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[Switzerland.)

No. 9.- DECLARATION of the 8 Powers, on the Affairs

of the Helvetic Confederacy. Signed at Vienna, 20th March, 1815.

[This - Declaration formed Annex XIa to the Vienna Congress

Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] ART.

TABLE. Preamble. Independence and Neutrality of Switzerland. (Vallée des

Dappes.) 1. Integrity of the 19 Cantons. 2. Union of 3 new Cantons ; Valais, Geneva, Neufchatel. (Vallée des

Dappes.) 3. Union of Bishoprio of Basle, and Town and Territory of Bienne, with

Canton of Berne. 4. Rights of Inhabitants of Countries united with Canton of Berne. Collec

tion of Ordinary Revenues. Indemnity to the Prince Bishop of Basle. Retention of Bishopric of Basle. Proportion to be paid by

Canton of Berne to Bishopric of Basle. 5. Commercial and Military communications of the Town of Geneva with the

Canton of Vaud. Versoy Road. Passage of Troops. Free Communication between the Town of Geneva and the Jurisdiction of Peney.

Accession of Territory for the Town of Genera. 6. Mutual Compensations by Cantons of Argovia, Vaud, Tessin, and St. Gall

to Cantons of Schweitz, Unterwald, Uri, Glaris, Zug, and Appenzell. 7. Disposal of Funds placed in England by the Cantons of Zurich and

Berne. 8. Indemnity to Propri of " Lauds." 9. Pensions to Prince Abbot of St. Gall, and others. Accession to Federal

Union. Amnesty.

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*)

Preamble. The Powers called upon to mediate in the arrangement of the affairs of Switzerland, in order to carry into effect Article VI of the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), having acknowledged that the general interest demands that the Helvetic States should enjoy the benefit of a perpetual Neutrality; and wishing, by territorial restitutions and cessions, to enable it to secure its Independence and maintain its Neutrality;

After having obtained every information relative to the interests of the different Cantons, and taken into consideration the claims subunitted to them by the Helvetic Legation;

* For French version, see " State Papers,” vol. ii, p. 142.

[Switzerland.]

Perpetual Neutrality.
Declare,

That as soon as the Helvetic Diet shall have duly and formally acceded to the stipulations contained in the present Instrument, an Act shall be prepared, containing the acknowledgment and the guarantee, on the part of all the Powers, of the perpetual Neutrality of Switzerland, in her new frontiers; which Act shall form part of that which, in the execution of Article XXXII of the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, was to complete the arrangements contained in that Treaty.*

Integrity of the 19 Cantons of Switzerland.f ART. I. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as Art. LXXIV.)

Switzerland. Union of Three new Cantons (The Valais, Geneva,

Neufchatelt). Vallée des Dappes. ART. II. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as Art. LXXV.)

Switzerland. Union of Bishopric of Basle, and Town and Territory

of Bienne, with Canton of Berne. ART. III. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as Art. LXXVI.)

Switzerland. Rights of Inhabitants of Countries united with Canton

of Berne. ART. IV. (1, 2, 3, Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as Art. LXXVII.)

* See Act of the 5 Powers of 20th November, 1815.
Zurich.
Unterwald. Basle.

Argovia.
Berne.
Glaris,

Schaffhausen. Thurgovia.
Lucerne. Zug.

Appenzell. Tessin.
Uri.
Friburg
St. Gall.

Vaud.
Schweitz. Soleure.

Grisons. The King of Prussia renounced his Sovereign Rights over the Princi. pality of Neufchatel and the County of Valengin, by the Treaty between Great Britain, Austria, France, Prussia, Russia, and Switzerland, of 26th May, 1857, by which Treaty it was also declared that the Principality should continue to form part of the Swiss Confederation, in conformity with Art. LXXV of the Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815. § See Treaty between France and Switzerland of 8th December, 1862.

[Switzerland.)

Collection of Ordinary Revenues. 4. The ordinary revenues of the country shall be collected on account of the present Administration, until the date of the acces. sion of the Diet to the present transaction. The arrears of the said revenues shall be collected in like manner, but the extraordinary taxes, which have not yet been paid into the public chest, shall not be demanded.

Indemnity to the Prince Bishop of Basle. 5. No indemnity having been received by the Prince Bishop of Basle, for the quota of the revenues accruing to him from the Bishopric which hitherto formed a part of Switzerland, and a stipulation having been made in the Récès of the German Empire of 1803,* in favour of those countries only which have become an integral part of the said Empire, the cantons of Berne and Basle are to pay to him, in addition to the said annuity, the sum of 12,000 florins of the Empire, dating from the union of the Bishopric of Basle to the Cantons of Berpe and Basle; the fifth part of this sum shall be applied to, and remain as a provision for, the support of the canons of the ancient cathedral of Basle, in order to make up the annuity which has been settled by the Récès of the German Empire.

