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HIS MAJESTY'S MINISTERS, BrtR03.
Lord Iligh Chancellor,
... Lord Privy Seal. Lord Ciancarty .........
President of the Board of Trade. Lord Liverpool ...........
First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister),
Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of the ExRight Hon. N. Vansittart .,...
cheguer. Right Hon. Charles Bathurst... Chance!lor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Lord Viscount Melville ......
First Lord of the Admiralty. Lord Mulgrave ....
Master General of the Ordnance. Lord Sidmouth ....
Secretary of State for the Home Department. Lord Castlereagh .....
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
Secretary of State for the Department of War Lord Bathurst.,.......
President of the Board of Control for the Lord Buckinghamshire ......
Affairs in India.
NOT OF THE CABINET. Right Hon. George Rose............
į Vice-President of the Board of Trade, and
Treasurer of the Navy. Lord Palmerston .................,
Secretary at War. Right Hon. C. Long ....
Joint Paymasters-General of the Forces, llon. J. F. Robinson .... Earl of Chichester.
Secretaries of the Treasury,
Master of the Rolls.
Attorney-General. Sir S. Shepherd .....
PERSONS OF THE MINISTRY OF IRELAND,
Lord High Chancellor.
SUMMARIES OF POLITICS. | Literary Fund and Washington Benevolent Soci.
Lord Cochrane, ind the Legion of Honour, 80.
America and Algiers, 663.
Com Bill, 100, 161, 201, 353.
The Champ De Mai, 726.
Hamp-bire Meering— Property Tax-Trick of the
Historical Notices of the War, 783, 821.
To the Knighis Grand Crosses, &c. of Hertford,
Appointment of a Provisional Government,
Wils shire County Meeling, on the Corn Bill, 259. | No German. on Riot at Lynn, 17.
. | A By Stander, on German Troops, 16.
1 92, 252, 214, 250, 433.
Leiter II ---- ---- , on the Message to
| Justus, on the Edipus Judaicus, 24.
the Emperor Napoleon, 831.
A Thinking Briton, on the State of the Nation,
To the People of England on the War against
---, on the beloved Ferdinand, 208.
- - to the Thinking People of England, 794.
The Emperor Napole in, 504.
| Look at Home, by Tertio, 179.
Philo.Civis, on"" Horrid Blasphemous Impos.
To the People of Nottingham, on the motives and
on the New Post Office, 267.
To the Fundholders, on the War against France,
- by Veritas, 275.
Aristides, on Cheajó Corn, 2/6.
To Sir Francis Burdett, Bart, on the Pitt System
, on Traits of Courage in Frenchmen, 759.
To Lord Grenville, on the Constitutions of Eng.
G. G. Fordham, on the Corn Bill, 248.
Partial and Mean Perry, Proprietor of the Morn-
GM's Plain Picture of the Corn Laws, 271.
W, P. R. on Freedom of speech, 284.
on the Corn Laws, 336.
A Friend to Sincerity, on Cheap Corn, 293.
T. H, I, on the Corn Laws, 297.
Occupaiions and Miracles of King Ferdinand VII.
An Old Bachelor, on the Bachelor's Tax, 333.
R.F.'s Defence of the Fariners, 337.
Verax on Religious Persecution, 378.
The Fair S
H. on the War with France, 411.
A True Briton, on Retrenchment and Reform, 499.
" Hampden, on No War with France, 443,
Hortstor, on Hopes of Peace, 415.
| Official Account of the engagement between the
Wasp and the Avon, 127.
General Jackson's Account of the Operations at
Philo, on Cais, Rats, and other Vermin, 561. leon, 315.
French people and the Army, 372.
M. Birkbuck to the Right Hon. H. Grattan, 698. Correspondence respecting Overtures of Peace, 660.
Speeches of the Emperor, &c. at the Champ De
Speeches at the opening of the Legislative Ses.
Accounts of the battles of the 15th and 10th of
Answer of the Emperor, ib.
On America, 118.
Answer of the Emperor, ib.
Ode to 'Louis, 563.
Proclamation by the Government Commission, 810.
