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and movement toward an overall energy policy. (6) electric power generation and transmission, and (7) nuclear energy development and environmental effects.
Avail: Subcomm. on Minerals. Mater. and Fuels
A hearing was conducted before the Congressional Subcommittee on Minerals, Materials, and Fuels concerning the establishment and operation of a research center at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University at Blacksburg. Virginia. The purpose of the hearing was to enact legislation to provide a location for a research center now located at the University of Maryland. The lease for the U. of Md. center expires in June 1978 and replacement research facilities will be required.
N74-16664# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S. Senate) FUEL SHORTAGES, PART 1 Washington GPO 1973 530 p refs Hearings before Comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs, 93d Congr.. 1st Sess., 1 Feb. 1973 2 Vol. Avail: Comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs
A Congressional hearing was conducted to investigate the factors contributing to current shortages of natural gas, residual oil, and other refined products. Testimony from the Senators of various states is submitted to show the extent of the energy crisis and their understanding of the basic causes. Communications from various segments of the economy are included to define the scope of the shortages and the impact on industry. public utilities, and home use. Tables of data are developed to show the resources available and the anticipated problem areas. The actions to be taken by Federal organizations to improve the energy situation are recommended.
N74.16668# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
1971 30 p Hearing on S. J. Res. 72 before Comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs, 93d Congr., 1st Sess.. 17 Jun 1971 Avail: Subcomm. on Minerals, and Fuels
A Congressional hearing concerning an extension of the Interstate Compact to Conserve Oil and Gas was conducted. The purpose of the compact is to prevent physical waste of natural resources within the states which ratify the compact. The states are expected to accomplish the legislation to prevent the following: (1) operation of any oil well with an inefficient gas-oil ratio. (2) drowning with water of any stratum capable of producing oil or gas, or both oil and gas, in paying quantities, (3) avoidable escape into the open air or the wasteful burning of gas from a natural gas well, (4) the creation of unnecessary fire hazards. (5) the drilling. equipping, locating. spacing, or operating a well or wells so as to bring about physical waste of oil or gas, and (6) the inefficient, excessive, or improper use of reservoir energy in producing wells.
N74-16665# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
N74-16669# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
A Congressional staff analysis was prepared to provide information on the significance of energy organization and the present organization structure for handling energy matters. A history of the Federal Energy Organization is provided and the functions in various areas of resources management are defined. The deficiencies in existing Federal Energy Organizations are analyzed. A tabulation of the Federal Energy Agencies is provided. Summaries of proposed Federal reorganization for energy are developed
N74-16666# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
A Congressional hearing was conducted to examine the evolution and dynamics of the National Goals in the U.S. The study reviews the history of national goal formation beginning with the Preamble to the Constitution of the United States. The process and specifics of national goal formation during several administrations are described. The background information provided by the study is considered useful in identifying the role of the energy policy in the implementation of national goals. The subjects contained in the study are: (1) historical evolution of the goals of the U.S., (2) maturation of early constitutional goals. (3) succession of national goals in the past half-century. (4) the interaction of science and technology with national goals. and (5) recent attempts to chant new goals for America, PNF.
N74-16670# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S. Senate). GEOTHERMAL ENERGY RESOURCES AND RESEARCH Washington GPO 1972 472 p refs Hearings before Comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs. 92d Congr., 20 Sess., 15 and 22 Jun. 1972 Avail: SOD HC $2.75
A Congressional hearing was conducted to discuss the role of geothermal energy resources the nation's economy. The proposed costs of research and development projects for geothermal energy exploitation are discussed. The research projects to be conducted are defined. Information is provided on the subjects of: (1) assessment geothermal energy resources, (2) a theoretical study of geothermal energy extraction, (3) classification of public lands valuable geothermal steam and associated geothermal resources, and (4) environmental impact statement for the geothermal leasing program.
