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(Inologure 1 in No. 3.- Translation.)
By the grace of God we, Nicolas II, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias, King of Poland, Grand Duke of Finland, etc., to all our faithful subjects be it known:
It has pleased Almighty God, in His unfathomable way, to put an end to the precious life of our dearly loved father, the Emperor Alexander Alexandrovitch. His painful illness resisted both the care of the physicians and the beneficent climate of the Crimea, and on the 20th October he died at Livadia, surrounded by his august family, in the arms of Her Majesty, the Empress, and in those of ourselves.
Words can not express our grief, but every Russian heart will understand it, and we are sure that there is no single part of our vast Empire where tears are not shed for the sovereign prematurely gone to eternity, and having left his country which he loved with all the force of his Russian soul, and whose prosperity he had made the aim of all his thoughts, sparing neither his health nor even his life. And it is not in Russia only, but far beyond her limits, the memory of the Tzar will never cease to be venerated, in whom were embodied immutable justice and the country, which has not once been troubled during the course of his reign.
But the will of the Most High be done, a steadfast faith in the wisdom of Divine Providence comforting us; and let us console ourselves in the consciousness that our grief is also the sorrow of all our much-loved people, who can not forget that the strength and stability of holy Russia are in their anion with us, and in their unqualified devotion to our person.
For us, in this sad but solemn hour of our ascension of the throne of our ancestors, the throne of the Empire of Russia, as of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Finland, which are inseparable, we have ever present the memory of our dead father's teachings, and, deeply impressed with those teachings, we engage ourselves before the face of the Most High to have always for our sole aim a pacific policy, the power and glory of our beloved Russia, as well as the happiness of our faithful subjects.
As it has pleased Almighty God to call us to this great mission, may He help us. In raising toward the throne of the Master of the World our ardent prayers for the repose of the pure soul of our father of imperishable memory, we order all our subjects to take the oath of allegiance to us and to our heir, His Imperial Highness the Grand Duke George Alexandrovitch, who will be Césarévitch Inheritor, carrying that title until it pleases God to bless with a son our approaching marriage with the Princess Alice of Hesse.
Done at Livadia, the 20th day of the month of October, of the year of grace 1894 and of our reign the first. (Signed)
Mr. Breckinridge to Mr. Gresham.
LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES, St. Petersburg, November 8, 1894. (Received November 8.) Nations sending distinguished commissions to funeral November 20.
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Breckinridge.
WASHINGTON, November 12, 1894. Yourself and others connected with legation are constituted a com. mission to represent this Government at the obsequies of the late Czar,
Mr. White to Mr. Gresham.
LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES. St. Petersburg, January 20, 1894. (Received February 6.) SIR: Returning from Germany recently, I was waited upon at the . frontier by a wealthy manufacturer, Mr. Kirschten, of this city, who was returning on the same train from a visit to the United States, and was bringing with him, as a servant, an American citizen of African decent, Mr. Joseph Wingfield, aged 14 years.
Mr. Kirschten found, on arriving at the Russian frontier station, that the police were disinclined to admit the boy, and he therefore came to me and asked me to take him into my own suite as a servant. This I declined to do, but on talking with Mr. Kirschten, I became satisfied of his good intent, and on learning from the boy's remarks that he was of parents evidently respectable, had been brought up in the public schools, and had come abroad partly from a desire to better his position and partly in a not discreditable spirit of enterprise, I wrote a recommendation to the police authorities, and especially to Gen. De Wahl, prefect of St. Petersburg, a statement of the case, and expressed the hope that they would do all in their power to prevent harm to the boy.
The case was, indeed, a serious one, since it looked for a time as if he was to be left among utter strangers, speaking a language of which he could not understand one word, and in the depth of winter.
My note served its purpose, and he was allowed to proceed with his employer upon the train. Since his arrival in St. Petersburg, though the authorities have shown him more forbearance than is usual in such cases, they absolutely insist that he be furnished with a passport or leave the Empire.
The main objections to the boy receiving a passport are, so far as I can see, that he is not only under age, but has come with the intention to remain here for five years; still, as he is evidently in kindly hands, I have felt that ordinary humanity must in this case prevail over the usual routine, and I trust that this issue of a passport will not meet your disapproval.
