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heading of “Vienna Congress Treaty,” to every instance in which a reference has been made to that Treaty in subsequent European Documents. In order to add to the usefulness of the Work, and to make the Boundary Treaties really intelligible, MAPs have been prepared and inserted, showing the Boundaries between the Principal States of Europe. In cases in which such Maps have been laid before Parliament with the Treaties, they have been reduced in size, to avoid the inconvenience of unfolding, and have been inserted in the volumes after the Treaties. General Maps of the same description have also been added, showing the status of Europe in 1815 and in 1875. The entire Work is published in English. In cases in which the Treaties and other Documents have been laid before Parliament with English Translations, those Translations have been generally adopted, but in cases in which they have not been communicated to Parliament, Translations from the original language have been carefully made, and in all cases in which the Document has been inserted in the “State Papers,” in the French language, a foot note is attached, giving a reference to the volume in which a copy of it is to be found. The Treaty of Ghent of 1814 is inserted in order to show the terms upon which Peace was concluded with the United States of America after the French Revolutionary War; but it has not been thought necessary to insert the Treaties alluded to therein, or those which have been contracted with that country since that date, and consequent thereon. In the Appendix will be found Copies of or Extracts from Treaties which were concluded prior to 1814, but which are alluded to in the body of the Work as being still in force, as well as a reference to the volumes of “State Papers,” in which will be found extracts from and refersary to insert in the body of the Work in their order of date. The INDEX, which forms an important feature in the Work, and is prepared upon an entirely new Plan, gives full reference to EvKRY NAME as well as to EVERY SUBJECT mentioned in the several Treaties or other International Documents contained in the entire Work. In conclusion, I can only repeat that the object aimed at in this Work has been to enable the Statesman and the Student, but especially the English Statesman and the English Student, to ascertain accurately the Changes that have taken place by Treaty in Europe since 1814, and how these Changes have been brought about. With this view the necessary Documents are given in Three Volumes in a complete and connected form. Hitherto, in order to obtain this information, it has been necessary to consult collections of Treaties in many instances published abroad and not easily accessible in England; or to refer to Blue Books laid before Parliament, to the “State Papers,” or to accounts of these events contained in Treatises on International Law or International Questions, and other Works. I am well aware that a Work such as this must, in some measure, be incomplete. Some Documents of little practical value have been omitted; but every important State Paper relating to the transactions referred to, will be found recorded in these pages. No pains have been spared to secure accuracy, and the willing labour of my leisure hours during many years has been given to make “The Map of Europe by Treaty” a complete and satisfactory Work. For the selection of the Papers, the correctness of the Translations, and the accuracy of the Maps and Notes, I am solely responsible.

EDWARD HERTSLET. Foreign Office,

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Definitive Treaty of Peace between Great Britain, Austria,
Portugal, Prussia, Russia, Sweden, and France. (Paris.)
Additional, Separate, and Secret Articles. (Paris.) ....
Treaty of Peace between France and Portugal. (Paris.)
Territorial Convention between Austria and Bavaria.
The Tyrol, &c. (Paris.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Treaty. Family Compact. Orange-Nassau. (The Hague.)
Treaty of Peace between France and Spain. (Paris.) ..
Act of Acceptance of Sovereignty of Belgic Provinces by
Prince Sovereign of the Netherlands. (Hague.)
Convention between Great Britain and Netherlands.
Dutch Colonies. (London.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Convention between Great Britain and Sweden. Guada-
loupe, &c. (London.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Treaty of Claims between Denmark and Prussia. (Berlin.)
Treaty of Peace between Great Britain and the United
States. Boundary of British Possessions in North
America, &c. (Ghent.) . . . . . . . - - - -

Treaty between Great Britain and Portugal. Renewal of
Treaties . . . . . . . . - - - - -

Declaration of the 8 Powers. Slave Trade. (Vienna.)
Regulations of the 8 Powers. Diplomatic Precedence.
(Vienna.) - - - - - - -
Declaration of the 8 Powers. Swiss Confederation.
(Vienna.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ". . . . . . . .
Treaty of Alliance between Great Britain, Austria,
Prussia, and Russia. (Vienna)....................
Protocol of Conference between the 8 Powers. Sar.
dinian Cessions to Canton of Geneva. (Vienna.) ....
Convention between Prussia and Russia, relative to
Warsaw. (Wienna.) '............... - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Regulations of the 8 Powers. Free Navigation of Rivers.
(Vienna.) . . . . . . . . . .
Austrian Proclamation. Union of Lombardo-Wenetian
Kingdom to Austria. (Vienna.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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