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Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham.

No. 225.]

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Petropolis, April 25, 1894. (Received May 29.) SIR: I have the honor to transmit copy of correspondence between his excellency the minister of foreign affairs and this legation upon the occasion of the occupation by the Government forces of the islands and ships which had been held by the insurgents in the bay of Rio de Janeiro and upon the announcement of the defeat and abandonment of their cause by the insurgents in the States of Paraná, Santa Catharina, and Rio Grande do Sul. I have, etc.,

Thos. L. THOMPSON.

(Inclosure 1 in No. 225.--Translation.] Senhor Nascimento to Mr. Thompson.

MINISTRY OF FOREIGN RELATIONS,

Rio de Janeiro, March 14, 1894. I have the pleasure of notifying Mr. Thomas L. Thompson, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the United States of America, that the rebellion in the harbor of this capital is ended, and that the Government is in possession of the forts and vessels which were in the hands of the rebels.

This happy event, which is of great interest to those countries that have commercial relations with Brazil, permits those relations to resume their usual course, and the marechal vice-president will do all in his power to that end. I avail, etc.,

CASSIANO DO NASCIMENTO.

(Inclosure 2 in No. 225.]
Mr. Thompson to Senhor Nascimento.

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Petropolis, March 15, 1894. I have the honor to acknowledge your excellency's communication of March 14, declaring that the revolt in the port of the federal capital is at an end, and of the determination on the part of the Government to maintain the free operation of commerce. I have the honor further to tender congratulations to his excellency the Sr. marechal vice-president of the Republic, upon the successful termination of the issue which has enabled the Government to give this assurance. I improve, etc.,

Thos. L. THOMPSON.

(Inclosure 3 in No. 225.–Translation.] Senhor Nascimento to Mr. Thompson.

MINISTRY OF FOREIGN RELATIONS,

Rio de Janeiro, April 20, 1894. I have waited for the latest news from the south to have the pleasure of notifying Mr. Thomas L. Thompson, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the United States of America, that the rebellion is also happily ended in that portion of the territory of the Republic, and that the Government of the Union is in possession of the States of Santa Catharina and Paraná, in which it has already reestablished the reign of law. As to the State of Rio Grande do Sul, it still continues under the legal Government.

In communicating to the minister this happy event, which is of so great interest to mutual commercial relations, I avail, etc.,

CASSIANO DO NASCIMENTO.

(Inclosure 4 in No. 225.)
Mr. Thompson to Senhor Nascimento.

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Petropolis, April 22, 1894. With great satisfaction I have the honor to acknowledge the communication of his excellency Dr. Cassiano do Nascimento, minister for foreign affairs, of April 20, the announcement of the suppression of the revolt, and the restoration of lawful anthority in the States of Paraná, Santa Catharina, and Rio Grande do Sul.

Conveying to his excellency, the vice-president, congratulations upon the reestablishment of constitutional authority in the rebellious States, I beg to express also the good will of the people of the United States of America, and the hope that his excellency the vice-president may live long to enjoy the fruits of a victory which seems to perpetuate the States of Brazil as a Republic, and, under its benign author. ity, the happiness of the people. It is with much pleasure I have the honor to again assure, etc.,

THOMAS L. THOMPSON.

Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham. No. 234.]

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Petropolis, May 4, 1894. (Received May 29, 1894.) SIR: Governmental authority seems to be dominant now throughout all the States of Brazil. Since the insurgents, under the leadership of Admirals Mello and Da Gama, were driven from the country, peace has reigned in all parts of the nation, and the vice-president will be able to report to the National Congress, which is about to convene, the complete suppression of the rebellion and the preservation of the Republic. Mello and Da Gama seem to be engaged at Montevideo and Buenos Ayres in the discussion of international comity with Argentine and Portuguese authorities.

The Aquidaban, which was sunk at Desterro, has been raised and will be brought to Rio.

Monday, the 30th of April, the birthday of the vice-president, Marechal Floriano Peixoto, was observed as a holiday and celebrated in honor of the protector of the Republic, who now seems to be eternally enshrined in the hearts of his countrymen.

Business is improving, and now that the war is ended, I shall be able to give more particular attention to the development and expan. sion of our commercial relations with Brazil. The field is a profitable one, and I hope in time to be able to cultivate it to the satisfaction of the Department. I have, etc.,

Thos. L. THOMPSON.

Mr. Uhl to Mr. Thompson. No. 135.)

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, May 31, 1894. SIR: I have received your No. 225, of the 25th ultimo, inclosing correspondence between the Brazilian foreign office and your legation in regard to the termination of the rebellion.

The Department approves your notes in response to those of the minister expressing your congratulations upon the restoration of domestic peace in Brazil. I am, etc.,

EDWIN F. UHL.

Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham.

No. 248.]

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Petropolis, June 17, 1894. (Received July 14.) SIR: Since the opening of Congress there have been no new demonstrations on the part of the revolutionists of any consequence. From the State of Rio Grande do Sul reports come of an engagement between the insurgent Gen. Gumacindo, who escaped with a small party at the time of the overthrow of the revolutionary movement in the south, and a detachment of Government troops. Gumacindo was routed and fled across the boundary into Uraguay, from whence it is expected he will continue his marauding expeditions.

