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and cultuodinus apartment, called the Bureau des wiili a pike in liis hand, met me, and civilly enPussets, I have 110 doute but this important ob- quired if the grapes were gwd. . Les raisins ject is attained without difficulty or contusion. 1 ont ils bons?" " Non," replied I. 4 Conme presente pa-sports are procured without much tronaca;" and shewed, bisa
the bunch I liad ble or any es por nice to ihe parties: they are there. athered. You must go with me “: la Ville," fort not libris iu be wykried by any but the evil says hie,“ devant le Maire." I remonstrated slisprised; alid as general scemily is the aim, anid - lie threatened :
al length he coosented in a giciti decree the result, of those seemin_ly se
10 let me ott for a frank. This I shonlu vere regulations, they may be subzoitted 10 with not have complied wiili, if my company liad nub cheertuiness, ad pics of this kind must prevent ihe been forward, and waiting for me; but would have existence of such diordes vi banditti as infest our mepaid the legal penally before the mayor. In the tropolis. Bere can be no dark and inscruiablo: recesses south, where vineyards are universal, the same dewhere villains by professivil nay cullee in a miss, gree of strictness would not have appeared in this wid con.pire against the public. This is the fair particular, but the watchful spirit is percuired scie. How much these regulationis laviur political every where. Tyranny, I am not qualified to say; but here I sus- Viih a Government really Representative, such peet mischeit. llunever, the clerks in this cilice a police would not be an engine of oppression: and appear to be a civil, respectable set, and much bicic 10 estimate its value in comparison with a vindic: ter employed in preventing crimes, and are proba. tive police, such as that of England, we must conbly beter nien, than the swarm of police oficers, sider the wretcheduess of the agent of a criminal with us, who live by them; wlio, by overlooking act, as well as the sutiering of its object. · Iis watchsnall offenc: s, nurse up the criminals wu that eni tui character reviders pilfering unprofitabie and sience in guilt, which entilles tie tiniet-laker lo a dangerous, therciore it is not fullowed as a prorewan. Security of person and properiy. two fession: il man rises in an accomplished villain by
great ends of Society, are attained in a higher de degrees, therefore the prevention of small offences gree under the French thau under the English inders the commission of atrocious crimes.
(To be continued.) Prevention of crimes is the rery spirit of the former, which provides every place, and met is
MARSHAL MARMONT. you at every luni. la the country, the Gardes champetres, a revolutionary institution, are the SIR, -At the time ibe influence of the reat lucills, always in activity, of crusluing them allies caused the defection of the Duke in die ogg. One or more of these utficers is ap- of Ragusa from Napoleon, the Duke was pointed in every commune, wiruse duly it is 10 stationed at the head of forty thousand prevent all petty depredations, and even trespasses of the finest troops in the French serout of the priolic patlis. In every case tliey may | vice, 10 act as a screen on Paris, on the arrest the otheader, and carry him before the approach of the allies to that capital. ayor of the commune, who levies a penalty This command formed an important post according w law. These men are alivays on the in the plan of a master-piece of Genealert; wed, mostly with a pike, sometimes withi ralship, by the execution of which, had a gun; aud are authorized to use force in case of Marmont only remained fuithful, the alresistance'. In lows, the preventive pulice is pro lies would lave fallen in the hands of Bici by the military, and most evectuaily. Napoleon, When the Duke of Ragusa being under the direction of the civil power, il consented to betray Napoleco, he detachsuch a force must be maintaincd, perhaps this ed twenty thousand of these troops from is the best nude of enploying it. The regularity his army ; sending them quite out of the utic striemess of military discipline, torm the French way; the affectionate devotion to the suldiers itu excellent civil guards, and the cud is cause of their country, and the enthusisu bereticial that the means may well be loleiuled. astic attachment to Napoleon of the The Gardes champet.es are su watchiul and alert, whole of this veteran army, rendering that they scenu 10 possess a sort of ubiquity even the remaining twenty thousand men which is very effectual in preventing perly depre. a formidable corps. To these the Duke datious. Walking up a till trom Gurbeit, I strayed of Ragusa contrived to have THIRTY into a sineyard by the soud side. The grapes were pound shot served out, although their miserable; small as curraces, and unripe. To largest guns carried only TWENTY poun pluuder w.is the last thing I should have ihoudt ders; and so minutely did he enter into os; lowever Į pucked a little bunch. As 1| the details of treachery, that he caused Game out of slip vis yard, støus young fellow, SAND to be mixed with ibe powda which was to be used by these brave fel, pen:lence of Europe may be possibly dows !!!--The attempt made by the disturbesi. Ministers, I have no doubt, Duke of Ragusa to vindicate his conduci ardently desire liar. But war does not towaris Napoleon, obiges me, in com suit theill just at present. They must Mon justice, 10 refute all his laboures communicare with tie Allies. Some of defence, by this plain siatement or hem may have been offended at ConFACTS: for contirmation of the truti. press. They want also large subsidies. of which, I appeal to the survivors oi
The property tax, or something like it, all those brave soldiers, whom he THUS will be the next ministerial measure. leti i be SLAUGHTERED!! I am, &c. And soon after war will be declared
NIPATOR. against France. I hope I am mistaken, Clifton, April 13, 1815.
