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behalf of the King. Look back to those them to the continuation and augmentapages, and there you will find, that I was tion of that force. It will assuredly go treated as a fool, or a traitor, because I on increasing Dock yards, arsenals, besought the government not to go to will be formed. In short, a great navy war, and not to proceed in the war, against will speedily grow up; and this will proAmerica ; because I asserted that it would duce a great change in our situation with be productive of grcat expense, loss, and regard to warlike means. If we go to disgrace, and would cause America to war with Napoleon, he has now seen the · become a great and formidable naval vast importance of American friendship. power. How often did I repeat this. America will keep at peace while we sufIlow tired were my readers at the seem- fer her unmolested to carry on her trade ingly endless repetition ! How many | all over the world. That would ruin us. people wrote to me to advise me to de- But, on the other hand, if we attempt to sist! How many sincete friends be
prevent it, we shall have to fight heri sought me, for the love of my own charac- both by land and by sea.- Llere is a ter as a writer, not to proceed! How choice of evils ; but I am not like Sir many, whose principles were with mine Francis Burdett's gentlemen, who preon all points, differed with me on the fact sent him, as he most justly complains, as to this point !--Yet, all I foreboded with a choice of evils, and nothing else ; has already come to pass, and that, too, for, 1 say, that both these evils may be to the very letter. Many persons say, avoiiled by our remaining at peace, and and I believe the fact, that I assisted leaving the French, and the Italians, and greatly in producing the peace with the Neapolitans, and the Swiss, and the America. On no act of my life do I Belgians, and the Russians, and the look with greater satisfaction than on Spaniards, and the Prussians, and the this. But, bow much happier would it Austrians, and the Hungarians, and the have been for my country, if I could Dutch, and the Hanoverians, to settle have succeeded in preventing the war! their own affairs in their own good time The evils of this war, short as it has and manner. And the Portuguese. I been, I liave no scruple to say, are greater bad nearly forgotten the Portuguese ; than those of the late wars against and, faith, they ought not to be forgotFrance. I mean the evils to our Govern- ten ; for they liave not been a trifle in ment particularly. It was a war against the list of our expenses, whether of mofreemen. It was a war against a Repub- ney or of men. Let us leave them all to lic. She was pitted single-handed against themselves. Let us leave the Dutch our undivided power. The world were Presbyterians to supply the Portuguese the spectators. They have followed us and Spaniards with wooden Gods, and with their eyes in the contest, and have Virgins and Saints. Let us receive the now witnessed the, to us, lamentable re- corn of France.when we want it, and the sult.--Ratified the treaty! To be sure wine and oil which -we always want ; the President and Senate would ratify the and let her receive our steel, copper, tin, treaty; a treaty which covered with im- cloth, and other things. But, let who mortal honour, the President, the Con- will be the Ruler, LET US HAVE gress, the Negotiators, the Army, the PEACE WITH HIM. Navy, every man in the land ; and, above all, the Constitution of Government,
TREATY WITH NAPOLEON. which the war had put upon its trial, which has come out of it like pure gold ALTHOUGH in the present state out of the fire, and which will now be of matters, with little else to guide not only more dear than ever to the hearts one's opinions than the ex parte and of Americans, but will present itself as partial statements of his enemies, it an object of admiration and attraction would not be well advised to specuto every oppressed people in the world. late on the views and intentions of --I am afraid I have been digressing. Napoleon, I cannot permit the opportuLet me come back, then, to the main nity, which offers itself, to pass, without drift of the present article by observing, making a few remarks on the treaty conthat the events of this war have taught cluded between him and the allied Powthe Republicans the great value of a na- ers on the 11th April, 1814; by which val force, wbile they have encouraged treaty. Napoleon, on the oue bani, sem
