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HIS MAJESTY'S MINISTERS, BrtR03.

1815,

CABINET MINISTERS.
Lord Ilarrowby .................. Lord President of the Council.
Lord Eldon .....................

Lord Iligh Chancellor,
Lord Westmoreland ....

... Lord Privy Seal. Lord Ciancarty .........

President of the Board of Trade. Lord Liverpool ...........

First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister),

Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of the ExRight Hon. N. Vansittart .,...

cheguer. Right Hon. Charles Bathurst... Chance!lor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Lord Viscount Melville ......

First Lord of the Admiralty. Lord Mulgrave ....

Master General of the Ordnance. Lord Sidmouth ....

Secretary of State for the Home Department. Lord Castlereagh .....

Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.

Secretary of State for the Department of War Lord Bathurst.,.......

and Colonies.

President of the Board of Control for the Lord Buckinghamshire ......

Affairs in India.

NOT OF THE CABINET. Right Hon. George Rose............

į Vice-President of the Board of Trade, and

Treasurer of the Navy. Lord Palmerston .................,

Secretary at War. Right Hon. C. Long ....

Joint Paymasters-General of the Forces, llon. J. F. Robinson .... Earl of Chichester.

Joint Postmasters-General.
Earl of Clancarty......,
Right Hon. C. Arbuthnot

Secretaries of the Treasury,
Sir R. Lushington ....
Sir Wm. Grant.........

Master of the Rolls.
Sir Wm. Garrow......

Attorney-General. Sir S. Shepherd .....

Solicitor-General.

PERSONS OF THE MINISTRY OF IRELAND,
Lord Whitworth ....... ...... Lord Lieutenant.
Jord Manners .............

Lord High Chancellor.
Right Hon. Robt. Peele ....... Chief Secretary.
Right Hon. W. Fitzgerald ..... ..... Chancellor of the Exchequer,

SUMMARIES OF POLITICS. | Literary Fund and Washington Benevolent Soci.
To John Cartwright, Esq. on the Peace between

Lety, 591.

England and America, 1, 33.

Interesting Documents, 599.

Mrs. Spercer Perceyal, 15,

The Endyinion and President Frigates, 605,

Nottingham Petition against the War, 621.

America, 65, 165.

Murder ! Murder ! 79.

Petitions against the War, 639.

Lord Cochrane, ind the Legion of Honour, 80.

America and Algiers, 663.

Property Tax, 97.

Notes on Jonathan's Letters from Boston, 678.81.

3-4-7.

Com Bill, 100, 161, 201, 353.

The Champ De Mai, 726.

Continenial Affairs, 109.

Hamp-bire Meering— Property Tax-Trick of the

Historical Notices of the War, 783, 821.

London Press, 129.

he | Abdication of Napoleon in favour of his Son,

To the Knighis Grand Crosses, &c. of Hertford,

Appointment of a Provisional Government,

New England, 925.

&c. 805.

The Budker, 228.

COMMUNICATIONS.

Deliverai ce of Spain, 257.

Wils shire County Meeling, on the Corn Bill, 259. | No German. on Riot at Lynn, 17.

. | A By Stander, on German Troops, 16.

Napoleon's Return, 322, 358.

Treat) with Napoleon, 826.

Erasmus Parkins, on Religious Persecution, 19,

1 92, 252, 214, 250, 433.

Letter 1. in Lord Castiereagh, on Peace, 385.

Leiter II ---- ---- , on the Message to

| Justus, on the Edipus Judaicus, 24.

the Prince Regeni, 449.

Justitia, on Lettres de Cachet, 27.

Letter II.

--, on the Hope of Suc-

- a, on Legitimate Sovereignty, 588.

Benevolus, on The Pillory, 69,

cess in a War against France, 641.

Letter IV. -- - -, on the Debates rela-

| University of Oxford, 32, 186, 281, 310.

tive to the comme ceinert of the War, 639, 705.

