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TRINITY CHURCH, CAMBRIDGE. THE churches of Cambridge are, generally speaking, not of imposing character; and many of them are so hemmed in with mean houses, and crowded into narrow corners, that it is impossible to have anything like an adequate view of them. Were it not for the magnificent university, Cambridge would indeed be a wretched town.
Trinity church is one of the most remarkable in the place, and it has many interesting recol
lections connected with it.
This church stands in Sidney-street. It is built in the form of a cross, the fine transepts being loftier than the nave and chancel, and admitting a series of clerestory windows. They are of later date, and of a more florid character, than the other parts of the building, and were probably erected about the time of Henry VI. An older church once occupied the site of the present one; it, however, was destroyed by fire at the end of the twelfth century; and some time must have elapsed between its destruction and the building of any portion of the existing edifice. The chancel is the oldest part. It is low, and has an eastern window of four lights trefoiled. The steeple stands at the west end, where there are houses in close contiguity. On the summit of the tower are pinnacles at each corner, the whole surmounted by a slender but well-proportioned spire.
The interior of this church is fine. Noble arches support the steeple, and others unite the transepts and the body at the west end stands the font, and over it is the organ.
Trinity church was once annexed to the monastery of West Dereham, in Norfolk, by Hubert Fitzwalter, archbishop of Canterbury, its founder. On the dissolution it was appropriated to the see of Ely; and the nomination of the minister is still in the bands of the bishop.
Trinity church is indissolubly linked in the minds of all Cambridge men of the present and past generation with the name of the very eminent No. 942.
Mr. Simeon, for about half a century the incum bent. With many singularities this remarkable man evinced an energy and a piety which rendered him, it must be allowed, a blessing to the church. His early labours were in days when zeal was thought to be enthusiasm; and he had to endure much obloquy and opposition; insomuch that the writer of these lines has heard him say, "The time was when I wondered at the boldness of the man who dared to speak to me." But there was to come a mighty change. Before his death his collected works were published under the special patronage of the (late) archbishop of Canterbury; and his funeral was a day much to be remembered, collecting literally the whole university to mourn for and honour one whom all felt to have been a father in Christ.
Another eminent man also, officiated as Mr. Simeon's curate, in Trinity church. This was Henry Martyn, whose talents and piety and almost martyr's death have enshrined his memory in very many hearts. He was one of those noble sons of the university of Cambridge, who, having won ber fairest laurels, lay them at the foot of the cross. "Sweet is the savour of their names."
It may be added that at the census of 1841, Trinity parish contained 2,189 inhabitants. It should also be said that the accompanying view was taken before the last renovation of this church; which now presents a better appearance in reality than it does in the engraving.
to be still insensible, were eagerly conversing near me. The exact subject of their discussion I knew not, nor how the conversation began, but many passages of scripture quoted on both sides fell on my dull ear; and, although at the time I was not able to understand, or even distinctly to receive them, yet they had made an impression on my brain, and long after the conversation ceased, formed the scheme, if I may so call it, of the dream which I am about to relate.
It seemed to me that I had left my bed, and stood I knew not where in the open air. Thick darkness was all around me-darkness such as was upon the face of the deep when "the earth was without form and void", ere the word of power from the great Creator first called light into existence (Gen. i. 2, 3); darkness such as pervaded the whole land of Egypt in the days of Pharaoh's rebellion, even "darkness which may be felt" (Exod. x. 21, 22).
this beauty seemed to have been called into being
I wondered greatly at this delusion, till I remarked that the first moment after gathering the flowers or eating the fruit seemed to give them a kind of delirious joy; and the voice again whispered in my ear: "They enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season" (Heb. xi. 25).
In vain I strove to catch one glimpse of light in any direction, and at first I seemed to be in utter solitude. No sound fell on my listening ear; but by degrees I heard a stir as of a distant multitude, and groping my way slowly and uneasily through the thick darkness I wandered on in the direction from which the sound reached me, and at length became aware that I was in the close vicinity of a crowd of men, women, and children, Another thing astonished me very much; for, all moving about with restless activity; and, from although the light was shining so clearly that the voices of strife and rage and cries of pain, it I saw everything most distinctly, it seemed to me seemed to me that all, or nearly all, were engaged that the multitude were quite unaware of its exin a struggle which the darkness must have ren-istence, and groped and stumbled and staggered dered even more fearful. Horror-struck, I stood motionless, listening intently, and longing for light; and soon my wish was gratified. A sudden and brilliant ray shot over the plain, revealing for an instant all the horrors of the scene, and, dying away as suddenly as it had appeared, left everything even more gloomy than before. Another succeeded, and another; and at length a steady, clear, beautiful light shed its influence over all; and a voice, which seemed to resemble that of the kind and friendly watcher of my sickness, whispered softly in my ear, "The Sun of righteousness hath arisen with healing in his wings:" "The Day-spring from on high hath visited us, to give light to them that sit in darkness, and in the shadow of death" (Mal. iv. 2; Luke i. 78, 79).
