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Unmindful of their Maker, though His SPIRIT
Taught them ; but they His gifts acknowledg'd none,
Yet they a beauteous off-spring shall beget.
For that fair female-troop thou saw'st, that seem'd
Of Goddesses, so blithe, so smoothe, so gay;
Yet, empty of all good, wherein confifts
Woman's domestic honour, and chief praise :
Bred only and completed, to the taste
Of luftful appetence; to sing, to dance,
To dress, and troule the tongue, and roll the eye. 620
To these, that sober race of men (whose lives
Religious, titled them the sons of God)
Shall yield up all their virtue, all their fame,
Ignobly! to the trains, and to the smiles
Of these fair atheists ; and now swim in joy,
(Erelong to swim at large) and laugh: for which
The world erelong a world of tears muft weep!


To whom thus ADAM, of short joy bereft.
Opity, and shame! that they, who to live well
Enter'd so fair, should turn aside to tread
Paths indirect, or in the mid-way faint ;
But still I see the tenor of man's woe
Holds on the same, from woman to begin.


From man's effeminate slackness it begins, (Said th’ Angel) who should better hold his place 635 By wisdom, and fuperior gifts receiv'd. But now prepare thee for another scene.

He look'd, and saw wide territory spread Before him, towns and rural works between : Cities of men, with lofty gates and tow'rs ; 640 Concourse in Arms; fierce faces threat'ning war ; Giants of mighty bone, and bold emprise ! Part wield their arms ; part curb the foming steed : Single, or in array of battle rang'd, Both horse and foot ; nor idly muftring stood: One way, a band select from forage drives A herd of beeves, fair oxen, and fair kine,


645 655

From a fat meadow ground: or fleecy flock,
Ewes and their bleating lambs, over the plain ;
Their booty : scarce with life the shepherds fly ; 650
• But call in aid ; which makes a bloody fray.

With cruel tournament the squadrons joyn!
Where cattle pastur'a late, now scatter'd lies
With carcases, and arms, th' insanguin'd field,
Deserted. Others, to a city strong
Lay fiege, incamp'd; by battery, scale, and mine,
Assaulting : others, from the wall defend
With dart, and jav'lin, ftones, and sulph'rous fire :
On each hand Naughter, and gigantick deeds!
In other part, the sceptred heralds call

To council, in the city gates ; anon
Grey-headed men, and grave, with warriors mix’d,
Assemble ; and harangues are heard : but soon,
In factious opposition: till at laft,
Of middle age one rising, eminent

: 665 In wise deport, spake much of right and wrong, Of Justice, of religion, truth, and peace, And judgment from above : him old and young Exploded, and had seiz'd with violent hands ; Had not a cloud descending snatch'd him thence, 670 Unseen amid the throng : fo violence Proceeded, and oppreslion, and sword-law, Through all the plain, and refúge none was found. ADAM was all in tears, and to his guide Lamenting turn'd full fad : O! what are these? 675 Death's ministers, not men! who thus deal death Inhumanly to men: and multiply Ten thousand-fold the sin of him who flew His brother ; for, of whom such massacre Make they, but of their brethren ; men of men ? But who was that just man, whom had not heav'n Rescu'd, had in his righteousness been loft ?



To whom thus MICHAEL. These are tle product Of those ill-mated marriages thou faw'st; Where good with bad were match'd; who of themselves Abhor to joyn: and by' impulence mix’d,



Produce prodigious births, of body or mind.
Such were these giants ; men of high renown!
For in those Days, might only shall be admir'd;
And valour, and heroic virtue, callid:

To overcome in battle, and subdue
Nations, and bring home fpoils with infinite
Man-flaughter, shall be held the highest pitch
Of human glory; and for glory done
Of triumph, to be ftyld great conquerers, 695
Patrons of mankind, Gods, and fons of Gods :
Destroyers rightlier calld, and plagues of men.
Thus fame shall be atchiev'd, renown on earth;
And what most merits fame, in silence hid.

