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Lord, to think of dictating a government they imprisoned and fined many of the to such a people ?
printers and public writers. They proThere is another characteristic in this miser that in matters of religion all men great event, which is worthy of particular should be free to follow their own remark : that is the absence of ali blood- opinions, as they had been before : and, slied and violence. The Bourbons were they punished men for promulgating renot only suffered to depart without harm, ligious opinions contrary to those probut, they appear to have experienced not lessed Ly the priests. One man, in parany obstruction, or even insult, on their ticular, was imprisoned for five years for journey. It is no more than just to sup- uttering what was termed blasphemous pose, ihat their conduct has been such language, and that, too, in a country as to excite po very great degree of hatred where ibe King was daily creating meni against them : but, however good their knights of the Holy Ghost! It is from conduct might have been, we know, that our own ricwspapers : from the mouths under such circumstances, the persons of of the friends of the Bourbons, that we the falling party have seldom escaped have this account of their conduct : and, with their lives. This example of for- when I heard of the landing of Napoleon, giveness seems, however, to have been the first thought that came athwart my given by Napoleon liimself, who, in his mind was, that now those men who bad proclamations, disclaims all vengeance, been imprisoned for LIBELS would be and generously repays with a general par- restored to freedom, an object worth, of don and obivion all the calumnies against itself, a little revolution. The truth is, him, and even the instigation to murder that, from the moment the Bourbons by setting a price upon his head. It will landed in France, our Cossacks were engive me great pleasure to find, that the gaged in instigating them 10 acts of opfamily of Bourbon have experienced no pression. They pointed out to them vicill-treatment of any sort ; because, in that tim atter victim: they dictated to them case, the conduct of the French people, whom they should punish and whom they upon this memorable occasion, will form should reward. The Bourbons were bé so striking a contrast with that of our set with these English dictators, whose Cossack writers, who, from the hour of will they appear to have but too faithNapoleon's exile to that of his return, fully obeyed But, the better, the less hardly let one day pass without inculcat- ofiensive, the conduct of the Bourbons ing the necessity of destroying him. Their was, the greater is the triumph of Napohypocrisy could vever make them dis- leon: for, it is now certain, that however guise their malice. It was their object in good they might be, the French nation make the world believe, that he was so harl found him to be better. much hated in France and the Bourbons Much has been said, in onr daily vehiso much beloved, that there was not the cles of falsehood, of the ill-treatment, smallest danger of his being able to give which the English people in France here the latter any trouble. It was their ob- experienced. If this be true, as I bope ject to make the world believe, that he it is not, it has, without doubt, been owwas sunk into complete contempt. Yet, ing to their restless tongues: to that inin spite of their hypocrisy, their malice cessant abuse of Napoleon, which they broke out into continual insinuations, that learnt at home, and which they inust his life was an evil. What a contrast do liave been impatient to perceive was not the conduct of Napoleon and that of the in fashion in France.' In general they French people form with the conduct of would naturally be of that description of these writers !
persons, who went to enjoy the spectacle The conduct of the Bourbons was not of seeing the French nation again subwhat they promised. They promised, that jected to the sway of the Bourbons : to they would leave properly as they found indulge in the vindictive joy of seeing the it: and, they immediately set to work to conquerors of Europe subjected to the re store part of the National Property to sway of those who had been protected the Emigrants, who had been abroad, if by England. It is very probable, that, not serving against France, for 25 years. amongst all the feelings which have opeThey promised that there should be liber-rated in favour of Napoleon's return, ty of the press; and, they immediately those excited by Englisli arrogance have put íhat press under a censorskip, while not been the most feeble and ineffective.
And, my Lord, I think we may be w-ll that, if there wanted any thing to unite assured, that, if there were still wait.ng the people of France; to give them a deany thing to endear him to the people of gree of alacrity and of courage greater France, that thing would be an attempt, than ever were witnessed in any other on our part, to drive him again from his people, it would be a repetition of the throue.