but a short time will determine.
Tours, &c. &c. G. G. N. THE ADDRESS.
London, April 12th, 1815, MR. CORBETT.-In ihe Regent's dessage to Partiament, we are loid, that
LORD COCHEANS. the events which have recently occurred in France, threaten consequences bighly His Lordship log addressed a Letter dangerous to the tranquillity and inden
“ To kis Constilments," ia which he fully peudence of Europe. Let us pause here
explains his motive, for leaving ilie King's for a moment, and consider whether or not this broad assertion be true. --Bo-Bench prison, and the objects lie bad in naparte, we know, has declareci his deier view in taking his seat in the blouse of mination to rest on the Treaty of Paris; Commons. Justice requires that this he has declared that he wil not invuile publication should be reuil, before any other countries, but only difend himseti
Ore ventures tu ctn5772 the conduct of against foreign attack. in what then consists the danger to the tranquillity
Lordship. I have no room for more and independence of Europe? Wliy tan the follaving extracts :should not ail Europe continue in the “ I have heard much about thie duty of present state of peace?
France has, subuniting to the laws, but uot enough by a calm Revolution, changed her liuler; Louis left the throne, and Napoleon to inspire me with reverence for iniquity took it; and it is clear that Napoleon is exercised under legal appearances. It is the choice and approbation of the French not by him who resisis injustice commitPeopie. Who dare dispute the right ted under the forms of law, but by him of the People to the choice of their who zrakes those forms the instruments Rulers? In what respect then does this
aud the cloke of injustice, that the laws simple, but wonderful change endanger the iranquillity of Europe? We are told are violated. I did not, however, quit that there is to be an augmentation of these walls to escape froin personal 0;his Majesty's land, and sea forces. For pression, but at the lazard of my life to what purpose is this augmentation? Wili
assert that riglit to liberty whicli as id not this augmentation of land and sea forces lead to an augmentation of land member of the community I have never and sea taxes ? Is not the whole world forfeited, and that right which I received now in a state of Peace, and ought not from you, to attack in its very den, the every thing to return to a peace esta corruption which threatens to amminilete blisbmeut Must we be for ever in the the liberties of us all. I did not quit expensive attitude of war, because the tranquillity of Europe may, some time or them to fly from the justice of my counolher, be disturbed? Who is to disturb try, but to expose the wickedness, fraud, it ? At one time, the Emperor of Russia ; aud laypocrisy of those who elude that at another time the King of Prussia; at justice by committing their enormities anoiber, Napoleon Bonaparte, or Louis under the colour of its name. I did not the 18th, 1911, or 25th; may be said to endanger it. And so we are to be quit them from the childish motive of perpetually burdened with increasing impatience under suffering : I staid long maxes, because the tranquillity and indel enough here to evince that I could open
dure restraint as a pain, but not as a pe- been long most imjustly detained; but nalty. I staid long enough to be certain I judged it better to endeavour to that my persecutors were conscious of conceal my absence, and to refer my their injustice ; and to feel that my sub appearance in ilze llouse until the public mission to their usmeriled infic!ions was agitation excited by the Corn Bill, should losing the dignity of resignation, and subside. And I have further to request sinking into the ignominious endurance that you will also communicate to the of an insult.
