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N74-11756 Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va.
The analysis of inventions and patents as a method for determining the technological level of a country is proposed. The characteristics of patents which make this a valid method are described. Analysis of patents and inventions also provides an indication of the trends of technological development. Various types of industry are examined on the basis of pertinent inventions to support the claim for technology evaluation accuracy. Author
N74-11763 Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va.
The importance of documentation, compiled as a result of the activity of planning organizations, for the adoption of scientific and technological achievements in the national economy is emphasized. Computerized information retrieval systems are essential for processing planning documentation data to insure mandatory utilization of stored technical information about the level of industrial development, the socio-economic structure of society, and the history of industry and technology. G.G.
N74-11757 Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va.
A numerical method for determining the trends of development of scientific-technical progress is proposed. The method is based on the law of accelerated development of science and is founded on classification analysis of the qualitative-quantitative dynamics of patent transactions in the leading industrial countries of the
N74-11766 Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va. CODING OF COMPANY NAMES B. N. Tardov In its Anal. of Tendencies and Forecast of Sci.-Tech, Progr. (JPRS-60402) 30 Oct. 1973 p 149-155 refs Transl. into ENGLISH of the book "Analiz Tendentsiy i Prognozirovaniye Nauchno-Tekhnicheskogo Progressa" Kiev, Naukova Dumka. 1967 p 149-154
Computer retrieval and analysis of patent descriptions relevant to company names requires that the numerical code of the firm be the same for all tabulagrams. It is proposed that the first letters of the main words of a company's name are translated into a number for coding. A number code that denotes an abbreviated company name is found by formulating a spectral composition of letters that includes the number of symbols, the letters, the frequency of appearance of a letter at the beginning of the word, actual integral probability, and integral probability in the uniform spectrum. A formula is developed that allows for numerical coding of company names by simple addition of not more than six letters in about 15 seconds by computer. G.G.
some optimal rules for scientific forecasting of possible discoveries is proposed. Various methods are discussed for analyzing experimental research results with consideration of the filtering phenomena of logical means on information obtained from the experiment. It is concluded that the factor ranking method should be supplemented by objective methods of seeking anomalies between research results and its presumed hypothetical explanations.
N74-11767 Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va.
N74-11777 Joint Publications Research Service. Arlington, Va. METHODS OF EVALUATING EFFECTIVENESS OF SCIEN. TOLOGICAL ANALYSIS V. V. Borisov, M. K. Luchnik, and A. A. Savelyov in its Anal. of Tendencies and Forecast of Sci.-Tech. Progr. (JPRS-60402) 30 Oct. 1973 p 277-284 refs Transl. into ENGLISH of the book "Analiz Tendentsiyi Prognozirovaniye NauchnoTekhnicheskogo Progressa" Kiev, Naukova Dumka, 1967 p 279-286
Attempts were made to determine the effectiveness of scientific activity in relation to individual productivity and creativity. The resulting data are used to facilitate rational financing and performance evaluation of scientific group.
An analysis is presented of the trends in the growth and changes in the staffs of the scientific community for the Soviet Union. The age struoture of scientific personnel, the changes in the proportion/of new doctor candidates of science in basic fields of science, and trends in dissertations are discussed. F.O.S.
N74-11768 Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va.
The network schedule is examined as a basic tool for analyzing the evolution of scientific-technological progress. The principles of the network schedule, the logical elements of operations and events, the analysis of delays, and the determination of costs are discussed.
N74-11784*# Jet Propulsion Lab.. Calif. Inst. of Toch.. Pasadena. FOUR CITIES: HIGH TECHNOLOGY FACES URBAN PROBLEMS Intorim Roport James H. Wilson and Harold L. Macomber 14 Sep. 1973 30 p refs Sponsored by NSF (Contract NAS7-100) (NASA-CR-136008; JPL-1200-100) Avail: NTIS HC $3.50 CSCL 05K
The Four Cities Program, a pilot demonstration of a new whole-system approach to technology transfer, is discussed. The transfer link, between aerospace engineering and city management, is accomplished directly by pairing a corporation with each of four California cities, assigning a senior staff member as science and technology advisor to each City Manager. Most significant transfers have been in project management and system analysis techniques, though acquisition of new hardware and software has also resulted from the program. Fostering of intor-institutional communications and understanding has beon a major outcome of the effort.
