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Algiers, for whom he was authorised to and concealing her trne American character. give a ransom, not exceeding 3000 dollars In this vessel was taken a Mr. Pollard, who per man.

To every attempt of this kind, claims to be an American citizen, and is believed the Dey replied, “ that not for two mil- to be of Norfolk, Virginia, and wlio, as an Ame“ lions of dollars would he sell his American citizen, is kept in captivity. The goverrican slaves !” – In reply to an appli- ment, jastly solicitous to relieve these unfortocation, in the inost confidential manner, vate captives, cansed an agent, (wliose connecto one of the Dey's ministers, to know the tion with the government was not disclosed) to terms which the Dey expected to extort be sent to Algiers, with the means and with infrom the United States (by keeping our

structions to effect their ransom, if it could be citizens slaves) in the event of a treaty dove at a price not exceeding three thousand with them, it appears, that "it was a set- dollars per man. The effort did not succeed, "tled point with the Dey, from which he becanse of tive Dey's avowed policy to increase “could by no means swerve, that in the the number of his American slaves, in order to 6 first place, for the privilege of passing the be able to compel a renewal of his treaty witla 6 streights of Gibraltar, two millions of the United States, op terms suited to his rapa6 dollars would be required of the Ame- city. Captain Smith, Mr. Pollard, and the Mas

rican Government, and then the stipu- ter of the Edwin, are not confined, por kept as « lations of the late treaty might be re- hard labour; but the rest of the captives are sub“ newed (the old tributary treaty) after jected to the well-known horrors of Algerine « paying up all arrears of tribute," &c. &c. slavery. The Committee have not been apprised

of any other specific outrages upon the persons THE REPORT.

or property of American citizens besides those The committee to whom has been referred the stated; and they apprehend, that the fewness of bill " for the protection of the United States these is attributable to the want of opportunity " against the Algerine crnizers," with instruc. and not of inclination in the Dey, to prey upon tions to enquire and report in detail the facts our commerce, aud to enslave our eitizens. The npon which the measure contemplated is predi.

war with Britain las hitherto shnt the Mediter. cated, report-- That in the month of July, 1819, ranean against American vessels, which, it

may the Dey of Algiers, taking offence, or pretending be presumed will now shortly venture upou it. to take offence, at the enality and quantity of a The committee are all of opinion, upon the evi. shipment of milftary stores made by the United dence which has been laid before them, that the States, in pursnance of the stipulation in the Dey of Algiers considers his treaty with the Treaty of 1795, and refusing to receive the United States as at an end, and is waging war stores, extorted from the American Consul Ge- / against them. The evidence upon which this is neral at Algiers, by threats of personal impri. founded, and from which are extracted the facis. sonment, and of reducing to slavery all Ame above stated, accompanies this report, and with ricans in his power, a sum of money claimed as

it is respectfully submittedthe arrearages of Treaty stipulations, and denied

AN ACT by the United States to be due ; and then com.

For the protection of the commerce of the pelled the Consnl, and all citizens of the United

United States against the Algerine cruizers. States at Algiers, abruptly to quit his dominions. -It further appears to the committee, that on the WHEREAS, tlie Dey of Algiers, on the coast of 25th of August following, the American brig Barbary, has commenced a predatory warfare Edwin of Salem, owned by Nathaniel Silsbee against the United States of that place, wliile ou a voyage from Malta to BE it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre. Gibraltar, was taken by an Algerine Corsair, sentatives of the United States of America in Conand carried into Algiers as prize. The com. I gress ussemble'l, That it shall be lawful fully to mander of the brig, Captain George Camp-equip, officer, man and employ such of the armed bell Smith, and the crew, ten in onmber, bave vessels of the United States as may be judged reever since been detained in captivity, with quisite by the President of the United States, for the exception of two of them, whose release protecting effectually the commerce and seamen has been effected under circumstances not indi. thereof on the Atlantic'ocean, the Mediterranean catiug any change of hostile temper on the part and adjoining seas. of the Dey. It also appears, that a vessel, sailing Sect. 2. And be il further enacted, That it shall nnder the Spanish flag has been condemned in be lawful for the President of the United States Algiers, as laying a false claim to that flag, 'to justruct the commanders of the respective public vessels aforesaid, to subdue, seize, and these latter were entering upon wir with make prizc of all vessels, goods, and effects, of or| US! some of our modest and honest gen. belonging to the Dey of Algiers, or to his subjects, tlemen ; some of our most honourable men, and to bring or send the same into port, to be have called America an assassin, because proceeiled against and distributed according to she made war against us, while we were law; and also, to cause to be done, all such other at war with Napoleon. What will they acts of precaution or hostility, as the state of war say now of the venerable head of this Afri... will justify, and may in lois opinion require.. can state? The ,sạme honourable wor