Much I rejoiced to think what a happy change this blessed light would make in the condition of the wretched creatures I had seen; and I set myself diligently to examine and try to discover where I was, who and what these people were. I found I was standing slightly apart from the crowd, and on a small eminence, which enabled me to see all that was passing on the plain, without removing too far to distinguish even the minutest particulars. The light now shed upon it revealed great beauties hidden before. There was much soft green grass; and many sweet sparkling rills flowed in many directions through it. By these little streams grew some of the most exquisite flowers it had ever been my fortune to behold. Lilies and violets were there, snowdrops and hyacinths with their bell-like flowers hanging over the streams, but all more beautiful, and with a more soft, delicious perfume than any I ever saw elsewhere. Fruits too in abundance grew and ripened among the soft grass, and all
exactly as they had done before its appearance; and the voice again whispered, "The light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehendeth it not" (John i. 5).
How can this be? I eagerly exclaimed. How is it that they do not see and make use of this glorious light? And again, as an answer to my inquiries, the voice replied, "The god of this world," "the ruler of the darkness of this world," hath "blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them" (Eph. vi. 12; 2 Cor. iv. 4).
I felt very sad to think they should be so blinded; but at that moment a rustling breeze (John iii. 8) swept across the plain, and, as it passed, it whispered in the ears of each, “Awake, thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead; and Christ shall give thee light." "While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light" (Ephes. v. 14; John xii. 36). At that awakening call many lifted up their eyes, and for the first time became sensible of the light around them. But, alas! few seemed grateful for the great blessing. Many turned themselves round, deliberately shut their eyes, and continued as eager as before, in the struggle of oppression and in the pursuit of their wilful desires for the fruits and flowers which grew on the trees around them; and I perceived that the darkness, which had before pervaded the whole plain, now gathered thick as a cloud round each of these wretched creatures, effectually shutting out the light from heaven. It seemed to me no less astonishing than sad, that such should ever be the case, and as I wondered what could be the cause of such infatuation the voice again spoke, " Men
love darkness rather than light, because their deeds are evil." "They are of those that rebel against the light, they know not the ways thereof nor abide in the paths thereof:" "they leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways of darkness" "having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God, through the ignorance that is in them because of the blindness of their heart." Truly "the ways of the wicked are as darkness, they know not at what they stumble" (John iii. 19; Job xxiv. 13; Prov. ii. 13; Ephes. iv. 18: Prov. iv. 19).
I felt this to be indeed very awful, and desiring earnestly to know the end of these unhappy creatares, the voice continued: "As they have loved darkness, so shall darkness be their portion for ever. They shall be cast into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth:" "a land of darkness as darkness itself, and of the shadow of death, without any order, and where the light is as darkness" (Matt. xxii. 13; Job. x. 21, 22).
My eye was weary with watching them, and my heart oppressed with the thought of their fate, and I turned to see if none of them had been truly awakened by the rustling breeze. I saw with joy that some had started up at the cry, and that no cloud of thick darkness now enveloped them; but, what seemed very strange to me, the first effect of the light shining on them was to make them sorrowful in heart and sad of countenance. Then I heard broken murmurs rising from them. One said, "I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear; but now mine eye seeth thee: wherefore I abbor myself, and repent in dust and ashes" (Job xlii. 5, 6). And another, "Woe is me! for I am undone, because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips; for mine eyes have seen the King, the Lord of hosts" (Isa. vi. 5). Such as these seemed to be the feeling of all hearts which had been touched by a ray of that heavenly light. It seemed instantly to reveal to them the wretchedness of their condition, and their unfitness to stand in the presence of their Lord, who is himself "light, and in him is no darkness at all" (1 John i. 5). And, when I looked upon them again, I could not wonder at their shame and confusion. All their 'secret sins were set in the light of his counteDance" (Ps. xc. 8); and I saw how stained and soiled were their persons and their garments with the violence of the strife in which they had been engaged, with the dust of the paths in which they had been grovelling, and with the juice of the fraits and flowers with which they had in vain sought to refresh themselves. But now they had "received the light," and to them was "given power to become the sons of God." "The glorious light of the gospel" had shone upon them (John i. 12; 2 Cor. iv. 4). And, as they gazed earnestly and longingly upon it, it seemed as if their stains were washed away; their sins which bad been as scarlet became as white as snow: they had been red as crimson, but were now as wool (Isa. i. 18); and I almost thought I could discern a faint shining from their bodies, as though the light they loved were beginning to be reflected in them; and the voice whispered in my ear, "The darkness is past; and the true light now shineth" (1 John ii, 8).