N74.16667# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
A review of the energy crisis issues considered by the U.S. Congress was conducted. The purpose of the review is to examine the interrelationships between energy supply. the environment. resource conservation, economic growth, and the attainment of important national goals. The policy issues in the energy field involve the following: (1) oil imports, (2) trans-Alaska pipeline, (3) outer continental shelf. (4) natural gas supply. (5) shortages
N74.16678# Technische Univ., Berlin (West Germany).
Planning and implementation of a research and development process by stochastic nets requires the definition of basic processes in the overall technological process and systematic formalization and quantization of optimal decision strategies. Stochastic nets for a sequential, parallel, and mixed sequential-parallel development processes that use their own components are developed Systems optimization reduces stochastic nets by estimates for probability of duration and cost of development activities Time dependence in the optimization for a developing system is demonstrated by comparing a parallel and a sequential research and development process.
Transl. by GG
Raumfahrtforsch. (Stuttgart), v. 6. no. 1, 1972 p 1-14 (ESRO-TT-4) Avail NTIS HC $7 25
Improved cost formulas are derived for different types of space projects such as research satellites, application satellites, interplanetary spacecraft launch vehicle stages. rocket engines. and manned space vehicles The statistically-derived cost formulas for the fabrication and development of space projects, provide the basis for the analytical cost models. By the introduction of a learning factor dependent on mass and production rate, and technical complexity factors, the formulas enable initial cost estimates of space projects to be calculated more accurately
N74-16681# RAND Corp., Santa Monica. Calif.
Some of the less conventional concerns of the transportation planner are defined and structured, with special emphasis on the function of government Topics include the levels of government; conflicting objectives of transportation planning. strategy choices for national planning guidance; R and D investment strategies, and institutional constraints and problems A matrix of decision-influencing factors is given as a guidline to identifying areas of concern and responsibility
N74-16682# Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va. TRANSLATIONS OF SOUTH AND EAST ASIA, NO. 450 22 Jan. 1974 27 p Transl. into ENGLISH from various South and East Asian periodicals (JPRS-61035) Avail: NTIS HC $3.50
The status and level of Japanese efforts in the field of scientific research and development planning are considered. Specific methods are discussed for decision making in systems of organizational management Methods and procedures in planning scientific research and development at the national level and in large corporations are reviewed
N74.16688# Air Force Inst. of Tech. Wright-Patterson AFB.
The Aerospace Corporation was created in 1960 to provide General Systems Engineering and Technical Direction services to the US Air Force and its contractors in support of national space and missile programs. As the prionties associated with these programs have changed in the intervening thirteen years. the role of Aerospace has changed considerably Today. Aerospace is pursuing an active diversification program and has gained de facto independence of its founder and primary sponsor, the US Air Force The contemporary situation needs close examination by a competent agency to determine if the management concept embodied in Aerospace is still the best way to obtain these services and if national security interests are being served adequately
N74-16685# Yale Univ., New Haven, Conn. Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics. SOME OBSERVATIONS ON OPTIMAL ECONOMIC GROWTH AND EXHAUSTIBLE RESOURCES Tjalling C. Koopmans 1973 18 p refs Sponsored by NSF and Ford Found (Cowles-Foundation Paper-396) Avail NTIS HC $300
The optimal paths of trading for an exhaustible resource model are compared in terms of consumption The optimal rate of utilization of exhaustible resources, and the theory of optimum capital growth are discussed It is concluded that the combination of discounting of future utilities at a positive rate, and the costless storage in nature of the resource prior to extraction leads to an exponential increase in the scarcity price of the resource FO.S.