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That on the thies have said, that because Americaapplication of the owners of private armed ves- went to war with us, while we had to sels of the United States, the President of the fight Napoleon, she was the slade of. Na United States may grant them special conmis- poleon. But I hope they will not apply sions, in the form which he shall direct under the this reasoning to the present war between seal of the Uuited States ; and such private armed America and Algiers: I fervently hope, vessels, when so commissioned, shall bave the like that no one will pretend, that, because authority for subduing, seizing, taking, and bring. Algiers went to war with America while ing into port any Algerine vessels, goods or ef America had to fight us, Algiers was the fects, as the above-mentioned pnblic armed veg

slave of England !--As to the result of sels may by law liave; and shall therein be sub. the war, I have no doubt, that the Dey ject to the instructions, which may be given by

will pot have to rejoice much at the suce the President of the United States, for the regu.stead of millions of dollars are likely to be

cess of his undertaking. A dry blow inlation of their conduct, and their commissions shall be revocable at his pleasure : Provided,

his portion. As an Englishman, I must That before any commission shall be granted as

wish, that the Algerines may be beaten by aforesaid, the owner or owners of the vessel for those, who have, unfortunately, so often which the same may be requested, and the com

beaten my own countrymen.- The Times mander thereof for tlie time being, shall give newspaper has told us, that it is suspected, boud to the United States, with at least two res.

that the Algerine war is, with America, a

PRETEXT for increasing her navy. Inponsible sareties, not interested iu such vessels, in the penal sum of seven thonsand dollars, or if deed, Doctor! and, in what civilian have suek vessel be provided with more than one huus you discovered, that America is restrained dred and fitty men, in the penal sum of fouteen What need has she of pretečts ? I know,

from augmenting her navy at her pleasure? thonsand dollars, with condition for observing the

indeed, that, amongst your other follies, • treaties and laws of the United States, and tlie instructions wluich may be given as aforesaid, and on it, that, in making peace with America,

you did, during last summer, insist upalso for satisfying all damages and injuries which she should, at last, be compelled to stipu. shall be done contrary to the tenor thereof, by late not to have any ships of war beyond such commissioned vessel, aud for delivering op

a certain size and number. But, the stithe commission when revoked by the President pulation was not obtained; and now, inof the Uoiled States. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That any Al. suspectings for the cogitations of the wise

stead of big menaces, you throw out your gerine vessel, goods or effects, whicls may be so John Buil.-Away driveller! and await captured and brought into port, by any private a similar fate to your predictions as to the armed vessel of the United States, duly commis- humiliations of France. sioned as aforesaid, may be adjudged good prize, und therenpon shall accrne to the owners, and OVERTURES OF PEACE FROM THE officers, and men of the capturing vessel, and

EMPEROR NAPOLEON. shall be distributed according to the agreement

LETTER FROM M, CAULAINCOURT TO VISCOUNT whicle shall have been made between them; or,

CASTLEREAGH, DATED PARIS, 4th APRIL, in failure of such agreement, according to the discretion ot the court havivg cognizance of the

1815,

My Lord - The Emperor was auxious to ex: eapture.

press directly to his Royal Highness the Prince There is one circumstance connected Regent the sentiments which inspire him, and to with this Algerine war, which I think make' known to liim the high value which be worthy of particular notice ; and that is, places on the maintenance of the peace happily this regular government began, it appears, existing between the two countries. I am com. its dépredations on the Americans, just as manded io consequence, my Lord, to address to

yout the annexed letter, and to beg your Excel- | plishment of his noblest intentions. With a disJenry to present it to his Royal Highness. The position to respect the rights of other nations, liis first wish of the Emperor being, flatilie repose of Majesty has the pleasing hope, that those of the Europe should remain inviolate, liş Majesty has f'rench nation will remain in violate. The main. beco anxions to mauifest thuis, disposition to the tenance of this precious deposil is the first, as it Sovereigns who are still assembled at Vienna, and is the dearest of his dutier; The quiet of the to all other. Sovereigns. I have, &c.