N74-11770 Joint Publications Research Service. Arlington, Va.
196-209 refs Transl. into ENGLISH of the book "Analiz Tendentsiy i Prognozirovaniye Nauchno-Tekhnicheskogo Progrossa" Kiev, Naukova Dumka, 1967 p 197-210
The systematic organization of the labor of scientists is analyzed for industry in a communistic system. The problems studied include: the scientist's choice of profession, determination of the subject for investigations, applications of research results, and resolving conflicts in research institutions.
N74-11786# Joint Publications Research Service, Anington, Va. THE STYLE OF SCIENCE, ITS SYNTHESIS, AND PROBLEMS IN THE PLANNING OF SCIENTIFIC PROGRESS B. G. Kuznetsov 31 Oct. 1973 15 p Transl. into ENGUSH from Priroda (Moscow), no. 4, 1973 p 38-43 (JPRS-60426) Avail: NTIS HC $3.00
The stylo is presented of science, its synthesis, and problems in tho planning of scientific progress.
N74-11772 Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va.
N74-11787# Committee on Science and Astronautics (U. S. Houso). SOLAR-ENERGY FOR HEATING AND COOUNG Washington GPO 1973 295 profs Hearings before Comm. on Sci. and Astronaut., 93d Congr., 1st Sess., No. 13. 7 and 12 Jun. 1973 Avail: Subcomm. on Energy
A Congressional hearing was conducted to examine the use of solar energy for heating and cooling. Examples of various solar energy conversion systems are illustrated and described. The subjects discussed are: (1) the status of solar energy technology. (2) market factors. (3) technology transfer, and (4) the benefits of using solar energy for heating and cooling buildings.
The problem of forecasting scientific discoveries is dealt with. It is theorized that, if unknown phenomena can be predicted on the basis of what is already known, then there are obviously logical rules for changing from the known to the unknown and forecasts become possible. The development of logical multivariant programs for systematizing the creative process and calculating
N74-11790# RAND Corp., Santa Monica, Calif.
An analysis of the current energy crisis and the possible environmental factors involved in the use of alternate sources of energy to reduce the consumption of fossile fuels is presented. Graphs are developed to show: (1) energy use in the United States, (2) total U.S. crude oil production from 1860 to 2060. (3) consumption of electricity in California, and (4) commercial. residential, and industrial electrical use in California. Measures for conserving electricity are proposed. The estimated national air pollution emission by source in 1969 is shown in table form.
The process by which aerospace technology can be understood and used by city personnel is being tostod through the Totom Ono Technology Transfer Program Tacoma, Washington. The purposes of bringing aerospace technologists to Tacoma are to dotermine if aerospace tochnology can be applied to attain productivity gains in the delivery of municipal services and to find out what tochniquos can bo usod which fostor the understanding and use of tochnology in the operation of municipal government. The process report covers results in transit. fire service, and planning departments in the city of Tacoma. with discussions on effectiveness of tochnology transfer techniques and descriptions of spocific applications of tochnology. GRA
N74-11794Army Construction Engineering Research Lab., Champaign. III. CONSTRUCTION TIME OVERRUNS D. W. Halpin and R. D. Neathammer Aug. 1973 78 p (DA Proj. 4DM-78012-A-OK1) (AD-766725: CERL-TR-P-16) Avail: NTIS CSCL 15/5
The actual time required to complete construction on military facilities is often greater than the time contractually specified. There are several reasons for these overruns or time extensions: designer changes/errors. user changes, weather, strikos, lato deliverios, etc. These time extensions were studied by examining a sample of contracts throughout CONUS from the time period July 1967 - June 1970. Based on the 221 contracts evaluated it is estimated that for an average contract. an additional 27% of the specified construction time will be allowed as timo extensions
N74-11802# City of Tacoma, City Manager's Office, Wash. TOTEM ONE PROGRAM Intorim Report, Jul. · Doc. 1972 Harvey R. Singleton Jan. 1973 24 p (Grant NSF GT-34903) (PB-222346/9) Avail: NTIS HC $3.25 CSCL 13B
The report is a first-six-months status report for the Totem One technology transfer program in operation in the city of Tacoma, Washington, designed to record major activities taking place in the program and to outline its accomplished results. Totem One Program is a technology applications program with the objective of improving the productivity of the city in providing services to citizens through the application of technological and management tools. City personnel aer working with aerospace and industrial technologies, and univeristy personnel. GRA
N74-11797*# Korean Inst. of Science and Technology, Seoul.
