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aaojaq allowed association average number Captain Maconochie cent character classification CM CO rH CM rH rH Colonel Montesinos Commissioners conduct Convict Prisons cost County Prisons crime criminals discharged convicts discharged prisoners Dublin earnings employed employer employment England England and Ireland English System expenses F. B. SANBORN female convicts Fulham gratuities Houses of Correction Houses of Industry imprisonment increase Intermediate Prisons Ireland Irish System Jails Joshua Jebb less license Massachusetts ment months moral Mountjoy Prison Norfolk Island number of male number of prisoners obtaining offences osnoH Penal Servitude persons placed Police Supervision Prison Discipline prison labor prison officers prison system punishment recommitments reformatory Report returns rH CM CM rH CM rH rH rH CM rH rH rH salaries sent sentence separate confinement separate prison Sir George Gipps Sir Walter Crofton Snm expended society Spike Island stage Table ticket-of-leave Western Australia whole number
14 페이지 - To produce a forfeiture of the License it is by no means necessary that the holder should be convicted of any new offence. If he associates with notoriously bad characters, leads an idle and dissolute life, or has no visible means of obtaining an honest livelihood, <&c., it will be assumed that he is about to relapse into crime, and he will be at once apprehended, and recommitted to prison under his original sentence.
131 페이지 - I landed, yet not a single place of worship was erected on it. It had been seven years a settlement, before even a clergyman was sent. There were no schools, no books ; and the men's countenances reflected faithfully this description of treatment. A more demoniacal assemblage could not be imagined, and almost the most formidable sight I ever beheld was the sea of faces upturned to me when I first addressed them.
129 페이지 - The sole direct object of secondary punishment should therefore, it is conceived, be the reform, if possible, but, at all events, the adequate subjugation and training to self-command of the individuals subjected to them ; so that, before they can regain their full privileges in society, after once forfeiting them, they must give satisfactory proof that they again deserve and are not likely to abuse them.
130 페이지 - Land as well as New South Wales), were rigorously coerced all day, and cooped up at night in barracks which could not decently accommodate half the number. In every way their feelings were habitually outraged and their self-respect destroyed. They were required to cap each private soldier whom they met, and even each empty sentry-box that they passed.
130 페이지 - ... of the individuals subjected to them ; so that, before they can regain their full privileges in society, after once forfeiting them, they must give satisfactory proof that they again deserve and are not likely to abuse them. " This principle does not proscribe punishment, as such, which, on the contrary, will, it is believed, be always found indispensable, in order to induce penitence and submission ; nor, as may be already inferred, does it lose sight of the object of setting a deterring example....
131 페이지 - I sought generally by every means to recover the men's self-respect; to gain their own wills towards their reform; to visit moral offences severely, but to reduce the number of those that were purely conventional; to mitigate the penalties attached to these, and thus gradually awaken better and more enlightened feelings among both officers and men.
131 페이지 - ... which could not decently accommodate half the number. In every way their feelings were habitually outraged and their self-respect destroyed. They were required to cap each private soldier whom they met, and even each empty sentry-box that they passed. If they met a superior officer they were to take off their caps altogether, and stand aside, bare-headed, in a ditch if necessary, and whatever the weather, till he passed, in most cases without taking the smallest notice of them.
130 페이지 - ... together, in the latter stage, in associations made to resemble ordinary life as closely as possible (in particular, subdivided into smaller parties, or families, as may be agreed to among the men themselves, with common interests, and receiving wages in the form of marks of commendation, exchangeable at will for immediate gratifications, but of which a fixed accumulation should be required before the recovery of freedom), thus preparing for society in society, and providing a field for the exercise...
132 페이지 - I also gave every man a small garden, which was a boon to the industrious, but none to the idle : those whom I camped out in the bush I encouraged also to rear pigs and poultry, thereby improving their ration, and, still more, infusing into them by the possession of property that instinctive respect for it which makes it safer in a community than any direct preservatives. I thus also interested my police, who were all prisoners, in the maintenance of order, their situations, which were much coveted,...