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Which uttering, thus He to His Father fpake.]



O Father! gracious was that word which clos'd
Thy sov'reign fentence, that man should find grace ;
For which both heav'n and earth shall high extol
'Thy praises, with th' innumerable found
Of hymns and sacred songs, wherewith thy throne
Encompass'd shall resound thee ever bleft.
For should man finally be loft, should man
Thy creature late so lov'd, thy youngest son,
Fall circumvented thus by fraud, tho' join'd
With his own folly ? That be from thee far,
That far be from thee, Father, who art judge
Of all things made, and judgest only right.
Or shall the adversary thus obtain
His end, and frustrate thine ; shall he fulfil
His malice, and thy goodness bring to nought,
Or proud return (though to his heavier doom,)
Yet, with revenge accomplish'd, and to hell
Draw after him the whole race of mankind,
By him corrupted ? Or wilt thou thy self
Abolish thy creation, and unmake
For him, what for thy glory thou hast made?
So should thy goodness and thy greatness both
Be question'd, and blafphem'd without defense.





To whom the great Creator thus reply'd,
O Son, in whom my soul hath chief delight,
Son of my bosom, Son who art alone
My word, my wisdom, and effectual might!
All haft thou spoken as My thoughts are all
As My eternal purpose hath decreed.
Man shall not quite be loft, but fav'd who will ;
Yet not of will in him, but grace in Me
Freely vouchfaf d: once more I will renew
His lapsed pow'rs, though forfeit, and inthrall'd
By fin to foul exorbitant defires :
Upheld by Me, yet once more he shall stand
On even ground against his mortal fæe :
By Me upheld, that he may know how frail



His fall’n condition is, and to Me owe
All his deliv'rance, and to none but Me.
Some I have chosen of peculiar grace
Elect above the rest: so is My will :
The rest shall hear Me call, and oft be warn'd 185
Their sinful state, and to appease betimes
Th' incensed Deity, while offer'd grace
Invites : for I will clear their senses dark,
What may suffice, and soften stony hearts
To pray, repent, and bring obedience due.

190 To pray'r, repentance, and obedience due, . (Though but endeavour'd with sincere intent) Mine ear shall not be slow, Mine eye rot shut. And I will place within them as a guide

194 My umpire Conscience; whom if they will hear, Light after light well us’d they shall attain, And to the end perfifting, safe arrive. This My long fafferance, and My day of grace, They who neglect and scorn, shall never taste ; But hard be harden'd, blind be blinded more ; That they may stumble on, and deeper fall : And none but such from mercy I exclude. But yet all is not done : Man disobeying, Difoyal breaks his fealty, and fins Against the high fupremacy of heav'n,

205 Affecting God-head, and so lofing all, To expiate his treason hath nought left; But to destruction sacred and devout, He with his whole posterity must die ; Die he or Justice must; unless for him

210 Some other able, and as willing, pay The rigid satisfaction, death for death. Say, heav'nly Pow'rs, where shall we find such love? Which of ye will be mortal to redeem Man's mortal crime: and just, th' unjuft to save ? Dwells in all heaven charity so dear?



He ask'd, but all the heav'nly choir stood mute, And filence was in heav'n: on man's behalf Patron or interceffor, noņe appear'd;



Much less that durft upon his own head draw
The deadly forfeiture, and ransom set.
And now without redemption all mankind
Must have been loft, adjudg'd to death and hell
By doom severe, had not the Son of God,
(in whom the fulness dwells of love divine,)
His deareft mediation thus renew’d.



Father! thy word is past, Man shall-find grace:
And shall not grace find means, that finds her way,
The speedieft of thy winged messengers,
To visit all thy creatures, and to all

Comes unprevented, unimplord, unfought ?
Happy for Man, fo coming ! He her aid
Can never seek, (once dead in fins, and loft)
Atonement for himself, or offering meet,
(Indebted, and undone !) hath none to bring. 235
Behold Me then ! Me for him, life for life
I offer, on Me let thine anger fall ;
Account Me Man: I for his fake will leave
Thy bosom, and this glory next to Thèe
Frecly put off, and for him lastly die
Well pleas'd, on Me let Death wreak all his rage.

