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should meet constitutionally together, and, corruption is, that we must go to War to endeavour to do some good, it is the pre- attempt to pull him down. I say attempt, Šent period. It is so seltish and so stupid for he is now firmer on his throne than 'to complain of taxation, after we have ever he was before. The French people quietly acquiesced in an unjust and un- have tried one whom the Allies presented necessary war which is the cause of the to them; but, after the elapse of ten taxes. Now is the time to petition, if we months, they have shewn to the World ever wish to serve the cause of humanity that they like the Detested Napoleon betand liberty.

G. G. F. ter than Louis the Desired, whom they Sandon, April 25, 1815.

have bid to fly. I say firmer, because Napoleon has agreed to accept such a Con

stitution as will unite all parties, particuWAR WITHI France.

larly if another invasion of France is ato

tempted, for that will cement those parties Mr. CORBETT—We have heard of the which have now united so strongly what tyrannizing, oppressive Napoleon, from Death alone will be able to separate them. whom mothers were ready to tear his eyes But why should we go to War? Has Nafor dragging their sons to battle; whom poleon threatened to invade our country, every man abhorred; whose rash actions or to infringe on our liberties, or even on made even the soldiers wish for another those of our Allies ? No; his language is leader; whom, in fact, every person, man, Peace with all. Why then should we go womän, and child, hated and detested; to War? Peruse the Hireling prints, the and the pulling down of whom we prided Ministerial speeches, and still inquire, Why ourselves on, because Frenchmen wished must we go to war? The reason may be, it, and because we wished them to be able that Napoleon is not of Royal blood, and to make free choice of a Ruler.-While those that have not that blessed blood are influenced by armies, in the heart of their not consi ed capable of holding the reins country, they fixed on Louis the Desired. of any Government; and why? because “ Happy, happy Frenchmen! the day he the Sovereigns of Europe are supposed to 66

came to sit on your throne. Happy, be possessed of Wisdom, of Magnanimity, “happy Frenchmen! the day the Tyrant of Generosity, of Humanity, and of Vir, 66 was hurled from his throne, which gave tue so great that no one that has not Royal “ you a free choice.” Such was the lan- blood flowing in their veios can possess it, guage of almost every one, not only in this But wherefore go to war with France bebut in other countries.-Napoleon goes cause she will not have Royalty and all its to Elba; the foreign armies are withdrawn virtues? If the French people do not wish from France, and the Emperors, Kings, to have one of the Royal Brood; if they and Ambassadors are found quarrelling do not wish to have a wise man at the head about the division of conquered countries of their Government, let them have a fool; at Vienna. Napoleon once more appears if they wish not to have a generous, paterin that land which, it is said, he ruled with nal, humane, Magnanimous, and Virtuous à rod of iron; not, however, with six hun- Sovereign, let them have, if they will, a dred thousand men, but with hardly six cruel, mean-spirited, wicked wretch; if hundred. He marches towards the Capi- they are fond of tyranny, let them have a tal without opposition; arriving within tyrant: and as long as ever such a charactwenty miles of it, he hears that a hundred ter as that keeps peace with us, what shall thousand are sent to oppose him; he we gain by going to war with him? But, counts his army, which is increased to Sir, Napoleon's character will ever rank sixty thousand; he leads them, not to high in the annals of History; he will ever battle, but in an open carriage be ap- be considered as a Great Man. It is jeaproaches the supposed enemy; at the sight lousy which is the real cause of the War of whom the cry of Vive l’Empereur re- with which we are threatened. Are not sounded from rank to rank; the people of the advocates of war angry that the French Paris flocked to him, and this Ditested people should dare to dispute their right being, this Tyrant, this Demon, as he is of choosing a Ruler for them? Are they called, was hailed with joy by upwards of not a little angry that Napoleon should 200 thousand French men, who followed have surpassed them in Magnanimity and him to the Capital.—Yet the language of' Generosity ? for can we forget, that the moment it was known Bonaparte had set PRESENT STATE OF FRANCE. his foot on the sands of Frejus, the Bourbons proclaimed him throughout the coun