Then the rustling breeze again swept the plain; and to each were given the encouragements and commands suitable to his condition. To all it was said, "Ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord: ye are all the children of light and of the day. Walk as children of light: cast off the works of darkness, and put on the armour of light (Ephes. v. 8; 1 Thess. v. 5; Rom. xiii. 12). And then, after each had been clothed in his heavenly panoply, they were dismissed to "show forth the praises of him who had called them out of darkness into his glorious light" (1 Pet. ii. 9).
Many were the sweet words of counsel and encouragement conveyed to them from him, and often did they repeat them to one another as they went forward; and much need they sometimes had of such encouragement; for, especially at first, they were apt to be for a time again entangled in some of the dark mists, which floated over the plain. To one who had by careless walking been so enveloped it was whispered, "Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness" (Ps. cxii. 4). His answer was in words of humble prayer: ་ ༠ send out thy light and thy truth: let them lead me, let them bring me unto thy holy hill, and to thy tabernacle" (Ps. xliii. 3). Then a bright light seemed to shine before him as a guide; and I heard him sing joyfully, "Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path" (Ps. cxix. 105). And as he again came out into the full sunshine he said, looking back at the mist he had passed through, "By his light I walked through darkness" (Job xxix. 3).
Sometimes they sung together, and very beautiful were the words of their song: "Thanks be unto God the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light; who hath delivered us from the powers of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son" (Col. i. 12, 13). And I saw too that they ate of the fruit, gathered the flowers, and drank of the sweet gushing waters to refresh themselves by the way (Ps. xxxvi. 8).
But after this it was taught them that they were not only to receive light themselves, but were to be the medium of dispensing it to others; and then I saw it had been no vain fancy of mine that there was a reflection of light from their persons. A cloud of glory seemed to envelope some of the farther advanced among them; so that to the bystanders it appeared as if they saw the face of an angel (Acts vi. 15). And all in their station and degree were in some measure fulfilling their mission, which was thus laid upon them: "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven: be blameless and harmless, the sons of God without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world." And again: "Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee. For behold the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people; but the Lord shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee" (Matt. v. 16; Phil. xi. 15; Isai. lx. 1, 2). And I saw that many who remained insensible to the general blaze of glory around them were constrained to open their eyes to the brightness which emanated from some of
hose who were near and dear to them, and so were led to become themselves members of the glorious company of the children of light.
Still I felt dissatisfied. I wished to know more of the daily life of these happy beings; and the wish was no sooner formed than it was gratified. I saw that this blessed change, when it took place in them, made them neither leave nor seek to leave the station of life to which they had been called, but simply fulfil honestly, diligently, and cheerfully the duties of that station, doing all as to the Lord, and not unto men. I saw a little child, whose eyes had been early opened to that glorious light, curb his angry passions, check his fretful tempers, strive to be upright and sincere in all bis ways, acting as a gentle peace-maker among his companions, humble and obedient to all in authority over him, loving in his heart to God and man; and, as I wondered at the brightness ever creasing, which already shone around that little one, it was whispered in my ear, "Even a child is known by his doings, whether his work be pure, and whether it be right" (Prov. xx. 11).
