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those citizens who signed the requisition, of PEACE, and the admirers of the princaused the following address to be printed ciples of our excellent Constitution, it is and circolated :
hoped, will come forward as one man, " Fellow TownSMEY AND COUNTRY- and affix their wames to those Petitions.-MEN—The present moment is awfully por- By order of the (immittee, tentous; slismally dark clouds hang over
JOHN GREAVES, jun. Secretary. our country, pregnant with unheard of Wednesday Morning, May 1011, 1815. misery and woe to ourselves and future generations, the mere description of which however taintly drawn, would horrify
Resolved 1. That as war is the extremity of miods the least susceptible of generous lawful and honourable means to avert it have
evil, no nation should engage therein until all sentiments, would melt hearts the most obdurate: but we will not harrow feel- been tried, and proved unavailing. ings, already sufficiently wounded, by at
2. That every nation has an indisputable right tempting to pourtray such direful calami- to choose its own Government; and that a war ties as must necessarily result from a re
commenced and prosecuted by any other vation newed course of warlare with France; with a view to the annihilation of such choice, is without having one legitimate object to wost unjust; because it is contrary both to the stimulate us to the adoption of such a des- law of nature and of nations, to the avowed pracperate measure; for desperate it must be tice of tise civilized world, and to the very princonsidered by all, (of whatever political ciples which exalted the House of Brunswick to opinion,) who look at the financial diffi-thie Throne of these realms. Therefore this cultiis of this nation. Come forward, Meeting regards with horror and dismay, the hostherefore, fellow countrymen, and exercise tile preparations now making; the professed deyour rights--be obedient to the imperious sign of which is, to compel the French nation, by calls of duty-use every constitutional force of arms, to dethrone the Sovereign of their effort of which you are possessed, to pre- choice, and to impose upon them another, to dent the vessel of your country from being whom it appears they have a complete, radicale driven in the gathering tempest; and then, national objection. should the Government of the nation be
3. That this Meeting not only sees, but feels, so insatuated as to plunge you into all the the heart-rending calamities which the late wars horrors of var, you will, amid all your have entailed upon this country:-Trade, comgalling sufferings, be exempt from those merce, and manufacture scarcely exist : nothing bitter reflections which must ever attend
present themselves for observation and contemplaan accusing conscience.-You are respect- tion, among the trading, commercial, and manufully informed, that under existing circum- factoring part of the community, but ruiu, stances, the Committee, who continue to
wretchedness, and woe. manage this busiņess, consider it an act of
The National Debt bas been increased in a prudence, and not of submission, to decline four-fold degree, and now requires 110 less sura calling a public Meeting. They therefore, lay besore you, for your approval, interest, with an addition of public expenditure
than thirty millions sterling to pay the common the following RESOLUTIONS and PE
10 the aunual amount of twenty millions more, TITIONS which they intended to offer,
even on the supposition of this country enjoying had a public Meeting been called by the
universal peace. Mayor, in conformity to the requisition presented to him, and which was pub
4. That in the opinion of this Meeting, it would lished last week in the Nottingham Re- be highly chimerical, impolitic, and most iniview, and in hand-bills, together with the quitously unjust to the people of this country, for correspondence produced by such applica- the Government thereof to plonge then into retjon.--A Petition to the Prince Regent, newed warfare for any other objects than those and another to the House of Commons, truly national, probable in their acquirement, will be laid for signatures, at a shop in and of sufficient magnitude and importance to Smithy-row, lately in the occupation of compensate this nation for the sacrifices and Mr. Darby, to-morrow, from ten o'clock sufferings naturally resulting therefrom. in the morning to seven in the evening, 5. That from the pre-eminent station which and will continue to be open for a week. Great Britain holds in the scale of nations, this The adult male inhabitants of this town Meeting believes that her efforts to preserve and its vicinity, who are the FRIENDS the present peace would not be ineffectual,
6. That the effects which the late wars pro- 1 presume to dictate to your Royal Highness, but duced on this town aud neighbourhood were to state constitutionally to you, our opivious and most lamentably afflicting; the poor-rates were feelings. Hence the mighty warlike preparaincreased in an eight-fold degree, and more than tions now making, which fill our minds with pain. one-sixth of its population received parochial aid. ful anxiety, impel us to declare, that we think it . 7. That this Meeting present an address and the imperative duty of this country, not to wage petition to his Royal Highness the Prince Re. war with France, (particularly when we consider gent, praying that he will not interfere by war the state of our finances) without it be for objects or otherwise, with the internal affairs of France, purely national, likely to be obtained, and comand tha: the said petition be transmitted to the mensurate with its couscquent calamities :-cala. Right Hon. Lord Grenville, requesting him to mities, the mere contemplation of which strike present it to his Royal Higiivess.
