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N74-16676* Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, Pa.
The planning process is outlined which NASA used in making somo fundamental post-Apollo decisions concerning the reuseable space shuttle and the orbiting laboratory. It is suggested that the basic elements and principles of the process. when combined. form a useful planning approach for solving urban problems. Thoso elements and principles are defined along with the basic strengths of the planning model.
NSF (Grant NGL-32-004-042) (NASA-CA-136589: LC-73-90891) Avail: NTIS HC $4.50 CSCL 05A
Recommendations and requirements for the preparation of personnel with some scientific or technological background to enter fields of public policy and administration are reported. University efforts to provide science administration graduate programs are outlined and increased cooperation between government and university resources is outlined.
N74-16677* Drexel Inst. of Tech., Philadelphia, Pa.
The question of how ready the public is for the implementation of large-scale programs of technological change is considered. Four vital aspects of the issue are discussed which include: (1) the ways in which the public mis-perceives the change process, (2) the ways in which recent history impacts on public attitudes, (3) the ways in which the public divides among itself, and (4) the fundamentals of public attitudes towards change. It is concluded that nothing is so critical in the 1970's to securing public approval for large-scale planned change projects as is securing the approval by change-agents of the public. D.L.G.
N74-15686# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
A Congressional committee report on the authority of Federal agencies with respect to fuels and energy emergency management is presented. It is stated that more than forty Federal departments, agencies, and regulatory commissions affect energy matters. The reorganization and restructuring of these Federal energy activities is a principal concern of the Committee involved in the energy study. A staff analysis is developed to show the statutory authority of Federal agencies and the implementation of that authority in the energy field. The staff analysis is based on a questionnaire which requested the following information: (1) goals and objectives of the energy and (2) a summary of their respective roles within the overall body of Federal fuels and energy policy formulation and implementation. The term Energy Policy is define as all basic legal authority which authorized programs or policies designed to assist, to promote, to regulate, or to impose constraints on the range of alternatives which local, State, Federal, or private descision makers may consider in their effort to most existing and future energy demands.
N74-16678* Drexel Inst. of Tech., Philadelphia, Pa.
A three-month summer study of gaming. as applied to urban problems, was conducted. The results of the study are presented along with a series of recommendations aimed at guiding the warranted efforts of others to further explore the application of scientific gaming to the solution of some of America's urban problems. Three main topics are considered and are discussed in depth. These include: (1) gaming and urbanology. (2) methodology and lessons, and (3) reforms in the Cities Game.
N74-16679# Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). THE ENERGY SITUATION IN THE COMMUNITY, SITUATION 1972, FORECASTS 1973 9 Feb. 1973 55 p Avail: NTIS HC $4.75
An analysis of the world energy situation in 1972 and the outlook for 1973 are presented. The development of an energy policy which would improve the quality of information available concerning energy requirements and problems is discussed. The market situation in 1972 and its consequences are examined for the specific cases of petroleum, coal. gas, electricity, and nuclear energy. Tables, charts, and graphs are included to show consumption rates and predicted consumption of the significant natural resources used for energy conversion.
N74-15688# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
A summary of the energy conservation and development recommendations was presented to the U.S. Congress pursuant to Senate Resolution 45. The summary was based on the final report of the National Commission on Materials Policy. The seven functions which are to be served by the national materials policy are defined. The major theme of the report is the need to strike a balance between producing goods and protecting the environment. A second theme is the need for a balance between the supply of materials and the demand for their use by increasing primary materials production. Specific recommendations are submitted for the following: (1) disposition of wastes. (2) development of energy sources. (3) land use. (4) water use, and (5) international aspects of the materials policy. The requirements for science and technology. research and development, and inventories of materials are included.
N74-16683*# National Association of Schools of Public Affairs
N74-15690# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
A Congressional hearing on the role of energy conservation in the National energy policy was conducted. The hearing assisted members of Congress and other interested parties in their understanding of the issues inherent in the formulation of a long-term National Energy Policy which assures the continued welfare of the Nation including balance growth safeguarding and enhancing the quality of the environment, and national security The questions addressed in the hearings were directed toward: (1) the general issue of energy conservation. (2) detailed questions and policy issues, (3) requirements of the transportation sector, (4) requirements of the residential/commercial sector. (5) requirements of the industrial sector, and (6) requirements of the electric utilities.
