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the presence of the nation, I declare, I Representatives took the benches in the will take with pl:asure the oath of obedi- į centre. There was a bench for the Mi. ence to the Constitution of the Empire, nisters and Council of State. His Majesty and of fidelity to the Emperor? (General was received at the foot of the steps by the cries of“ To the cote! to the vote!'') President and twenty-five Members of the
M. Gourlac-- The Member has spo- Representative body. Ilis Majesty stopt ken of the efforts of the foreigners to di- in the hall and received the President and vide us; it might have been added, that in Vice-Presidents, who were severally preLa Vendee the enemies of the interior sented to him. He then entered the employ all means to subdue the men of Assembly amidst the unanimous acclamathe revolution. I am for the oath ( Fresh tions of all present, who received him calls of To the vote! to the vote!") standing. Having taken his place on the
The President consults the Chamber, throne, surrounded by the Princes, Grand and the proposal for the oath is unani. Dignitaries, Ministers, and Grand Eagles mously carried.
of the Legion of Honour, &c. : the Master M. Gen. CarxoTI move, that to add of the Ceremonies receired his Majesty's to the glory and to the enthusiasm of our order to invite the Peers and Represenarmies, the Chamber decree that they de- tatives to sit down. The President of the served well of their country. They have s Representatives took his seat in a chair in avoided the shedding of blood, and their the centre of the hall, having two ushers moderation has equalled their courage.
behind him. The names of the Peers M. DUCHESNE-We are all of the same were then called over, and each took the mind respecting the army. It has given oath. A Secretary having called the name proofs, and its glory is established. But of the first alphabetically, pronounced the in the present circumstance we ought to form of the oath.—56 I swear obedience to say only that we expect every thing from the Constitutions of the Empire, and fide. its courage. Since it has not yet been lity to the Emperor.” The Peer, standable to signalize itself afresh, I do not ing up and lifting up his hand, said, “ I think that (marked and general ilisuppro- swear it.” In like manner the Chamber bation.)
of Representatives was called over alphaM. REGNAULT DE ST. JEAN ANGELY-betically, and took the oath each, in the With all our attachment to the army, I same terms. The appeal being thus gone must say that the declaration demanded through, the Emperor uncovered for a by General Carnot, cannot emanate from moment, then having re-covered his head a single branch of the Legislature. We he delivered the following speech : are not definitively constituted; hence we Messieurs of the Chumber of Peers and Messieurs have not even the legal character neces- 1 of the Chamber of Representatives –For the last sary to make it the object of a simple resolution. But if you cannot alone give this three months existing circumstances and the corhonourable testimony to your sons, to mine fidence of the uation have invested me with unli. who forms part of that formidable barrier mited authority. The presevt day will behold to foreign invasion, to those brave Na- the fulfilment of the wishi dearest to my lieart. I tional Guards, raised on all sides, and in
now commence a Constitutional Monarchy.-close to our enemies, it is to the whole Mortals are too weak to insure future events; it nation to pay that sacred debt. I move, is solely the legal institutions which determine that acknowledging all the justice of our the destinies of nations. Monarchy is necessary Colleague's proposal, the decision be ad
to France, to guarantee the liberty, the indepen. journed till after the union of the three
dence, and the rights of the people-Our Consti. powers. The adjournment was
tution and laws are scattered ; ove of our must PARIS, JUNE 8.—Yesterday, at four importauit occupations will be to collect them into o'clock, his Majesty the Emperor went in a solid body, and to bring ihe whole within the state to the Palace of Representatives, to reach of every mind. This work will recommend open the Session of the Legislature. The Peers went with an escort of honour to the present age to the gratitude of future genie the Palace of Reprosentatives, and took ratious. It is my wish that France should enjoy their seats to the right of the throne ; the i all possible liberty. I say possible, because
anarchy resolves itself into absolute Government. | die rather than survive the dishonour and degra. A formidable coalition of Kings threaten our dation of France. The sacred cause of the counindependence; their armies are approaching our try shall triumpli! frontiers. The frigate La Melpomene has been
This discourse was followed by cries of attacked and captured in the Mediterranean Vive l'Empereur! Vive l'Imperatrice! after a sanguinary action with av English ship of Vive la Famille Imperiale! Vive la Pa
trie! Vive la Nation!The same accla. 74 guns. Blood bas been shed in time of peace. Imations, the same transports, followed his Onr enemies reckon on onr interual divisions! Majesty when passing through the crowd They excite and foment a civil war. Assemblages of Deputies, as he left the hall. The PreItave been formed, and communications are car. sident re-conducted the Emperor at the ried on with Gbent, in the same manner as with head of the Deputation. Coblentz in 1792. Legislative measures therefore, become indispensibly necessary; and I ON THE THREATEN’D INVASION OF FRANCE. place my coufidence, without reserve, in your pa
Anno Domini 1815. triotism, your wisdom, and your attachment to my Oft did NAPOLEON offer Peace, person. The Liberty of the Press is inberent in our And, when refus'd, for WAR prepare, present Constitution; nor can any change be made which serv'd lis glory to increase, in it, without altering our whole political sys
And left his foes disgrace to share; but it must be subject to legal restrictions, Again such offer he has made more especially in the present state of the nation.