An Admirer of American Republicanism, 51.

Letter V. -

Juvenis, on the Congress, 82, 120, 437.

-, on the Wes:minster |

Meeting, the Emperor Napoleon, the Duke of

A, B. on the Pillory, 85.

Varro, on the ædipus Judaicus, 83.

Enghien, and Captain Wright, 769.

Civis, in Finance, i14.

Letter VI - -

- on the overthrow of

Public Rejoicing by W, W.120.

the Emperor Napoleon, 831.
To Louis, on the Causes of his late Expulsion, &c.

A Thinking Briton, on the State of the Nation,

148

417.

Civis, on the Inquisition, 173, 277.

The Regent's Message, 429.

To the People of England on the War against

---, on the beloved Ferdinand, 208.

- - to the Thinking People of England, 794.

France, 481.

The Emperor Napole in, 504.

| Look at Home, by Tertio, 179.

Philo.Civis, on"" Horrid Blasphemous Impos.
To the Merchants of England on the War against

ture," 182.

France, and Parliamentary Reform, 513,

--, on the Legion of Honour, 248.

To the People of Nottingham, on the motives and

on the New Post Office, 267.

prospects of the War, 545.

Letter 'vil to the Earl of Liverpool, 577.

Julian, on the late King of Sweden, 183.

P. c. on the legion of Honour, 184, 268.

Letter VIII.

Letter IX.

Inspired Writings, 211.

To the Fundholders, on the War against France,

- by Veritas, 275.

Aristides, on Cheajó Corn, 2/6.

609.

To Correspondents in the United States of Ame.

- , oa the Farmers, 415.

on the War against France, 555.

rica, 641, 687, 722.

To Sir Francis Burdett, Bart, on the Pitt System

, on Traits of Courage in Frenchmen, 759.

of War against France, 650.

-, on the Invasion of France, 813.

To Lord Grenville, on the Constitutions of Eng.

G. G. Fordham, on the Corn Bill, 248.

land, America, and France, 737.

on Reform, War, and Taxes, 380

The New Era, 755.

, on the consequences of a War with

France, 524.

REMARKS.

A Constant Reader, on Commerce and No Cora

Partial and Mean Perry, Proprietor of the Morn-

Bill, 270.

GM's Plain Picture of the Corn Laws, 271.
ing Chronicle, 97..
Sir John Cox Hippesly, 148.

W, P. R. on Freedom of speech, 284.
Murat, King of Naples, 171.

on the Corn Laws, 336.
Sierra Leone, 193..

A Friend to Sincerity, on Cheap Corn, 293.
Property Tax and Finance, 203.

T. H, I, on the Corn Laws, 297.

The Inquisition, 308.

Amicus Britanniæ, on Popular Opinions, 813.

Occupaiions and Miracles of King Ferdinand VII.

An Old Bachelor, on the Bachelor's Tax, 333.
309,

R.F.'s Defence of the Fariners, 337.
Bonaparte in France, 315.

Verax on Religious Persecution, 378.

The Fair S
To the People of Hampshire, on the Corn Bill, 321.
On Birkbeck's Journey in France, 465, 528.

H. on the War with France, 411.
Lord Cochrane, 478.

A True Briton, on Retrenchment and Reform, 499.

Petition of the Livery of London against the War,

-, on British Political Objects, 816.

566,

" Hampden, on No War with France, 443,

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Mai, 728,

Hortstor, on Hopes of Peace, 415.

| Official Account of the engagement between the
Mirater, on Mir-hal Marmont, 476,

Wasp and the Avon, 127.
Mercator, on Peace or War, 509.

General Jackson's Account of the Operations at

-2.0. War against France, 593.

New Orleans, 343.

A Friend w Peace, Justice and Equity, on War Treaty of Peace with Great Britain, 317, 381.

with France, 525."

Report on the Retaliating System, 633.

W.R. H. ou ine E peror Napoleon, 561.

