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795] POLITICAL REGISTER.-Exposilion of the Minister of the Interior. [796 blages on our frontiers, by hostilities com- 1 vity. The hospitais in the departments invaded menced in full peace, by landings effected by ile enemy liad considerably sutfered, but they

were already re-established. on our coasts in order to encourage civil Works. Under this head Count Regnant war, and, in fine, by the refusal to listen ennmeraied tlre great monuments founded or orto any proposal for the maintenance of dered by his Majesty; they should be continued, peace. All these circumstances must give though they were seen suspended even iu time of a precise idea of the justice and modera- reserved for France, and if existing circnm. tion of our enemies : it is the same as instances did not permit them to receive that ex1792, when the Duke of Brunswick pub- tent which were to be wished, they shonld soon lished the famous manifesto of which the be accelerated by the arms which would be 110

longer necessary for the detence of the country. insolent pretentions converted the French

WORKS AT Paris.-The Minister hieré gave into a nation of soldiers. Representatives an acccount of the various constructions which of the nation, you know the French peo- have been coinmenced in the capital, and which ple, essentially good and generous, and should be continued.

Mines.--This head preseuted nothing realways ready to contribute to the wants

markable. of the country, provided the whole extent MANUFACTURES.-Connt Regnanlt here did of these wants be fairly made known to justice to the superiority of our manufactures, them. You have already assumed that which all the merchants of Europe could attest

from the experience furnished them by the short wise and imposing attitude which is the time during which it had been in their power to finest guarantee to our liberty and inde- trade with us. He saw, like every statesman, pendence; and you have a right to know, that France, at once agricultural and manutacwithout the least' disguise, the state of our turing, could alone dispevse with the assistance wants and resources. The former are

of its veighbours, and that a liberal government

could not tajl to give all possible spring to nadoubtless great, but sufficient means exist tional industry, formerly compressed by Gothic to provide for them without oppressing the prejudices.—He announced that varions new mapeople ; and with the energy which

you

nntactures had been improved, sud others intro

duced ; that the manufacture of sugar from the share with the people who elected you, we beet-root, in spite of all the efforts made to deshall be certain of repelling the most in- stroy it, promised shortly to render Europe in. just aggression against an independent dependent of the New World for that article; people, of which the political annals of that the indigo of woad, without having reached cabinets have ever preserved the recollec- India; and that, in tine, a number of useful dis

the saine perfection, already rivalled that of tion. I am charged to present to you the coveries presented uew sources of national prosfollowing details on our internal situa- perity. tion :

COMMERCE.—The report expressed nothing COMMUNES.—Under this head, Count Reg. ambition of sovereigns all the nations of Europe

but hope upon this article, and by the absurd nauli stated, that the communal adininistrations had been almost totally abandoned under the go.

are placed in the same condition. vernment of the Bourbons; that the communal exhibited all the vicissitudes to which the corps

INSTRUCTION.- Under this title the Minister finds, so essential to the movement of troops, of teachers bad been subjected. The result of Wie equipment of the national guards, &c: haid the enquiry shewed that the number both of col. been delapidated by the journies of the Princes, leves and scholars had been diminished, but that by the restoration of woods to emigrants, and by the university of Paris still numbered under its wany other malversations ; but that the Emperor direction 325,554 pupils, and that the lycennis, was taking pains to restore order in this important stimulated by the new encouragement of the branch of iniernal administration.

Emperor, displayed the best spirii. Hospitals.-Tliese asylums of suffering lin. Public WORSHIP.-In speaking of the clergy, manity bad at all times excited the solicitude of the Minister did not attempt to disguise the erthe Emperor. At the commencement of 1914, rors they committed under the last government, these establishmevts had been exposed to con- ill giving way, from the lure of a restitution of siderable additional expences from the minber of circla property, to the infuence of emigrants, sick and wounded soldiers. Under the late you in stigmatizing as plonderers the owners of navernment, however, they were on the point of tional property, whose titles had been recognised losing one of their principal resources, by the as legitimaie by the Pope himself, and in at. restitution of property of emigravis, with which enupting, in tlie name of the Almighty, whose they had been endowed by solemu lairs. The -ervants they are, to light up civil war among Emperor had restored it to them. He had also men. ---The Emperor, however, was always dis. doubled the tunnis of the Maternal Society which posed to protect, and even favour the ministers lie founded; which, on this account alone, was of the church, so loog as they contined then. peglected, and of which the angust protectress selves within the bounds of their duty, and bad is invited back by the wishes of all Frenchimen. I already conterred on the curates an augmentation The depots of mendicity, created also by the of 150 franks, which had been vainly promised Emperor', were equally abandoned; but these to them by the last government. The Emperor establishin.euls were about to resune new actis' was, besides, the only sovereign who, laving no

farther interests toʻarrange with the Pope, had it

IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS. iu his power 10 pot an end to those interminable pegociations, commenced by the last goverument