Minutes of Conterence respecting the Answer of
Napoleon to the Declaration of the Allies, 698.
GREAT BRITAIN.-Bulletin of the defeat of the Bri,
dish army at New Orleans, 8th Jan. 1815, 318,
Gazette Account of the battle of Waterloo, 784,
Armies towards Paris, 830.
PRICES AND BANKRUPTS.
BREAD), The average price of the Quartern Loaf, weigbing 41b. 502 8trms. in London, which s
WHEAT.-The average price for the above period, through all England, per Wiuchester Bushel of
MEAT.--Per pound, on an average for the time above stated, as sold wholesale at Smithfield Mar.
LABOUR.--The average pay per day of a labouring man employed ju farming work, at Botley, in
Bullion.-Standard Gold iu Bars, per Oz. £5, 23.- Standard Silver do. @s. sid. N.B. These
Funds.-Average price of the Three Per Cent. Consolidated Aubuities, during the ab ove period,
BANKRUPTS.--Number of Bankrupts, declared in the London Gazette, during the above period,
VOL. XXVII. No. 1.) LONDON, SATURDAY, JAN. 7, 1815. [Price ls.
TO JOHN CARTWRIGHT, Esg. nuance until now; and, 3d, of the causes THE INELEXIBLE ENEMY OF TYRANNY, which produced the peace. When we have ON THE
done this, the consequences of such a termiPeace between England and America, nation of the war will naturally develope
themselves to our view. Happily this war Botley, January 1, 1815. has closed before its causes and its objects DEAR SIR,_Wlien you, a few minutes have been forgotten. We are yet within alter I was enclosed amongst felons in the recollection of every circumstance; and Newgate, for having written about the though I have, over and over again, stated flogging of English. Local Militia-men in them all, it is now necessary to recapituthe presence of German Dragoons, at the late the material points, and to give them, town of Ely, came to take me by the hand, if possible, a form and situation that may and, looking round you, exclaimed, “Well! defy the power of time. All sorts of vile "I am seventy years old, but I shall yet mcans will be used by those who have the * sce ...........................;" when you controul of a corrupt press, to misrepresent, vttered that exclamation, little indeed did to disfigure, to disguise, to suppress, upon I bope that your prediction would so soon this important occasion. The birelings are seem to be in a fair way of being fulfilled. raving with mortification at this grand The peace with America is certainly the event, the consequences of which they feel most auspicious event that I have ever had before hand. It is, therefore, incumbent to record, or to notice, since the first day upon us to place the whole of the inatter in that I ventured to put my thoughts upon a clear light, and thus to do all that we are paper. It opens to mankind a prospect of able to counteract their efforts. happier days. It has, by a stroke of the First, as to the cause of the war: pen, blasted the malignant hopes of the though there had been several points in enemies of freedom, baffled all their specu- dispute, the war was produced by the imlations, flung them back beyond the point pressment, by our naval officers, of men out whence they started in their career of hos- of American ships on the high seas. The tility against the principles of political and Republic wished to take no part in the civil liberty ; hurled them and their para- | Luropean war, especially afier Napoleon graphs, and pamphlets and reviews, and all made himself a king. But she, at last, the rest of their bireling productions, down found, that, in order to avoid miserics equal into the dirt to be trampled under foot; to those of war, it was necessary for her to changed their exultation into mourning, arm and to fight. We stopped her ships their audacity into fear. Let those to on the high seas, and our naval officers imwhom liberty and slavery are indifferent presed such men as they thought proper, talk about boundary lines, passages, fishing took them on board of our ships, compelled banks and commercial arrangements ; you them to submit to our discipline, and to will look at the peace with very different fight, in short, in our service. The ground eyes ; you will see in it the greatest stroke on which we proceeded to do this was, that that has ever yet been struck in favour of the persons impressed were British subthat cause, to which you have devoted your jects; and that we had a right to impress life, and struck, too, at a time, when almost British subjects, being seamen, find them every friend of freedom, except yourself, where we might. The Republic denied alseemed to have yielded to feelings of together our right to take persons of any despair.