(Continued from Page 476.) try a Rebel, a Traitor, whose llead was One of the principal objects which the forfeited. We know, however, that he Revolution in France had effected, was reascended the throne in spite of all these the overthrow of the reign of superstition, proclamations, and that when one of his and the subversion of the paralyzing inGenerals took a Noble Duke prisoner and fluence of priestcraft; an influence which informed him of it, he said “Guard him has proved more fatal to the

progress of “ to the coast, set him off, but take care useful knowledge and of liberty, than all 56 that he is well treated.” Was this done other causes combined. After the dear. as a reward for the kind treatment part of bought experience which the Bourbon fahis family are now receiving in being mily had had; after the fatal error into marched as prisoners to Hungary ?-hie which they had been led; after the depth not the enemies of Napoleon also jealous of misery into which they had been plunged at his having surpassed them in tolerance by the implicit contidence they reposed in of Religion, and in the Freedom of the the clergy, and the thoughtless manner in Press? When we look at Bigoted Spain, which they gave themselves up to their with our Beloved Ferdinand at her head, controul; one would have thought, on and consider the rapid strides that Louis their restoration to the throne of France, was making to re-establish popery with all / whatever may have been their own private its appendages, who can say that the con- sentiments as to religion, that they would duct of Napoleon did not put them to have been careful to avoid every thing shame when he said, Let Religion be free; tending to disquiet the inhabitants, or to let the Press be free. Are not his enemies excite in their minds apprehensions of a likewise jealous that he has sorpassed them restoration of that spiritual tyraony un. in humanity? What was the answer of der which the sovereign as well as the Spain when requested to Abolish the Slave people had, for so many ages, groaned. Trade? What was the answer in general | But a strange infatuation seems to have of the Allies? Why some wanted ten, seized the Bourbons. Every where their some two, and even the humane Louis return to power was attended with the re. himself could not Abolish it under five turn of bands of monks, friars, and other years; yet Napoleon, with one breath, religious fraternities, all armed with deexclaims, Slavery shall be no more ena termined resolution to re-assume their couraged by France; she shall have nought former usurped authority over the human to do with slavery. Jealousy is, I own, a mind. Although the measures which had poor excuse for deluging the Continent been taken in France to rid that delightful with blood, and most likely it will be dis- country of these infamous pests, rendered owned as the reason. If it is, we must it a dangerous experiment to restore them recollect that we said, We fought before at once, as the bcloved Ferdinand had for the Independence of Nations, for the done in Spain, to the plenitude of their SOVEREIGNTY OF THE PEOPLE. What power, it will be seen by what Mr. Birkthen, must we go to war to pull down beck * says on the subject of religion, that those principles which we have spilt so the steps authorized by the new govern. much blood to set up? What, must we ment were calculated to lead to this, and dictate to the French Nation what Ruler to create a general alarm throughout the we please? What, must we force on them country. On his arrival at Dieppe, an oba King which they declare they cannotject of superstition was among the first love and will not obey? No; while Nathat presented itself: poleon Bonaparte, the present Emperor of Near the landing place the most prominent ob France, acts wisely, prudently, and just-ject is a newly erected gandy crucifix ; the figure ly, he will reign ezen if all the Powers of large as life, and painted flesh colonr; a naked Europe league against him. But putting body, writhing in torture : the Virgin Mary be. justice and equity out of the question, it neath in gay attire, and a crown sormonnting all. will be in vain we squander our money, in Snch exhibitions must excite horror and disgust; vain we shed our blood, in endeavouring any thing but reverence. to put on the throne Lonis the Desired. I remain, Sir, A FRIEND

This gentlemau's name was printed Birbeck TO PEACE, JUSTICE, AND EQUITY. 'by mistake iu a former Number of the Register..

