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and to solicit the influence of the British Cabinet in favour of the illustrious prisoner. Disappointed in the expected mediation of Great Britain, the President addressed the following letter immediately to the Emperor of Germany.

“ It will readily occur to your Majesty, that occasions may sometimes exist on which official considerations would constrain the chief of a nation to be silent and passive in relation even to objects which affect his sensibility, and claim his interposition as a man. Finding myself precisely in this situation at present, I take the liberty of writing this private letter to your Majesty, being persuaded that my motives will also be my apology for it.

In common with the people of this country, I retain a strong and cordial sense of the services rendered to them by the Marquis La Fayette; and my friendship for him has been constant and sincere. It is natural, therefore, that I should sympathize with him and his family in their misfortunes, and endeavour to mitigate the calamities they experience; among which his present confinement is not the least distressing.

“ I forbear to enlarge on this delicate subject. Permit me only to submit to your Majesty's consideration, whether his long imprisonment, and the confiscation of his estate, and the indigence and dispersion of his family, and the painful anxieties incident to all those circumstances, do not form an assemblage of sufferings which recommend him to the mediation of humanity? Allow me, Sir, on this occasion to be its organ,

and to entreat that he may be permitted to come to this country on such conditions, and under such restrictions as your Majesty may think it expedient to prescribe.

“ As it is a maxim with me not to ask what under similar circumstances, I would not grant, your Majesty will do me the justice to believe, that this request appears to me to correspond with those great principles of magnanimity and wisdom, which form the basis of sound policy and durable glory."

This letter was sent to Mr. Pinckney, and was hy himn transmitted through the Austrian minister to the Emperor. From this period the Marquis was treated with more mildness, and was soon after discharged from his confinement; but what influence the President's letter bad on these measures is not known.

In 1795, George Washington Motier La Fayette, the son of the Marquis La Fayette, made his escape from France, and arrived with his tutor at Boston.

He immediately, by letter, communicated his situation to General Washington, and solicited his advice and patronage. The mother of young Fayette was then in France, and the President was surrounded by Frenchmen, the agents or friends of the administration, which had denounced the Marquis. These men were ready to denounce every act of favour done to a man who was proscribed by the French government. From regard to the safety of that lady, and from prudential considerations in respect to his own official character, he thought it unadvisable to invite him

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immediately to the seat of government, and publicly to espouse his interest. But he wrote confidentially to a friend in the neighbourhood of Boston, requesting him to visit the young gentleman, to acquaint him with the reason which rendered it ineligible that he should be invited into the President's family, and, to adopt the language of the letter, to "administer all' the consolation that he can derive from the most unequivocal assurances of my standing in the place, and becoming to him a father, friend, protector, and supporter.

Considering how important it is to avoid idleness and dissipation—to improve his mind, and to give him all the advantages which education can bestow, my opinion and my advice to him is, if he is qualified for admission, that he should enter as a student at the university in Cambridge, although it should be for a short time only: the expense of which, as also for every other means for bis support, I will pay; and now do authorize you, my dear sir, to draw upon me accordingly. And if it be desired that his tutor should accompany bim to the university, any expense that he shall incur for the purpose, shall be borne by nie in like manner.”

The tutor of young Fayette thought he might with more advantage pursue his studies in private, and therefore he did not enter the university.

The members of Congress, in opposition to the measures of the administration, obtained the knowledge of the arrival of a son of the Marquis La Fayette in some part of America. Expecting perhaps that the President had maintained a cold and unfeeling reserve towards him, they instituted an inquiry into his situation; and when they discovered that the President had extended towards young Fayette the assistance and the protection of a friend and a father, they dropt the subject.

This young gentleman did not remain for a length of time in the United States, Returning to France, he afterwards distinguished himself as an officer in the army of Buonaparte, but has been refused the usual promotion.


The President calumniated-His Letter to Mr. Jefferson-State

ment of the Secretary of the Treasury-The French Directory's attempt to control the American Government-Review of the Transactions with France The President declares his Resolution to retire from Public Life--Meets Congress for the last Time-Describes the Letters that had been forged-Attends the Inauguration of Mr. Adams-Retires to Mount Vernon Threatening Attitude of France--General Washington appointed Commander in Chief of the Americań ForcesHis Opinion of Publie Measures-His Indisposition and Death Conclusion.

1796.] THE friends of General Washington knew that it was his intention to decline being a candidate at the third election of President, and this was expected by the public. Warm solici. tations were used to dissuade him from the intention, but his determination was fixed, and nothing could change it, excepting a crisis in the affairs of his country, which would render retirement inconsistent with his duty, and derogatory to his character.

In the possibility of such an event, his friends prevailed with him to withhold the public expression of his design until it should become necessary to direct the attention of the community to a suc

This silence alarmed the party opposed to his administration. His personal influence at the head of government, they conceived, could alone defeat their plans, and prevent a revolution in the National Council. Since the ratification of the British treaty, they had laid aside the de


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