Retention of Bishopric of Basle. The Helvetic Diet shall determine whether it be expedient to retain a Bishopric in this part of Switzerland, or whether this diocese may not be united to that which, pursuant to the new arrangements, shall be formed out of the Swiss territory which belonged to the diocese of Constance. Proportion to be paid by Canton of Berne to Bishopric of Basle.

In case the Bishopric of Basle should be continued, the Canton of Berne shall furnish, in the same proportion as the other countries which shall in future be placed under the spiritual administration of the Bishop, such a sum as may be necessary for the support of this prelate, of his chapter, and of his seminary. Switzerland. Commercial and Military Communications between

Town of Geneva and Canton of Vaud. Passage of Troops.
Versoy Road.

Art. V. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as
Art. LXXIX.)

* See Appendis.

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(Switzerland.)

Free Communication between the Town of Geneva and the Juris

diction of Peney. In the Additional Regulations to be made on this subject, the execution of the Treaties relative to the free Communication between the Town of Geneva and the Jurisdiction of Peney, shall be guaranteed in a manner the most suitable to the interests of the inhabitants of Geneva. His Most Christian Majesty consents likewise, that the gendarmerie and militia of Geneva, after having communicated on the subject with the nearest military post of the French gendarmerie, shall pass on the high road of Meyrin, in the said jurisdiction, to and from the town of Geneva.

Accession of Territory for the Town of Geneva. The Contracting Powers shall, moreover, interpose their good offices for the purpose of obtaining for the Town of Geneva a suitable accession of territory on the side of Savoy.

Switzerland. Mutual Compensations by Cantons of Argovia, Vaud,

Tessin, and St. Gall to Cantons of Schweitz, Unterwald, Uri, Glaris, Zug, and Appenzell.

ART. VI. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as Art. LXXXI.)

A Commission appointed by the Diet shall superintend the execution of the preceding arrangements.

Switzerland. Disposal of Funds placed in England by Cantons of

Zurich and Berne. ART. VII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as Art. LXXXII.)

Switzerland. Indemnity to Proprietors of " Lauds." ART. VIII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as Art. LXXXIII.)

Pensions to Prince Abbot of St. Gall and others. Art. IX. The Mediating Powers, acknowledging the justice of securing to the Prince Abbot of St. Gall an honourable and independent existence, direct, that the Canton of St. Gall shall pay to him an annuity of 6,000 florins of the Empire, and to those * Annex (B B) to Treaty of 20th May, 1815.

[Switzerland.)

under him, an annuity of 2,000. These pensions shall be paid by instalments (commencing from the 1st of January, 1815) into the hands of the directing canton, every three months, which shall place them at the disposal of the Prince Abbot of St. Gall, and of those under him respectively.

The Powers mediating in the affairs of Switzerland, by the above Declaration, afford a manifest proof of their desire to secure the internal tranquillity of the Confederation. They also feel it a duty to omit nothing which may accelerate its accomplishment.

Accession to Federal Union. They expect, therefore, that the Cantons, laying aside, for the public good, every secondary consideration, will no longer delay their Accession to the Federal Union, freely consented to by a great majority of the Swiss States; the common interest imperiously demanding that every part of Switzerland should unite, as soon as possible, under the same Federative Constitution.

The Convention of the 16th August, 1814,* annexed to the Act of the Federal Union, can no longer be an obstacle to their union. Its end being already attained by the Declaration of the Powers, it is in fact annulled.

Amnesty. To insure still further the repose of Switzerland, the Powers desire that a general Amnesty be granted to all individuals who, led astray at a period of uncertainty and irritation, might have acted in some respect or other contrary to the present order of things. Far from weakening the legitimate authority of Governments, this act of clemency will afford them a new claim to exercise that salutary severity against whoever shall attempt in future to excite disturbance in the country.

Finally, the mediating Powers trust, that the patriotism and the good sense of the Swiss people will point out to them the propriety, as well as the necessity, of mutually obliterating the remembrance of those differences which have divided them, and of consolidating the work of their reorganisation by endeavouring to perfect it, in a spirit conducive to the public good, without any recollection of the past.

The present Declaration has been inserted in the Protocol of the Congress assembled at Vienna, at its sitting of the 19th March, 1815.

* Annulled.

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