And still his foes refuse to treat. I therefore recommend this important matter to Swearing they'll once more France invade your serious consideration. My ministers will
A Bourbon on lier throne to seat: inform you of the situation of our affairs. The finances would be in a satisfactory state, except
Thus, among pations, France alove from the increase of expence which the present
Is callid on lo renounce her Chiet; circumstances renders nec essary; yet we might
But great Napoleon fills her throne, face every thing, if the receipts contained in the
And he's gone forth to her relief. budget were all realizable within the year. It is His god-like presence will dismay to the means of arriving at this result that my
A host of foes, where lie appears ; minister of finance will direct your attention. It Like chaff he'll scatter them away, is possible that the first daty of a Prince may And they'll fall victims to their fears; soon call me to the head of the sons of the nation, Let then his foes retract in time to fight for the country-the army and myself
Nor further dictate laws to France, will do our duty.-Yon, Peers and Representa- Lest they are pnnish'd for their crime, tives, give to the nation an example of confi.
Avd tauglit the grand Carmagnol dance. dence, energy, and patriotism; and, like the
ALFRED N. senate of tlie great people of antiquity, swear to | Temple, June 12th, 1815.
Printed and Published by G. Houston, No, 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed
to the Editor, are requested to be forwarded.
Vol. XXVII. No. 25.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 24, 1815. [Price 1s. 769]
[770 LETTER V.
pired long ago. Yet, such is the effect of To Lord CASTLEREAGH.
habit, especially the habit of subrnission,
that the people have continued to act ever On the late WESTMINSTER MEETING, and since, as if the penal laws about Meetings
on the Declarations of Mr. Hunt with were still in existence! The City of Westregard to the conduct of the EMPEROR mioster, with Sir Francis BURDETT at NAPOLEON, us for as relates to the their head, have set an example of spirit Death of the Duke or ENGHIEN and sufficieut to overcome this habitual subCAPTAIN WRIGIT.
missiveness, and that example will, I dare
say, now be followed by other places. My LORD, -The public prints inform The people of Nottingham were, the other tis, that, at the Meeting of the City of day, deterred from holding a public meetWestminster, held on the 15th instant, to ing to petition agaiust the war. Indeed, consider of another petition to the House they appear to have been threatened. They
ummons, their former petition against now see, that no one had a right, that no * '* f'rench war having been refused to be one had a legal authority, to prevent
Dived by that honourable body; at them from meeting ; and, another time, -i Meeting, we are told, that your it is to be hoped, that they will remember
lordship was present, in your capacity this. The "SEDITION BILLS” may, if course, of a citizen of Westmiuster. indeed, be revived; but, then, we shall I was sorry to perceive, that your Lord- have liberty to talk about the revival; ship was not well received by your fellow shall we not, my Lord ? And the world, citizens, who, it is stated in the Times especially the French and Americans, will newspaper, attacked you, and compelled hear what we say, will they not, my you to seek sasety in the speed of your Lord? horse. It is also added, that it was found But, the matter which attracted my to be necessary to send a detachment of attention the most forcibly, in the speeches HORSE SOLDIERS to guard YOUR of this Meeting, was, that which was HOUSE during the succeeding night. I brought forward by Mr. Hunt, with renotice these facts, my Lord, merely to gard to the conduct of the Emperor Nahave occasion to observe to you, that, if poleon, as far as relates to the death of we were to hear of Mons. CAMBACERES, or the Duke of Enghien and of Captain Mons. Carnot, being thus treated' by Wright. The CouRIER newspaper abuses their fellow citizens, I am quite sure that Mr. Hunt for what he said, or is reported this same Times newspaper would cise it to have said, upon this occasion. It says, as a certain proof of the speedily ap- that that gentleman undertook to justify proaching downfall of the French Go. Napoleon in his murders of the Duke of vernment : yes, this corrupt print would Enghien and of Capt. Wright. But, it apnot fail to cite it as a complete proof of pears, from the report itself, that Mr.llunt, those Ministers, as well as their Master, so far from justifying inurders perpetrated being held in universal horror and execra- by Napoleon, denied that Napoleon had, in tion.