N74-16690# Massachusetts Inst of Tech, Cambridge Energy Lab. MODELING OF ELECTRIC POWER DEMAND GROWTH Final Report JB Woodard, JI. ML Baughman, and FC Schweppe Feb 1973 20 p refs Presented at MIT Conf on Energy Demand Conservation and Institutional Probl. 12-15 Feb 1973 (Grant NSF GI-32874) (PB-224045/5GA. MIT-EL-73-015) Avail NTIS HC $300 CSCL 10B
The paper describes a modeling approach, presently under development, directed at the growth in demand for electric power The emphasis is to develop a mathematical model which can be used for the analysis of detailed questions, such as How will changes in air conditioning power demand, electric rate structures. population, etc. affect the daily load shapes (MW vs time) as well as the peak power and the overall electric energy consumption Detailed answers to these questions are needed for generation planning of capacity and plant mix inuclear, fossil. and pumped-hydro) as well as for the evaluation of the resulting environmental and economic impacts These issues require detailed models combining economic models with engineering considerations affecting the dynamics of load behavior Modning of this kind can be limited by the data available. and an important aspect of this effort is to identify the data required for a detailed understanding of the load The approach to be employed is a combination of state dynamic models driven by stochastic processes with economic models
N 74.16686# Admiralty Surface Weapons Establishment,
An ALGOL 60 computer program (for a Marconi - Elliott 900 series computer with paper tape input and output) is presented and described in sufficient detail for someone not experienced in either PERT or computer programming to understand how to make use of it The program is in current use to analyze network diagrams and to produce the several types of relevant reports required. Particular attention is paid to the pracfical updating of the network, and to the use of the reports as a valuable medium for communication among members of a project team An example of its application to the production planning of a hypothetical radar type is detailed
N74-16687# European Space Research Organization. Paris
N74-16693# Air Force Inst of Tech. Wright. Patterson AFB.
The Department of Defense (DOD) is concerned about the effectiveness of acquisitions with midrange dollar values order to ascertain the effectiveness of a specific mid-range dollar vaiue acquisition, the F-111 simulator acquisition was studied and analyzed The report ascertains the effectiveness of the procurement of the F-111A simulator and comments on the sirengths and weaknesses of the acquisition.
management research (including library automation). In each section an attempt is made to summarize the main purpose of stimulating and supporting research and the principles that guide support A concluding section deals briefly with support of research at Ashib and with the reviews of research in selected fields that OSTI has recently launched
N74-16930 Association of Special Libraries and Information
N74-16694# Air Force Inst. of Tech., Wright-Patterson AFB. Ohio. School of Systems and Logistics A COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF A LIGHTERTHAN-AIR LOGISTICS SYSTEM M.S. Thesis Roy D Hammesfahr and Thomas R. Hawk Aug. 1973 60 p refs (AD-769205, SLSR-39-73B) Avail: NTIS CSCL 15/5
Lighter-Than-Air (LTA) vehicles have been used since the 18th century for a variety of purposes, including research, surveillance, and personnel and material transportation Successful, safe operation of airships is thought to be within the range of modern technology A comparative economic analysis of available surface and air transportation systems is conducted to identify the least expensive system. In addition, an LTA system is proposed with its estimated cost factors and these costs are compared with the costs of the present day systems to see if the airship could meet logistics requirements and do so at a favorably competitive cost
An overview is given of the range of mechanization studies being carried out to explore the possibility of producing aerospace science abstracts by computer Apart from statistical computations, computerized simulation of clerical processing in libraries is studied The use of machine readable records to generate an index for optical searching and data processing is emphasized
N74-16931 Transociates Ltd., London (England)
c34 Felix Liebesny In AGARD New Develop in Storage. Retrieval and Dissemination of Aerospace Inform Dec 1973 3D refs
N74-16697# Army War Coll.. Carlisle Barracks. Pa
America's current energy crisis consists of a growing dependence on foreign oil brought about by a continuing diminution in known domestic petroleum reserves and aggravated by a host of domestic anomalies that cry out for some sort of unified energy policy Yet any steps taken domestically will have far reaching international effects, particularly in the Middle East. Eight giant corporations (five of them American) discover and pump most of the oil out of the ground in the producing countries. Hence, they have a powerful influence in the Middle East and are a contributing factor in the stability of that politically volatile part of the world.