signed the Crowns of France and Italy, His Empress was to be put in possession and the allies, on the other, guaranteed of three duchies in Italy, which were the fulfilment of certain conditions by to pass to her son, and his des endLouis the XVIII, the nonfulfilment of ants, The members of his family were which, it is said, has occasioned Napo- to receive an annual allowance of two leon's return to France.-By this treaty, million five hundred thousand francs ; a copv of which I have given below, it and to Prince Eugene, then Viceroy of will be seen that the island of Elba, Italy, was to be given a suitable estabwhich was selected by Napoleon him. lishment, in consideration of his relinself as his future residence, was declar- quishing all claims upon that country.-ed by the allied powers, to form “ dur. It is well known, that Napoleou, and all "ing his life," a separate principality, the members of his house, were strict is “wbich shall be possessed by him in full their adherence to the conditions incum" sovereignty and property.”—All our bent upon them by this treaty It is newspapers, in servileimitation of the min
now said to be equally notorious, that isters of Louis, have been extremely for they have been almost all violated by the ward in denouncing Napoleon a "trai- other contracting party. The annual “tor and rebel to his country," because allowances in nioney, which were to have he dared to set foot on the territory of been paid by the court of France, have, France. In this they have shewn then we are told, been withheld; the Empress selves utterly unacquainted with the po- Maria Louisa not put in possession of litical relations in which Napoleon stood Parma, Placentia, and Guastalla; and no to the surrounding nations. The mo- establishment provided for the Viceroy ment he relinquished the crown of France, of Italy. If all this be true, Napoleon she was no longer his country; he owed has to complain of a manifest violation her no allegiance because he had sworn of the contract by which he relinquished no fealty to her. He had made choice of his former authority; and to me he arthe isle of Elba, for bis country. It pears to have a right to reclaim those was declared a separate principality by crowns, which he surrendered on the solemn treaty, subscribed by all the great faith of the treaty being fulfilled in every powers of Europe, and these same porrers particular. To say nothing of the wishes bad guaranteed Napoleon's right and title of the people of France, who, I have no to reign over it." in full sorci eignty.”- doubt, are almost to a man for Napoleon, However circumscribed the island of El- it would seem that he has an undeniable ba, however lignited the number of its title to assert bis claims in the inanner be inhabitants, Napoleon was as moch an is now doing, I know of no instance, independent Sovereign, as any of the no- wbere a sufereign abdicated a throrie narchs who entered into treaty with him. with the same inherent right to resume --But this was not the only consequence possession of it. His predecessors were of the recognition of the sovereignty of generally at the mercy of those who exNapoleon. -Ile did not merely oive vo pelled them. They were not in a allegiance to France, or any other power. dition to stipulate for any thing, not even He was entitled, in case of any violation fur the safety of their persuns. How of treaty on the part of his neighbours, very different was the
situation of to punish every infraction of that treaty Napoleon. In place of uccepting terms to the ntınost of bis ability, This is a from luis supposed victors, he dielated principle acknowledged by all writers on them; and the prompt manner with which the law of nations, It was upon this the Allied Powers agreed l these terms, principle that the allies justified the was no small proof that they considered invasion of France, and even defended hinn still a forniidable object, He retired tbzir conduct when they refused to treat from the contest uuder the faith and so. vith Napoleon in the character of Sové-lemnity of a frealy; he refurns to it. bereign of that empire. Has Napoleon cause that treaty, as is said, has been then done more than attempt to puuish broken. This being the state of the tlie infraction of a treaty? Not only case, Napoleon appears to me to have was his title to the “ full sovereignty done nothing more thau all other indeof Elba acknowledged by solemn treaty, pendent sovereigns have a right to do, but he was to receive for kis own use an if placed in similar circumstances. Не annual revenue of two millions of francs. I has appealed to the sword; and as those
who refused to listen to his claims Art. 3. Their Majesties the Emperor seem to shelter themselves under the Napoleon and Maria Louisa shall retain courtier plea that "might gives right," their titles and rank, to be enjoyed he is willing that the question should during their lives. The mother, the be decided on that principle. --But brothers, sisters, nephews, and nieces of it is said, " that France never became the Emperor, shall also retain, wherever
a party to the treaty by which Napo- they may reside, the titles of Princes of “ leon's independence and pensions were his family.