Report respecting the War with Algiers, 665.

The Cats in Council, 553

| FRANCE. - Ordinance of the King against Napo.

Philo, on Cais, Rats, and other Vermin, 561. leon, 315.
Veritis, on the Abdication of Bonaparte, 595. Declarations of the Emperor Napoleon to the
Morris Birkbeck, respecting Napoleon, 604.

French people and the Army, 372.

A Friend tv Social Order, on War with France, Answer of the French Government to the Decla-

630.

ration of the Allies, 483.

Caput Lolt, on War with France, 632.

Act Additional to the French Constitution, 537.

Jonathan's Letters from Boston, in the United Dispatch, the Duke of Otranto to Prince Met.

States, 677. .

ternich, 600.

M. Birkbuck to the Right Hon. H. Grattan, 698. Correspondence respecting Overtures of Peace, 660.
Won Maylsaid, on Moder. Forgeries, 722.

Speeches of the Emperor, &c. at the Champ De
Censor, un the Teri Petition, 819.

Speeches at the opening of the Legislative Ses.

SELECTIONS FROM OTHER PUBLICATIONS.

sion, 762.:

Accounts of the battles of the 15th and 10th of

From Chief Justice Thorpe's pamphlet respecting! June, 769

Sierra Leone, 193.

Exposition ofthe Minister of the Interior, 793.

- Birkbeck's Journey through France in July, Address of the Arch Chancellor to the Emperor,

August, ani September, 1814, 476, 523.'

798.

Answer of the Emperor, ib.

* POETRY,

Address of President Lanjuinais to the Empe-

ror, 799.

On America, 118.

Answer of the Emperor, ib.

America Triumphant, 342.

Napoleon's Declaration to the French People, 805.

Peace or War, 438.

Address of the Parisian Federation, 809.

Ode to 'Louis, 563.

Proclamation by the Government Commission, 810.

Tire Champ de Mai, 735.

Account of the battle of Waterloo.

On the Threatened Invasion of France, 708. CONGRESS AT VIENNA,- Declaration of the Al.

Bella Horrida Beila! 831.

lies against Napoleon, 483.

Minutes of Conterence respecting the Answer of
OFFICIAL PAPERS.

Napoleon to the Declaration of the Allies, 698.
ST. DOMINGO.-Minutes of the Siilings of the

GREAT BRITAIN.-Bulletin of the defeat of the Bri,

dish army at New Orleans, 8th Jan. 1815, 318,
Council General of the Nation, 55.

Gazette Account of the battle of Waterloo, 784,
A:AERICA. - Message to the Senate and House of Gazette Account of the Advance of the Allied

Representatives, 121.
Documents respecting the Negociations at Glent, 'PRUSSIA. -Account of the battle of Waterloo, 826.

Armies towards Paris, 830.
122, 159, 188, 218, 265.

PRICES AND BANKRUPTS.
Record of the Prices of Bread, Wheut, Meat, Labour, Bullion and Funds, in
England, during the time that this Volume was publishing; and also of the number
of Bankrupts, during the same period; that is, from January to June, 1815, both months
inclusive,

BREAD), The average price of the Quartern Loaf, weigbing 41b. 502 8trms. in London, which s
pearly the same as in other parts of the country, 11 d.

WHEAT.-The average price for the above period, through all England, per Wiuchester Bushel of
8 gallons, 8s. 3d.

MEAT.--Per pound, on an average for the time above stated, as sold wholesale at Smithfield Mar.
ket, uot including the value of skin or offal. Beef, 7%d.; Mitton), 8d.; Veal, 9 d.; Pork, 9 d.
A.B. Tiris is nearly the relail price all over the country, the Butcher's protit cousisting of the skin
and offat.

-

LABOUR.--The average pay per day of a labouring man employed ju farming work, at Botley, in
Hampsisire, being about a fifth higher than the wages throughout ihe whole country, 18. 11d.