The emphasis on economic use of resources, and the necessity to justify and account for each dollar spent, has required more research into ways and means of collecting costs of public programs. Aircraft modifications have been the subject of increasing concern, and the Air Force has been criticized for not being able to identify all costs of an aircraft modification The research is an effort to determine what significant costs are involved in Class 4 aircraft modifications, and which of these have been included in modification approval procedures. Present modification processing procedures habe been presented to enable an understanding of how costs have been collected GRA
N74-15692** National Academy of Public Administration. Washington, D.C. PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN NASA: THE SYSTEM AND THE MEN Robert H. Pontious and Lewis B. Barnes NASA 1973 137 p rets (Contract NSR-09-046-001) (NASA-SP-324; LC-73-600068) Avail: NTIS MF $1.45; SOD HC $1.55 CSCL 05A
An analytical description of the NASA project management system is presented with emphasis on the human element. The NASA concept of project management, program managers, and the problems and strengths of the NASA system are discussed.
N74-15733# Air Force Inst. of Tech., Wright-Patterson AFB.
The conclusions drawn in the thesis indicate that the impact of metric conversion on aircraft maintenance hardware will allow continued use of current shop machinery and servicing equipment with minor modification required in but few cases. The intermix of tools and stock of both dimensions can be accomplished with little difficulty by the user and will require additional storage space throughout the conversion period and for many years thereafter. Technical information will be affected but can assimilate metric in an orderly fashion.
N74-15697* Chase Manhattan Bank, New York, Energy
The energy requirements of various sectors of the U.S. economy are analyzed. Graphs and charts are developed to show previous energy consumption levels and predictions are made for future requirements to 1985. A comparison is made for the amounts of energy in the form of oil, natural gas, coal, water, and nuclear used by various geographical areas of the United States. Tables of data are prepared to show the potential sources of energy, both foreign and domestic. The economic impact of depending on foreign sources for resources is analyzed.
N74-15743*# Kanner (Leo) Associates, Redwood City. Calif. WIND POWER PLANTS IN RUSSIA Th. Sauer Washington NASA Feb. 1974 70 refs Transi into ENGLISH from VDI (Ver Deut. Ing ) Z (West Germany), v 81, no. 32. 7 Aug. 1937 p 947-948 (Contract NASW-2481) (NASA-TT-F-15331) Avail NTIS HC $300 CSCL 10B
Several measures relative to wind power plants have been taken by the Soviet government, and are outlined. The large Balaklava wind power plant is described briefly. The wind power experimental facility in Moscow is illustrated in a diagram and its operation discussed in some detail.
N74-15698# RAND Corp., Santa Monica, Calif. RESIDENTIAL ENERGY USE: AN ECONOMETRIC ANALY. SIS Kent P. Anderson Oct. 1973 89 p rets (Grant NSF GI-44) (R-1297-NSF) Avail: NTIS HC $6.50
The demands of the residential sector of the U.S. economy for energy resources in the form of gas and electricity are discussed. Tables of data are presented to show the various predictions concerning the future price of electricity and natural gas to the consumer. Methods for predicting the future cost of energy resources are explained. The energy requirements for residential use are expressed in mathematical models and the results are tabulated for type of fuel, type of home, and specific uso within the home.
N 74-16770*# Scientific Translation Service, Santa Barbara,
refs Transl. into ENGLISH from Elektrotechn. Z. (West German), v. 70. no. 5. May 1949 p158-160 (Contract NASW-2483) (NASA-TT-F-15350) Avail NTIS HC $3.00 CSCL 10B
The design and operational problems are reported that are associated with wind power generating plants similar to the American wind charger. The potential market for such devices is discussed.
N74-15730# Air Force Inst. of Tech., Wright-Patterson AFB,
N74-15882# National Bureau of Standards. Washington, D.C.