sanctioned.”It should rather be Art. 3. The Isle of Elba, adopted by said, that the Bourbons have refused to his Majesty the Emperor Napoleon as concur in this, the people of France, the place of his residence, shall form, it is pretty evident, never having been during his life, a separate principality; consulted in the matter. But what is it which shall be possessed by him in full to the purpose although all France were Sovereignty and property; there shall hostile to this measure ? It was in con- be besides granted, in full property, to sequence of the treaty and by virtue of the Emperor Napoleon, an annual rethat treaty alone, that Louis the Desired venue of 2,000,000 francs, in rent charge, was restored to them. Had Napoleon in the great book of France, of which not consented to give up bis claims to 1,000,000 shall be in reversion to the the throne of France, a civil war might Empress. have been the consequence, and who cau Art. 4. The Duchies of Parma, Plasaywhether this might not have terminated centia, and Guastalla, shall be granted, fatally to the Bourbons ?-Besides, by in full property and sovereignty, to her the 20th article of the treaty " the high Majesty the Empress Maria Louisa ; they “ allied powers guarantee the execution shall pass to her son, and to the descend" of all the articles of the present treaty, ants in the right line. The prince her " and engage to obtain that it shall be son shall from henceforth take the title of
adopted and guaranteed by France." Prince of Parma, Placentia and Guastalla. That treaty therefore which placed Louis Art. 5. All the powers engage to emupon the throne, required of France the ploy their good offices to cause to be resperformance of certain conditions to pected by the Barbary powers the flag Napoleon and his family. It was by this and territory of the Isle of Elba, for which tenure that the former resumed the crown purpose the relations with the Barbary of his ancestors, and if it has not been powers shall be assimilated to those with strictly adhered to, every thing naturally France. reverts back to that state, when it was
Art. 6. There shall be reserved in the in the power of the latter to present ob- territories hereby renounced, to his Mastacles to the return of his rival. It may jesty the Emperor Napoleon, for himbe thought that the allies are bound to self and his family, domains or rentinterfere, and to compel Louis, in conse charges in the great book of France, quence of their guarantee, to do justice producing a revenue, clear of all deducto Napoleon. Of this, however, there is tions and charges, of 2,500,000 francs. little hope; although from what we have These domains or rents shall belong, in seen take place during the late war, it will full property, and to be disposed of be no way extraordinary to find the as they shall think fit, to the Princes soldiers of Russia, of Prussia, or of Aus- and Princesses of his family, and shall tria, again fighting in the ranks with
be divided amongst them in such manthose of Napoleon.
ner that the revenue of each sball be in the following proportion, viz.
Francs. Articles of the treaty between the allied
400,000 powers and his Majesty the Emperor To Madame Mere . Napoleon.
To King Joseph and his Queen 500,000 Art. 1. His Majesty the Emperor Na- To King Louis .
200,000 poleon renounces for himself, his suc- To the Queen Hortense and her cessors, and descendants, as well as for
400,000 all the members of his family, all right of To King Jerome and his Queen 400,090 sovereignty and dominion, as well to the
300,000 French Empire and the Kingdom of Italy, To the Princess Eliza as over every other country.
To the Princess Paulina . . 300,000
· The Princes and Princesses of the necessary passports for the free passage House of the Emperor Napoleon shall of his Majesty the Emperor Napoleon, retain besides their property, moveable or of the Empress, the Princes, and and immoveable, of whatever nature il Princesses, and all the persons of their may be, which they shall posses. by in- autes who wish to accompany them, or dividual and public right, and the rents to establish themselves out of France, as of which they slail enjoy (also as indi- well as for the passage of all the equiyiduals.)
vages, horses, and effects belong-
Tropes, the place of his embarkation.
vessels, to convey to the place of his des-
whose names shall be feited bis rights as such, by not returnconained in a list to be' signer by the ing to France, within three years ; at Emperor Napoleon, and shall be trans- least they shall not be comprised in the mitted to we French Government. excepsions which the French Govern
Art. 10. All the crown diainunds shall ment reserves to itself to grant after the remain in France.
expiration of that tcrın. Art. 11. His Majesty the Emperor Art. 19. The Polish troops of all arms, Napoleon shall return to tie treasury, in the service of France, shall be at lie and to the other public chests, all the berty to return home, and shall retain surns and effects that shall have been their arms and baggage, as a testimony taken out by his orders, witli the excep- of their honourable services. Theothicers, tion of what has been appropriated from sub-otticers, and soldiers, shall retain the Civil List
the decorations which have been granted Art. 12. The debts of the household to them, and the pensions annosed to of his Majesty the Emperor Napoleon, these decorations. such as they were on the day of the signa- Art. 29. The high allied power's guatire of the present treaty, shall be im- rantee the execution of all the articles of noliately discharged out of the arrears the present treaty, and engage to obtain due by the politic treasury to the Civil that it shall be adopted and guaranteed List, according to a list, which shall by France. tre signed by a Commissioner appointed Art. 21. The present act shall be rafor that purpose.
tified, and the ratifications exchanged at Art. 13. The obligations of the Alont l'aris within two days, or sooner if pos. Napoleon; of Milan, towards all the sible. creditors, wbrevier lirenchimen or forrigins Lorie at Paris, the 11th of April, 1810r Ats, shall be exactly tutiiled, unless there (L. S.) Thi Prinde de witturnich. shall be any change made in this respect. L. S.) J. P. Cowpic de Stadion.