world is for a long time assured, if all the othrr (Sigeted)CAULAINCOURT, Duc de Vicence Sovereigns are disposed, as his Majesty is, to

make their bonour consist in the preservation of LETTER FROM M. DE CAULAINCOURT TO visi peace, by plaeitig peace ander the safeguard of COUNT CASTLERLAGI, DATED PARIS, APRIL honour. siicli are, my Lord, the sentiments with 4, 1815.

which his Majesty is sincerely animated, and which My Lord – The expectations which induced he has commanded me to make" knowo to your his Majesty the Emperor, my August Sovereign, Governinent. I have the lionour, &c. to submit to the greatest sacrifices, have not (Signed) CAULAINCOURT, Duke of Vicence, been fulfilled : France has not received the price His Excellency Lord Castlere agli, &c. of the devotion of its Monarch : her hopes have been lameutably deceived. After some months LETTER FROM VISCOUNT CASTLEREAGH TO 2.. of painful restraint, her sentiments, concealed CAULAINCOURT, DATED, DOWNING-STREET, will regret, have at length manifested themselves

APRIL 8; 1815." in an extraordinary manner,:, by an universal SIR- I have been liononred witlu two letters and spontaneous impulse, slie lias declared as lier from your excellevcy bearing dale ile 4th inst. deliverer, the man, from wi:om aloue she can from Paris, one of them covering a letter ad. expect the guarantee of her liberties and inde: dressed to bis Royal Highness the Prince Regevt. pendence. The Emperor was appeared, the Royal|I am to acquaint your Excellency, that the Prince Throne has falleu, and the Bourbon family have | Regent has declined receivingstlie letter addressed quitted oor territory, without one drop of blood by your. Excellency to me, to Vienna, for the having been shed for their defence. Borne npon the formation and cousideration of the Allied Soarms of his people, his Majesty has traversed vereigos and Plenipotentiaries there assembled. France, from the point of the coast at which lie

I am, &c. CASTLEREAGH. at first tonched the ground, as far as the centre of his capitał; to that residence which is now again, VISCOUNT CASTLEREAGH TO THE EARL OP as are all French hearts, filled with our dearest CLANCARTY, DATBD FOREIGN OFFICE, STU remembrances. No obstacles have delayed bis APRIL, 1815. Majesty's triumphal progress; from the instant

MY LORD-I herewith inclose a copy of an of his re-landing upon French ground, he resumed Overture this day received from M. de Caulain. the government of his empire. Scarcely does his court, with the answer returned. You will come first reign appear to have been for an instant in municate the same to the Allied Sovereigns and terrupted. Every generons passion, every liberal Plenipotentiaries at Vienna, for their informa. thought, lias rallied around bim; uever did any tion. I have the honour to be, &c. nation present a spactacle of more awful anani.

(Signed)

CASTLER EAGA, mity. The report of this great event will have

Earl of Clavcarty, &c. reached your Lordship. I am commanded to announce it to you, in the name of the Emperor, THE EARL OF CLANCARTY TO VISCOUNT CASTLE add to request you will convey this declaration REAGH, DATED VIENNA, MAY 6, 1815. to the knowledge of his Majesty the King of My Lorn-Adverting to your Lordsliip's disGreat Britain, your August Master. This Resto- patch, No. 3, and to its several inclosures, conration of the Emperor to the Throne of France is veying a proposal made by the existing Govern. for him the most brilliant of his triumplis. His ment in France, and your Lordship's answer Majesty prides himself above all, on the reflec- thereto, I have the lionour to acquaint you, for tion, that lie owes it entirely to the love of the the information of his Majesty's Government, that French people, and he has no other wish than to at a conference held on the 3d inst. his Highness repay such affections no longer by the trophies of Prince Metternich acquainted us, that a M. de vain ambition, but by all the advantages of av ho- Strassant, who had been stopped on his way nonrable repose, and by all the blessings of a hither, at Lintz, from not having been furnished lrappy tranquillity. It is to the duration of peace with proper passports, had addressed a letter to that the Emperor looks forward for the accom his Imperial Majesty, and tucrewith forwarded