us with horror. It is so repugnant to our feel. 8. That this Meeting do also present an addressings--so contrary to the dictates of justice,--to and petition to the Honourable tue House of the Constitution of our country,-to the prace Commous, praying that they will not grant any tice of our forefathers,--to the very principles supplies for the purpose of subsidising foreign which plaeed your august family on the throue, powers to enable theni to go to war with France, and, above all, to that priocely declaration, so and that this petition be forwarded to Joha honourable to your understanding and your Smith, Esq. and Lord Rancliffe, the two Members heart, made by your Royal Higlmess, when you for the town, with a request that they will, upon were invested with Regal Authority,—that“ the presenting the same, cause it to be read, and sup-1 Crown was a sacred trust, to be liekl only for the port the prayer thereof.
welfare and happiness of the people;"—that we 9. That the thanks of this Meeting be given to could not for a moment have entertained a thonght, John Smith, Esq. our worthy representative, tor were it not for that most objectionable Declara. his independent, steady, and persevering conduct tion made by the Plenipotentiaries of the Allied in Parliament.
Sovereigns, bearing date the 13th of March, (and · 10: That this Meeting cannot but regret the also the Treaty of the 25th of the same month,) foug absence of our other worthy representative, 1815, together with the hostile attitude which Lord Rancliffe, from bis Parliameutary duty. Europe has since assumed, that your Royal HighADDRESS TO THE PRINCE OF WALES, REGENT
ness would coalesce with those Monarchs on the OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN Continent, to prevent by force of arms, or other.
wise, the French people froin retaining that SoThe humble, dutiful, and loyal Address and the objects of their choice. We, therefore, most
vereign and forming that Government which are Petition of the inbabitants of the town and connty of the town of Nottingham, and its vici respectfully implore yonr Royal Highness, that vity.
your Royal Highness will not interfere, by war, May it please your Royal Highness-We, bis
or otlerwise, with the internal affairs of France. Majesty's dutiful and loyal subjects, the inhabi. And we furtlier implore your Royal Highness, tants of the town and county of the town of Not that no measures may be adopted by this country, tingham, and its vicinity, respectfully approach
to impede any friendly communications, that may your Royal Highness, with harrowed feelings of be offered froni that nation. And yonr peti. the most poignant grief :-feeling's which we
tioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray. have not heretofore endured; although our pri. PETITION TO THE COMMONS OF GREAT BRITAIN vations, sacrifices, and sufferings, for the last twenty years, are unparalleled in the annals of our The bumble Petition of the inhabitants of Note country. We beg most ardently to impress on tingham and its vicinity. the mind of your Royal Highness, that, however Sheweth--That your Petitioners cannot view, just, wise, and politic, the late wars may have bat with sentiments of most fearful apprehension, been considered in their respective origin and the extensive preparatious making by the Goduration, that the effects resulting therefrom, on vernment of this country, for an apparent rebis Majesty's loyal subjects, were, and are, most newal of war with France; nor cau they avoid grievously afflicting. After sucli unequalled expressing their regret, at seeing themselves sacrifices of blood and treasure, what national likely to be plunged once more into all the cala. advantages might we not have expected? But mities, distresses, and privations, attendant upon the lamentable reverse is the fact :-Trade and warfare, with no other object than that of uphold. commerce are annihilated ;-our merchants ruining the interests of a dyvasty twice declared by ed, mur artizans pauperised. We would not the people unworthy to reigo :-for bo nobler
AND IRELAND IN PARLIAMENT ASSEMBLED,
