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Lord Howe. State of the American army. The British land in force
on Long Island. Battle of Brooklyn. Evacuation of Long Island.
Skirmish on the Heights of Haerlem. The enemy land at Frog's Neck.
The American army evacuates York Island, except Fort Washington.
Both armies move towards the White Plains. The British army re-
turns to Kingsbridge. General Washington, with a part of his army,
crosses the North River. The lines of Fort Washington carried by
the enemy, and the garrison made prisoners. Evacuation of Fort Lee.
Weakness of the American army. Ineffectual attempt to raise the
militia. General Washington retreats through Jersey. Capture of
General Lee. General Washington crosses the Delaware. Danger of
Philadelphia. Battle of Trenton. Of Princeton. Firmness of Con-
BIRTH OF MR. WASHINGTON-HIS
MISSION TO THE FRENCH ON
IS APPOINTED TO THE COMMAND OF A REGIMENT-EXTREME
GEORGE WASHINGTON, the third son of Augustine
Washington, was born in Virginia, at Bridges-Creek in the county of Westmorland, on the 22d of February, 1732. He was the great grandson of John Washington, a gentleman of very respectable family in the north of England, who had emigrated
1732. Birth of Mr. Washington.
grated about the year 1657, and settled on the place where young Mr. Washington was born.
Very early in life the cast of his genius disclosed itself. The war in which his country was then engaged against France and Spain, first kindled those latent sparks which afterwards blazed with equal splendour and advantage; and at the age of fifteen he urged so pressingly to be permitted to enter into the British navy, that the place of midshipman was obtained for him. The interference of a timid and affectionate mother suspended for a time the commencement of his military course.
He lost his father at the age of ten years, and received what was denominated an English education; a term which excludes the acquisition of other languages than our own. As his patrimonial estate was by no means considerable, his youth was employed in useful industry: and in the practice of his profession as a surveyor, he had an opportunity of acquiring that information respecting vacant lands, and of forming those opinions concerning their future value, which afterwards greatly contributed to the increase of his private fortune.
It is strong evidence of the opinion entertained of his capacity, that when not more than nineteen years of age, and at a time when the militia were to be trained for actual service, he was appointed one of the adjutants-general of Virginia, with the rank of major. The duties annexed to this office were performed by him for a very short time. short time. The plan formed by France for connecting her extensive dominions in America, by uniting Canada with Louisiana, now began to develope itself. Possession was taken
taken of a tract of country then deemed to be within the pro-
He commenced his journey from Williamsburg the day on which he was commissioned, and arrived on the 14th of November at Willis's-Creek, then the extreme frontier settlement of the English. Guides were there engaged to conduct him over the Aleghany mountains, the passage of which, at that season of the year, began to be extremely difficult. After surmounting considerable impediments from the snow and high waters, he reached the mouth of Turtle-Creek on the Monongahela, on the 22d, where he learned from an Indian trader, that the French
His mission to
the French on