Modified author abstract (GRA)
The educational and training facilities in the United Kingdom for scientific and technical information workers and librarians are outlined with reference to the various levels of professional attainment. The need for the training of teachers in these disciplines is stressed and some mention is made of forecast studies in supply and demand of information workers in the United Kingdom and the OECD countries.
N74-16938 Mullard Research Labs., Salfords (England)..
N74-16799* National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The development of a wind energy system is outlined that supplies reliable energy at a cost competitive with other energy systems. A government directed industry program with strong university support is recommended that includes meteorological studies to estimate wind energy potentials and determines favorable regions and sites for wind power installations. Key phases of the overall program are wind energy conversion systems, meteorological wind studies, energy storage systems, and environmental impact studies. Performance testing with a prototype wind energy conversion and storage system is projected for Fiscal 1977
A general account of the justification for the use of automatic reading machines in a commercial data processing environment is presented. A broad outline of the tasks of the component parts of a reading system is given, together with an indication of how modern reading machines are being made more cost effective than their predecessors. A section is included on the recognition of handprinted material. Future techniques which may increase the capability of reading machines whilst maintaining the current trend towards reducing size and cost are considered Optical character recognition has been in existence for several years at a price It will become very widely used over the next few years as prices fall and data processing managers realize how to use the technique effectively.
N74-16939 Hawker Sıddeley Aviation, Lid.. Kingston upon
N74-16929 Office for Scientific and Technical Information,
The continuing patterns of changes in design, methods, subjects, fashion and major frameworks of reference have not only increased the volume of aerospace information but its complexity. The information world has responded to this by evolving more and more sophisticated indexing languages, thesaurus classification and automated retrieval. However, there is no consensus of opinion of a best way to proceed and as time goes on and first and second generation automatic systems come into use it will be increasingly difficult to introduce later methods because of the large capital replacement cost involved in such major changes. Costs of complex information systems
The contribution of OSTI to information research and development in the UK over 8 1/2 years of existence is assessed It is divided into four main sections - mechanized information systems, information analysis centers, and general research and
A bibliography of abstracts on econometric models and their application to the economy and energy sectors is presented. The bibliography has 101 references.
may become an unacceptable proportion of organisational activity. Moreover such complexity and the existence of automatic systems may make too large demands on staff time, leaving less for consideration of the library/user interface. Often, in aircraft design there are similar tendencies - advanced technology may give a somewhat better aircraft but often only at the expense of more cost, complexity. unreliability etc. Good aeroplanes result from good design which is a strict discipline in avoiding unnecessary elaboration, complexity or cost. In this sense a streamlining and avoidance of duplication, unnecessarily elaborate gadgets etc.. may be advantageous.
N74-16942# Space and Missile Systems Organization, Los
The volume of the CCIP-85 study surveys current and projected technology programs in information processing. both hardware and software, to establish a base line concerning a deficiency analysis of the current programs to meet the CCIP-85 technology requirements.
N74-17667*# Jet Propulsion Lab.. Calif. Inst. of Tech., Pasadena. A CONTEMPORARY VIEW OF SYSTEMS ENGINEERING Ralph F. Miles, Jr. 15 Jan. 1974 23 p (Contract NAS7-100) (NASA-CR-136833; JPL-TM-33-667) Avail: NTIS HC $4.25 CSCL 12B
The concept of a 'system' is defined, and the 'systems approach' is discussed. Four contemporary examples of the systems approach are presented: an operations research project. the planning-programming-budgeting system, an information processing system, and aerospace programs.
N74-17198# Cranfield Inst. of Technology (England).
The PEG system of production control has been designed to operate on an inexpensive computer (Philips P350 series of Visible Record Computers), so that it is suitable for small and medium sized manufacturing companies, particularly those engaged in batch production. It incorporates an adaptive loading procedure, enabling realistic delivery dates for customers' orders to be determined. Other features of the system include accurate stock recording. the preparation of works order documentation, progress control and the preparation of a Forward Load Report.
