The Polar and Tropical Worlds: A Description of Man and Nature in the Polar and Equatorial Regions of the Globe

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Bill, Nichols & Company, 1872 - 761페이지
 

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ARCTIC LAND QUADRUPEDS AND GIRDS
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Group of Reindeer
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Elks
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The Muskox
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Argali
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The Snowy Owl
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Bernide Goose
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Dangers peculiar to the Arctic Sea Icefields Hummocks Collision of Icefields Icebergs Their
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Among Hummocks
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Drifting on the Ice
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Forms of Icebergs 47 25 Gothic Icebergs
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Icebergs Aground
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Icebergs and Glacier Frobisher Bay 51 29 Glacier B ite Inlet
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3 Scaling an Iceberg
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An Arctic Channel
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Open Water
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Glacier Discharging
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ARCTIC MARINE ANIMALS
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The Whale
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The Narwhal 61 36 Walruses on the Ice 63 37 Home of the Polar Bear
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The Gull
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CHAPTER V ICELAND Volcanic Origin of the Island The Klofa Jiiku 1 Lavastreams The Burning Mountains of Krisu
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Effigy in Lava
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The Strokkr 72 42 Entrance to the Almannagja
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The Alm mnagja
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The Tintron Rock 75 46 Fall of the Oxeraa
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Icelandic Horses
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Shooting Reindeer
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The Kiderduck
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HISTORY OF ICELAND
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The Giant Auk
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Cathedral at Reykjavik
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Thingvalla Logberg and Almannagja
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CHAPTER VII THE ICELANDERS Skalholt Reykjavik The Fair The Peasant and the Merchant A Clergyman in his Cups Hay
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Governors Residence Reykjavik
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Icelandic Houses
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Church at Thingvalla
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The Pastors House Thingvalla
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the Rivers Crossing of the Skeidara by Mr Holland A Nights Bivouac 98 CHAPTER VIII THE WESTMAN ISLANDS The Westmans Their extreme ...
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The Pastor of Thingvalla 107 60 Bridge River Iceland Ill 61 Icelandic Bog 113 62 Coast of Iceland 114 63 Westman Isles
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Home of Seabirds
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CHAPTER IX
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Norwegian Farm
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Steaming Along the Coast
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The Puffin
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The west Coast of Spitsbergen Ascension of a Mountain by Dr Scoresby His Excursion along
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The Dovrefjeld 127 70 Midnight Sun off Spitzbergen 131 71 Magdalena Bay Spitzbergen
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Burial in Spitzbcrgen
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Arctic Fox
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NOVA CtllBLA
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zar Hunting Expeditions of the Russians to Nova Zembla Page 147 CHAPTER XII THE LAPPS Their ancient History and Conversion to Christianity ...
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MATTHIAS ALEXANDER CASTREN His Birthplace and first Studies Journey in Lapland 1838 The Iwalojoki The Lake of Enara
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Their Barbarism Num or Jilibeambaertje Shamanism Samo7ede Idols Sjad ui Ilahe The
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ancient Heroes 179 CHAPTER XV THE OSTIAKS What is the Obi?Inundations An Ostiak summer Yourt Poverty of the Ostiak Fishermen A
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CHAPTER XVI
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The Beach at Nicolayevsk
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On the Amoor 197 82 Village on the Amoor 198 83 Koriak Yourt 199 84 Kamchatka Sables
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Siberia Its immense Extent and Capabilities The Exiles Mentschikoff Dolgorouky Munich
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Tartar Encampment 204 86 Siberian Peasant
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For what Purpose was MiddendorfTs Voyage to Taimurland undertaken?Difficulties and Obstacles
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THE JAKUTS Their energetic Nationality Their Descent Their gloomy Character Summer and Winter Dwell
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Their Relationship to the Mantchou Dreadful Condition of the outcast Nomads Character
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View of Irkutsk 209 88 A Jakut Village 229 89 Berings Monument at Petropavlosk
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of the Siberian Authorities Frozen to Death at Tjumen 248 CHAPTER XXIII KAMCHATKA Climate Fertility Luxuriant Vegetation Fish Seabirds Ka...
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View of Petropavlosk
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Dogs Fishing
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Dogs Towing Boat
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The Land of the Tchuktchi Their independent Spirit and commercial Enterprise Perpetual Migra
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Tchuktchi Canoe
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Tchuktchi Pipe
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CHAPTER XXV
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An Aleut 268 99 View of Sitka
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A Baidar
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Seaotter The Seabear Whalechasing Walrusslaughter The Sealion 268 CHAPTER XXVI ALASKA Purchase of Alaska by the United States The Russi...
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Fort St Michael 277 102 The Frozen Yukon 279 103 Underground House
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Swamp formed by Deserted Bearer Dam
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THE CREE INDIANS OR EYTHINYUWUK
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Herd of Bisou
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Driving Bison over a Precipice 321 120 Watching for Crees 822
321
CHAPTER XXX
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The Countries they inhabit Their Appearance and Dress Their Love of Finery Condition of
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Buchan and Franklin Ross and Parry 1818 Discovery of Melville Island Winter Harbor 1819
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KANE AND HAYE8
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upon the Globe Koldewey Plans for future Voyages to the North Pole 365 CHAPTER XXXV NEWFOUNDLAND Its desolate Aspect Forests Marshe...
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CHAPTER XXXVI
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Comparative View of the Antarctic and Arctic Regions Inferiority of Climate of the former Its
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CHAPTER XXXVIII