purpose than that of controlling a great nationracter of Parliament, incompatible with every in the choice of its ruler-a system of policy, idea of representative Goverument, and portendwhich your Petitiovers bumbly conceive, is, in ing immiuent danger to the future liberties and direct oppositiou to priuciples recogoised by our happiuess of Englishmen. Apprehensions we excellent Constitution at the Revolution of 1688, cannot but experience, when contemplating the and publicly avowed by the Prince Regent, viz. marked disregard of public opinion recently ma6 tliat the Crown is held only in trust for the nifested by your Honourable House on the ques. benefit of the people," and calculated, in their tion of tlie Coru Laws, and the attempt now opinion, to subvert public liberty, destroy na. making to revive that odious and inquisitorial tional independence, degrade civilized society, impost, the Tax upon Income. Your Petitioners aud establish in Europe, once more, the darkness do, therefore, again most forcibly entreat that of the middle ages, and the tyranny of feudal your Honourable House will, on this occasion, laws. And further, that your Petitioners looking suffer the voice of justice and humanity to preto your Honourable House as the depositary of vail, and that in the discharge of your Parliatheir liberties, and the guardians of their proper-mentary duties as the Commons of Great Britain ties, do most earnestly entreat your Honourable and Ireland, yon will withhold the grant of any Honse to withhold such supplies of money and subsidy or loan to any foreign power, or any supmen, as may be demanded by the Executive, forply of money or men, asked by the Executive at the purpose of carrying on this premeditated war, home, until such demand shall have been clearly nutil it has been satisfactorily sliewn, that all at. proved to be necessary for the upholding of our tempts to arrange honourable terms with the country's bonour-for the defence of our acknowEmperor Napoleou are impracticable and unavail-ledged rights, or the maintenance of our national ing: and your Petitioners are further induced to independence. And your Petitioners will ever dwell upon this point, from a conviction that wo positive good is likely to arise to this country, nor any perinabeut repose to Europe, from an attempt
THE NECESSITY Or WAR WITH FRANCE. to impose a Goveroment on the French people by Mr. Cobbett—The return of Napoleon force of arms. Nor can your Petitioners refrain to France bas imparted fresh vigour to from calling the attention of your Honourable your pen in defence of peace, and, what House to the direful calamities which bave you are pleased to call, the principles of flowed in upon the inhabitants of these kingdoms civil, political, and religious freedom. from the late sanguinary and expensive wars, Fearful of your influence over the public undertaken upon the same unjust and climerical mind, and anxious to see unanimity prepriociples as that now projected, and which, in vaiks in this country, respecting the war its effects upon this country, bas pauperised its with France, I veņture to address you on labouring classes, loosened the foundation of pub- the subject, relying on your candour for lic credit, annihilated its manufacturing conse- its insertion in your Register. We canquence, ivcreased its taxation to an insurmount. not, Sir, make peace with Napoleon.able degree, and swelled the national debt to an We are a religious nation.-Bibles and amount that threatens the stability of our politi- missions to the Heathen is the cry amongst cal institutions; whilst its consequences to this We are making the most extraordi. town and neighbourhood, in a local point of view, ! nary efforts to proselytize the world to are now severely felt in the diminution of their our holy and peaceuble religion.-Bonatrade, the alarming increase of poor rates, and parte is an unbeliever! What fellowship the vast accumulation of misery in every shape, bath light with darkness? What part hath by which tliey are surrounded, in the midst of a he who believeth with an infidel? What ! population destitute of employment, and goaded shall we, who have so much regard for the to despair, by the apparent hopeless state of their souls of Hindoos and Africans have no condition: it does, therefore, appear 10 yonr concern for those of our French neighPetitioners, that onder such circumstances, tor bours ? Shall we suffer an infidel to reign the Government to enter agaiv upon hostilities, over them ?—But if we have no regard for (opless for the acquirement of great national them, let us at least take care of ourselves. objects, commensurate in advantage with the France is a very near neighbour: she pubsacrifice made for their attainment,) would dis- lishes what she pleases respecting religion. play a contempt for the sufferings of the people, Alas! let us fear the contagion of her ina violation of public justice, an indifference to fidel principles more than ever, and let us the voice of humanity, iucovsistent with the cha-war against Napoleon their patron, till we