The Korea Institute of Science and Technology presents the report as evaluation of an international technology transfer program from the viewpoint of a recipient nation. The program was a pilot study to determine the foasibility of and to establish refined tochniques for the transfer of aerospace-developed technology to developing nations.
N74-11990# Berkeley Enterprises. Inc., Newtonville, Mass. RESEARCH IN COMPUTER-ASSISTED DOCUMENTATION OF NAVY COMPUTER PROGRAMS Final Report, 1 May 1970 - 30 Apr. 1973 Edmund C. Berkeley 25 Aug. 1973 58 € refs (Contract N00014-70-C-0225. NR Proj. 049-251) (AD-766497, Rept-8-230/73-020) Avail: NTIS CSCL 09/2
The purpose of the research here reported is to discover and develop methods and principles by means of which a computer program which has little or no documentation can be easily documented by a human programmer with the assistance of a computer. This report describes the subject. purpose, and limitations of this research; reports briefly on the documentation of a sample, complex program called DDT, and describes (partially) computer programs for computer-assisted documentation called SIMULATOR-ANALYZER, AUTOMATIC RELOCATOR, YANK, KNITTING MACHINE, CONCEPT MODULE RECOGNIZER, etc.
N7411799# Goorge Washington Univ., Washington, D.C.
A survey is presented of current Federal technology transfer and research utilization activities, designed to provide a data-base for a 1973 colloquium on technology transfer sponsored by American University. NTIS and the Navy. Material from eighteen Federal programs with readily identifiable tochnology transfor or rosearch utilization activitios is included. GRA
N74-12019# Air Transport Association of America, Washington,
The principal considerations in the planning of airport apron-terminal areas are described. The apron-terminal area is defined as the area limited by the curb on the landside and the taxiway access to the apron on the airside. The major functional areas of the apron-terminal complex (curb. terminal, connector, and apron) are defined and described. The four principal concepts for apron-terminal complexes (pier, satellite, linear, and transporter) are analyzed and evaluated for suitability to specific airport situations, based primarily upon traffic levels, physical limitations, and station characteristics. The final report presents a consolidation of the conclusions, technical, economic, and operational advantages and limitations, and underlying assumptions related to each apron-terminal area complex concept. Included are tabular and graphic materials to help in evaluating concepts.
N7411800 Booing Co., Seattle, Wash. TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN TACOMA, WASHINGTON. THE TOTEM ONE PROGRAM William V. Donaldson, A. Frederick Fath, Harvey R. Singleton, and C. Ray Turner Jul. 1973 16 e Presented nd at the 2nd AIAA Urban Technol. Conf., San Francisco, Calif., 24-26 Jul. 1972 (Contract NSF GT-34903) (PB-222515/9) Avail: NTIS HC $3.00 CSCL 05D
N74-12497*# Techtran Corp., Glen Burnie, Md.