Paris, JUNE 12.-Yesterday, (Sunday with the Court of Rome, and to re-establish, npon the 11th) the Emperor being on his the basis of the concordat, the liberties of the Gal. throne, surrounded by the Princes his lican choreli,

brothers, the Grand Dignitaries, Ministers, JURISPRUDENCE.-This article of the report &c. received at the Thuilleries, before was extremely short, stated, that those civil jndges who felt themselves mass, a Deputation of the Chamber of unworthy of their functions, had done justice by

Peers. On this occasion, the Prince abdicating their offices; and that as far as re- Arch-Chancellor, president, presented the spected the administration of the criminal law, following address : the establislaent of she trial by jury every day merited new approbation ; but that in the mean Sire,– Your anxiety to snbinit to constitutional time, some organical institutions were necessary fories and rules, the absolute power with whicha to regnlate the duties and dimivish the labours of circumstances and the confidence of the people those judicial citizens.

had invested you, the new garantees given to The War DEPARTMENT.--It was absolutely the rights of the nation, the devotedness which impossible to follow M. le Comte Regnant leads you into the midst of the dangers the army through all the details which lie furnished on this is about to brave, penetrate all hearts with proimportant topic. The result is, that on the 1st fonnd gratitude. The Peers of France come to of April, 1814, the army consisted of 450,000 offer yoor Majesty the homage of this sentiment, men, exclusive of 150,000 prisoners, all veteran You have manifested principles, Sire, which are soldiers, and of 115,000 conscripts of the levy of those of the nation : they must also be our's. 1815, of which 45,000 only, ont of 160,000, had Yes, all power springs from the people, is instibeen raised. The last government, at once pro-tured for the people; the constitutional modigal and avaricious, alarıned at its own strength, narchy is necessary to the French, as the gnaand essentially hosiile to the army, had taken rantee of its liberty and independence. Sira, every possible means of diminishing it.--The while you shall be on the frontiers, at the head of orator then described the various oppressions to tbe sons of the country, the Chamber of Peers which the army bad been exposed, particularly will zealously coneur in every legislative measure by the introduction of the emigrants, and which which circumstances require, to compel foreigners had reduced its number to 175,000 men. Since to acknowledge the naiional independence, and the 20th of Marcin last, its member had been to cause the principles, cousecrated by the will raised in 375 000 combatants of every descrip of the people, to triumph in the interior. The tion; and before the 1st of August, it would interest of Prance is inseparable from your's. amount 10 500,000 independent of the national Should fortune fail your efforts, reverses, Sire, guards.

shall not weakew our perseverance, and stall The IMPERIAL Guard.—This surest bulspark redouble onr attachment to you. If events corof the throne in times of war, and its finest oma respond to the justice of our cause, and to the ment in time of peace, had a separate article al. hopes we are accustomed to conceive of your lotted to it in the official report. The Minister gevins, and to the bravery of our armies, France condenmed the injustice with which it was treat desires no other fruits from them but peace. ed by the last government, and announced that Our institutions guarantee to Europe that the it already amounted to 40,000 men.

French vation cannot be drawn on by the seduc.

tions of victory. ARTILLERY.--The losses in this arm has been in a great measure repaired; they were occa. Ilis Majesty replied :sioned chietly by treachery, and especially the delivering up of all the strong places, by order

M. President, and Gentlemen Deputies of the of the Count d'Artois in liis capacity of Liente. Chamber of Peers.--. The contest in which we are Jaut-General of the kingdom. By this single act

engaged is serions. The seduction of prosperity France had lost 12,000 pieces of cannon, mostly is not the danger which threatens us now. of brass, the value of which is estimated at

under the Cuudine Forks that foreigners wish to 200,000,000 of francs. This loss, however, had make us pass! - The justice of our canse, the been entirely snpplied : the arsenals, magazincs public spirit of the nation, and the conrage of the of powder, and armories, were ip full activity ;/army, are powerful reasons for hoping success ; and after having arned élie national guard and but shonk we liave reverses, then especially i associations, there would remain in the magazines shall delight to see called fortlı all the energy of 600,000 moskets in reserve.

