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Heav'n banish'd hoft) left defert utmost hell
Many a dark league, reduc'd in careful watch
Round their metropolis; and now expecting
Each hour their great adventurer, from the search 440
Of foreign worlds. He through the midft unmark d,
In shew plebeian Angel militant
Of lowest order, pass'd ; and from the door
Of that Plutonian hall, invisible
Ascended his thigh throne: which, under state 44.5
Of richest texture spread, at th’ upper

Was plac'd, in regal lustre. Down a while
He sat, and round about him saiv unseen.
At last, as from a cloud, his fulgent head,
And shape ftar-bright, appear'd (or brighter ; clad
With what permissive glory since his fall

Was left him, or false glitter.) All amaz'd
At that so sudden blaze, the STYGIAN throng
Bent their aspect; and whom they with'd beheld,
Their mighty Chief return'd: loud was th' acclaim !
Forth rund in haste the great consulting Peers,
Rais'd from their dark Divan, and with like joy
Congratulant approach'd him ; who with hand
Silence, and with these words, attention won.


Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Virtues, Pow'rs! For in possession such, not only of right

460 I call you, and declare you now ; return'd Successful beyond hope, to lead you forth Triumphant out of this infernal pit Abominable, accurs’d, the house of woe,

,465 And dungeon of our tyrant! Now pofl'ess, As lords, a specious world ; t our native heav'n Little inferior, by my adventure hard With peril great atchiev'd. Long were to tell What I have done ; what fuff:r'd; with what pain Voyag'd th' unreal, vaft, unbounded Deep

471 Of horrible confufion! Over which, By Sin and Death, a broad way now is pav’d, To expedite your glorious march: but I Toil'd out my uncouth passage, forc'd to ride 475

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Th' untractable abyss, plung'd in the womb
Of un-original Night, and Chaos wild:
That, jealous of their secrets, fiercely oppos’d
My journey ftrange, with clamorous uproar
Protesting fate supreme : thence, how I found
The new-created world, which fame in heav'n
Long had foretold; a fabric wonderful!
Of absolute perfection ! therein Man,
Plac'd in a Paradise, by our exile
Made happy. Him by fraud I have seduc'd

From his Creator ; and (the more t'increase
Your wonder) with an apple. He thereat
Offended (worth your laughter!) hath giv’n up
Both His beloved Man, and all His world,
To Sin and Death a prey ; and so to us,

490 Without our hazard, labour, or alarm, To range in, and to dwell, and over man To rule, as over all he should have rul'd. True is, me alfo He hath judg'd (or rather Whe

not, but the brate ferpent, in whole shape 495 Man I deceiv'd.) That which to me belongs, Is enmity, which He will put between Me and Mankind ; I am to bruise his heel ; His feed (when is not set) shall bruise my head. A world who would not purchase with a bruise, 500 Or much more grievous pain? Ye have th' account Of my performance: What remains, ye Gods!: But up,

and enter now into full bliss ? So having said, a while he food, expecting. 'Their universal fhout, and high applause,

505 To fill his ear: when contrary, he hears On all sides, from innumerable tongues, A dismal universal hiss, the sound Of publick scorn ! He wonder'd, but not long Had leisure, wond'rirg at himself now more : 5.10 His visage drawn he felt to sharp, and spare ; His arms clung to his ribs ; his legs intwining Each other, 'till supplanted down he fell ; A'mondrous ferpent on his belly prone,



Reluctant; but in vain! a greater pow'r

Now rul'd him, punith'd in the shape he find,
According to his doom. He would have spoke ;
But hiss for hiss return'd with forked tongue
To forked tongue : for now. were all transform'd
Alike, to ferpents all, as accessaries

To his bold Riot : dreadful was the din
Of hisling through the hall : thick swarming now
With complicated monsters, head and tail;
Scorpion, and asp, and amphi bæna dire,
Cerastes horn'd, hydrus, and ellops drear,

And dipsas. (Not so thick swarm’d once the soil
Bedrop'd with blood of GORGON: or, the isle
OPHIUSA.) But still greatest he the midst,
Now dragon grown ; larger than whom the sun
Engender'd in the Pythian vale on slime,
Huge PYTHON! and his pow'r no less he seem'd
. Above the rest still to retain. They all
Him follow'd, iffuing forth to th' open field;
Where all yet

left of that revolted rout,
Heav'n-fall'n, in station stood, or just array ;