A methodology for categorically describing computer-based information systems was developed and applied to six universitybased. NSF-supported, systems. The systems under study all operate as retail information centers primarily serving campus communities by accessing large commercially-available data bases using 3rd generation computer configurations The systems vary in design philosophy, mode of user service, transferability characteristics, and operational status. A summary matrix is included
computerized methods to extract multi-feature information as well as singular feature information from ERTS-1 data as is exemplified by the forestry transparency overlay. Fabrication of an image transfer device to superimpose ERTS-1 data onto existing maps and other data sources was also a significant analytical accomplishment
N74-15948# Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fuer
rets Presented at the 13th European Space Symp., London, 25-27 Jun. 1973 Avail: NTIS HC $3 50
The German Space Operations Center and its facilities are described and a summary is given of experiences during missions of the bilateral projects Azur, Injun. and Aeros. An outlook on planned operations during future Helios and Symphonie missions is given
N74-16143# Technische Univ., Berlin (West Germany)
Investment planning with progressive automatization requires inclusion of external data processing as automatic controlled machining processes increase in conventional production methods Models for an external digital classification and simulation system are derived that consider (1) The interdependence between in house and external data processing. (2) material evaluation and information processing times; (3) inclusion of material flow and information flow observations (4) cost estimates for elements of inhouse and external data processing methods. and (5) descriptions of workpieces and elements of data processes for developing economic realistic investment alternatives
Trans! by GG
N74-15951# Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, Calif.
A computer program was used to obtain contours of noise exposure for the Monterey Peninsula Airport. Two scenarios are presented for the present volume of operations and the resulting NEF contours are shown. The same two plots. with a doubled volume of operations. are depicted for a relative comparison These noise exposure forecasts can be used for noise evaluation and compatible land use planning in the vicinity of an airport (Modified Author Asbtract)
N74-16153# Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.
The production process is defined more precisely, and a graphic representation is proposed. The principal functions of diagnosis, supervision, and control are introduced into a hierarchical structure. Some methods relative to these different functions are developed. The integration of technical and economic management is briefly described, illustrating different methods.
N74-16010*# National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Prepared in cooperation with Brevard County Planning Dept., Titusville, Fla. ERTS (Contract NAS5-21847) (E74-10248: NASA-TM-X-69380) Avail: NTIS HC $3.00 CSCL 08B
There are no author-identified significant results in this report
N74-16011*# Ohio Dept. of Economic and Community Development, Columbus. RELEVANCE OF ERTS-1 TO THE STATE OF OHIO Semiannual Progress Report, 1 Jul. · 31 Doc. 1973 David C. Sweet, Paul G. Pincura, and George E. Wukelic, Principal Investigators 11 Jan. 1974 45 p Prepared in cooperation with Battelle Columbus Labs., Ohio Original contains imagery. Original photography may be purchased from the EROS Data Center, 10th and Dakota Avenue, Sioux Falls, S. D. 57198 ERTS (Contract NAS5-21782) (E74-10250: NASA-CR-136564; SAPR-3) Avail: NTIS HC $4.25 CSCL 08F
The author has identified the following significant results. During the first year of project effort the ability of ERTS-1 imagery to be used for mapping and inventorying strip-mined areas in south eastern Ohio, the potential of using ERTS-1 imagery in water quality and coastal zone management in the Lake Erie region, and the extent that ERTS-1 imagery could contribute to localized (metropolitan/urban), multicounty, and overall state land use needs were experimentally demonstrated and reported as significant project results. Significant research accomplishments were achieved in the technological development of manual and
N74-16312# Tokyo Metropolitan Research Inst for Environmen-
The effect of governmental intervention in eliminating environmental pollution is analyzed by using an equilibrium model. which considers goods. labor, and the life environment The assistance (subsidies) of the government to production activities in eliminating pollution is discussed along with combatting environmental pollution generated by the concentration of people.
N74-16513# Little (Arthur D.). Inc, Cambridge. Mass
The use of solar energy for climate control is discussed. with emphasis on solar heating and cooling of buildings. Government/industry relations are discussed in terms of taking action and supplying the market for solar climate control systems The components of these systems are listed.