have placed once again on his throne the immortal memory, that the people have religious Louis the 18th. What are the nothing to do with the laws but to obey sacrifices of a million of lives, and two or them, nor with the taxes but to pay them, three hundred millions of treasure, com- are become much more fashionable. It is pared with the blessed comforts of reli- not long ago we contended that people gion ?-lihat is the general distress of our had a right to choose their own rulers and country compared with the pleasure of forms of government: now,
66 the social fighting “ the monster Bonaparte?” Do system" of the late glorious Congress, not call this stale and stupid reasoning. that people are the property of kings, is France is now much in the situation she most warmly approved and supported! was when Europe began her first most Formerly an assassin was thought the just and necessary war against her; and most detestable of wretches; now a handthe same arguments which were then used bill is posted up in the streets of London by the ai sed powers in their justification, offering £ 2000 for the murder of Vapomay be now employed in defence of their leon! Now, then, Sir,you see plainly why inte de invasion of that country. There our ministers cannot make peace with the was a time, it is true, when that system French Emperor. You perceive it is you of religion which Louis the 18th sought to and your party who have remained starevive in France, was reviled by us. Weri. tionary, while the rest of us have improved diculed the cr dulity of the French people in religious, moral, and political knowand their devotion to their priests. But now lenge! Peace and liberty is the cry of those we find this religion is so intimately con- detestable and irreligious rebels the French. biected with the principles of social order, Ilar, taxation, and Louis the 18th be that it has become our bounden duty to Our cause is most religious and uphold it (at least on the Continent) just. The example of France is most with all our miglit and power. We for- dangerous. Let us not grudge to spend merly prayed for the downfall of, 6 that our last shilling, and shed our last drop man of sin, the Pope;" now, we rejoice at of blood in ousting the abominable Napohis restoration! We formerly called the leon from the throne, where the French Jesuits the “ Devil's own gang,” now, people have placed him, in order that so better informed, we have discovered they successful an instance of national rebellion are a which y respectable and enlightened against a pious King may not go unpuboily of Christians !!” The destruction of nished. Yours, &c. the inquisition was long and ardently
A FRIEND TO SOCIAL ORDER. wished by s; now, better acquan led with the principles of social order, we
WAR WITu France. are perfectly satisfied with its revival !!! There are many political reasons why
SIR, -A nation must learn to we cannot make peace with Bonaparte. warring against the liberties of another Heprofesses to have returned to the prin- country before it can learn to defend its ciples of 1789.” Should this be the
I trust that adversity is destined to "the French people will be really repre perfect the character of Bonaparte, and sented in the legislature:" they will be the liberties and long glory of France.more free than they ever were before, and IIis twenty days tranquil progress through the numerous alvántages arising from their innumerable perils of every kind, calm revolution will be secured to them. What and benign, with his small band of friends, fellurship can such a state of things in
over a space arduous for a single traveller, fransinave with ours in England: There in the same time, from the gulph of St. can lie no agreement between them: this Juan to the metropolis and throne of must be obvious to every one; I need France, has no parallel in history, and Bot, therefore, enlarge on this subject. throws all, even his victories, into shade! There was a time, indeed, when it was
It is delightful indeed to see Carnot at the thought the people of England had the head of the administration of the interior, greatest concern in the making of laws; that great mind, prompt, firm, open and that tovation and representation should independent at all times, which plied not go hand in hand; but now the admirable when myriads stooped, but remained erect maxiins of the late Bishop Horsely, of and unmoved. Philosophy, truc politics,