Bullion.-Standard Gold iu Bars, per Oz. £5, 23.- Standard Silver do. @s. sid. N.B. These
are the average prices, during the above period, in Bank of Englund Notes. The prices in Gold and
Silver Coin are, for an ounce of Gold £3. 175, 104d.; for an ounce of Silver, 5s. 2d.

Funds.-Average price of the Three Per Cent. Consolidated Aubuities, during the ab ove period,
603.

BANKRUPTS.--Number of Bankrupts, declared in the London Gazette, during the above period,
581.

VOL. XXVII. No. 1.) LONDON, SATURDAY, JAN. 7, 1815. [Price ls.

TO JOHN CARTWRIGHT, Esg. nuance until now; and, 3d, of the causes THE INELEXIBLE ENEMY OF TYRANNY, which produced the peace. When we have ON THE

done this, the consequences of such a termiPeace between England and America, nation of the war will naturally develope

themselves to our view. Happily this war Botley, January 1, 1815. has closed before its causes and its objects DEAR SIR,_Wlien you, a few minutes have been forgotten. We are yet within alter I was enclosed amongst felons in the recollection of every circumstance; and Newgate, for having written about the though I have, over and over again, stated flogging of English. Local Militia-men in them all, it is now necessary to recapituthe presence of German Dragoons, at the late the material points, and to give them, town of Ely, came to take me by the hand, if possible, a form and situation that may and, looking round you, exclaimed, “Well! defy the power of time. All sorts of vile "I am seventy years old, but I shall yet mcans will be used by those who have the * sce ...........................;" when you controul of a corrupt press, to misrepresent, vttered that exclamation, little indeed did to disfigure, to disguise, to suppress, upon I bope that your prediction would so soon this important occasion. The birelings are seem to be in a fair way of being fulfilled. raving with mortification at this grand The peace with America is certainly the event, the consequences of which they feel most auspicious event that I have ever had before hand. It is, therefore, incumbent to record, or to notice, since the first day upon us to place the whole of the inatter in that I ventured to put my thoughts upon a clear light, and thus to do all that we are paper. It opens to mankind a prospect of able to counteract their efforts. happier days. It has, by a stroke of the First, as to the cause of the war: pen, blasted the malignant hopes of the though there had been several points in enemies of freedom, baffled all their specu- dispute, the war was produced by the imlations, flung them back beyond the point pressment, by our naval officers, of men out whence they started in their career of hos- of American ships on the high seas. The tility against the principles of political and Republic wished to take no part in the civil liberty ; hurled them and their para- | Luropean war, especially afier Napoleon graphs, and pamphlets and reviews, and all made himself a king. But she, at last, the rest of their bireling productions, down found, that, in order to avoid miserics equal into the dirt to be trampled under foot; to those of war, it was necessary for her to changed their exultation into mourning, arm and to fight. We stopped her ships their audacity into fear. Let those to on the high seas, and our naval officers imwhom liberty and slavery are indifferent presed such men as they thought proper, talk about boundary lines, passages, fishing took them on board of our ships, compelled banks and commercial arrangements ; you them to submit to our discipline, and to will look at the peace with very different fight, in short, in our service. The ground eyes ; you will see in it the greatest stroke on which we proceeded to do this was, that that has ever yet been struck in favour of the persons impressed were British subthat cause, to which you have devoted your jects; and that we had a right to impress life, and struck, too, at a time, when almost British subjects, being seamen, find them every friend of freedom, except yourself, where we might. The Republic denied alseemed to have yielded to feelings of together our right to take persons of any despair.