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some nnopened letters which the Emperor had di- (lislıment of an individual as the liéad of the French rected him to upseal in the presence of the Ple-Government, whose past conduct has invariably nipotentiaries of the Allied Powers. These demonstrated, that in snelt a situatiou he will not proved to be a letter from Bonaparte, addressed suffer other nations to be at peace--whose rest. to his Majesty, professing a desire in continue at less ambition, whose thirst for foreign conquest, peace, to nbserve the stipulations of the Treaty and whose disregard for the rights and independ. of Paris, &c. and a letter from M. de Caulainence of other States, must expose the whole of court to Prince Metternich, containing similar Europe to renewed scenes of plunder and devasta. professions. After reading these Papers, it was tion. However general the feelings of the Sove. cousjdered whether any, and what answer should reigns may be in favonr of the restoration of the be made thereto, when the general opinion ap- | King, they no otherwise seek to influence the propeared to be, that none should be returned, and ceedings of the French in she choice of this or of no notice whatever taken of the proposal. Upon any other dynasty, or forın of Government, thau this, as indeed upon all other orcasions snbse may be essential to the safety and permanent quent to the resumption of authority by Bona tranquillity of the rest of Europe ; snch reaparte, wherein the present state of the Continen- sonable security being afforded by France in this tal Powers, with regard to France, bas come in respect, as other states have a legitimate riglic der discussion, but one opinion has appeared to to clain in their own defence, their object will direct the Councils of the several Sovereigns. be satisfied; and they shall joytally returu to that They adhere, and from the commercement have state of peace, which will then, and then only, he never ceased to adhere, to their Declaration of open to them, and lay dowu those arms which the 13th of March,, with respect to the actual they have only taken up for the purpose of ac. Ruler of France. They are in a state of hostility quiring that tranquillity so cagerly desired by with him and his adherents, not from choice, but them on the part of their respective Empires.from necessity, because past experience has Such, my Lord, are the general sentiments of the shewn, that no faith has been kept by him, and Sovereigns and of their Ministers liere assem. that po reliance can be placed ou the professions bled; and it should seem, that the glorions for. of one who has hitherto no longer regarded the bearance observed by them, when masters most solemn compacts than as it may have of the French capital in the early part of the snited his own convenience to observe them, last year, onglit to prove to the French, that whose word, the only assurance he can afford for this is not a war against their freedom and his peaceable disposition, is not less in direct op independence, or excited by any spirit of anbi. position to the tenor of his former life, than it is tion, or desire of conquest, but one arising out of to the military position in which he is actually necessity, nrged on the principles of self.preser. placed. They feel that they shonld neither per- vation, and founded on that legitimate and incon form their duty to themselves or to the people trovertible right of obtaining reasonable security committed by Providence to their charge, if they for their own tranquillity and independence-to were now to listen to those professions of a desire which, if France has on her part a claim, other for peace which have been made, and suffer nations bave an eqnal title to claim at the hands themselves this to be lulled into the supposition of France. I this day laid before the Plenipotenthat they might now relieve their people from tiaries of the Iliree Allied Powers in conference, the barthen of supporting immense military the Note proposed to be delivered upon the ex. masses, by diminishing their forces to a peace change of the ratifications of the Treaty of the establishment, convinced as the several Sove. 25th March. After the cpinions wlich I have reigns are from past experience, that no sooner detailed as those with which the Allied Soveshould they have been disarmed, than advantage reigns are impressed, with respect to the object wonld be taken of their want of preparation, to of the war, it is scarcely necessary for me to add, renew those scenes of aggression and bloodshed, that the explanation afforded in this Note, from which they liad hoped that the peace so as the construetion put by his Royal Highness gloriously won at Paris, would long have secured the Prince Regeut on the eighth article of that them. They are at war, then, for the purpose of Treaty, was favourably received. "Immediate obtaining some security for their own independe instructions will consequently be issued to ence, and for the re-conquest of that peace and the Ambassadors of the Imperial Courts of permanent tranquillity, for which the world has Austria and Russia, and to the Minister of bis so long panted. They are not even at war for Prussian Majesty, to accept of this Note on the the greater or less portion of security which exchange of the ratifications of the Treaty in Pravee can afford them of future tranquillity, but question. In order to be assured that I have ad. because France under its prevent chief, is nn. vanced nothing in this dispatch, which does not able to afford them any security whatever. In accord with the views of the Cabinets of the Althis war, they do not desire to interfere with any lied Sovereigns, I have acqnainted the Plenipolegitimate right of the French people; they have tentiaries of the ligb Allied Powers with the no design to oppose the claim of that vaijon to contents thereof, and have the honour to inform cuoose their own form of Government, or inten. yon, that the sentiments contained in it entirely tion to french, in any respect, upon their inde coincide with those of their respective Courts pendence as a great and free people : bnt they I have the honour to be &c. do think they have a right, and that of the