Under his gloomy pow'r I shall not long
Lie vanquish'd; Thou hast giv’n me to possess
Life in myself for ever; by Thee I live,
Though now to Death I yield, and am his due

All that of Me can die ; yet that debt paid,
Thou wilt not leave Me in the loathsome grave
His prey, nor fuffer My unspotted foul
For ever with corruption there to dwell :
But I fall rise victorious, and subdue
My vanquisher, spoil'd of his vanted spoil:
Death his death's wound shall then receive, and floop
Inglorious, of his mortal fting difarm’d.
I through the ample air in triumph high
Shall lead hell captive, maugre hell! and show 255
The Pow'rs of darkness bound. Thou at the fight
Pleas'd out of heaven shalt look down, and smile ;
While by Theerais'd I ruin all My foes,


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250 Death laft, and with his carcase glut the grave: *Then with the multitude of My redeem'd

260 Shall enter heav'n long absent, and return, Father! to see Thy face, wherein no cloud Of anger shall remain ; but peace affur'd And reconcilement: wrath shall be no more Thenceforth, but in Thy presence joy entire. 265

His words here ended, but his meek aspect
Silent yet fpake, and breath'd immortal love
To mortal men, above which only fhon
Filial obedience: as a sacrifice
Glad to be offer'd, he attends the will

Of his great Father. Admiration seiz'd.
All heav'n, what this might mean, and whither tend
Wond'ring; but foon th' Almighty thus reply'd :

o Thou in heav'n and earth the only peace Found out for mankind under wrath! O Thou 275 My fole complacence! well Thou know'st how dear To Me are all my works, nor Man the least Though last created ; that for him I spare Thee from My bosom and right hand, to save (By losing Thee a-while) the whole race lost.

280 Thou therefore whom thou only canst redeem, Their nature also to Thy nature join ; And be Thyself Man among men on earth Made flesh, when time shall be, of virgin-feed, By wondrous birth : be Thou in Adam's room

285 The head of all mankind, though Adam's son, As in him perish all men, so in Thee, As from a second root, shall be restor'd As many as are restor'd, without Thee none. His crime makes guilty all his sons ; They merit 290 Imputed shall abfolve them who renounce Their own both righteous, and unrighteous, deeds : And live in Thee transplanted, and from Thee Receive new life. So man, as is most juft, Shall satisfy for man, be judg’d and die;

295 And dying rise, and rising with Him raise

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His brethren, ransom'd with His own de ur life.
So heav'nly love shall outdo hellish hate
Giving to death, and dying to redeem,
So dearly to redeem what hellish hate

So easily destroy'd, and still destroys
In those who, when they may, accept not grace.
Nor shalt Thou by descending to affume
Man's nature, lessen or degrade thine own.
Because Thou haft (tho' thron'd in highest bliss 305
Equal to God, and equally enjoying
God-like fruition) quitted all to save
A world from uitter loss, and haft been found
By merit more than birthright Son of God:
Found worthiest to be so by being good,
Far more than great or high; because in Thee
Love hath abounded more than glory abounds ;
Therefore Thy humiliation shall exalt
With Thee Thy manhood also to this throne ;
Here shalt thou fit incarnate, here shalt reign 315
Both God and MAN, Son both of God and MAN,
Anointed Universal King; all pow'r
I give Thee, reign for ever, and assume
Thy merits : under Thee as Head supreme

Thrones, Princedoms, Pow'rs, Dominions I reduce :
All knees to thee shall bow, of 'em that 'bide
In heav'n, or earth, or under earth in hell;
When thou attended gloriously from heav'n
Shalt in the sky appear, and from Thee send
The summoning Arch-Angels to proclaim

Thy dread tribunal: forthwith from all winds
The living, and forthwith the cited dead
Of all past ages, to the general doom
Shall haften, such a peal shall rouse their sleep!
Then all thy saints affembled, thou shalt judge 330
Bad men and Angels; they arraign'd shall sink
Beneath Thy sentence; hell (her numbers fully
Thenceforth shall be for ever shut. Mean while
The world shall burn, and from her alhes spring
New heav'n and earth, wherein the just fall dwell;
And after all their tribulations long





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