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tion to country were performing on the same time ; the land army met, as far as borders of Lakes Ontario and Erie, Lake it went, with a very gallant resistance, Champlain exhibited a spectacle, which though it behaved, on its part, with equal struck with wonder all the Continent of gallantry; and Mr. Macomb must, in all Europe, and which, in fact, astounded every probability, have yielded, iu time, to a force man of sense here, who had before clamour so greatly superior, if the attack by water ed for the war. It is true, that this was had not been frustrated. But on the water only a repetition of the scene, exhibited the side, the Republican Commodore Macdoye:ur before on Lake Erie, where, with an nough, though his force was inferior to inferior number of men and yuns, the Re- oars, and has been so stated in the official publican Commodore Perry had beaten and dispatch of Sir George Prevost himself, actually captured, the whole of our fleet not only defeated our fleet, but captured under Commodore Barclay ; but, all eyes the whole of the ships, one of which was were at that time fixed on the Continent of 36 guns, while the largest of the Reof Europe. The expected fall of Napoleon, publican ships was of no more than 26 and the real victories over him, made the guns ! The Governor-General, seeing the loss on Lake Erie (a loss of immense im- fate of the fleet, knowing that the taking portance, as is now seen) to be thought of the fort after that would only lead to a nothing of. Our great object then was, speedy retreat from it, and fearing the Napoleon. Him once subdned, the Re- consequences of an attack on his way

back public, it was thought, would be done for to Canada, raised the siege, and hastened in a trice. To suppose, that she would be back towards Montreal with all imaginable able to stand against us, for any length of speed, pursued by the little Republican time, appeared, to most men, perfectly ri- army, and teaving behind him, as the Rediculous. A far greater part of the nation publicans state, immense quantities of thought that it was our army who had put stores, ammunition, &c. besides great down Napoleon. Indeed, the Commander numbers of prisoners and deserters. They of them was called, “ the conqueror of may have exaggerated in these their ac“ France ;” and, it was said, that a part of counts, but the Canada newspapers stated the Conquerors of France, sent to America, that 150 of our men deserted; and, which would, in a few months, “ reduce" the is a thing never to be forgotten, our Micountry.

nisters have never published in the Gazette A part of them were, accordingly, sent Sir George Prevost's account of his methither; and now we are going to view morable retreat, though they have pubtheir exploits against the Republicans on lished his dispatches relating to all the she borders of Lake Champlain. The movements of the army before and after Governor-General of Canada, Sir George that retreat. Prevost, having received the reinforce- This blow did, in fact, decide the quesments from France, invaded the Republic tion of war, or peace. There was much at the head of 14,000 men, with five blustering about it here ; it was affected Alajor-Generals under him, four troops of to treat the thing lightly; the Times, and Dragoons, four companies of Royal Artil- other venal newspapers, represented it as a lery, one brigade of Rocketeers, one bri- mere trifling occurrence, which would soun gade of Royal Sappers and Miners. The be overbalanced by sweeping victories on first object was to dislodge the Republicans our part. But upon the back of this came from Fort Xlorean, near the town of the brilliant success of the Republicans in Plattsburgh, on the edge of the Lake, repulsing our squadron, and burning one of about 15 miles within the boundary line of our ships before Fort Jobille, in Gulph the Republic. In this fort were 1,500 of Mexico ; and thus, while we bad to Republican regulars, and no more, and vaunt of our predatory adventures against 6,000 volunteers and militia from the the city of Washington, the town of States of Vermont and New York, under Alexandria, and the villages of Frenchthe command of a very gallant and accom- town and Stonington, the fame of the Re. plished citizen, named Macomb, a Briga- publican arms, by land as well as sea, dier-General in the Republican service sounded in every car and glowed in every While Sir George Prevost attacked the heart, along the whole extent of the sixa fort by land, Commodore Downie, with teen hundred miles which lie between Ca. his fleet, was to attack it by water. The nada and the Mexican Gulph. attack, on both sides, commenced it the In Europe these events produced a pro