House that it is
intention " Gentlemen; if it had not been for early day to present myseif for the purthe commotion exciied by that obnoxious, pose of tahing my seat, and moving an injurious, and arbitrary measure, the Inquiry into the conduct of Lord Eilen. Corn Bill, wlice here to evince itself borough.--I have the honour to be, Sir, on the day of my departure from prison, your most olievient drumble servant, (wirich was on the anniversary of my
COCHRAXE." escape from sinilar oppression at Mulia
" Gentlemen: If the Right Monourable four years bofore,) I should liave lost 10
the Speaker land thrubat proper 10 comtime in proceeding to the blouse of Con
pls with my request; it be hall read my mons: but conjecturing that the spirit of
Letter to the Hon:e, as lie afterwards disturbance mighi derive some encourage- read that which he received from the ment from my unexpected appearance at
Varshal of the King's Lench, relative that time, and liaving no inclination to
to my apprehension; the scandalous repromote tumult, I resolve i to defer my
peris which appeared in the hireling appearanceat that ilouse, and, if possille, Journals, atuibuting my conduct to crito conceal my departure from the Prison, minal or contemplative motives, could until the order of the dietropolis should be not have been invented or propagated. restored. I had, however, been out but
“I did not go to the liouse of Coma few days when I received intimation
mons to coruplain about losses or sufferthat a Commitee of ihe House of Coni
ius; about tme or imprisonment; or of mons appointed to enquire into the state
property to the amount of ten times the of the Prison, had discovered that I was
fine, of which I have been cheated by absent. Conceiving that they would this imalicious Prosecution. I did not communicate the circumstance, and anxi
go to the house to complain of ile ous to obviate way false impressions as to mockery of having been heard in . my my motives and intentions, I immediately defence, and answered by a reference 10 addressed the following Letter to the that Decision from which that Defence Speaker, which 1 fully expected he would was an Appeal. I did not go there to have read to the Ilouse :
complain of those who expelled me from
my Profession: for if I could have London, March, 9, 1815.
stooped to the Enemies of my Coun* Sir: I respectfully request that you try at home,
at home, I might still have will state to the Honourable the liouse been instrumental in Humbling : its of Commons, that I should immediately Enemies abroad. I did not go to the and personally have communicated to House to complain, generally, of the tbein wy departure from the custody of Advisers of the Crown: but I went there Lerd Ellenborough, by whom I have to complain of the conduct of him
Pined and Published by G, HOUSTOR: No. 192, Strand; where all Conmunications addressed touke
Luilor, are requested to be forwarded.
Vol. XXVII. No. 16.] LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 22, 1815. [Price 1s.
[482 TO THE PEOPLE OF ENGLAND.
6 want to sorce the French to put down On the approaching War against France. / “ their present chief:” That is to say,
we, modest people! do not wish, God forThe last war against France swelled the bid! to interfere in the internal affairs of annual taxes on account of the National France; we do not wish to force a chief Debt from 9 millions of pounds to 41 upon her; but, she having a chief whom millions of pounds; it caused, besides we do not like, we will make war upon this, 600 millions of pounds to be her, until she put him away. That is all! raised, during the war, in other taxes; it Our modesty will not let us go an inch has reduced us to such a state, that, even further. in peuce, loans were become necessary, In order that you may clearly see what besides taxes almost as heavy as in time of is the light, in which the French goverowar. Such, in short, in a pecuniary view, ment view the matter, I shall subjoin to were the effects of that war, that the go- this address the Official Documents pub. vernment found it expedient to resort to a lished in France, relative to it. In these Corn-Bill, in order to raise and keep up you will find the answer, which France the price of the first necessary of life, that gives to all her enemies. Here you will the Owners and Tillers of the soil might find a clear description of the grounds, on be able to.pay the taxes which that go- which she rests. The first document convernment wanted to pay the interest of the tains an answer to the charges against her Debt and to maintain the military esta- and her chief; the second contains the blishments.
reasons for her preparing for her defence. These facts being undenjable, have we To these documents I have prefixed the not reason to dread the consequences of memorable Declaration of the Allies, another war against France ? Ought we dated at Vienna on the 13th of March. to run head-long into such a war? I have, This was the first stone hurled at the in my four last Numbers, strenuously la- French nation. A careful perusal, and boured to prevent this calamity; but, I an occasional reference, to these Docunow really begin to fear, that the wishes ments, will keep fresh in the memory of of the enemies of peace and freedom may every man the REAL CAUSES of the finally prevail. The Income or Property war, if war should now take place. Tax is again to be brought forward, and, The Borough-faction, who are now if the news-papers be correct, on the same crying out for war through the columns of principle as before. The Alien Act is our vile news-papers, tell us, that we canagain to be proposed, if we are to rely not live in safety, while Napoleon is at the upon the same sources of information. head of the government of France. This In short, if the accounts of proceedings in has, under all changes, been their cry for Parliament be true, we shall very soon be the last 22 years. We could not live at thrown back to the state of 1813 as to peace with the National Assembly. We expeace, and to 1793 as to principle of could have no peace and safety with the action.