011

A dirty fellow with a good voice, and a fiddle resorted to by the enemies of Napolcon, with three strings, alternately chaunting and was that of representing the soil of Frauce preaching to the crowd in one of the market to be in a state of complete desolation, 06places at Ronen, attracted my attention. The casioned by the operation of the Conscrip Morale was the collection of three sons each from tion Laws, which, it was said, had so his bearers, for a sacred charm: being much much drained the population, that there amised and somewhat edified, I purchased a were none left to cultivate the ground but packet. It contained two papers of prayers and old meo, women, and children. In fact, sajo tly histories ; a small crncifix, and a verg according to the representations of these sınall bit of the real cross. When I displayed vile calumniators, it was impossible that my treasure at the hotel, our landlady's son, a France could recover from the terrible

boy of about thirteen, who spoke a little broken effects of this 5 scourge of human nature" { !J English, cries ont, on seeing tire crucifix, " Dat in less than half a century. Cities, towns, is God dat is Gool."

and villages ; vineyards, corn fields, and We found the town (Avignon) in a grand bustle gardens; all were laid waste by this “ about a Saint's procession. What Saint we could principled marauder !" yet, strange to renot make out very easily, as we received a dif- late, no sooner has the road to France ferent report from every person we asked. The been thrown open, than it is discovered streets were crowded with women and military. that her people possess one of the finest All their church-doings are under military pro- countries in the world, that the land is in tection. The church, where they were fitting a progressive state of cultivation, that the out the Saivt for exhibition, had two files of sol. vineyards, the orchards, the gardens, the diers from the door to the altar : bayonets fixed-cora fields, everywhere present the most For this there seenis no occasion, as the women luxuriant aspect; and that nothing is are sufficiently devont, and the men eutirely in- wanted to draw thither a vast number of different. To judge from appearances merely, settlers, from almost every other nation, the political character of the French nation is at but a state of settled peace and security. preseut rather low. First prevails the military On leaving Dieppe for Rouen (says Mr. Birk. spirit which seems to be the only spirit shining beck), we enter on a vast expanse of country, among the men, next come the priests, followed by covered with luxuriant crops. Not a speck of the women. What will France become under the waste to be discovered. The road itself is a mag. agency of an overwhelming military establishi nificent object; wide, well formed, and in excel. ment, and a King devoted to the church? The levt order; running in a right line for leagnes papal palace at Avignon is used as barracks. before us, and planted on each side with apple

In speaking of parties, I had forgotten the brood and pear trees. As we pass along we perceive, of priests which is watching in all quarters. to right and left, in all directions, the cross roads These are objects of derision and disgnst where marked by similar rows of luxuriant fruit trees, ever they appear. Their contracted shoulders, as far as the eye can reach. No hedges, and few jaclined heads, and hands dangling from their villages or habitations iu sight. The soil, a deep weak wrists, together with their immense bats hazel mould upon chalk, with little variation for and long camblet gowns, give them a speaking many miles, demeauour, which contrasts most unfavourably Aug. 12.-Took boat for Vienne—altogether with the erect gait and manly air of all other de- delightful! Sweet air-exhilirating mountain scriptions of people. It is a miserable thing that scenery: the clear, and rapid, and majestic a class of men, born like their fellows, “ Vultu Rbone; rocks, woods, vineyards; clateaux ou erecto conspicere cælum," should be so debased commanding eininences; cottages, embosomed in by bigotry and bypocrisy. Religion, that most trees, retiring from the view; the busy traffic of sublime relation, which connects man with his the river, and prosperous villages on its banks. Maker, mast enoble the character; yet, strange Embarked for Valence, on board a large trato tell, these cringing attitudes have been a suco ding barge, which had taken a cargo of wine to cessful mean of operating on the imaginations of Lyons, and was returning, nearly empty, to the ignorant a belief of their sanctity. I am Avignon. The crew were five fiue young men, happy in the convictiou that no pretensions of mucb superior in dress, manners, and conversathis, or any other sort, will reconcile the people tion, to the bargemen of our own country.-A of France to the restoration of titles or ecclesi- glorious view of the Higli Alps, all the afternoon. astical domination.

The mountains bordering the Rhoue are covered One of the chief means of detraction with vines on every part where the decoinposing granite furnishies a little culturable soil: especi. | limestone. These valleys are perfect gardens. ally as we approach Tournon, from whence comes In the evening we walked to a forge about four the famous Hermitage wine. I had no concep miles west of the town; we reaclied it about suntion of a comutry so entirely cultivated as we have set, but opfortunately it was not at work. How. found France from Dieppe to this place. ever, the beauty of the scenery amply repaid nis.