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digious sensation. Those who wished to those taxes, the existence of which dependste a check given to the all-predominanted on the duration of the war. naval power of England, rejoiced at them; In the meanwhile, the Ministers, preand every where they excited and called vious to their knowledge of the battles of forth admiration of the Republicans. There Chippawa, Fort Erie, Plattsburgh, Lake had been, duriog the struggle on the Con- Champlain, and Fort Mobille, had put fortinent, no leisure to contemplate the trans- ward, at Ghent, very high pretensions. atlantic contest ; but it now became an They had proposed, as a SINE QUA NON, object of universal attention ; and Europe, they expulsion of the Republicans from a so long accustomed to regard English naval considerable portion of their territory, in invincibility, when the force on both sides belialf of the savages in alliance with us; was equal, or nearly equal, as a thing re- they had demanded, though not as a sine qua ceived and universally admitted, was sur- non, the surrender of the Lakes to our prised beyond expression at the undeniable King, even with the prohibition to the proof of the contrary. The world was Americans to erect fortifications on the now called on to witness the combat be- borders which would remain to them; they Iween England and America single-handed. had demanded a line of communication beThe former was at the summit of power tween Quebec and our territories east of and glory; she had captured or destroyed the Penobscot, through the territories of almost all the naval force in Europe ; those the Republic. The American Negociators powers who had any naval force left were declined any discussion of these conditions, her allies, and were receiving subsidies until they should receive instructions from from her ; she had an army of regulars of their Government; alledging, and very 200,000 men, flushed with victory; she justly, that this was the first iime that any had just marched part of this army through such grounds of war, or dispute, had been the heart of France herself ; she had a mentioned by us. thousand ships of war afloat, commanded These demands having been transmitted by men who never dreamt of defeat. This to the President, he, instead of listening to was the power that now waged war, single them, laid them before the Congress, with handed, against the only Republic, the an expression of his indjevation at them; only. Commonwealth, remaining in the and in this feeling be appeared only to bave world. The friends of freedom, who were anticipated his fellow-citizens throughout not well acquainted with America, had the country, with the exception of a bandbeen trembling for her. They did not ful of aristocratical intriguers in the State seem to entertain any hopes of her escape. of Massachusetts. New and vigorous They thought it scarcely possible, that she measures were adopted for prosecuting the should, with her Democratical Government war. The Congress hastaned on Bills for and her handful of an army, without oft-raising and paying soldiers and sailors ; cers and without stores, resist England for making the militia ninre efficient; for even for a year single-handed ; and they expediting the building of ships; erecting saw no power able if willing, or willing it fortifications; providing floating batteries. able, tó lend the Republic the smallest de- In short, it was now clearly seen, that the gree of assistance.

Government of the Republic was equal to a But when the battles of Lake Champlain time of war as well as to a time of peace ; were announced ; and when it was seen by that we had to carry on a contest, at 3,000 the President's Message to his fellow-ci- miles distance, against a brave, free, and tizens of the Congress, that the Republican great nation, and that the aristocratical Government marched on with a firm step, faction, on whom some men had depended and bad resolved not to yield one single for aid, were sneaking off

' into pitiful subpoint to our menaces, or our attacks, a terfuges, afraid any longer to shew 2 very different view of the contest arose. hankering after our cause.

The English nation, which had been exult- In this state of things ; with this proing in the idea of giving the Yankeys " a spect before them, the Ministers wisely redrubbing," began to think, that the under- solved to abandon their demands, and to taking was not so very easy to execute; make peace, leaving things as they stood and seeing no prospect of an end to the before ihe war. The Opposition, who hed war and its expences, they began to cry pledged themselves to the support of the oni for the abolition of the greatest of war xpon the old ground, that is to say,