attempts of 1792 and 1783? I know, It was said, during the war against the bat it is said, that the Powers of Europe French Republic, that we did not wishi are beiter prepared, than they were in to interfere in the interual attairs o 1793; that their armies ali on France: but, that, cur cun safety re-foot; and that they have not forgotten quired us to war against those whose that they have very recently marched pric ples, if we vidre at peace will to Paris. (iranted that they be ready, them, would subvert our excellent consti- and that we be ready with the ne. tution in Church and State. It is curious
cessary subsidies, But, let it be borne to observe how the same sort of doctrine in mind, that Napoleon bas 2, if not is cooked up again, or as the French 300,000 veteran troops in France more woud call it, ruchausé, for the present than he had last year; that the treaty, occasion, We do not want, not we, row which his presence of mind, bis deep to jaterfere in imposing a Government diplomacy, pointed out to bim, has re* upon the French; they might have Na-stored to bim such an army as the poleon to scourge them for their sins, and world never before saw; that he has we should be glad of it; but, we must obtained by that treaty more means than take care of ourselves : and, as hie is a lie, at any one time, ever before possesdangerous man to us, we ought to march sed; and that, along with these iminto France ourselves, and call out all mepse means, he has in the eyes of all our Russian and German allies to go the world, but especially in those of aleoy with us, to compel the French peo- France, acquired a reputation and has ple to take back the Bourbons, who are obtained claims to greater confidence a good and peaceable sort of people. In than at any former period of his wonother words, we do not pretend to have derful career. His restoration, and more a right to dictate a Government to the particularły the manner of its clearly people of France; but, unless they take shews 10 every one, that he can place the Government that we choose for them, implicit reliance on his people. He we have a right to go to war with them. needs no garrisons in the interior; scarcely Vith persons, who liave the folly, or the a guard at Paris; all the mighly means impudence, or both, to bold such a dur- of France lie may safely draw towards trine it would be useless to attenupt to the frontiers, and there pour them forth remonstrate; but, your Lordship will, upon the first assailant. Very difierent doubtless, look back a little at what the indeed, then, is the situation of France late wars have cost us. He did, indeed, from what it was in March and April place the Bourbons on the throne of 1814. In short, the conquerors of Ame France, at the end of 21 years of war; sterdam, Berlin, Hanover, Vienna, Rome, but, in what a condition has the enter i Madrid and Moscow are all again, and prize left us ? Are ne prepared to add that, too, under the same chief, ready another 700 millions to our National to repeat their march, and let the blame Debt? Are we prepared to continue the tall on those, who shall give them any Property Tax? Are we prepared for 21 tair pretence for the repetition. For my years wore of sacrifices ?
part, I am for giving them no pretence There is someiling truly ominous in at all, and, therefore, I am against all the similarity of the state of things nou atteinpt at interfcrence, even in words, . to that of things in 1792. The French in the internal affairs of France. I am
Princes were then hovering on the Nortor none of the half hostile measures of thern routier of France ; They were then 1792; I am. for cordially receiving his hoisting the white flag at Coblentz; and ambassador, if be send any, land, in short, we are told, that they are now to Loist it for doing every thing consistent with our at Brussels. The Austrians and Prus- iconvur, calculated to prevent a renewal sians were then marching to their aid; of var. and, we are told, that they are now ti Wiib regard to the other proposed march to tbeir aid. Is it not evident, object of war: namely, the securing Belgium to the new king of the Nether- 1 should determine. And, we must ololands, we do not yet know, that Napo- serve here, that Napoleon might have leon will demand the restoration of those retained his throne, if he would have provinces to France. But, I will frankly consented to do the same thing, He reconfess, that I believe, that he never fused ; the war was pushed on; he was will rest satisfied until he has obtained overpowered and exiled: and Louis le that restoration, in the desire to efiect Desiré gave up to us and our allies that which object he will be heartily joined by Belgium, which had been wou by France, the whole of his people. The question, during the time that he was absent from then, is, ought we to go to war with him France. So that, it must be evident, if he demand, and if he endeavour by to lose this part of their Einpire force to effect, that restoration ? I say, must be rery galling to the French. NO. I am of opinion, on the contrary, But, you will say, and with very good that we ought inimerliately to withdraw reason ; what is their soreness to us, if our army; to send home the Hanove it be for our good to keep them out of rians; and to leave the Belgians and Belgium ? Now, iny Lord, I do not say, even the Dutch to defend their country that it is not desirable to us, that the against the Frencli, or, again to unite French should be kept out of Belgium; themselves to the French.
