collar-maker, &c. But, that the
the city of New Sarum, on Wednes. meeting should well remark, and bear in mind, that those who are paid by the
day, March 8, 1815. public still receive undiminished salaries GEORGE EYPE, Esq. Shcrifs, in the clair. and allowances; that, during the last twenty years,
the allowances to die Royal Family, to the Judges, to the RESOLVED, That political corruption, Police Magistrates, to public Oficers of after having exliausted all the other all descriptions, had been greatly aug- sources of taxation, has, at last, promented upon the express ground of the ceeded to the outrageois length of atrise in price of provisions; but, that now, tempting to burthen with a heavy tax, when provisions had failen, and brought the very bread that we eat, being down with them the wages of the la- thereunto urred and encouraged by bourer, none of these allowances were the false statements of certain rapalowered; on the contrary war taxes were cious Landowners; that, therefore, to be kept up, for the purpose, in part, a petition be presented io ille lionse of keeping up those allowances, and,
of Lords, praying their Lordships to as these taxes could not be raised while
interpose in behalf of this long insulted, corn was cheap, it was intended to make and long suffering nation, in such a sorn dear in order to enable the land
manier as to prevent the cracting of lord and farmer to pay taxes.
any lavi, in probibit, or restrain, the was the abborred measure traced fairly free importation of con. to its source, and an appeal was made to · the SENSE, and not, as in some other RESOLVED, That the Sheriff be cases that have occured, in the NON- Guiesied 10 sign the }ution, 21, that SENSE, of the people.----- The conduct
copies of it be sent for signatures to of the High Sherif' was remarkably pro
tie varivus towns in the couniv. per. His private opinion appeared to RESOLVED), That when ther, the She. lean towards a Corn Bill; but, so im- riff do transmit the politi'.)? to vie partial, and, indeed, so able, was the
Eari Starliope, and remitt lis Lordmanner, in which he cowluctes the bu
slip to present the same to the House siness of the day, and so readily did he of Lords. assent to what was manifestly the ma
RESOLVED, That the Sherifi be nimous wish of the Meeting, ibat he retired amidst the applauses of all descrip
quested to sign the resolutions, and
to publish them in the Salisbury and tions of persons.-- he conuet of the
li inchester Journal, and in two LonPeople was equally good. Not a word of violence: not a word of folly. At
don morving and iwo Loudon evening
Newspapers. night, some boys paraded a thing, suffed with straw, supposed to represent some RESOLVEJ), That the thanks of this contemptible triend of the Com Bill. Meeting be given to the High Sheriff They hanges and bekeaderi this person- of the county, for his readiness in age, oprosite Mr. Hunt's longing; and calling this Meeting, and for his 112there even this fun ended. When this
partial conduct in the clair.
To the Right Honourable the Lords Spi-| Aristides' statement is incorrect. It is
ritual and Temporal of the United not, however, of much consequence wheKingdom of Great Britain and Ire- ther l;is letter contain sentiments which
have been delivered before, or not; but land, in Parliament assembled.
whether these sentiments be right or
wreng, of which neither Aristides, myThe Petition of the Free!lolders, Land-self, or any body else, can determine holders, Tradesmen, Manufacturers, and any further than our own several opinions
But Arisiides is not willing to ailow la abitants of the County of Wilts, in
any body the crcuit of writing iheir true County Meeting assembled,
sentiments. The charge; them with vie. HUJELY SHEWETH,
ing with each other which shall best elude That your Petitioners, at the moment
the true siate of the case;"or, in other vi her they were justified in expecting yorls, which can deceive the public most. to enler on the Enjoyments of the Is not this illiberal; very illiberal? PerBlessings, usually attendant on Peace, laps it was a slip of the sien while his into which they had so long been Stran- ' dignation rose against Landiords and Fargers, perceive, with the deepest Sorrow, mers, who are now amassing so much that Attempts are making to prolong wcalih. I hope, whatever I write, he
will at least allow me to be sincere when and perpetuate the Sufferings of War, by enhancing and upholding the Price i say, that all our dear bread derived its of Com.
source from War, the cause of all our
Taxes; and now War has ceased, TaxaThat your Petitioners, seeing, in other tion must cease also, or ruin and the fear
Quarters, political Corruprion and pri- of a jail will drive numbers of people to vate Papacity so firmly and resolutely some land where they can work without leagued against them, Hy with Confi- a tax-gatherer taking the greatest part of dence for Protection to your Lordships, their property, and where they can farm and appeal to your Noble-diindedness, without being obliged to relinquish a your Justice, your Ilumanity, against. tenth of their produce.--Aristides states, the Machinations and violence of this that he has found one who has hinted at unteciin, this merciless League. “ the real cause of the evil.” He says,
Your Petitioners, therefore, humbly "since this person's lease lias expired, his pray, that your Lordships wiil reject any landlord has doubled his rent:" but he Proposition that may be made to you to has not told is when this lcase was entertain any Bill, or other Measure, granted; whether in the cheap or in the tending to diminish, or restrain the im- dear times, or why the landlord thought portation of Cora.
of doubling the rent. He has also forAnd your Petitioners shall ever pray,
gotten to state the comparison of the &c.
quantum of taxes paid, and housekeeping
expenses, &c, in the year the lease was CHEAP CORN.
granteil, and that in which it expired.
These particulars are certainly very maMr. COBPETT.-In perusing your va- terial to be known, as a criterion to enaluable Register last week, I saw in it a ble us to judge whether the landlord letter entitled "
Cheap Corn,” which, wanted a double income or not. Ariswith your permission, I would offer a few tides lays great stress on manylittle farms remarks on, and put a few queries to the being consolidated into one. This is not writer, Aristides. He begins with stating, so general as he states, although it will that he " sets his face against all ihat has be more so soon; for now that a prison “ been said or written on the subject.” stares the little farmer in the face, and But if be were to ask Wr. Whitbread, if bas stared some of them out of countehe had ever made, at a public meeting, ance, as any one may see by looking similar deciarations as to the manner of over his own parish, and observing the farmers' living, I believe he would an- increase of paupers caused by an influx swer in the airmative. If he were to of labourers, the consequence of oppres. ask Mr. Hunt, if he had ever spoken sive taxation. So far Aristides'statement against high remis, he would give the is true, when he says, that “they are same answer. Now, Sir, if this be true, "eilber working as day labourers, or