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THE STRAIT OF MAGELLAN Description of the Strait Western Entrance Point Dungeness The Narrows Saint Philips
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Strait of Magellan 408 124 A Highway of Commerce
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Difference of Climate between East and West Patagonia Extraordinary Aridity of East Patagonia
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CHAPTER XLI
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Coast of Fuegia 425 127 Fuegian Traders 427 128 A Fuegian and his Food 429 129 Starvation Beach
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CHAPTER XLII
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Hall and Companions in Innuit Cos tume 484
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Kudlago
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Greenland Currency
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Woman and Child Drawn and Engraved by an Innuit
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Festival of the Birthday of the King of Denmark
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Preparing Bootsoles
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Wreck of the Rescue 411
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Stormbound
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Innuit Stone Lamp 444 141 Fighting for Food
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Through the Snow 446 143 Waiting by a Sealhole
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Looking for Seals
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Innuit Strategy to Capture a Seal 449 146 Sealhole and Igloo
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Dog and Seal 451 149 Spearing through the Snow 452 150 Dogs and Bear
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Barbekark and the Reindeer
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Spearing the Walrus
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Innuit Igloos
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Walrus Skull and Tusks
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Innuit Implements
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Finding the Dead 461 159 Innuit Summer Village
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Returning to the Ship
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Over the Ice
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The Frozen Sailor
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Farewell of the Innuits
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THE TEOPIOAL WORLD
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Squiers Description of the Puna
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The Puna of Peru
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Fountain of the Incas
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Ascending the Andes
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The Dry Season Effects
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CattleHunting on the Pampas
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Natives of the Kalahari
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TROPICAL FORESTS VALLEY OF THE AMAZON
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CHARACTERISTIC FORMS OF TROPICAL VEGETATION General Features of Tropical Forests Number of Species of Plants The Baobab Its
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Forest on Panama Railroad
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Baobab Tree with the Grave of Mrs Livingston 528 174 Avenue of Palms Rio de Janeiro
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Rice Aspects of RiceFields at Different Seasons The RiceFields of Ceylon Ladang
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Palms on the Middle Amazon 513
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Siesta on the Amazon 654
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SUOARCOFFEECHOCOLATECOCASPICES
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RobberCrab of the Malay Archipel ago
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CHAPTER VIII
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Leaf Butterfly
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Mosquito Natural Size and Magni fied
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CHAPTER IX
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CHAPTER X
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Their Habits Caymen Gavials and Crocodiles Mode of Seizing
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A Termite Citadel 603 182 Aard Vark or EarthHog 609 183 Rattlesnake Charming a Rabbit 622 184 Snake Charming a Squirrel 624 185 Killing the ...
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aceous Turtle 635 CHAPTER XII BIRDLIFE IN THE TROPICAL WORLD Difficulties of the Subject Wide Range of Birds The Toucan HummingBi...
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Natives of Aru shooting the great Bird of Paradise
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African WeaverBirds
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Their Wonderful Organization The FoxBatEaten by the Malays Vampire Bats
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Female Gorilla and Young
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Female OrangOutang
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The Condor His Marvelous Flight His
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CHAPTER XV
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Lions Pulling Down a Giraffe 699 192 An Obstinate Brute
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A Little HeadWork 721 194 Chase of the Wild Boar
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142 페이지 - Mont Blanc is the monarch of mountains, They crowned him long ago On a throne of rocks, in a robe of clouds, With a diadem of snow.
167 페이지 - Gul in her bloom? Where the citron and olive are fairest of fruit, And the voice of the nightingale never is mute, Where the tints of the earth, and the hues of the sky, In colour though varied, in beauty may vie...
364 페이지 - W., after having ascended Wellington Channel to lat. 77°, and returned by the west side of Cornwallis Island. Sir John Franklin commanding the expedition. All well. Party consisting of 2 officers and 6 men left the ships on Monday 24th May, 1847.
725 페이지 - Lo now, his strength is in his loins, and his force is in the navel of his belly. He moveth his tail like a cedar: the sinews of his stones are wrapped together. His bones are as strong pieces of brass; his bones are like bars of iron.
702 페이지 - The shock produced a stupor similar to that which seems to be felt by a mouse after the first shake of the cat. It caused a sort of dreaminess, in which there was no sense of pain nor feeling of terror, though quite conscious of all that was happening. It was like what patients partially under the influence of chloroform describe, who see all the operation, but feel not the knife. This singular ccnN 2 dition was not the result of any mental process. The shake annihilated fear, and allowed no sense...
701 페이지 - Growling horribly close to my ear, he shook me as a terrier dog does a rat. The shock produced a stupor similar to that which seems to be felt by a mouse after the first shake of the cat. It caused a sort of dreaminess, in which there was no sense of pain nor feeling of terror, though quite conscious of all that was happening.
599 페이지 - And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads.
679 페이지 - His eyes began to flash fiercer fire as we stood motionless on the defensive, and the crest of short hair which stands on his forehead began to twitch rapidly up and down, while his powerful fangs were shown as he again sent forth a thunderous roar. And now, truly...
694 페이지 - If the bird wished to descend, the wings were for a moment collapsed; and then when again expanded with an altered inclination, the momentum gained by the rapid descent seemed to urge the bird upwards, with the even and steady movement of a paper kite. In the case of any bird soaring, its motion must be sufficiently rapid, so that the action of the inclined surface of its body on the atmosphere may counterbalance its gravity.
362 페이지 - ... under the boat, which had been turned over to form a shelter, and several lay scattered about in different directions. Of those found on the island, one was supposed to have been an officer, as he had a telescope strapped over his shoulders and his doublebarrelled gun lay underneath him. From the mutilated state of many of the corpses...

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