N74-17681# Laboratoire Central de Recherches Thomson-CSF,
Aerosat project systems for air traffic control and aircraft communication over the Pacific and Altantic oceans were analyzed. The distribution of work between American and European firms is reported. Technical results obtained and solutions for optimization of the satellite and payload configurations are outlined.
N74-17519# RAND Corp., Santa Monica. Calif. TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE THROUGH PRODUCT IMPROVEMENT IN AIRCRAFT TURBINE ENGINES Robert Shishko May 1973 88 p rets (Contract F44620-73-C-0011; Proj. RAND) (AD-769911; R-1061 -PR) Avail: NTIS CSCL 21/5
An area of Rand D activity often as important as new product R and D is R and D directed at improving an existing object. often called product improvement. Multiple regression techniques were used to estimate a multi-dimensional technology tradeoff surface for U.S. aircraft turbine engines. Productimprovement engines embody a higher level of technology than their original versions, but the rate of technological advance is significantly less than the long-run average for new designs. Further, thrust-growth product improvement is subject to diminishing returns with respect to dollar resources. (Modified author abstract)
N74-17686# California Univ., Los Angeles. Western Management Science Inst. INFORMATION, DECISION AND THE SCIENTIST Jacob Marschak Sep. 1973 45 p rets (Contract NOO014-69-A-0200-4005) (AD-769145; WMSI-Working-Paper-206) Avail: NTIS CSCL 05/1
A decision-theoretical critiquu of semantic information measure and other suggestions made by students of inductive logic leads to a formal statement of sequence: (1) What problem should I study. (2) What set of mutually exclusive and exhaustive hypotheses shall I test. (3) What kind of evidence shall I use, and (4) What hypothesis shall I accept. (Modified author abstract)
N74-17660 Central Electricity Generating Board, London (England). ECONOMETRIC MODELS: THEIR APPLICATION TO THE ECONOMIC AND ENERGY SECTORS G. G. Kinnene, comp. Dec. 1973 26 p refs (CE-Bibl-220) Avail: Issuing Activity
N74-17687# Air Force Inst. of Tech., Wright-Patterson AFB,
(AD-769190: GSM/SM/73-27) Avail: NTIS CSCL 05/10
Purpose of study was to add to understanding of organizational goals of R-D organizations and of personal value systems of professional personnel in R-D organizations. The approach was to develop a set of value concepts meaningful to R-D professionals, develop a set of goals potentially important to R-D organizations, incorporate value concepts, goals, and demographic variables in a questionnaire, and administer the questionnaire to professional members of the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories determine primary orientation of professionals through analysis of ratings given value concepts, and use primary orientation and importance ratings to determine value concepts with behavioral relevance to professionals of the organization, and determine operative goals of the organization, and compare operative goals with formal goals. (Modified author abstract)
The report in four volumes presents the results of an analysis of the effects of cost changes on general aviation acitivity. The major objectives of the study were to investigate ownership and operating costs in each segment of general aviation, and to develop methodology for evaluating the cost impact of regulatory changes on general aviation activity. The study effort included compilation of a cost and activity data base, definition of fixed and variable cost centers, determination of cost sensitivity relationships and determination of cost impact relationships. The results are presented in graphical form in Volume 3 of this report to facilitate easy use. (Modified author abstract) GRA
N74-17692# Air Force Inst. of Tech.. Wright-Patterson AFB.