From Nismes to Montpellier is the timest and We were completely among the mountains; tive best.cultivated district we have seen. Every snow remaining in many of the hollows wear their thing bears the marks of prosperity. Hertile summits. They are chiefly calcareous in this fields, well-built villages, a thick and bappy po- neighbourhood; and covered with vineyards al. palation. The well-cultivated vineyard, planted most to the edge of the snow. The contrast is so with rows of olives, is the chiet appropriation of great between the products of the soil, and the this fine country; indeed, it is so vearly universal rugged wildness of the sorrounding crags; bethat you wonder how fodder is obtained for the tween the balıny air you are breathing, and the few borses required in its culture. We see, here wintry prospect; that you are ready to suspect and there, a little patch of lucerue.--From Din an illusion of the senses. On our return, wbilst eppe to this place we have seen scarcely a work. the rich tint of the departed sun remained in the ing animal whoge condition was not excellent. west, with a glow unknown in our chilly latitude; (Ixen, horses, and vow mules and asses, fat and the moon, appearing over a dark cloud, threw . well looking, but not pampered. This looks like the sladow of one huge cliff upon the bosom of prosperity. And when I add that we have not another, and produced such a scene of sublinie seen, among the labouring people, one such fa- tranquillity as no poet or painter could describe. mished, worn-out, wretched object, as may be met | The ear too partook of the enchantment from the with in every parish of England, I had almost roaring of the mountain streains. said on every farm; this, in a country so popu- As to the present state of agriculture, lous, so entirely agricultural, denotes real prospe manufactures, and the arts, our author rity. Again, from Dieppe to this place, I could gives the following information: not easily point out an acre of waste, a spot of By the Revolution, every oppression on agri• land that is not industriously cultivated, though culture was done away; tithes, game laws, cor. not always well, according to our notions.--vées, &c. Since that time, inuch meir ground has France, so peopled, so cultivated; moderately been brought into cultivation, and none of the taxed; withont paper money, without tithes, old abandoned. The modes of husbandry have without poor rates, almost without poor'; with improved in many districts, by the introduction excellent roads in every direction, and overflow of fallow crops and artificial grasses. Ronen and ing with corn, wine and oil, „must be, and really its neighbourhood is a principal seat of tile cotton is, a rich country. Yet there are few rich indivi- manufactory; the Manchester of France. These duals.

great works have been wholly at a staud during From Perpignan to Prades, 21 miles: asceud. the later years of the war, owing to the scarcity ing towards the mountains, or rather between aud enormous price of the raw material: they are them, np a charming valley, cultivated like a

now recovering their activity. I was admitted garden, and watered through its whole extent. into a cotton mill at Deville, which employs 600 The people are collected into large villages. people: the neatness and regularity of arrangeThese mountains are uot dotted over with little ment, and the decent appearance of the work happy dwellings like those which border the people, bespoke a well-managed and prosperous Rhone; but they are cultivated to their summits, concern. I thought the machinery good; of this, exhibiting wonderful instances of persevering in. however, I am not a competent judge. Twist is dustry. The iubabitants of a froutier district completed by four operations from the carding; would be likely to establish themselves in groups, and the weaving costs only 2d. per yard. Wo. for mutual protection.-Tbe vale farmers are men who attend the looms earns 15d. per day, bosy sowing lupines or annual trefoil, on their equal to eleven pounds of bread ; therefore the wheat stubbles, for winter food for their flocks low price is not the result of low wages: a fact Many of the hedges on this road are composed which deserves tlie attention of the promoters of chiefly of pomegranate.

Corn Bills in England. It is the opinion bere, From Ax we descended about 12 miles to Ta- that the high price of provisions, with is, will rascon, a little towy delightfully situated on the soon give the French manufacturers the means of Arriège, at the confluence of several valleys and exceeding ours io cheapness. Louviers, famous their streams. Here the granite and schist of thje for its fine cloths, is favourably situated on a higher regions give place to stratified rocks of beautiful dtear stream, of which full advantage

appears to be taken, for working their maclinery. I purchase, ££333. On this estate is an excellen Here are several noble establishments for spine hone, and 0111-buildings, and a large walled garn ning woollen yarn. Their cropping or shearing den, all in good repair. machives were performing their office with the I have already said that Napoleon apgreatest precision. I think they are wide awake to mechanical improvements; indeed, the quality pears to be no very great favourite of Jr. of their clotla proves their skill too well to leave Birkbeck, who not unfrequently calls him a doubt of the excellence of their implements. a tyrant, and speaks pretty freely of what, There is great decency and comfort in the looks he considers, the oppressive acts of his of their work-people; of whom women form by government, and the madness of his ambi. far the principal part.