The measures adopted by the Government since their victory, in the federal capital and elsewhere, have been very rigid. The state of siege has been continued and many persons have been thrust into prison while investigations into their conduct during the revolution were made. The object of the Government has been to discover and panish the parties who furnished the revolutionists funds to carry on their campaign, and nothing has been left undone to capture the guilty.

A number of foreigners have been arrested, among them two Americans, the Rev. Tilly, a Methodist missionary, and P. Slaughter, an employé of the Rio News. Mr. Tilly, after forty-eight hours' confinement, was released without trial, but Mr. Slaughter is still held. The justification for the arrest of many of these foreigners is stated to be information contained in a recent issue of the New York Sun, which was republished here in the local papers.

Thus far the sessions of the National Senate have been devoted to organization and the canvassing of the presidential vote. The House of Deputies has likewise been engaged, and in the settlement of contested-election cases. Nothing of importance has been accomplished. On the 12th instant, Sr. José de Carlos, rising to a question of privilege, stated that his name had been coupled with that of Admiral Benham by a New York paper in regard to the effort of the latter to arbitrate the differences between the Government and the insurgents, and, as several errors had been made, he desired to correct them. I will send you his remarks as soon as they can be translated.

Rumors are constantly being circulated by opponents of the Government to the effect that another revolution is imminent, but I believe them to be entirely without foundation, not only because of the disastrous ending of the last, but also for the reason that President Peixoto has so well in hand and so well organized the army, and is so quick to suppress all demonstrations which may lead to trouble. I have, etc.,

Thos. L. THOMPSON.

Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham.

No. 250.

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Petropolis, June 17, 1894. (Received July 14, 1894.) SIR: There has been passed in the National Congress a resolution ordering to be made bronze medals for distribution to the officers and men of the loyal forces who during the revolution distinguished themselves by acts of bravery or meritorious conduct.

This resolution also provided for two medals of gold and palladium intended, one for the President of the United States, the other for the Vice-President of Brazil. I have, etc.,

Thos. L. THOMPSON.

RESTRICTIONS ON CIPHER TELEGRAMS. *

Mr. Gresham to Mr. Thompson.

[Telegram.)

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, April 12, 1894. Mr. Gresham instructs Mr. Thompson to request that the restrictions on commercial cipher telegrams be removed.

Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham.

[Telegram.]

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES, Petropolis, April 25, 1894. (Received April 25, 1894.) Restrictions cipher telegrams removed.

THOMPSON.

Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham.

No. 227.]

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Petropolis, April 27, 1894. (Received May 29, 1894.) SIB: Referring to your telegram of the 12th instant, conveying instructions that an effort be made to have the restrictions on commercial telegrams in cipher removed, I have the honor to state that a note was addressed on the 13th instant to his excellency the minister for foreign affairs renewing my previous request for such action, and on the 24th instant I received a telegram announcing that the restrictions would be removed. I inclose the correspondence upon the subject. I have, etc.,

Thos. L. THOMPSON.

(Inclosure 1 in No. 227.]

Mr. Thompson to Senhor Nascimento.

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Petropolis, April 13, 1894. SIR: By direction of telegraphic instructions just received, I hasten to renew to bis excellency Dr. Cassiano do Nascimento, minister for foreign affairs, my request for the removal of restrictions placed by the Government of Brazil upon commercial

* See Foreign Relations 1893, pp. 38, 41, 42, 43, 47, 50, 62, 145.

telegrams in cipher. In view of the recent decisive victories, which have attended the arms of the loyal forces for the preservation of the Republic and the consequential restoration of business throughout the country, the necessity appears no longer to exist for the maintenance of heretofore restrictive measures which have had a tendency to embarrass the free interchange of communication between the representatives of trade in the great commercial centers of our respective republics.

Trusting that his excellency the Sr. marechal, vice-president, in view of what is above set forth, the magnitude of the interests involved, and the good which would result, may not be precluded from granting the relief desired, I have presented the matter for consideration. I improve, etc.,

Thos. L. THOMPSON.

(Inclosure 2 in No. 227.-Translation.)

Minister of Exterior to Mr. Thompson.

RIO DE JANEIRO, April 24, 1894. Orders have been given in deference to the last solicitations of your oxcellency relative to the telegraph. Good wishes to your excellency.

MINISTER OF EXTERIOR.

SUSPENSION OF DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH PORTUGAL.

Mr. Thompson to Mr. Gresham.

(Telegram.)

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Petropolis, May 15, 1894. The Brazilian Government has recalled its minister at Lisbon and given passports to the chargé d'affaires of Portugal.

Mr. Gresham to Senhor Mendonça.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, May 31, 1894. SIR: At your interview with me yesterday you communicated copy of a telegraphic instruction you had received from the minister for foreign affairs, directing you to ask if the Government of the United States would authorize its minister at Lisbon to protect Brazilian citi. zens during the suspension of diplomatic relations with Portugal.

Having taken the President's directions in this regard, I have the pleasure to inform you that the minister of the United States at Lisbon will be instructed, by cable, to use his friendly offices, with the acquiescence of the Portuguese Government, for the protection of Brazilian citizens in Portugal or the Portuguese dependencies during the present suspension of diplomatic relations between those countries.

Promising myself the further pleasure of communicating to you such reply as I may receive from Mr. Caruth, I avail myself, etc.,

W.Q. GRESHAM,

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