Art. 11. Ture shall be given all tlie -(L. S.) netre' Cubite de Ilustun.onfsky.
(L. S.) Charles Robert Comte de Nes the head, he very civilly took me by the selrode.
--nose:--this so enraged me, although (L. S.) Castlereagh.
one of the mildest of men, that I cudgelled (L. S.) Charles Auguste Baron de Hard-him, both to his and to my own perenberg
fect satisfaction. For this affront on a (L. S.) Marshal Ney, gentleman, and a man of honour, I was (L, S.) Caulincourt,
dismissed as a low bred, unfashionable fellow, greatly deficient in the Ton.
Not yet intimidated, I next waited upon THE BACHELORS' TAX.
a deinure looking creature, who lamented Sir.— The Minister having given the the depravity of the age from morning contents of his budget for our digestion, to night, Here I am suited, thought 1, allow me, through the medium of your no fear of red-coats ;-when, as I was paper, to enter my protest against a tax one night going to hear her rail against that falls peculiarly heavy on a very res- the forwardness of the little misses in pectable body of his Majesty's most loyal their teens, I entered upon her too sudsubjeets, called old Bachelors. That denly, and found her demonstrating the the tax in question is oppressive, as a attraction and adhesiou of ladies, to her legislative act, my history will sufficiently footman.--I next became enamoured of prove; for with every disposition to the accomplished daughter of a rich old connubial happiness, I have hitherto farmer; who, feeling his own great deficompletely failed in my attempts; and ciency in all human learning, was reI doubt not that numbers, besides my- solved to make his daughter a prodigy. self, stand in the same predicament.-TO She could read a page of Walter Scott begin with my history: you must know without lisping more than a dozen misthat I first addressed myself to a most takes; she could recite a passage in a prudent young lady, with whom I inter-play with all the grace of the amateur of changed vows of eternal constancy; and fashion; she could thump a Sonata on was near being made the happiest of men, the Piano with most discordant fascinawhen an uncle died, from whom I had tion; and she could draw without any fear great expectations, leaving me only a of punishment from the breach of the small legacy. This circumstance, and second commandment. These rare acthe advances of a rich fox-hunting squire, complishments won my heart; when are wrought so much to my disadvantage, ticipating my union with the accomthat I was dismissed by her friends, plished phenomenon, she cruelly deand at their suggestion, she very duti- serted me for the irresistible attractions fully yielded to the son of the chace.- of a strolling player.--Dissatisfied with Time, that best soother of human woe, poems and plays, pianos and paint, I soon performs a cure; and I next next bowed down to a learned lady, figured away with a lady in the fashiona- who could harangue in Latin with all ble world. Like the owl, I sunk down the eloquence of a college professor ; to repose at the approach of the sun, and who could spout Greek with parsonic arose at his departure. Every thing purity; who could write a criticism on scemed to be in a most favourable train, a plaiu passage in a Greek or Latin auwhen imprudently settling some future thor, until it became unintelligible; who plans of domestic economy, I was dis- could unriddle all the dark meanings of missed with the epithet of a mean, ava- Aristotle; and who could prove, to a dericious wretch.-Aly next adventure was monstration, that the ancients were with a young lady, who, with a mode-sages, and the moderns, blockheads. rate fortune, and a handsome person, had | Well versed in the philosophy of the secured to herself, at least, a score of schools, both ancient and modern. Inhumble admirers, when I fortunately sensible to externals, even to stoicism; stepped in, and she very condescendingly for so far had she carried her apathy, reduced the number to half a dozen, that she had actually written a treatise besides myself. I believe I should have against the passions, and was one night earried the prize, had not a tall man of reading to me the chapter against anger, blood, yclept captain, have come in be- when the maid servant coming in to pre. tween; and on my excusing myself from pare supper, unfortunately overturned standing to be honourably shot through the inkstand upon some critical nste