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upon the ground of impressment, began to that peace has been made, and not one
protest against it upon the ground of con- single point has been yiekled to us.
Guest; and, if the war bad continued, there We now come to the most important
is no doubt that they would have greatly and most interesting part of our subject;
embarrassed the Ministry upon this subject, namely, TIIE CONSEQUENCES of
especially as the continuation of the war this peace, made at such a time and under
was the only remaining excuse for the con- such circumstances. Considered as to its
tinuation of the war inxcs, against which probable and almost necessary conse-
petitions were preparing in every part of quences, it is, in my opinion, an event of
the kingdom. Here we cannot help ob- inlinitely greater importance to the world
serving how wise it was in Mr. Madison than any that has taken place since the
to make public our demands. If these had discovery of the Art of Printing. But I
been kept secret, till after the close of the will not enter further into the subject, 'till I
war, how looy might not that war have have laid before you, or, rather, put upon
drairled on? The demands would never, record, for the sake of reference, some of
perhaps, have been known. How wise is the overflowings of gall, which this event
it, then, in the Americans to have framed has brought from the throats of the sworuz
their Government in such a way as to pre- enemies of freedom. You have observed,
vent mise!ievous State secrets from exist that those public prints in England, which
ing! How wise to have made all their were the most bitter against Napoleon,
rulers really responsible for their acts! have been also the most bitter against the
How wise to secure, upon all important American President; a fact which ought
points, (in appeal to themselves! The Pre- to make people reflect a little before they
sident was very coarsely treated here by give way to such outrageous abuse of the
some persons, who ought to have known former, though we must always regard him
better, for having exposed the conferences. as a traitor to the cause of liberty, having
It was said to be an act unprecedented in married a King's danghter, made himself
a civilized nation. “ Çivilized nations," an Emperor, and propped up and created
you will perceive, mean natious governed Kings, for the sake of his and his family's
by Kings and other hereditary sovereigns; aggrandizement. Still, it is clear, that the
and, in that sense, the Americans cer- writers, whom I have now in my eye,
tan'y are not a cimizedl nation. But thought him more favourable to freedom
airy should such papers be kept secret? than those who have succeeded him; be-
Or, at least, why should they not be cause no sooner was he down, than they see
male public, if the Government chooses upon the American President with tlie
to make them public? When once a Go- same degree of fury, with which they had
vernment has dispatches in its hands, attacked Napoleon; and they recommended
ide re is no law that deprives it of the li- the deposing of him, upon “ the same prin-
Bhority to make what use of them it pleases. ciple,” they said, tliat they had recom-
Norhing could be more fair than Mr. Ma- mended the deposing of Napoleon. Yoru
dison's mode of proceeding. The' aris will not fail to have observed this, and to
tocratical faction, whom we called our have traced it to its true source; but, I
friends, were crying out for peace; the am afraid that it has passed unobserved by
whole of the American people were repre- but too large a portion of the nation.
sented in our newspapers, us disapproving There are several of our public prints,
of the war, and as wishing for peace on our indeed, a very great majority of them, in

W but, then, could Mr. Madison country as well as in town, which have do more just and more candid than publish urged the justice and necessity of extinto the people the whole of those terms.- guishing the American Government ; that “There they are," said he, “ decide tipon ill-organized association;that “ mnisbi trem. Say: will you have peace upon chievous example of the fazience of a 6 these terms? I ai, piyself, ready to " Government, founded on Democratical

peri-lı, rather than make such a peace. “ Rebellion.” This peal was rung from “Now, let me hear what you have to say." one end of the country to the other. But A nation of free men agreed with him, that the print, which led the van in this new they would perish rather than yield to such crusade against liberty, was that vile newsterms; and, indeed, rather than yield to paper, the Times, to which paper we and

“ one single point,” thonch of ever 60 the world owe no small portion of those liitle inportance. The result bas beun, I consequences which will result from the