the alledged cases, committed any murder As to the Meeting itself, I am very at all. The reason why Mr. Huut made happy to see, and so must every friend of this denial was very good. lle had perfreedom, that there is one City, at any ceived, that the vile London presss had rate, who have had the sense and the re- succeeded in making the people, or a solution to exercise their rights once more great part of them, believe, that Napoleon The laws which were passed, during the had been guilty of these murdess. This first French war, to prevent the people done ; batred and abhorrence thus ada from meeting without the consent of cited against him, it required less trouts the King's Justicas or Steriffs, bayc ex- te joconcile them to the prescut var, which is, in this manner, on the part of the assertions of the French government the deluded people, a war of passion, in upon either of the two principal points ; which, of course, reason, justice, policy, and, I allow, that I have had fair opporand even self, bare self-interest, are suf- tunities of seeing all that ever was pubfered to have nothing to say.
lished on the subject. Therefore, if there Mr. Hunt, as was his duty, his strict ever was any authentic document, disduty, having the opportunity, endeavour- proving or contradicting the allegations ed to shew that this hatred of Napoleon of the French government upon the points was founded in falshood; and, though it in question, I allow, that I may be fairly may surprise your Lordship, I really think suspected of publishing a wilful falsehood that Mr. Hunt was perfectly right in his at this moment. efforts, if he was convinced of the cor- But, my Lord, we will not let this rectness of what he stated.
matter go off thus. Since the busy slaves The great point, however is, was Mr. of the Times and Courier will keep Hunt right in his STATEMENT, or was ringing in our ears the charge of murder he trong? Precisely what his statement against Napoleon; since they will insist was we cannot collect from the report of upon our waging a war of passion, his speech, published in the corrupt TIMES grounded upon this charge; since, if and Courier newspapers. But if what they events should, as in the case of America, say be true, Mr. Hunt said, in substance compel you to make peace with this prethis : “that the Duke of Enghien was scribed Chief, and to acknowledge the S shot in consequence of a court-martial legitimate title of him, who is now doom
regularly convened, and agreeably to ed at every breath, to everlasting outlaw
laro, he being charged with traitorous ry ; since, in such case, you and your “ proceedings against his country, and worthy colleagues might be greatly em“ with plotting against the life of Bona- barrassed by the charge of murder
parte by the means of assassination ;' still resting on the head of him, with " and that, as to Capt. Wright, he was whom you would thus be compelled to " charged with having landed Georges, treat : since, in short, wisdom and truth " Pichegru and others, on the coast of demand a recurrence to the real facts, I
France, from England ; and these men am resolved to recur to them, and to en
having been convicted of a plot to assas-able my readers to judge between Napo *** sinate Bonaparte, he, Capt. Wright, leon and the vile slaves, who have the
was not regarded, by the French, as a audacity to charge him with murder, in prisoner of wur, but as guilty of a crime order to delude and inflame the people of against the laws of war; and that, be- England. ing confined in prison, and, as he natu- 'T'he death of the Duke of Enghien
rally thought, liable to be put to an ig- took place in the month of March, 1804. “ nominoas death, he put an end to his He was tried by a special military com oron eristence."