this great people; then shall I find in the ChamMILITARY Expenditure. The administre. ber of Peers, proofs of attachment to the country tive details on this subject were little susceptible and me.--It is in difficult times that great na of abridgment,' The Minister, however, asserted tions, like great men, develope all the energy of that the necessary funds would be easily pro their character, and become objects of admiravided, and no new taxes be required.

tion to posterity. I thank yoll, gentlemen, for NAT ONAL GUARD.-- This article furnished no

The sentiments you have expressed to me in the information of which the public is not already ware of the Chamber. in possession,

This audience being finished, the EmTue Marine presented considerable resources, notwithstanding the evils produced by treachery, peror proceeded to mass. whicle had not, however, cast any staiu upou its having again taken his place on the bonour.

throne, lie received a deputation of the

It is

After mass,

Chamber of Representatives, headed by a people who carry to the highest pitch the ci. Count Lanjuinais, the president, who pre-lexs, among the communications which your Ma

thusiasm of liberty and independence. Doubt. sented the following address :

jesty promisex us, the Chambers will find proofs Sire - The Chamber of Representatives re

of the efforts you bave made to maintain the ceived with profound emotion the words which peace of the world. If all these efforts must reproreeded from the throne at the solen sitting, main useless, may the calamities of war fall opou when your Majesty, laying down the extraor.

those who shall have provoked them. The Chaindinary power which you exercised, proclaimed ber of Representatives only waits for the docuthe commencement of the Constitutional mo.

ments announced to it in order to contribute with marchy. The chief basis of that monarchy, the all its power to the measures whicil the success protectress of liberty, equality, and the hap of so legitimate a war will require. It delays piness of the people, have been recognized by pronouncing its resolves only 'till it knows the by your Majesty, who, rising above all scruples, wants and resources of the state; and while your as anticipating all wishes, has decla ed that the Majesty, opposing to the most nnjust aggression care of collecting our scattered constitutious, the valour of the varioual armies and the force of and of airanging them, was one of the most in your genins, will seek in victory only one means portant occupations reserved for the legisluture of attaiving a durable peace, the Chamber of Re. Faithful to its mission, the Chamber of Depoties presentatives will deem that it marches towards will perform the task thus devolved upon it; it ihe same object, by incessantly labouring on the reqnests that, to satisfy the public wisli

, as well compact, of which the improvement must cement as the wishes of your Majesty, national Jelibe the union of the people and the throne, and sation should rectify, as speedily as possible, strengthen, in the eyes of Europe, by the arnelioany thing defective or imperfect, that the ur. ration of our institutions, the gurautee of our en gency of our situation may have produced, or left

gagements. to exist in our constitutionis considered as a whole.

Ilis Majesty replied: But at the same time, Sire, the Chamber of Representatives will not slew itself less anxious to Mr. President, and Gentlemen Deputies of the proclaim its sentiments and its principles as tu Chumber of Representatives,-l recoguise with sa. the terrible contest which threatens to cover tisfaction my own sentiments in those which you Europe with blood. In the train of disastrous express to me. In these weighty circunstances events, France invaded, appeared for a moment my thoughts are absorded by tbe imminent war, listened to as to the establishinent of a constitu. to the success of which are attached the iudepen. rion, only to see lierself alinust immediately sub-dence and the honour of France. I will depart this jected to a royal charter emanating from abso. niglit to place myself at the head of niy armits; inte power, to an ordinance of reform always the movements of the different loslife corps revocable in its nature, and which, not having render my presonce there indispensible, During the expressed assent of the people, could never my absence I shall see with pleasure a commission be considered as obligatory on the nation. Re. appointed by each chamber engaged in delibe. sining now the exercise of her rights, rallying rating on our constitutions. The constitution is wrond the liero whom her confidence anew in our rallying point; it must be our polc-star in Pests with the government of the state, France these stormy moments. All public discussion, is astonished and aftlicted at secing some Sove tending to diminish directly or indirectly thic con seigns in armis call her to account for an internal lidence which should be placed in its enact. change, which is the result of the national will, ments, will be a mistortune to the state; we and which attacks veither the relations existing sliould then find ourselves at sea, without a com. with other governments, nor their security.-- pass and witinut a rudder. The crisis in which France cannot admit the distinctions with the We are placed is great. Let us not imitate the aid of which the coalesced powers endeavour in conduct of the Lower Empire, which, pressed cloak their aggression. To attack the nobarel on all sides by barbariaus, wade itself the langh. of its choice, is to attack the independence of ing stock of posterity, by occupying itself witte the nation. It is armed as one man to defend abstract discussions, at the inoment when the that independence, and to repel, without excep. battering ram was skaking the gates of the city, liwn, every family and every prince whom men Independently of the Legislative measures res phiali dare to wish to impose upon it. No ainbi. quired by the circumstances of the interior, yon tions project enters the thoughts of the French will probably deem it useful to employ yourself people; the will even of a victoriqns Prince on organic laws destined to put the constitution would be insuficient to draw on the nation be: in motion. They may be the object of your pubyond the limits of its own defence : but to guard lic labours williout auy inconvenience. The setits territory, to maintain its liberty, its bonour, timents expressed in your address sufficiently dejis dignity, it is ready for any sacrifice. Why monsiratc io me the attachment of the Climber Ale we not still permitted to lopé, Sire, that to my person, and all the patriotism with which these watlike preparations, formed perisaps by it is animated. In all affairs my march shall be the liritation of priile, and by illusions which straight forward and firm. Assist me to save the esery day must weaken, may stili disperse before country. First representative of the people, I the want of a peace necessary to all the varjus have contracted the engagement, which I renew, of Europe, and which shall restore to your M*: 1 of employing in more tranquil times, all the pre jesty a spouse, to the French tlie heir of a throne? rogatives of the Crown, and the little experience Bit blond has already flowed, the signal of cuin. I have acquired, in seconding you in the ameliobals, prepared against the independenee and ration of our Constitutions, liberty of Fianca, has been given in the namr of