liberty, peace, order, and humanity, must, and in an unquestionable shape. These all rejoice in this decisive appointment, facts, it will be seen, contradict the asand on the suppression of the Censorship persions which have been unnaturally cast of the Press, and the dissolution of the by some of our own citizens on their Pseudo-Senate and degraded Chamber of country's honour, with the view solely Deputies, who would submit to deliberate, to support pretensions of our then enemy, as it was called, on a change of govern- which are now decisively proven to have ment, without any authority from the peo- been wholly groundless. ple, and with an host of invading and be
Nat. Intel.. sieging strangers at their gates. The characteristic and magnanimous instance of In Senate, March 3, 1815. intrusting captured Vienna to her own The Committee on foreign relations, to troops; to which I would add his generous whom was referred the message of the dismissal of the armies of Austria and President of the United States on the 26th Prussia ; and the King and Emperor them- of September last, respecting the unauselves—35,000 men completely in his thorised mode of warfare adopted by the power, speaks the man the general, the li enemy, on the plea of retaliation, report, beral statesman: his attention to this day that, although the war has happily termiof the wounded Austrian officers-his love, nated, they deem it important to rescue founded on knowledge and true approba- | the American government from unworthy tion, of the arts and sciences—his remem- imputations with which it has been asbrance of the widow of Rousseau, when sailed during its progress. They have, neglected and in indigence--his power therefore, endeavoured to ascertain wheduring his fate astonishing enterprize over ther the destruction of York, in Upper the best feelings of the human heart, which Canada, and the other cases assumed by no man ever has to such an extent, unless our late enemy, as authorising a departure those feelings have first possession of his from the settled rules of civilized warfare, own :-all these contradict the disgusting were of a character to justify or extenuate and horrible portraits by which our aban- their conduct. The result of the indoned papers have endeavoured to feed quiries of the Committee, manifesting to and enflamo eternal war.–The Suffolk the world, that the plea which has been Chronicle would not insert my letter in advanced for the destruction of the Amewhich I endeavoured to obtain a REQUISI: rican capital, and the plunder of private' tion to the ligu Sheriff, to call, as property, is without foundation, will be early as possible, a County Meeting, to found in the communications of the secreconsider of a Petition to prevent our being taries of the departments of war and navy, made a party to a war for the purpose of and of General Dearborn, commander of interfering with the internal government the American forces in the attack on York, of France, after the clearest and fullest herewith submitted. manifestation of the national will.
Department of State, Feb. 28, 1815.
SIR-I have had the honour to receire REPORT ON THE RETALIATING System, &c. your letter, requesting, on behalf of the
committee of foreign relations, any inforThe following is a report made by a mation which this department possesses, committee of the senate, on the subject of relative to the misconduct that has been the pretences whereon our late enemy jus- imputed to the American troops in Upper tified bis devastations of private property Canada during the late war, and in reply, and of public buildings, unconnected with I have the honour to state, that the charges the purposes of war. As
great pains appear to be confined to three. 1st, The have been taken by the factious prints to alleged burning of York; 2d, the burning discolour the facts on this subject, with of Newark, and 3d, the burning of the a view to palliate the atrocities committed Indian villages usually called the Moravian at Washington and elsewhere by the Bri- towns.' 1st. The burning of York, or any tish forces, in violation of the usages of of its public edifices or of any of it: private war and the dictates of humanity, it is houses, has never been presented to the satisfactory to receive a statement of facts view of the American government by its on this head from the highest authority, lown officers, as matter of information ;