mission, at Vincennes. The President of This, my Lord, appears to have been the Court-martial was General Huley. in substance, the statement of Mr. Hunt; The charges against him were :- 1. llar. and, I am sure, that your Lordship, who ing carried arms against the French Rewas present at the Meeting, would have public. 2. Ilaving offered his services to contradicted this statement, if you had the English government, the enemy of not known it to be TRUE. At any rate, the French people. 3. llaving received, true it is, unless all the official papers, and having, with accredited agents of published at the time, in the face of all thist government, procured means of obLurope, can be proreil to be false, which taining intelligence in France, and conthey never have yet been, as far, at any spiring against the internal and external rate, as my observation has gove. And security of the State. 4. Being at the here, my Lord, I wish to be very precise; head of a body of French and other I say, that authentic, public papers, pub- emigrants, paid by England and formed on lished by the French government, attest the frontiers of France, in the districts of the truth of Mr. Ilunt's statement; and, Fribourg and Baden. 5. Ilaving atI say, that I have never seen any paper, tempted to foment intrigues at Strasbourg, published by our, or any other gorern- with a view of producing a rising in the ment, disprovins, or even contradicting, adjacent departments, for the purpose of
operating a diversion favourable to Eng. / was an usurpation; that the Duke of Enland. 6. That he was one of those con- | ghien-as a loyal subject of the king, and cerned in the conspiracy, planned by the especially as one of the royal family, he Englizdi, for assassinating the First Con-, had a right to do every thing that he could sul, and intending in case of the success to overturn the French government, and of this plot, to return to France.
to cause to be put to death the First ConThese were the charges preferred sul, who was at the head of that governagainst the Duke of Enghien. The court- ment. But, my Lord, let us see how this martial found him guilty upon all and doctrine will suit, if applied to ourselves. erery one of the charges, and the court There was a time when the Jlanoverians, was unanimous in this thcir decision. who were put upon the throne in England, They were unanimous also, in condemn- at the beginning of the last century, were ing him to death. This sentence was pas- called usurpers by the loyal adherents of sed in conformity to the second article, the family of Stuart, and, especially, by title 4, of the military code of offences the members of that family. Before we and punishments, passed on the 11th of go any further, let me offer you an obserJanuary, 1795, and the second section vation about these foreigners. The rable of the first title of the ordinary penal in England (I mean the rable, the stupid, code, established on the 6th of October, prejudiced, hood-winked, cajoled, rich, 1791, expressed in the following terms : rather than the poor) are frequently told, .“ Article 2014 (11th January 1795), every that the Emperor Napoleon is a foreigner s individual, whatever be his state, quality, in France. If he be a foreigner in France, 6 or profession, convicted of acting as a all the inhabitants of the islands of Guern“ spy for the enemy, shall be senteerced sey and Jersey, of the Isle of Wight, and “ to the punishment of death."-" Every even of Ireland, are foreigners in England; 56 one engaged in a plot or conspiring to say nothing of those numerous fellow" against the republic; shall, on convic- subjects of ours who have been born in “tion, be punished with death.”—“ Ar- our North American and West Indian co6. ticle 2d, (6th October, 1791), every lonies. Our present king, indeed, was
one connected with a plot or conspi- born in England, but his two immediate “racy, tending to disturb the tranquillity predecessors were as completely foreigners “ of the state, by civil war, by arming as Napoleon himself is now a foreigner to
one class of citizens against the other, England. Much more might be said upon
or against the exercise of legitimate au- this subject; but here is enough to expose " thority, shall be punished with death.” the absurdity, the gross ignorance, or the This sentence was put in execution, and base duplicity of those, who pretend that thus ended this unfortunate young man.
Napoleon is a foreigner to France. Now, my Lord, there never has been When the loyal subjects of the Stuarts any doubt expressed, that I have heard of, had the audacity to call our Hanoverian of the truth of these charges. So far from Sovereigns usurpers, and, aided and asit, that the friends of the Duke of Enghien, sisted by the malice, the insolence, and the have made it a merit in him, to have done | arms, of the perfidious and tyrannical the acts here imputed to him. It was Bourbons; when the loyal subjects of the afterwards fully proved, if we give credit Stuarts, thus encouraged and supported, to the official documents of the French, threatened England with invasion, and, that the Duke had acted his full share in indeed, actually invaded her, for the purwhat was carrying on on the frontiers of pose of making her submit to the divine . France, against the peace of the republic, right of that stupid family, what did his and the life of the First Consul; but, tó Majesty's predecessors do? Did they the argument of Mr. Hunt, or rather to stand quietly by, as our writers would his statement, no proof of this sort is ne- have had the First Consul do, in the case cessary, seeing, that it is acknowledged to of the Duke of Enghien; did they stand the honour of the Duke of Enghien, by and gape like sucking geese, when that his friends, that he had done all these gallant youth, the son of the Pretender things of which he was accused. They King, was approaching towards London say that it was great merit in him to do all with an army of what he called loyalists, that he was accused of doing. They but whom our forefathers called rebels. say, that the government existing in France, No, faith ! our good Manorcrian Kings did