but, I am convinced, that it would be I know how some people will stare and much better for us that Belyrum should blow out their cheeks and snap their return under the sway of France, than mouths at this, as if they were going to that it should belong to a power, which, bite one's head off': but, you, my Lord, without our aid, without our constant aswho are a cool, sepsible man, are aware, sistance, never can keep it for any length that, if I can offer any solid reasons for of time. When Belgium belonged to the this opinion, the opinion ought to have House of Austria, then, indeed, there some weight, and that it will have some was a power with half a million of solweight. In order that these reasons may viers at its command to defend Belgiuni. have their fair chance, I must trouble This power was unable to defend it; and, your Lordship with a few preliminary if such a power could not keep it out of Temarks. I know that I am here about the hands of France; if Austria was glad to attack your Lordship's darling project; to get rid of the burthen of its defence, that
you will cling to it like the fond pa- how is it to be defended by“ the King Tent to an only child: but attack it I of the United Netherlands, "sı lio took the must, seeing in it, as I do, the cause of Royal title on him only on the 10th in. endless war, expense and misery. stant, and who has been niade a king in
By Belgium I mean all that country, that Ilolland, which was before so proud which, it seems, has, by the Congress, ofits Republican institution and liberties. been taken from France and given to Belgitin, we are told, is a barrier against the dew King. It is not all properly France. A barrier to protect ukum, and so called : but, one name is better than what ? For an answer to this question, I thrce or four, if it answers all our pur- will refer to your memorable Speech, poses as well. This Belgium, before the made on the very day on which the EmFrench Revolution, belonged to the peror Napoleon entered Paris. Your reHouse of Austria. It was conquered porter makes you say, in that speech; from that House by the brave and in- With respect to Holland, it was evident. sulted Republicans of France, who also “ that nothing could be of greater im conquered other countries, not belong."portance to this country,than that rance ing to the Ilouse of Austria. By and by, “ should not have a continuity of sea-coast peace was made between these powers, extending along the whole of the NetherAustria confirmed Belgium to France by "lands. 'Ile had the satisfaction to say, treaty, and receired from France other of " that the Allied Powers ou llie Continent her conquests in return. This was nearly were not more convinced of the importwenty years ago. Belgium has belongeil “tance of this point to us, ihan toiliemto France from that tiine to the mouth of " selves; and therefore all were agreed May last, when the King of France, hy " that the lion of the Netherlands with The Treaty of Paris, concluded while the “ Holland was one of tlie most important Russian and German Armies were there, "improvements of the face of Europe in gave it up to iu disposed of as the Congress “ modern times. Neither was it consider
«i ed by them as a concession toGreat Bri- " that no interest was felt so strongly in “ tain, or to the Prince of Orange in par- “this country, as the conservation of the “ticular, but was most cordially listened“ general liberties of Europe.” "to as a means of strenghtening the equi- Such, then, is to be the use of Belgium ! "librium of Europe. A kingilom would Belgium is to cover the Kingdom of the "thus be formed powerful in all the resour- Netherlands, and the Kingdom of the
ces of soil, commerce,navigation and mi- Netherlands is to cover the Kingdom of "litary strength; and he had the satisfac- Hanover, “ which should be very dear "tion of staiing ihat no Sovereign ever “ to us !” I will pass over your episode on “resumed the exercise of his functions the Hanoverian Legion and on the cha"who displayed more industry and talent racter of the Prince of Orunge, as mat"in calling forth all the resources of Ilol ters too high for my pen ; but, really, I "land, and uniting into one, its various cannot refrain from saying, that ibis "s parties, than the Prince of Orange had scheme, this darling scheme, which you " donc. He hoped that this kingdom seem to think so advantageous to Euga “would be sufficievtly strong, both from land, and the account of which seems to "nature and art, and in future to be able have given so much pleasure to your llo“ to resist any assault either from the nourable Hearers; seenis to have wrapt “north or the west, at least until other them in wonder at your surprising skill,
powers came forward to its support. penetration, and grandeur of views; Í “He trusted it would not be supposed cannot refrain from saving, that this any
undue concessions had been scheme appears to me to be one of the "made, with the view of obtaining an in- weakest that ever entered the head of "crease of territory to Planorer. On this mortal man; and, which is a great deal "point there had alwaysbeen some degree worse, fraught with endless calamities to
of jealousy in this country; but he was England, because it must be a source of “railer inclined to thiok that Ilanover continual war and expence. " had generally speaking suffered more You
that this new Kingdoin (which " than she gained from the connection. Its by the bye, has not yet aciually been or"people had recently proved themselves sanized) will be able to “resist any as“ faithful supporters of Great Britain; and sault," at least“ till other powers can “le would say, that there liad not been a come to its support.” So his King, “more efficieut, more faithful, and honest | like a Watchman, is, when danger ap“ body of men in our service than the proaches, to spring his ratile, and call “ Hanoverian Legion ; they amounted to others in to bis assistance! My good “not less than 12,000 men, to which oum- Lord! pray keep yourself cool; but, "ber tliey had always been kept up by vo- really, such a scheme ! such a seheme