l'riuted and Published by G. Houston, No. 192, Strand; where all Communicat:00. uudiessed

to the Editor, are requested to be forwarded.

Vol. XXVII. No. 26.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 1, 1815.

[Price Is.

801]

[802

LETTER VL.

overtake his companions, I went homeward To LORD CASTLEREAGH. with a mind far from being so completely On the Overthrow of the Emperor Na-made up as that of the Gipsey and his poleon.

black-coated and white-wig'd benefactor.

I had, when I came to see the news-papers; My Lord,- The intelligence of this when I came to read the insolent language grand event reached me on Saturday last, of the Times and the Courier, no doubt and in the following manner.

I had been of what would follow ; and, there appears out very early in the morning, and, in now very little room for doubting, that returning home to breakfast, I met a po- “the paternal authority” will very soon pulous gang of gypsies. At the first view be restored in France by the force of the of them, I thought of nothing but the rob- bayonet and the cannon ball. There is a beries which they constantly commit talk of making a stand for the independence upon us, and I began to plan my measures of France; but, there does not appear the of defence; but, upon a nearer approach to stuff for making such stand. The attempt them, I perceived the whole caravan deco- at a mixty maxty government deprived the rated with laurel. The blackguard ruffi- state of all zeal. If, indeed, we were yet, ans of Nen bad laurel hongly in ) Tee yet, to see a Directory, or a Con. hats; the nasty ferocious looking women, salie, or a Cono a DN, sa Com villée with pipes in their jaws, and straddling de Sulut Public, the suke and his victory along like German trulls, had laurel leaves would prove of little avail. But, to depinned against their sides. The poor asses, fend France now requires all the energy that went bending along beneath the bur- of 1792, 3, and 4; and, that energy apdens laid on them by their merciless mas-pears to be fled for ever; or, at least, till ters, and that were quivering their skins time and opportunity shall again call it to get the swarm of flies from those parts forth. It is very evident, that Napoleon, of their bodies which the wretched drivers from the hour of his return to Paris, perhad beaten raw, had their bridles and hal-ceived, that it would not do merely to re-ters and pads stuck over with laurel. assume his title and authority; that he Somewhat staggered by this symbol of would, in that case, have no friends in the victory, !, hesitating what to do, passed republicans, and all enemies in the roythe gang in silence, until I met an extra- alists. But, besides, there is no reason to ordinarily ill-looking fellow, who, with believe, that he was not perfectly, sincere two half-starred dogs, performed the of- in his professions relative to the libertics fice of rear-guard. I asked him the mean of France. Still, the Empress! “ The ing of the laurel boughs, and he informed august spouse.