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peace of Ghent, followed by such a war.- using their utmost endeavours to urge this This print was, upon this occasion, the nation on to fight against America, until trumpet of all the haters of freedom; all they saw " the world delivered of the misthose who look with Satanic eyes on the chievous example of the cxistence of a happiness of the free people of America ; " Government, founded on the principles of all those who have been hatched in, and “ Democratical Rebellion.It is for the yet are kept alive by, Bribery and Cor- worthy part of the FEDERALISTS to conruption. To judge of the feelings excited sider if these notorious facts square with in the bosoms of this malignant swarm by their reputation, whether as Republicans, the peace of Ghent; to enjoy the spectacle as frecmen, as faithful to their country, or, of their disappointment and mortification; even as honest men. As to the Strongs, of their alternate rage and despondency ; the Otises, the Goodloe Harpers, the of the hell that burns in their bosoms : to Walshes, they have, in this way, nothing enjoy this spectacle, a spectacle which we to lose. Every sound mind is made up ought to enjoy, after having endured the with regard to them, and others like them; insolence of their triunpli for so many but, I should think, that the praises of the years; to enjoy this spectacle we must Times newspaper must make the great body again look into this same print; hear their of the Federalists look about them. wuiling, view the gnashing of their teeth, We will now re-peruse the articles, to see now the foam of revenge, and then the which I have so often alluded. I will indrivel of despair, issue from their mouths, sert them, without interruption, one after teeming with execrations. With the help another, according to their dates, reserving of the Jinisters, we have, for once, beat my remarks, if any should be necessary, the sons and daughters of corruption; and for the close ; and requesting you to pay if we bear our success with moderation, particular attention to the passages printed Jet us, at any rate, hear and laugh at the in Italics, or in CAPITALS. cries of our always crucl, and, until now, 29th Dec. 1814.--" Without entering insolent enemy. It is right, too, that the “ at present into the details of the Treaty, Republicans themselves should know what's (on which we have much to observe these wretches now have to say; these “ hereafter), we confess that we took wretches, whom mothing would satisfy short " anxiously to its non-ratification ; beof the subversion of the Republican Go- cause we hope an opportunity will be afvernment ; short of destroying that “mis- " forded to our brave seamen to retire

chievous example, the cristence of a Go-l“ from the contest, -not, as they now are, “ vernment foundedor Democratical Rebel-beaten and disgraced; not with the loss “ lion.” As far as I have been able to do it “ of that trident which Nelscn, when openly through the pra's, I have, during the dying, placed in his country's grusp; not war, as you will bare perceived, made " leaving the marine laurel on the unutrknown the denunciations of these wretchesthy brows of a Rodgers ; but, with an against the liberties of America; and it " ample and full revenge for the captures may not be less useful to make known their “ of the Guerriere, tho Macedonian, the wailings, their fears, their despair at the “ Java, and the numerous other ships that peace; and the Republicans of America" have been surrendered on the Ocear, ought always to bear in mind, that these besides the whole flotillas destroyed on same wretches, who arc ready to gnaw

" Lake Erie and Lake Champlain. Let their own flesh at seeing their hopes of us not deceive ourscives. These victodestroying liberty in America blasted; “ ries have given birth to a spirit, which, they ought always to bear in mind, that “ if not checked, will, in a few years, crecie these same wretches it was, who praised," an American navy truly formidable. and who still praise, the conduct of the Go-" They have excited in other nations, who vernor Strong, Mr. Otis, Mr. Pickering, foolishly envy our maritime preponderMr. Goodloe Harper, Mr. Walsh the “ance, an undissembled joy, at beholding reviewer, and their associates. The FEDE-" our course so powerfully arrested. PerRALISTS, too, amongst whom there are haps it would not be asserting too much many worthy men, look steadily at these “ to say, that they have detracted as much facts; and consider how it must stand“ from the opinion of our strength by sea, with their reputation, when it is notorious," as the victories of Wellington have eno that all those in England, who praise, or “ hancell that of our strength by land." give the preference to them, have been 30th Dec. 1914.-" The state of the

