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WASHINGTON, February 3, 1915. I.. The following instructions, governing the training of Engineer troops and supplementing those relative to the training of the Mobile Army, contained in General Orders, No. 17, War Department, 1913, are published for the information and guidance of all concerned :
1. The object of these instructions is to insure tboroughness and uniformity in the training of engineer organizations, and the provision in each organization of a suitable Qumber of enlisted men qualified for special kinds of work,
2. The training of Engineer troops includes r-neral service training and engineer training, and will be carried on daily except on Sundays, holidays, and those days on which prerented by ceremonies or other duty prescribed by post, department, or higher authority; but, as far as practicable, training shall have precedence over ceremonies and ordinary routine work of posts and garrisons.
3. General serrice truining.–This will consist of instruction in the care of arms, accouterments, and equipment; athletics, bayonet combat, first aid and personal hygiene, guard duty, tent pitching; instruction of selected men in visual signaling, driving, packing, saddlery, and the care of animals; instruction of mounted men in equitation and the training of horses; range practice and preliminary instruction therefor; exercises in leaving the post fully equipped for field service; practice marches, the service of security and information, camping, individual cooking, combat exercises, night operations, ceremonies, and tactical drills. Tactical drills for foot troops will consist of those exercises prescribed for equivalent units of Infantry, and for mounted troops of those for equivalent units of Cavalry, omitting such of the latter that, by reason of differences in individual equipment, are not applicable to mounted Engineer troops. When facilities therefor are available, thorough. instruction will be given in swimming, and each enlisted man required to attain proficiency therein.
4. Engineer training.—This comprises general and special
General engineer training will consist of individual and collective instruction in the use of cordage and of lumbering and excavating tools, in rowing, ponton bridge work;
the construction of improvised bridges and bridging expedients, piers, wharves, and landings; the construction and repair of roads, and the handling of heavy weights, the construction of field fortifications, to include revetments, loopholes, head and overhead cover, bombproofs, alarms, flares, observing stations, obstacles; the laying out of field and siege works; construction of siege materials; sapping and mining, and the distribution of intrenching tools and materials.
Special engineer training consists of the individual instruction of selected men in demolitions, reconnoisance, surveying, drafting, photography and map reproduction, including lithography; carpentry, blacksmithing, masonry, and pipe-fitting, and the care and operation of power machinery and equipment, including portable searchlights.
Enlisted men will be required to attain proficiency in the course of general engineer training before being given special training, and particular attention will be given to insuring the proficiency of each enlisted man in rowing and in the use of cordage and the simple lumbering and excavating tools.
General engineer training will be progressive and will follow, in general, the methods and examples given in the Ponton Manual, the Engineer Field Manual, and other approved manuals of instruction and reference.
When ponton equipage and draft animals are available, each Engineer company will, at least once during the annual course of training, be assigned to ponton work exclusively for such a period as may be necessary for proper training in the care and handling of the equipage in the field.
Instruction in demolitions will consist of practical work in the use of the demolition equipment, the handling of explosives, computation of charges, and the arrangement of fuses and firing apparatus; exercises in demolition work, including the destruction of obstacles, and in the construction and charging of mines, fougasses, etc. After sufficient experience has been had with the prescribed explosive, instruction will be extended to the use of well-known commercial high explosives.
Instruction in reconnoissance will consist of topographical sketching, to include the use of the sketching board, compass and notebook, and accessory instruments, in road sketching,
foot and mounted; in position sketching, and in filling in topographical surveys.
For individual instruction of enlisted men in (1) survey. ing. (2) drafting, (3) photography and map reproduction, Dcinding lithography, (4) carpentry, (5) blacksmithing, (6) masonry, and (7) pipe-fitting and the care and operation of power machinery and equipment, a trade school in each of tbese subjects will be carried on, as far as practicable, during the period of garrison training. These trade schools will be supervised by one or more officers as required, and provided with instructors carefully selected from qualified enlisted men.
Enlisted men detailed as instructors or for instruction at the trade schools may be placed on special duty, but the total number on special duty for this purpose at any one time shall not exceed 30 in each company. Manuals of instruction for use in the trade schools will be prescribed by the Chief of Engineers.
5. The period of garrison training will, in general, be deroted largely to individual instruction, and the period of feld training to work under field conditions, illustrating the application of principles and methods taught during the period of garrison training. 6. As a guide in determining the character and extent of the individual instruction required in each company, the obowing list is given, showing the minimum number of samially qualified men considered necessary in an Engineer company of the maximum strength authorized by law: Instrumental surveyors
2 Topographical sketchers.
4 Carpenters, bridge
Riggers Calkers Horseshoers
2 Drivers-[2247494, A. G. 0.] II.-When private mounts of officers are shipped on change of station under the provisions of paragraph 1098, Army Regulations, a descriptive card of each mount will accompany the invoice covering the shipment so as to enable the receiving officer readily to identify the animal upon arrival at destination.
[2250487, A. G. 0.] III. The following instructions relative to the issue of the cavesson and longe to Field Artillery are published for the information and guidance of all concerned :
The cavesson and longe adopted as part of the cavalry equipment, model of 1912, for issue to cavalry troops, is also authorized for issue to Field Artillery in the ratio of one cavesson and longe to 30 individual saddle horses or the major portion thereof, each battery to have at least one cavesson and longe. The issue of these articles to Field Artillery will be made on requisition and will be optional with Field Artillery commanders.
[2235098, A. G. 0.] IV. Subsection (c), section 3, Paragraph I, General Orders, No. 29, War Department, 1914, relating to the equipment of bakery companies, is amended so as to omit the word "folding" from the item “Lanterns, folding” in the table of equipment, page 3.
The regular specification lantern is substituted for the folding lantern in the field bakery equipment, to take effect when the stock of folding lanterns now on hand for field. bakeries is exhausted.
[2226614, A. G. 0.] BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:
H. L. SCOTT,
Brigadier General, Chief of Staff. OFFICIAL: H. P. MCCAIN,
The Adjutant General.