699 Bat he, the seventh from thee, whom thou beheld'st The only righteous in a world perverse, And therefore hated, therefore so beset With foes, for daring single to be just, And utter odious truth, that God will come To judge them with His Saints: him the Most High (Rap'd in a balmy cloud with winged steeds) Did, as thou saw'st receive; to walk with God High in salvation, and the climes of bliss, Exempt from death : to sew thee what reward · Awaits the good ; the rest, what punishment:

710 Which now direct thine eyes, and foon behold.


He look'd, and saw the face of things quite chang'd : The brazen throat of war had ceas'd to roar; All now was turn'd to jollity and game, 'To luxury and riot, feast and dance ;

715 Marrying or prostituting (as befel) Rape or adultery, where passing Fair Allur’d them : thence from cups, to civil broils, At length a reverend fire among them came, And of their doings great dislike declar'd,

720 And testify'd against their ways: he oft Frequented their Assemblies, whereso met, Triumphs, or festivals ; and to them preach'd Convertion and Repentance; as to souls la prison, under judgments imminent :

725 But

But all in vain! which when he saw, he ceas'd
Contending, and remov'd his tents far-off.
Then, from the mountain hewing timber tall,
Began to build a vessel of huge bulk ;

Measur'd by cubit, length, and breadth, and height;
Smear'd round with pitch ; and in the side a door
Contriv'd ; and of provisions laid in large,
For man and beaft; when lo, a wonder strange!
Of every beast and bird, and infect small
Came sevens, and pairs, and enter'd in, as taught 735
Their order: las the fire, and his three fons,
With their four fives : and God made fast the door.
Mean-while the south-wind rose, and with black wings
Wide-hov'ring, all the clouds together drove
From under heav'n ; the hills to their supply

74.0 Vapour, and exhalation dusk and mcist, Sent


amain: and now, the thicken'd sky
Like a dark cieling stood; down rush'd the rain
Impetuous : and continu'd till the earth
No more was seen: the floating vessel swum

Up-lifted; and secure with beaked prow
Rode tilting o'er the waves : all dwellings else
Flood overwhelm'd, and them with all their

pomp Deep under water roll'd ; sea cover'd sea : Sea without shoar! and in their palaces

750 Where luxury late reign'd, sea-moniters whelp’d, And-stabled : of mankind (fo numerous late) All left, in one small bottom swum embark'd. How didst thou grieve then, ADAM! to behold The end of all thy off-spring, end so fad,

755 Depopulation! Thee another food, Of tears, and sorrow a flood, thee also drown'd; And sünk thee as thy fons : till gently rear'd By th' Angel, on thy feet thou stoodit at lait, Tho' comfortless; as when a father mourns His children, all in view defiroy'd at once : And scarce to th’Angel utter'dit thus thy plaint.


O visions ill foreseen! better had I Liv'd ignorant of future ! so had born



My part of evil only, each day's lot

765 Enough to bear; those-now, that were dispens'd The burden of many ages, on me light At once, by my foreknowledge; gaining birth Abortive, to torment me ere their Being, With thought that they must be. Let no man seek Henceforth to be foretold, what shall befall

771 Him or his children: evil he may be sure: Which neither his foreknowing can prevent, And he the future evil shall no less In apprehenfion, than in substance, feel;

775 Grievous to bear! but that care now is past, Man is not whom to warn : those few escap'd, Famine and anguish willl at last consume, Wand'ring that wat'ry desert. I had hope, When violence was ceas'd, and war on earth, All would have then gone well; peace would have crown'd With length of happy days the race of man. But I wis far deceiv'd! For now I see Peace to corrupt no less, thin war to waste. How comes it thus ? Unfold, cæleftial guide! 785 And whether here the race of man will end.

(sawit To whom thus MICHAEL. Those whom last thou In triumph and luxurious wealth, are they First feen in acts of prowess eminent, And great exploits ; but of true virtue void ;

790 Who having spill'd much blood, and done much waste, Subduing nations ; and atchiev'd thereby Fame in the world, high titles, and rich prey ; Shall change their course to pleasure, ease, and sloth, Surfeit and luft; 'till wantonness, and price, 795 Raise out of friendship hoftile deeds in- peace. The conquer'd also, and enslar'd by war, Skall, with their freedom lost, all virtue lose, And fear of God, from whom their piety feignid, In sharp contest of battle found no aid

800 Against invaders; therefore coold in zeal, Thenceforth shall practise how to live fccure, Worldly or dissolute; on what their lords 3


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