ret Transl. into ENGLISH from Communication presentee au 24eme Congres International d'Astronautique, Bakou, Oct 1973 11 p (Contract NASW-2485) (NASA-T-F-15205) Avail. NTIS HC $3.25 CSCL 22B
The Spacelab program is discussed. Topics include project conceptualization, general organization, Spacelab users, shuttle interfaces, crew, models, and configurations. Decisions which must be made in these areas by European governments are also discussed
N74-12131*# National Aeronautics and Space Administration, John F. Kennedy Space Center, Cocoa Beach. Fla. PLANNING APPLICATIONS IN EAST CENTRAL FLORIDA Quarterly Progress Report, 1 Jul. - 31 Oct. 1973 John W. Hannah, Garland L. Thomas, and Fernando Esparza, Principal Investigators 1 Nov. 1973 10 prof Prepared in cooperation with Brevard County Planning Dept. EREP (NASA Order CC-30281-A) (E74-10064; NASA-TM-X-69470) Avail: NTIS HC $3.00 CSCL 08B
The author has identified the following significant results. Lake Apopka and three lakes downstream of it (Dora, Eustis. and Griffin) are in an advanced state of eutrophication with high algal concentrations. This feature has shown up consistently on ERTS-1 images in the form of a characteristic water color for those lakes. As expected, EREP photographs also show a characteristic color for those lakes. What was not expected is that Lake Griffin shows a clear pattern of this coloration. Personnel familiar with the lake believe that the photograph does, indeed, show an algal bloom. It is reported that the algal concentration is often significantly higher in the southern portion of the lake. What the photograph shows that was not otherwise known is the pattern of the algal bloom. A similar, but less pronounced, effect is seen in Lake Tohopekaliga. Personnel stationed at Kissimmee reported that there was an algal bloom on that lake at the time of the EREP pass and that its extent corresponded approximately to that shown on the photograph. Again, the EREP photograph gives information about the extent of the bloom that could not be obtained practically by sampling. ERTS-1 images give some indication of this algal distribution on Lake Griffin in some cases, but are inconclusive.
N74-12507*# National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C. THE APOLLO SPACECRAFT: A CHRONOLOGY. VOLUME 2: 8 NOVEMBER 1962 - 30 SEPTEMBER 1964 Mary Louise Morse and Jean Kernahan Bays 1973 290 p refs (NASA-SP-4009) Avail: NTIS HC $6.50 CSCL 22B
A chronology of the Apollo spacecraft development and production program is presented. The subjects discussed are (1) defining contractural relations, (2) developing hardware distinctions, and (3) developing software ground rules. Illustrations. drawings, and photographs are used extensively to supplement the technical writing. Descriptions of life support systems, communication equipment, propulsion systems, control devices, and spacecraft components are provided.
N74-12531*# General Electric Co., Houston, Tex Space Div CREW INTERFACE SPECIFICATIONS DEVELOPMENT FUNCTIONS, PHASE 3A Final Repon John G Carl 10 Oct. 1973 94 p refs (Contract NAS9-13375) (NASA-CR-134 147) Avail: NTIS HC $6.75 CSCL 228
The findings and data products developed during the crew interface specification study for inflight maintenance and stowage functions are presented. Guidelines are provided for improving the present progress of defining, controlling, and managing the flight crew requirements. The following data products were developed: (1) description of inflight maintenance management process, (2) specifications for inflight maintenance management requirements, and (3) suggested inflight maintenance data processing reports for logistics management.
N74-12132*# California Univ., Berkeley. Space Sciences Lab. AN INTEGRATED STUDY OF EARTH RESOURCES IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA BASED ON ERTS-1 AND SUPPORT. ING AIRCRAFT DATA, VOLUME 1 Progress Report Robert N. Colwell, Gene A. Thorley, and Robert Burgy. Principal Investigators 31 Jul. 1973 217 p refs Original contains color imagery. Original photography may be purchased from the EROS Data Center, 10th and Dakota Avenue. Sioux Falls, S. D. 57198 ERTS (Contract NAS5-21827) (E74-10065: NASA-CR-135823; PR-2) Avail: NTIS нс $13.00 CSCL 08F
N 74.12580 Western Electronic Show and Convention, Los
Manufacturing technology and marketing aspects of electronic equipment are considered. Data processing systems and mathematical modelling for engineering design criteria, quality control, and management procedures are emphasized.