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“ Funds may be said to afford a most strik- “ America berself, i to belie common sense

in comment on the text of those who and universal experience.” “Two or “ bave the front to call the Treaty of " • three of our ships have struck to a' " Ghent “ honourable" to this country. «« force vastly' superior !-No, not two “ What? An honourable Peace, with thie" or three, but many, on the Ocean, and “ last of our adversaries, with a populous " whole squadrons on the Lakes : and " and commercial nation—and yet a de- “ their numbers are to be viewed with “pression in the Public Funds ! The thing relation to the comparative magnitude of

is impossible. There is a moral incon- “ two navies. Scarcely is there one Ame

sistency in the facts. But the truth, un- "rican ship of war, which has not to “happily, peeps out in the course of the beast a victory over the British fug;

eulogy bestowed on this famous specimen“ scarcely one British ship in thirty or “ of diplomatic ingenuity. The Peace is," forty, that has beaten an American. Our " like that of Amiens, a Peace of Necessity " seamen, it is urged, have on all occasions "--and upon what grounds ? 'A Jean-“ fought bravely. Who denies it? Our

'ing to certain points, it seems, has" complaint is, that with the bravest sea“ been hinted' at the Congress of Vienna.“ men, and the most powerful navy in the

Now, let us put this mysterious language " world, we retire from the contest when “ into plain English. It can bear no “ the balance of defeat is so heavily against “ other construction than this-that Russia," us. Be it accident, or be it misconduct, we “or Austria, or Prussia, has avowed an enquire not now into the cause; the cer. “ inclination to support the innovations on " tain, the inevitable consequences are what “ public law, which Mr. Madison asserts. " we look to, and these may be summed up “ Might not this have been foretold, --- was « in few words—the speedy growth of an “ it not foretold in this paper above six “ American navy—and the recurrence of “ months ago? Was it not the very ar- a new and much more formidable Ameri

gument we urged for pushing the war in 66 can war. From that fatal moment when " America wiil the utmost vigour, whilst " the flag of the Guerriere was «truck,

yet the field wis open, and our adversary“ there has been quite a rage for building 6 without allies? And is it not a motive ships of war in the United States. Their " for the same conduct, even at this late“ navy has been nearly doubled, and their “period? If any of the Powers who have " vessels are of extraordinary magnitude. “ received our subsidies, or have been re- The people, naturally vain, boastful, and 6 scued from destruction by our courage “ insolent, have been filled with an abso" and example, have bad the baseness to " lute contempt of our maritime power,

turn against us, it is morally certain, and a furious eagerness to beat down our “ that the Treaty of Ghent will confirm“ maritime pretensions. Those passions, " them in their resolution. They will re- " which have been inflamed by success, “ flect that we have attempted to force “ could only have been cooled by what in "our principles on Anerica, and have a vulyar but emphatic language has been

Nay, that we have retired from “ termed " a sound flogging;” but, iinthe combat with the stripes yet bleeding“ fortunately, our Christian meekness lias

on 0?back , --with the recent defcats" induced us rather to kiss the cod, than at Plattsvarsh, and on Lake Champlain “ to retaliate its exercise. Such false and polvengeel

. To make peace at such a feeble humanity is not calculated for the moment, they will think, betrays a dead. “ guidance of nations. War is, indeed, a ness to the feelings of honour, and shews “ tremendous engine of justice ; but when

a timidity of disposition, inviting further “justice wields the sword, she must be in"insult. If we could have pointed to flexible. Looking neither to the right “ Americ.t overthrown, we should surely nor to the left, she must pursue her blow, “lave stood on much higher ground at

- inntil the evil is clean rooted out. This “ Vienna, and every where else, than we

66 js ont blind rage, or blinder revenge ; " passibly can do now. Even yet, how" but it is a discriminating, a calm, and

If we could but close the war with “even a tender calculation of consequences. soine great naval triumph, the reputa- “ Better is it, that we should grapple with "tion of our maritime çreatiess might be " the young lion, when he is first fleshed

partially restored ; hnt to say, that it" with the taste of our flocks, than wait “has not bitherto suffered in the estima- until, in the maturity of his strength, he * tion of all Europe, and what is worse, of I“ bears away at once both sheep and shep

“ failed.


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