The august son.me, that they were hoisted on account of These hung about him; and he could not the “glorious victory obtained by the bring himself to say: “Up again with the Duke of IVellington over Bony;" that “ Republic, and I will again be her Ge. they were furnished them by a good gen- neral Borparte.He could not screw tleman, in a black coat and big white wig, himself up to this; and hence, doubtless, whose house they had passed the day be- his want of enthusiastic support from fore, between Andover and Botley, and many of the republicans, who, if they who had given them several pots of ale, must have a king, claiming an hereditary wherein to drink the Duke's, health right to rule over them, did not think it “ And, to be sure," added he, “it is glo worth their while to commit themselves 6 rious news, and we may now hope to in the quarrel : while, on the other hand,

see the gallon loaf at a grate again, as he had all the kings, all the nobles, and all “'twas in my old father's time." - the priests of the whole of Europe agninst

Leaving this political aconomist, this him; together with an army of a million “ loyal man and friend of social order," to land eleven thousand of regular troops!

66

arms.

and, which we shall by-and-by find to thumb of the right hand of the male inhahave been of greater weight than all the bitants of France, I know not. But, I rest put together, FIFTY MILLIONS |thirik, we shall hear them propose the anniOF OUR MONEY, voted by the lio. hilation of the fleet of France; the surnourable House. This is the key of ca- render of her frontier towns; the abolition binets; the powder, ball, swords, and of all the new nobility; the disbanding bayonets of armies. This it is that will of the whole of the army; the restoration decide the fate of France now, as it did in of the papal territories in Provence; the 1814. In the times of the Republic, in- giving up of something to Spain; the redeed, our millions had no effect. There establishment of the feudal rights and were many very cruel men in power, du courts; and, I shall be very much surring those stormy times; but, those men prised if we do not hear it forcibly recomwere sound as towards their country. menced to Louis le Desirée to re-establish There was little of moderation, to be sure; the monasteries and the tythes. but, there was a great deal of fidclity. There will be some work to accom.

However, those times are passed. The plish all this; yet, all this would not an. men, who have declined to go back to swer the end in vieri, unless the French revolutionary measures, have now to make pay a share of our NATIONAL DEBT, their peace as they can; or, rather, I take the annual interest of which will now be it, to submit to their fate. They will forty-three millions sterling; and, unless know, in all human probability, before we could, besides, make them pay their this day week, whether the pensioned share towards the support of our PAUBURKE spoke truth, when he said, that PERS. Unless these can be accomplishKings hact long memories as well as long ed, people will not live here to pay part

Our TIMES newspaper already has of this debt, if they can avoid it by going marked out some hundreds for the gallows. to France. Their loyalty will not keep lle is forhanging them up at once.” And, them at home to live meanly, while they really, I think his advice very likely to be can live in affluence by only crossing the followed. Blood, blood, is the cry on channel. If France were a republic, less erery side ; and, those in power, at Paris, rich people would go, than will go, will now see what is the consequence of France being a monarchy. Our old madoing things by halves, when they have to lady will return with the Bourbons, to redeal with kings, nobles, and priests! store whon we have so loaded ourselves They will now see what is to be gained by with debts, that many of our people will their 66 moderation !They will soon be compelled to go and live under them. see, that power must be maintained, if at All is not over, therefore, when Louis all, by the same sort of means as those, by is up again. By disabling France for which it has been acquired. Their fate and war, we shall compel her to set about the that of Napoleon, whose name will always arts of peace. We shall make France a be pronounced with admiration of his country to live in ; a country that the warlike deeds, will be a warning to future arts of peace will seek. She will, do revolutionists how they place kings upon what we will, soon become our rival in their thrones, after having dethroned them. manufactures. Commerce will revire I do not say, that it is to be regretted; with her very quickly. Amongst all the but, it has astonished every one to see the lighting nutions she is, after all, the only Royal Family of France suffered to escape one that is lightly taxed; and, I repeat, so tranquilly, even after some of them that, unless we can make her pay a share were taken in arms! Napoleon, will of the interest of the debt, contracted in soon find, that this was not the way to in the subduing of her, we shall, with all sure the safety of his own person.

our successes and all our boastings, have On what conditions Louis may be re- only accelerated the destruction of our stored, we cannot yet say ; but our news. own sys'am. In short, unless we can papers insist, that he ought to be compelled make France tributary to us, to the to adopt such measures as the safety of amount of 20 millions sterling a year, we Europe, and particularly of England, may shall live to mourn the triumphs, at which demand. Whether these writers mean to we now rejoice. propose the drawing out of the fore-teeth

I am, &c. &c. and the cutting off of the fingers and

W. COBBETT.

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