N74-12133*# California Univ.. Berkeley. Space Sciences Lab. AN INTEGRATED STUDY OF EARTH RESOURCES IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA BASED ON ERTS-1 AND SUPPORTING AIRCRAFT DATA, VOLUME 2 Progress Report Robert N Colwell, Gerald Schubert, John E. Estes. Leonard W. Bowden, Vidal Algazi. William E. Wildman, and Gordon L. Huntington, Principal Investigators 31 Jul. 1973 236 p rets Original contains color imagery. Original photography may be purchased from the EROS Data Center, 10th and Dakota Avenue, Sioux Falls, S. D. 57198 ERTS (Contract NAS5-21827) (E74-10066; NASA-CR-135965) Avail: NTIS HC $14.00 CSCL 08F
There are no author-identified significant results in this report.
N74.12581 Entrepreneur Press, Santa Clara, Calif.
Evaluating the marketplace on a modest budget need not be as difficult as it may seem Many of the options available to the marketeer for securing marketing information from sources other than the records of his own corporation are considered.
N74-12600 California State Univ., Long Beach.
c05 Morton D. Schwartz In WESCON The 1973 WESCON Tech. Papers. Vol. 17 1973 4 p
N74-12584 Electronic Representatives Association, San Carlos,
Representating manufacturers in a self-employed selling capacity-commonly termed rep necessitates functioning as management. Repping calls for being appointed to sell the product lines of various manufacturers according to certain negotiated conditions. The basic and most difficult part of being a rep is the acquisition of suitable lines. In order to acquire suitable lines, one should advertise oneself in trade publications; study ads by manufacturers requiring reps; and attend trade shows. which are excellent sources for obtaining lines.
Today's health care industry, changing patterns in health care, and influence of government on health care are discussed. Future needs and trends for public health programs and care are briefly reviewed.
N74.12601 University of Southern Calif., Los Angeles.
c05 Malcom G. Ridgway In WESCON The 1973 WESCON Tech. Papers, Vol. 17 1973 5p refs
N74-12586 Stanford Research Inst., Menlo Park, Calif.
The point-of-sale, or POS market, is considered. In providing perspectives on this market, some thoughts on products and services that various organizations could supply are outlined, and parts of this market that are best left to organizations with the tremendous financial, technical, and marketing resources are indicated. It would be more accurate to refer to these systems as inventory control systems, or sales accounting systems, or credit authorization systems that are really data systems for the retail sales industry. One of the data entry points for this retail sales data system is located where the sales transaction takes place.
Through programs, which are being actively promoted by local hospital associations, and thus promise to spread rapidly. hosptials of all types and sizes within a particular geographical area can obtain access to a range of practical engineering services conveniently and economically. These services include equipment maintenance and calibration and staff instruction programs to ensure that the equipment is used properly and safely. With local professional biomedical engineering assistance, the hospital group establishes its own nonprofit engineering organization and arranges to share among the participating hospitals, the services of both in-house and regional engineering teams. Author
N74-12586 American Regitel Corp., Sudbury, Mass.
A brief history of the development of the point-of-sale industry is given. Early systems were determined by the background of the designers, and by what was technically possible, more than by the needs of the retailers or what was economically justifiable. As the market has matured, economics has become paramount. and today there is less differentiation between the systems, and considerably more payoff to the user.
N74-12616 Bio-Optronics, Inc., Van Nuys, Calif.
An introspective reflection is presented of an ex-aerospace and industrial instrumentation engineer's experience in the development of a new medical instrument company. The founding. initial product development, marketing, production, quality control, and financial traumas that are intrinsic in a new company situation are discussed.