Then I looked upon a young maiden in her father's house. Her duties lay entirely at home, and in what might be considered a trifling worldly sphere. But I saw that they were performed in no trifling worldly spirit, but with a single eye to God's glory. In the midst of worldly ease and comfort she was unostentatiously humble and selfdenying. Prevented by circumstances from bestowing her time as she would have preferred among the poor and the ignorant, she gave way to no vain longings or discontented repinings, but gave her mind to such work for God's service as he had appointed her, and strove so to govern her own temper and to rule her own spirit, that the words of her mouth and the meditation of her heart might be acceptable in his sight, who was ber strength and her Redeemer. And so her light shone before men and shed its borrowed rays on all who came within her influence; and it was attended with a blessing, of which she was herself wholly unconscious. And as I looked at her the words of the poet were recalled to my mind:
"We need not bid for cloister'd cell
Our neighbour and our work farewell;
of the children of light. From a very child his path had been heavenwards, his light ever shining more and more clearly. A sailor, and far from his earthly home, he had clung the more closely to his heavenly Father; and the influence of his manly, consistent, cheerful piety was felt by all around him. His gaze was so often and so earnestly fixed on the light from on high that his own countenance shone with unusual brilliance; and it seemed to me that, young as he was, he was farther advanced than any of those I have already spoken of; and the friendly voice again whispered in my ear, "The path of the just is as a shining light. that shineth more and more unto the perfect day" (Prov. iv. 18).
As again I looked upon his ship, I saw that an awful storm had arisen. The winds and the waves raged horribly; and almost every heart was parain-lyzed with fear. There was then no time to make peace with God, to cast off the works of darkness, to seek to be cleansed from the stains of guilt or clothed in the armour of light. But in that moment of terror and dismay my young sailor stood unmoved. He was not afraid of any evil tidings: his heart, standing fast, trusted in the Lord. He had manfully given his assistance in every human means of safety that could be devised; but now, that all hope was passed, he stood a little apart, an unearthly smile of glory on his lips, his light shining brighter and brighter; and so the ship went down; and he was lost to my view. Sad and dismayed I turned away; but I heard heavenly voices singing on high, "Blessed are the dead, who die in the Lord" (Rev. xiv. 13). And, looking upwards, I saw his glorified spirit, accompanied by hosts of attendant angels, ascending to the bright mansions prepared for him in heaven. Soon my eye could follow them no further; and my sorrow and disappointment were extreme; but an aged man (in my dream I knew him to be the disciple whom Jesus loved) stood by my side, and in gentle, soothing accents spoke of the land to which they had gone-that glorious land, where there "shall be no more curse; but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in in it; and his servants shall serve him; and there shall be no night there; for the Lord God giveth them light": "light like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal. And the city hath no need of the sun, neither of the moon to shine in it; for the glory of God doth lighten it; and the Lamb is the light thereof; and the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it (Rev. xxii. 3, 4, 25, 27; Rev. xxi. 23, 24).
Many others I gazed upon with deep interest, and saw them carry out in the daily intercourse of life the principles they had learned. I saw the minister of God unremittingly occupied in winning souls to Christ. I saw the man of business unwearied in his daily round of work, yet ever lifting his eyes and his heart to heaven, where his best treasure was laid up. I saw the young remembering God's presence in work and play, and thankful to feel themselves always under his guidance and protection; and I saw the aged saint, his course nearly run, waiting patiently till his appointed change come. But one above all attracted my earnest attention. He was a young man ; and in his beautiful smile and heavenly expression of countenance, no less than in the cloud of glory which surrounded him, I clearly recognized one
Such is the glorious inheritance of the children of light.
He ceased; and here my dream came to an end. A quiet and healthful slumber succeeded, from which when I woke, the fever had left me, and, though weak as a child, my health was restored. During my recovery much I mused on my wondrous dream; and much reason had I to bless my God for the severe discipline of that long and tedious illness in the course of which the rustling breeze had spoken to my inmost heart those words of power: Awake, thou that sleepest; and arise from the dead; and Christ shall give thee light." And I had arisen from the dead; and light had been given me; and, deeply as I lamented my shortcomings and sins, and far as I confess myself to be
“O Lord God, King of heaven, who reignest a great King in all the earth: thou art high above all creatures, and art to be feared in all the kingdoms of the earth: let the seed of thy gospel be disseminated in all the corners of the habitable world; let thy grace break down all the strongholds of sin and Satan, subduing all people under thee, and the nations under thy feet; that the princes of the nations that have not known thy name may be joined to thy people, the people of the God of Abraham; becoming one fold under one Shep
berd, Jesus Christ, our blessed Lord, our Saviour and Redeemer. Amen."-LORD HATTON.