Convention. We ould not have peace In my late Numbers I have, I think, and safety with the Consuls. We could very clearly shown, that, if we now make have no peace and safety with the Emwar upon France, it will be out of the peror before; no, nor can we have it power of any human being to dispute the with him now. The BOURBONS: these fact; that the war, on our part, is a war are the people, with whom alone our of aggression, and of aggression, too, of Borough-fuction think they can enjoy the most odious and intolerable kind, see peace. We must, therefore, depose Napoing that even its openly professed object leon : yes, as we deposed Mr. Madison ! must be to force a government, or a chief, The peace of Europe and the world; and, upon France. It is said : “ No: we only especially our own safety, require, we are
told, this deposilion. But, just so we were , and social relations; and that as an'eyetold in the case of Mr. Madison. “ No my and disturber of the tranquillity of the
peace! No peace! No peace with JANES world he has rendered himself liable to *** Madison!'' was the cry of this faction. public vengeance. They declare at the Down with him! Send Duke Wellington! same time, that firmly resolved to mainKill! kill! kill! Keep killing; keep bom- tain entire the Treaty of Paris of the harding; keep burning; keep on till James 30th May, 1814, and the dispositions sancMadison be deposed; 'till that “rebel tioned by that Treaty, and those which and trailor;" 'till that “ mischievous ex- they have resolved on, or shall hereafter
ample of the success of democratic re- resolve on, to complete and to consolidate “ bellion be destroyed.” They said our it, they will employ all their means, and work was but half done, 'till this was ac- will unite all their efforts ; that the genecomplished; and, they have become al. ral peace, the object of the wishes of Eumost mad since their scheme was defeated. rope, and the constant purpose of their
Well, then, Englishmen, can you be- labours, may not again be troubled; and lieve, that these same men ; that this same to guarantee against every attempt which wicked faction, wish to put down Napo- shall threaten to replunge the world into leon for the love of freedom ? Was it for the disorders and miseries of revolutions. the love of freedom that they wished to And although entirely persuaded that all depose Mr. Madison? Can you believe, France, rallying round its legitimate Sorethat it is from the fear of our safety being reign, will immediately annihilate this last put in danger by Napoleon ? Was its attempt of a criminal and impotent delirifrom the fear of our safety being endan- um ; all the Sovereigns of Europe anigered by Mr. Madison that they wished mated by the same sentiments, and guided to depose him? Do you think, that they by the same principles, declare that if, conwere afraid, that Mr. Madison would trary to all calculations, there should reover-run Europe with his armies.? Alas! sult from this event any real danger, they do you not see what is their rcul fear? will be ready to give to the King of France, Do you not see, that it is liberty ; that it and to the French nation, or to any other is free government ; that it is the rights Government that shall be attacked, as os inunkind, which they wish to see de- soon as they shall be called upon, all the posed? Some patriot said: “ where liberty assistance requisite to restore public tranis, there is my country.” . If this faction quillity, and to make a common cause were to speak out honestly, they would against all those who should undertake say:5 where liberty is, there is our Ilell.” to compromise it. The present Declara
tion inserted in the Register of the Cone DECLARATION OF THE ALLIES. gress assembled at Vienna, on the 13th
March, 1815, shall be made public. Done The Powers who have signed the Treaty and attested by the Plenipotentiaries of the of Paris, assembled at the Congress at Vi- High Powers who signed the Treaty of enna, being informed of the escape of NA- Paris, Vicnna, 13th March, 1815. POLEON BONAPARTE, and of his entrance Austria-Prince Metternich, Baron I isinto France with an armed force, owe it to their own dignity and the interest of
senberg. social order, to make a solemn declara- France.--Prince Talleyrand, the Duke of tion of the sentimients which this event Dalberg, Latour du Pin, Count Alexis has excited in them. By thus breaking and Vouilles. the convention which has established him Great Britain.-Ilellington, Cluncarty, in the island of Elba, Bonaparte destroys the only legal title on which his existence
Cathcart, Stewart. depended-by appearing again in France Portugal. Count Pamella Saldanha Lobs. with projects of confusion and disorder, Prussia.—Prince Ilardenberg,
Baron he has deprived himself of the protection Humboldt. of the law, and has manifested to the uni.
Russia.--Count Rasumowsky, Count verse, that there can be neither peace nor truce with him. The Powers consequently
Staeckelberg, Count Nesselrode. déclare, that Napoleon Bonaparte ha's Spain.-P. Gomcz Labrador. placed himself without the pale of civil Sweden.-Lafmenhelm.