The ci-devant priory of St. Martin is now a tious projects. Yet amidst all this tyconserratory of aris and manufactures. Here are ranny, this oppression, and this mad ammodels of implements of agricultore, including bition, our author is compelled to acknowthie modern improvements or attempts at im. ledge, that“ under his auspices the interprovement. Among these curiosities are some “ nal government of the country was wise models of threshing machines, in which the mic. " and effectual; property was sacred and chanics have proceeded no further than to put in “ crimes were rare.” motion a set of fails. I recognize in this colo lection many implements, particularly ploughs,

There was a magnificence (says lie) alout Bowhich I have seen at work as we passed. The naparte which carries yon away in 'defiance of spirit of invention is hardly at work among Ilse your sober judgment. To.day I gained a siglit French farmers. Poverty shifts with things as

of the astonishing colossal elepliant, which was to they are: capital looks for improvement. I liave have been elevated ou the scite of the Bastile; visiied this collection twice, and it is with regret from which a grand street waz projected to the I acknowledge that I did not bring away ove idea front of the Louvre, through the whole length of worth recording. Agricultural implements form the city. The canal of Ourque, a grand work of bnt a small part of the establishment: it contains luis for the supply of Paris with water, was to every machine, I imagine, which is in use in the have formed a fountain through the proboscis of silk and cotton maputacture. One room contains the elephant. Wherever you turn is some manot models, but a complete set of machinery, jestic monument of liis taste. In fact, the granwhich is nnder the care of a professor, and regu- deur of Paris was liis creation, and you now see larly at work, for the instruction of pupils in ile workmen busy in all parts, scratching out his art of spiuning cottou. Here are also deposited name, and defacing liis eagles. This is very piti numberless specimens of curious inventions in

ful. The Bourboos, in their attempts to disgrace mechanics, in philosophical instruments, and in Napoleon, by pulling down his statues and oberery branch of arts and manufactures. It is literating the ensigns of bis power, are directing open on particular days of the week to the pub- their attack against his least vulnerable part, and lia; and every day to foreigners. Such is the libe. inviting a comparison greatly to their owo disral spirit of the nation ; exemplified not in this advantage. 11? executed many great works of instance only, but universally. Those of my lasting utility, and many of amazing splendour. coautrymen who liave been driven throngh the Under liis auspices the internal government of British Museum, or conducted through any other the country was wise and ettectual: property place of exhibition at home, can put a proper could not be committed with impunity.

was sacred, and crimes were rare because they value on this generous treatment. I once visited the galleries of natural history in the Jardin des It is somewhat difficult to believe any Plantes on a public day: it was amusing to see the crowd, mostly of what is called the lower could occupy himself so much with the

man to be a tyrant and an oppressor, who to observe their decorum, and the interest they happiness and prosperity of a country over took in examining every thing.

which he reigned, and where the effects of Nothing has a greater tendency to in- his good government were so conspicuous. duce those who are possessed of a little The measures resorted to by Napoleon to money to take up their residence in France, recruit his armies were, without doubt, of than the low rate at which landed pro- a severe description, and might be thought perty may be purchased there when com- rigorous by many individuals in France. pared with its price in this country. The But then it ought to be recollected, that following statement places this in a

they were necessary in the then state of

very striking point of view:

things; much more so perhaps than the Qae thousand acres arable, 500 woodland, equal cruit their forces. If we consider Napo

measures employed hy other nations to reto 1650 acres English; one third of the 'arable poor cold clay, of little value; two thirds pretty leon fighting to maintain the integrity of good wheat land; part dry enough for turnips: the French territory, and for the mainteis let ou lease for vine years (which the tenantnance of treaties, which had been violated would give up on receiving a fair price for bis by those who concluded them with him, I stock and crops) at 9000 trauks, £375 sterling; and land-tax 1600 francs, £ 66 133. per ann, might do not know of a better ground for going be bought, as we understood, for about 22 years' to war. I have yet to learn that the peu

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