Increasing pressure to reduce defense spending has encouraged new approaches to managing weapon system acquisition and ownership costs. The design to a cost concept is one of the newest approaches to cost reduction in DOD. Design to a cost is the process of controlling cost by treating an established cost target as a parameter of equal importance with system performance. Problems which have been identified as being caused by design to a cost fall in the categories of communication, culture, operation and applicability. (Modified author abstract)
N74-17800# Environmental Protection Agency. Washington, D.C. Office of Research and Monitoring. ENERGY CONSERVATION STRATEGIES Marquis R. Seidel. Steven E. Plotkin, and Robert O. Reck Jul. 1973 122 p refs (PB-224493/7GA; EPA-R5-73-021) Avail: NTIS MF $1.45: SOD HC $1.25 as EP 1.23/3-73-021 CSCL 210
Strategies for reducing national energy demands are examined. It is necessary to find out, for each potential energy saving. how much energy is involved and how costly the alternatives would be. Many users get much of their energy at relatively low prices, and are thus encouraged to waste it: the economist calls this price distortion, a form of market failure The study analyzes the kinds of market failure which seem to cause the present energy crisis, the kinds of government action which could rectify these failures, and the likely response of the economy to moderate price increases. Numerous actions. some large and some small, would be required to restore a more efficient functioning of the market for energy. In an efficient market, energy price increases of 25% would prompt a halving of the growth of energy demand; through 1990, energy needs would grow 40% rather than the 100% projected at current prices.
N74-17779# Battelle Columbus Labs., Ohio. GENERAL AVIATION COST IMPACT STUDY. VOLUME 1: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Final Report J. W. Chadwick. T. W. Hall, E. T. Yeager, and R. W. Cote Jun. 1973 36 e rets (Contract DOT-FA72WA-3118) (AD-771603) Avail: NTIS CSCL 01/3
The repon in four volumes presents the results of an analysis of the effects of cost changes on general aviation activity. The major objectives of the study were to investigate ownership and operating costs in each segment of general aviation, and to develop methodology for evaluating the cost impact of regulatory changes on general aviation activity. The study effort included compilation of a cost and activity data base, definition of fixed and variable cost centers, determination of cost sensitivity relationships and determination of cost impact relationships. Volume 1 provides a summary of the overall stud (Modified author abstract)
N74-17801# California Univ. Riverside. Inst of Geophysics and Planetary Physics. FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR DEVELOPMENT OF HOT-WATER GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS Final Technical Report James B. Combs Mar. 1973 126 p refs (Grant AF-AFOSA-2393-72; ARPA Order 2184) (AD.771016; IGPP-UCR-73-18AFOSR-73-2070TR) Avail: NTIS CSCL 10/2
The investigation has been directed toward a feasibility study for the development of hot-water geothermal systems for potential Department of Defense use as an energy source. The research effon has included the gathering of both scientific and engineering data. The world-wide occurrence of both known and probable sites of hot-water (water-dominated) geothermal systems particularly in relation to United States Department of Defense installations are reviewed and discussed. Included are the geological settings and the types of detection techniques that are necessary to delineate geothermal systoms.
N74-17780# Battelle Columbus Labs., Ohio. GENERAL AVIATION COST IMPACT STUDY. VOLUME 2: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Final Roport J. W. Chadwick, T. W. Hall, E. T. Yeager, and R. W. Cote Jun. 1973 133 p (Contract DOT-FA72WA-3118) (AD-771606) Avail: NTIS CSCL 01/3
The report in four volumes presents the results of an analysis of the effects of cost changes on general aviation activity. Volume 2 presents the rationale and methodology used in the analysis. (Modified author abstract)
N74.17997*# Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Environmental Monitoring and Data Acquisition Group. EVALUATION OF THE APPLICATION OF ERTS-1 DATA TO THE REGIONAL LAND USE PLANNING PROCESS Progross Report, period ending 1 Feb. 1974 James L. Clapp. Principal Investigator 1 Feb. 1974 25 p ERTS (Contract NAS5-21754) (E74-10315; NASA-CR-136800) Avail: NTIS HC $4.25 CSCL 088
The author has identified the following significant results. Investigators have concentrated on efforts toward assessing the achievements of the current ERTS-1 research so that significant results could be incorporated into the updated version of their
N74-17781# Battelle Columbus Labs., Ohio.