description by force out of her neutral But, in order to be able fully and justly ships, unless they were soldiers or seamen to estiinate the consequences of this peace, actually in the service of our enemy. But, we must take a review, Ist, of the cause perhaps, if we had confined our impressof the war; 2d, of the causes of its conti- I meats to our own people, she might not have gone to war. This, however, our |“ June can only be defeated by a refusal naval officers did not do. It has never on the part of your Government to desist been denied by our Goverinicnt, that many from hostilities, or to comply with the native Republicans were impressed by our “ conditions expressed in the said Order. officers. It is notorious, that many of them“ Under the circumstances of your having have been compelled to serve on board of " no powers to regociate, I must decline our ships; and, of course, that many have“ entering into a detailed discussion of the been wounded or killed; or, at least, car “ propositions which you have been directa ried from their country, their homes, their “ed to bring forward. I cannot, however, family, and their affairs. Mr. Madison, “ refrain on one single point from expressin his last speech to the Congress, states, “ ing my surprise ; namely, that, as a conthat “ thousands" of Native Republicans“ dition, preliminary even to a suspension were thus impressed, before war was de- “ of hostilities, the Government of the clared by the Congress. The Congress, “ United States should have thought fit to at last, declared war; but the President, “ demand, that the British Government always anxious to avoid the calamities of " should desist from its ancient and accuswar, immediately proposed the renewal of “ tomed practice of impressing British sea. negociations for peace. Mr. Russell, then“ men from the merchant ships of a foreign the Republican Minister in London, signi- “ State, simply on the assurance that a law fied to Lord Castlereagh, in August 1812, " shall hereafter be passed, to prohibit the that he was authorised to stipulate for an employment of British seamen in the Armistice, to begin in sixty days, on the " public or commercial service of that following conditions : " That the Orders in “ State.-The British Government now, “ Council be repealed, and no illegal " as heretofore, is ready to receive from “ blockades be substituted for them; and " the Government of the United States, " that orders be immediately given to dis- “ and amicably to discuss, any proposition “ continue the impressment of persons from " which professes to bave in view cither to “ American vessels, and to restore the “ check abuse in exercise of the practice 6 citizens of the United States already im- “ of impressment, or to accomplish, by * pressed; it being moreover well under-/" means less liable to vexation, the object " stood, that the British Government will “ for which impressment has hitherto been “ assent to enter into definitive arrange-1“ found necessary; but they cannot consent

ments, as soon as may be, on these and" to suspend the exercise of a right upon “ every other difference, by a Treaty, to be “ which the naval strength of the empire li concluded, either at London or Wash “ mainly depends, until they are fully con“ington, as on an impartial consideration " vinced that means can be devised, and " of existing circumstances shall be deem “ will be adopted, by which the object to 4 ed most expedient. As an inducement“ be obtained by the exercise of that right " to Great Britain to discontinue the prac- “ can be effectually sccared. I have the “ tice of impressment froni American “ hovour to be, Sir, your most obedient " vessels, I am authorised to give assurance “ humble Servant.” * that a law shall be passed (to be reci- This offer, you will perceive, came from “ procal), to prohibit the employment of the President. How falsc, then, is the 4. British scanien in the public or commer- charge, that he went to war to assist Na"cial service of the United States. It is polcon! If that had been true, he, of " sincerely believed, that such an arrange- course, would have proposed no armistice. " ment would prove more efficacious, in He would have been anxious to avoid all “ securing to Great Britain her seamen, means of reconciliation. But, on the " than the practice of impressment, so de contrary, he is the first to make an effort * rogatory to the sovereign attributes of the to put an end to the war; and, even in the “ United States, and so incompatible with case of impressment, to tender voluntarily “ the personal rights of their citizens." a measure calculated to remove our ap

Lord Castlereagh's answer to this was prehensions on the score of our seamen. as follows:-“ From this statement you I do not know how an English Secretary of ti will perceive, that the view vou have State may have been able to look a Repubbi taken of this part of the subject is incor-lican Minister in the face, while the for. " rect; and that, in the present state of the mer was asserting, that the strength of “ relations between the two countries, the England mainly depended on the exercise

operating of the Order of the 234 of 1 of the right of impressing its own subjects ;

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