Sublime with expectation, when to see
In triumph issuing forth their glorious Chief.
They saw, but other fight instead! a crowd
Of ugly ferpents : horror on them fell,
And horrid sympathy : for what they saw,

They felt themselves now changing: down their arms,
Down fell both spear and shield ; down they as fast :
And the dire hiss renew'd, and the dire form
Catch'd by contagion ; like in punishment,

As in their crime. Thus was th' applause they meant,
Turn'd to exploding hiss, triumph to shame,
Cast on themselves from their own mouths. There stood
A grove hard by, sprung up with this their change,
(His will, who reigns above !) to aggravate
Their penance, laden with fruit, like that

Which grew in Paradise, the bait of Eve.
Usd by the tempter; on that prospect ftrange
Their earneft eyes they fix'd ; imagining,
For one forbidden tree, a multitude,


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PARADISE Lost. Book X. Now ris'n, to work them further woe or shame :

555 Yet parch'd with scalding thirst, and hunger fierce, Though to delude them fent, could not abitain : But on they rollid on heaps, and up the trees Climbing, fát thicker than the snaky locks That curl'd MEGERA: greedily they pluck d The fruitage, fair to fight (like that which grew Near that bituminous lake where Sodom fam'd: This, more delusive, not the touch, but taste Deceiv'd) they fondly thinking to allay Their appetite with gust, instead of fruit

565 Chew'd bitter ashes, which th' offended taste With spattering noise rejected: oft they affay'd, Hunger and thirst conftraining ; drug’d as oft With hatefullest difrelish, writh'd their jaws, With foot and cinders fill'd: so, oft they fell 570 Into the fame illusion; not as man, Whom they triumph'd, once laps'd. Thus were they plagu'd And worn with famine, long and ceaseless hiss, 'Till their loft shape, permitted, they resum’d: Yearly injoin'd, some say, to undergo

575 This annual humbling certain number'd days, To dash their pride and joy for man seduc'd. However, fome tradition they dispers'd Among the heathen, of their purchase got, And fabled how the serpent, whom they callid 580 OPHION, with EURYNOME (che wide Encroaching Eve perhaps) had firit the rule Of high OLYMPUS ; thence by Saturn driv'n, And Ops, ere yet DictÆAN Jove was born.


Mean-while, in Paradise the hellith pair
Too foon arriv'd; Six, there in pow's before,
0:ice actual; now in body, and to dwell
Habitual habitant ; behind her DEATH,
Close following pace for pace, not mounted yet
On his pale horse: to whom Sin thus began.


Second of Satan sprung, all-cor.qu’ring DEATH! What think'st thou of our empire now? Tho' earn'd

With travel difficult, not better far,
Than still at hell's dark threshold t' have fat watch,
Unnam'd; undreaded, and thy self half starv'd ?


Whom thus the fin born monster answer'd foon :
To me, who with eternal famine pine,
Alike is hell, or paradise, or heav'n ;
There best, where most with ravin I may meet :
Which here, tho' plenteous, all too little seems 600
To stuff this maw, this vast un-hide-bound corps.

To whom th' incestuou's mother thus reply'd :
Thou therefore on these herbs, and fruits, and flow'rs
Feed first ; on each beaft next, and fish, and fowl;
No homely morsels! and whatever thing

The scythe of Time mowes down, devour unspard :
Till I in man residing, through the race,
His thoughts, his looks, words, actions, all infect;
And season him thy last and sweetest prey.


This said, they both betook them several ways,
Both to destroy, or un-immortal make
All kinds; and for destruction to mature,
Sooner or later ; which th' Almighty seeing,
From his transcendent feat the Saints among,
To those bright Orders utter'd thus His voice.



See! with what heat these dogs of hell advance,
To waste and havock yonder world; which I
So fair and good created: and had ftil)
Kept in that state, had not the folly of man
Let in these wasteful furies; who impute
Folly to me: so doth the Prince of hell,
And his Adherents, that with so much ease
I suffer them to enter and possess
A place fo heav'nly: and conniving, seem
To gratify my scornful enemies ;
That laugh, as if (transported with some fit
Of passion) I to them had quitted all,
At random yielded up to their misrule :



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