(Signed) CLANCARTY. highest nature, to contend avainst the re-estab.

Printed and Published by G. Houston, No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed

to the Editor, are requested to be forwarded.

Vol. XXVII. No. 22.]

LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 3, 1815. [Price 1s.

673)

[674

LETTER IX.

reading the Proclamation, in the USU. TO THE EARL OF LIVERPOOL.

“AL WAY, at the door of the office at

6 II hitchall.This was all, and, I will On the political Effects Produced in Ame- the strect did not kuow what it was that

be bound, that even the people passing in ricu by the Peace of Ghent. was reading. This is what the COURIER

Botley, 29th May, 1813, calls the usual way of proclaiming peace ! My Lord-It was frequently observed There was no illuminations; no tiring of by me, in former letters, which I had the guns; no ringing of bells; no demonstrahonour to address to your Lordship, dur- tions of joy. In short, the country, which ing the war with America, that, if you had been so eager for the war, and so unawere, at last, as I foretold you would be, nimous for its prosecution, seemed not at compelled to make peace without humo all to regret, that it never knew the exact bling America, and, indeed, without sub-period when peace returned. It felt duing her, or nearly subduing her, the re- ashamed of the result of the war, and was sult would be honourable to her, sceing glad to be told nothing at all about it. that she would, in a war single-handed But, in America! There the full force against England, -have succeeded in de- of public feeling was made manifest.fending herself. It was clear, that, when The country resounded from New Ose once the contest became a single combat, leans to the utmost borders of the Lakes; to defend herself must be to her triumph from the orange groves to the wheat lands, and to us defeat. And, if she came out buried four feet deep in snow, was heard of the war without any, even the smallest the voice of joy, the boast of success, the concession, her triumph over us must shout of victory. I, who had always felt raise her greatly in the estimation of her anxious for the freedom of America ; I, own people and of all the world. She did whose predictions have been so completely come out of the war in this way; and the fulfilled in the result of this contest; natural consequences have followed. even I cannot keep down all feeling of

I do not know, that I have before no- mortification at these demonstrations of ticed the fact in print, but it is now time triumph, related in the American prints that I should; I mean the curious fact now before me. Even in me, the Eng. relative to the proclamation of peace with lishman so far gets the better of all other America. We know that peace with any feelings and consideration. What, then, power is usually proclaimed by HE- must be the feelings of those, my Lord, RALDS, who, starting at St. James's roho urged on and who prosccuted that Palace, go into the City, with a grand dis- Jutal war? play of armorial ensigns, and accompanied An American paper now before 'me, by troops in gay attire, and by bands of the Boston “ Yankee," of the 9th of Demartial music, stopping, from time to time, cember last, gives an account, copied to read the King's proclamation of the from our London papers, of our Jubilee peace. This was done at the Peace of last summer, when - old BLUCHER" was

Amiens and at the Peace of Paris. In- so squeezed and hugged, and had his jaws deed, it is the usual way in which the so nastily licked over by the filthy wocessation of war is proclaimed.

men, who were called Ladies." This Now, then, how was the peace with Yankee calls it “ John Bull's great NaAmerica proclaimed ? There was no pro- tional Jubilee ;" and, I assure you, the cession at all : there was nothing of the famous victory gained by the naval force usual ceremony. But, the COURIER News- of England over the American fleet on the paper, and, I believe, that paper only, Serpentine River is not forgotten! But, informed the public, that 37 peace with the editor of the Yankee has made a misa “ America was proclaimed to-day, byl take. lle thought it was the Thames on

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