description by force out of her neutral But, in order to be able fully and justly ships, unless they were soldiers or seamen to estiinate the consequences of this peace, actually in the service of our enemy. But, we must take a review, Ist, of the cause perhaps, if we had confined our impressof the war; 2d, of the causes of its conti- I meats to our own people, she might not have gone to war. This, however, our |“ June can only be defeated by a refusal naval officers did not do. It has never on the part of your Government to desist been denied by our Goverinicnt, that many from hostilities, or to comply with the native Republicans were impressed by our “ conditions expressed in the said Order. officers. It is notorious, that many of them“ Under the circumstances of your having have been compelled to serve on board of " no powers to regociate, I must decline our ships; and, of course, that many have“ entering into a detailed discussion of the been wounded or killed; or, at least, car “ propositions which you have been directa ried from their country, their homes, their “ed to bring forward. I cannot, however, family, and their affairs. Mr. Madison, “ refrain on one single point from expressin his last speech to the Congress, states, “ ing my surprise ; namely, that, as a conthat “ thousands" of Native Republicans“ dition, preliminary even to a suspension were thus impressed, before war was de- “ of hostilities, the Government of the clared by the Congress. The Congress, “ United States should have thought fit to at last, declared war; but the President, “ demand, that the British Government always anxious to avoid the calamities of " should desist from its ancient and accuswar, immediately proposed the renewal of “ tomed practice of impressing British sea. negociations for peace. Mr. Russell, then“ men from the merchant ships of a foreign the Republican Minister in London, signi- “ State, simply on the assurance that a law fied to Lord Castlereagh, in August 1812, " shall hereafter be passed, to prohibit the that he was authorised to stipulate for an employment of British seamen in the Armistice, to begin in sixty days, on the " public or commercial service of that following conditions : " That the Orders in “ State.-The British Government now, “ Council be repealed, and no illegal " as heretofore, is ready to receive from “ blockades be substituted for them; and " the Government of the United States, " that orders be immediately given to dis- “ and amicably to discuss, any proposition “ continue the impressment of persons from " which professes to bave in view cither to “ American vessels, and to restore the “ check abuse in exercise of the practice 6 citizens of the United States already im- “ of impressment, or to accomplish, by * pressed; it being moreover well under-/" means less liable to vexation, the object " stood, that the British Government will “ for which impressment has hitherto been “ assent to enter into definitive arrange-1“ found necessary; but they cannot consent
ments, as soon as may be, on these and" to suspend the exercise of a right upon “ every other difference, by a Treaty, to be “ which the naval strength of the empire li concluded, either at London or Wash “ mainly depends, until they are fully con“ington, as on an impartial consideration " vinced that means can be devised, and " of existing circumstances shall be deem “ will be adopted, by which the object to 4 ed most expedient. As an inducement“ be obtained by the exercise of that right " to Great Britain to discontinue the prac- “ can be effectually sccared. I have the “ tice of impressment froni American “ hovour to be, Sir, your most obedient " vessels, I am authorised to give assurance “ humble Servant.” * that a law shall be passed (to be reci- This offer, you will perceive, came from “ procal), to prohibit the employment of the President. How falsc, then, is the 4. British scanien in the public or commer- charge, that he went to war to assist Na"cial service of the United States. It is polcon! If that had been true, he, of " sincerely believed, that such an arrange- course, would have proposed no armistice. " ment would prove more efficacious, in He would have been anxious to avoid all “ securing to Great Britain her seamen, means of reconciliation. But, on the " than the practice of impressment, so de contrary, he is the first to make an effort * rogatory to the sovereign attributes of the to put an end to the war; and, even in the “ United States, and so incompatible with case of impressment, to tender voluntarily “ the personal rights of their citizens." a measure calculated to remove our ap
Lord Castlereagh's answer to this was prehensions on the score of our seamen. as follows:-“ From this statement you I do not know how an English Secretary of ti will perceive, that the view vou have State may have been able to look a Repubbi taken of this part of the subject is incor-lican Minister in the face, while the for. " rect; and that, in the present state of the mer was asserting, that the strength of “ relations between the two countries, the England mainly depended on the exercise
operating of the Order of the 234 of 1 of the right of impressing its own subjects ;