I may add that the number of people of African descent here is very small; I have seen but two since my arrival, and they are servants at the Winter Palace. This fact gives to a domestic of that race considerable distinction, and is to some extent a guarantee that he will be well treated. I am, etc.,
ANDREW D. WHITE.
Mr. Uhl to Mr. White.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, February 7, 1894. SIR: I have to acknowledge the receipt of your No. 184, of January, 1894 (day not given), and to approve your action in issuing a passport to the minor, Joseph Wingfield, on the assumption that his American birth and citizenship were established to your satisfaction. In the case of a minor satisfactory proof of intent to return to the United States before or on obtaining majority may be accepted, even though the intended sojourn abroad may exceed two years. I am, etc.,
EDWIN F. Uhl,
Mr. Pollock to Mr. Gresham.
LA LIBERTAD, June 9, 1894. Sir: The minister of the Provisional Government called on me yesterday submitting that Antonio Ezeta, vice-president of overthrown Government, was on our gunboat Bennington at La Libertad, and that, as a common criminal guilty of rape, murder, and other atrocities, he should he surrendered. I declined to entertain official relations until you recognize new Government. Nevertheless, papers were served on me by courts charging Ezeta with bank robbery committed last Thursday and asking for his extradition under treaty provision. I informed Capt. Thomas, of the Bennington, as to what was done, for his information merely. To-day commissioners were sent to the captain asking for surrender. He told them that having granted asylum he can not surrender Ezeta without order from your Government. He intended transferring Ezeta and compatriots to a Pacific mail steamer now in port, but I advised, for the purpose of good feeling with Salvador, to keep them until orders arrived, as another boat will soon be here. This cable is intended for your information. It and answer to it will be paid for by this Government. Yesterday fight took place at La Libertad. In few minutes Bennington had force landed, and consular agent reports, saved town from destruction.
Mr. Baker to Mr. Gresham.
SAN JUAN DEL SUR, June 10, 1894. Have received following from Salvador: AMERICAN MINISTER, Managua:
After committing various common crimes in the Republic, Antonio Ezeta has embarked on the American frigate anchored at the port of La Libertad. Knowing well his capacity for crime, I entreat you, in the name of your Government, to order his delivery to the authorities who shall present themselves to the captain of the vessel.
Minister of War. To which I replied, as follows: MINISTER OF War, San Salvador:
I have no official knowledge that there has been a change of Government in Salvador, but were it otherwise I have no power to do as you request in your cablegram. Have forwarded same to Washington for instructions.
Mr. Perez to Mr. Gresham.
SAN SALVADOR, June 10, 1894. Or board of the American war vessel Bennington, now at anchor in the port of La Libertad in this Republic, are now receiving asylum Antonio Ezeta and five companions, guilty of the crimes of robbery, assassination, and arson, for which they have been really and effectively pursued to that port. My Government, being desirous that such offenses shall not remain unpunished, requests of that of your excellency the extradition of the criminals in question, begging you, in the name of justice, to grant this application. Your excellency is guaran. teed that no attempt will be made against the life of the refugees, unless they be previously convicted in a trial. The American consul has in his possession judicial documents proving the common crimes committed by Ezeta, and can inform your excellency thereof. In case you do not deem their immediate extradition in order (procedente, "regular"), will not your orders at least be that the aforesaid criminals remain on the Bennington until my Government demands them with legal documents ?
Begging you to consider the urgency of the case, I have the honor,
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Baker.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, June 12, 1894. The Department has your telegram of 10th repeating a dispatch addressed to you by Estanislao Perez describing himself as minister of war of Salvador and asking that you order the delivery of Gen. Ezeta, received on board a war ship of the United States at La Libertad, to the authorities of Salvador to be tried and punished for crime. The President is not advised that the revolutionists in Salvador bare established a new Government entitled to recognition and competent to demand surrender of the Salvadoreans received on board the Bennington.
Mr. Gresham to Mr. Pollock.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, June 12, 1894. Your telegram of 9th received saying minister of Provisional Gov. ernment had represented that Antonio Ezeta, vice-president of over. thrown Government, then on board the Bennington at La Libertad, was guilty of rape, murder, and other atrocities and should be surrendered for trial and punishment; that although you had declined to recognize new Government, papers had been served on you asking for Ezeta's extradition; that commander of the Bennington had been asked to