MISSIONARY SOCIETIES FOR THE HEATHEN. -In Great Britain.-Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, instituted 1701. Baptist Missionary Society, 1792. London Missionary Society, 1795. Church Missionary Society, 1800. General Baptist Missionary Society, 1816. Wesleyan Missionary Society, 1817. Foreign Missionary Scheme of the Church of Scotland, 1824. Foreign Missionary Scheme of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, 1840. LooChoo Naval Mission, 1843. Foreign Mission Scheme of the Free Church of Scotland, 1843. Foreign Mission Scheme of the Presbyterian Church in Scotland, 1844. Board of Missions of the United Presbyterian Synod, united in 1847. Borneo Church Mission, 1846. Chinese Society for furthering the Promulgation of the Gospel in China and the adjacent countries, 1850. In all, 14 societies. In Germany.-Missions of the United Brethren, 1732. Society for Promoting Evangelical Missions among the Heathen, Berlin, 1824. Rhenish Missionary Society, 1828. North German Missionary Society, 1836. Evangelical Lutheran Missionary Society, Leipzig (formerly at Dresden), 1836. Evangelical Union for diffusing Christianity among the Heathen (Gossner's), Berlin, 1836. Berlin Missionary Union for China, 1850. In all, 7. In Holland.-Netherlands Missionary Society, 1797. Switzerland. Evangelical Missionary Society, Basle, 1816. France.-Paris Society of Evangelical Missions, 1822. Sweden-Swedish Missionary Society, 1835. Missionary Society in Lund, 1846. Norway.-Norwegian Missionary Society, 1842. United States.-American Board of Coumissioners for Foreign Missions, 1810. Baptist Missionary Union, 1814. Methodist Missionary Society, 1819. Freewill Baptist Foreign Missionary Society, 1833. Board of Missions of the Protestant Episcopal Church, 1835. Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church, 1837. Foreign Missionary Society of the Lutheran Church, 1837. Seventh-day Baptist Missionary Society, 1842. American Indian Missionary Association, 1842. Baptist Free Missionary Society, 1843. Board of Foreign Missions of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church, 1844. Board
of Foreign Missions of the Southern Baptist Convention, 1845. Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, 1845. American Missionary Society, 1840. In all, 14 societies. British America.-Board of Foreign Missions of the Synod of the Presbyterian Church of Nova Scotia. The total number of societies for missions to the heathen in the protestant churches of Europe and America is, therefore, forty-two.
HAPPY DEATH.-"The old Cree chief, KissaOokemalow', baptized George Jebb,' of Moose Lake, in North West America, was taken ill rather suddenly towards the close of the year 1850. He complained (as reported by John Humphible, a native catechist, to the rev. Hunter, 20th Nov.) of a pain in his back, and coughed very much. He bore his sufferings very patiently, and often expressed the satisfaction he felt in having embraced Christianity. He frequently exclaimed, Nothing else could satisfy me now." He told John Humphible not to allow his children to be taken by his heathen relatives; for he wished them, he said, to be brought up as Christians. He never omitted holding morning and evening prayers with his family. On the morning of the day on which he died he engaged in prayer as usual; and, from the loud, clear voice with which he sung the hymn, no one could have suspected that his end was so near. On John Humphible going in to see him, he told him he was quite happy, and requested him to sing and pray with him; after which he said, 'I feel as if I had two distinct beings-an inner and an outer man. My inner man is, I feel, already clean through the blood of Christ; but the outer man is still unclean.' After some more conversation he left him for the night to the care of his wife and children. About 12 o'clock two of his little girls went to John's house, saying that they did not know what to think of their father; that soon after John had left him he had risen from his bed, and knelt, as he frequently did, to pray; but that, as he had not moved since, they wished John to go and see him. On entering the tent John found him, just as the little girl had described, on his knees; and at first thought that perhaps he was asleep; but, on examining him, he found he was dead! The poor man, feeling conscious that he was dying, had no doubt commended his departing soul to the God who gave it. Who can doubt that this, this last act, was witnessed and accepted by the Saviour who loved him and gave himself for him?" (Correspondence of the Church Missionary Society).
DESTRUCTIVE ABUSE OF GOD'S BOUNTY.— It appears that within the borders of the German Zollverein (or customs' union), 367,000,000 quarts of brandy are consumed, which is equivalent to more than 1,000,000 of quarts a-day: they cost annually 73,000,000 of dollars, or £10,950,000that is to say, £30,000 a-day! The quantity of material used in distilling for this consumption is 83,000,000 of bushels of potatoes and 16,000,000 of bushels of corn! The potatoes alone would suffice for the nourishment of between 6,000,000 and 7,000,000 of human beings! Yet Germany is by profession a Christian land; and so is Britain, where, alas! a parallel could be found, I fear.
ECCLESIASTICAL LOTTERIES.-Upon the pro