luntary enrolment, and it was not 100 was never before thought of in this world. “ much to say, that the absence of such a I will not enquire, whether the Belgians, corps might have had a most injurious' the Dutch, and the Hanoverians would
effect on our military exertions. The be better off under these arrangements, “preservation of the importance of Llano- than if they were under the French; and,
ver, as a constituent state of Germany, I will, for argument's sake, allow, that if “ should, therefore, be dear to us, as well Beigium be yielded to the French, the “in this point of view, as from its con- Kingdoms of the Netherlands and of “nexion with our reigning family. The Hanover will soon be blown into verr “increase of territory she had received, thin air. But, what I contend for is, “ tended to consolidate her connexion with that, to keep Belgium from France Eng“ this country, by the extent of sea coast | land must constantly keep on foot a great “which it gare her : while liable to be in-army in the country ; rather than which, “ tercepted from this country, ber effi- it is my opinion, that we ought to sutler
ciency was less considerable. From the the French to regain, not only those coun“moment she was also in close contact trics, but all the countries which they “with Holland for an extent of 150 miles, possessed in 1813. I am far from wish“this naturally contributed to strengthen ing, that they should possess all those “and protect her. Neither was this a countries ; but it would be preferable to , “connection of which our continental our being involved in continual war, :'allies were at all disposed to feel jea- In truth, my Lord, military achievelousy. They were thoroughly couvinced I ments have turned our heads. We have
gone on from step to step, till, at last, we f It is well known to your Lordship, that rea:ly seem to conceit ourselves a greater he rejoicing of the people at the late military than we are a naral nover. Too eace arose chiefly from the hope of their many amongst us seem to kok with sor- bemy reiieved from the long-endured bur
on any thing which shail deprive lens of the war. It is well known to us of all excuse for keeping up a grea vou, that, even in peace, our resources, army. Never was there seen so much without the war taxes are insufficient. It reluctance to lay asirle the gorget and the is well known to you, that loans are in sash. We have fallen into a set of no contemplation to supply, in part, in peace, tons quite foreign from all our former the absence of the Property Tax. What, notions. We are military-niad; and, in then, is to be the fate of the fund-holder, the midst of the rage, we seem almo-t if a new war is now to be our lui? to forget the fact, the defence which rea- However, I perceive, ana I perceive it son and nature so clearly point out " us. with indignation, that there are persons,
Continental connexions, against which who are willing to sacritice even the fundour forefathers were so anxious to guara, holders, to send them torta 10 bey, to are 30w really sought after will eager spread general ruin and misery over the neys; and, indee:!, full of the notivu that country, rather than not enter into a new it was w“, who reduced France, we seem
I have seen the followmg alarming to think it accessory, that we should be words, printeil in a very conspicuous come alınost an integral part of the con- manner in the COURIER Newspaper of tincnt. To defend ihe kingdom of llau i'uesday last. They are words woich over, we must first defend the King ot every man in England ought to see ; and the Netherlands. To defend the king, which onght to draw foria the unanimous dom of the Netherlands we must con- voice of the people, in a constitutional stantly keep a laige army on foot in thie manner, against entering upon asy war, Netherlands, and more troops ready to not absolutely necessary to the safety of go to the assistance of that army. That the country and His Majesty's crown. country must always be filled with troops “ In contemplating so great an evil, as in our pay, in peace, or in war. Anii, is war under any circumstances must be, this nation in a state to support such an though it may be a blessing by comexpense?
parison, our means of maintaining the Shall I be told, that no peace can be “ contest should be considered. And safe which leaves Belgium in the haods“ first, the war, indepeаdent of its jusof France? You, my Lord, will hardly “ tice and necessity, will have the public tell me so, who defended the peace of “ voice on its side, even more than in Amics, which left Belgium in the hands “ France it can have. Our naral and of France; nor will the Earl of Liverpool, “ military men with their connexions, who made that creaty, and who contend- forming nearly as large though not so ed, in its defence, that the extension of “ absolute a part of the governing class territory which France had gained had “ of society, will meet
with not rendered her more formidable to us. smiles. Our landed gentry and fire Come back, then, to your former doc- “mers will secretly welcome it, as it brought trines: disclaiin all connexion with a con- “them so much profit before. Our shiptinent where we never can have power ping and commercial interests it will, as without the ruin of this island; and then hitherto, favonr, while our navy secures we shall have peace; the funil-holders “ us the sovereignty of the seas. Our will be paid; our feet will still be orir " artizans and labourers had their wages bulwark : we shall prosper and shali be “ raised during the late coutest. Even as great as Frauce.
our manufactures will prosper, with But, if waris again to be our lot; if we “ the Continent of Europe and America are to send out armies to fight amidst the open. -ANNUITANTS will, indeed, fortresses of Belgium; if millions are to suffir by the progress of taxation : but be expended in the kingdoms of the Ne " that is the consequence of their taking therlands and of Hanover: if a war with " themselves out of the circle of activity, out prospect of termination; and almosi of productive wealth, and of national without a clearly defined object is to be prosperity. In the revolutions of proour lot, whence are the means to come : perty the DRONES OF THE STATE 4 kat new sufferings are in store for us ? “WILL NATURALLY FALL TO