Articles, concerning the development and progress in various theoretical and applied scientific disciplines and technical fields. are presented. Data are also given on the administration, structure. personnel, and research plans of leading East European scientific organizations and institutions,
N74-16561*# National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Tex, APOLLO EXPERIENCE REPORT: PROBLEM REPORTING AND CORRECTIVE ACTION SYSTEM T J. Adams Washington Feb. 1974 24 p (NASA-TN-D-7586; JSC-S-384) Avail NTIS HC $2 75 CSCL 228
The Apollo spacecraft Problem Reporting and Corrective Action System is presented the evolution from the early system to the present day system is described. The deficiencies and the actions taken to correct them are noted, as are management controls for both the contractor and NASA. Significant experience gained from the Apollo Problem Reporting and Corrective Action System that may be applicable to future manned spacecraft is presented.
N74-16646# Joint Publications Research Service. Arlington.
refs Transl. into ENGLISH from East European Journals (JPRS-60949) Avail NTIS HC $5.00
Selected articles are presented concerning the development, administration, structure, personnel, and research plans of leading East European scientific organizations and institutions, and particularly the academies of sciences.
N74-16649 Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va. PRINCIPLES FOR LONG-TERM DEVELOPMENT OF ACADEMY'S RESEARCH NETWORK in its Transl. into Eastern Europe Sci. Affairs, no 377 (JPRS-60949) 9 Jan. 1974 p 6-18 refs Transl. into ENGLISH from Magyar Tudomany (Hungary), no. 9. Sep. 1973 p 557-566
N74-16641 Committee on Interior and Insular. Affairs (
US. Senate) A BIBLIC PHY OF NON-TECHNICAL LITERATURE ON ENERGY Flora Dean, comp Washington GPO 1971
104 p rets Presented to Common Interior and Insular Affairs. 92d Congr. 1 st Sess., 5 Nov. 1971 Prepared by Library of Congr. Avail: Comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs
A bibliography of non-technical literature on energy sources and problems was prepared for the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of the United States Senate. The reports cover the period of time from 1 July 1969 to 1 July 1971 The subjects covered include the following: (1) national energy goals, (2) energy policy issues. (3) projections for future demands, (4) resource base for all energy sources, (5) management of federally owned resources. (6) production of fuels, 17) transportation of energy and fuels. (8) utilization (including conservation measures). and (9) environmental effects (relation of environmental policy to energy policy).
The research network of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences was reviewed and the principles for long-term development were established. These developmental concepts are given and include the following. (1) principal directions of development in the natural sciences, (2) principal directions of development in the social sciences, (3) developmental trends that influence the research network's structure and the research stations organization, and (4) allocations for development.
N74.16652 Gonzalez (Richard J), Houston, Tex.
N74-16642 Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
A bibliography of Congressional Publications on Energy Resources and Requirements is presented. The documents cover the period of time from 1 January 1965 to 30 June, 1969, The subjects included in the bibliography are (1) national energy goals, (2) energy policy issues. (3) projections of future demands, (4) resource base for all types of energy sources, (5) management of federally owned resources. (6) production of fuels (including storage). (7) transportation of energy and fuels. (8) utilization (including conservation measures). (9) environmental effects. (10) research and development of resources, and (11) changing and improving regulatory practices.
The impact of United States population and economic growth on energy demands is discussed. The need for reasonably rational analyses based on correct information and on realistic assumptions with respect to the future energy requirements is stressed. The subjects considered are: (1) the outlook for U.S. population. (2) the potential for U. S economic growth. (3) probable U.S. energy requirements, and (4) perspective on long term energy problems. The author concludes that the future welfare of mankind requires that energy problems receive the best possible rational study as the basis for intelligent decisions about all policies and actions that affect energy availability, cost, and use.
N74-16653 Stanford Research Inst., Menlo Park, Calif. Energy and Resources Economics. GOVERNMENT, POLICIES, NATIONAL OBJECTIVES, AND THE ENERGY INDUSTRIES Sherman H. Clark In Denver Univ. Balancing Supply and Demand for Energy in the US 1972 p 9-27 refs
N74-16643# Joint Publications Research Service. Arlington, Va TRANSLATIONS ON EASTERN EUROPE: SCIENTIFIC AFFAIRS, NO. 380 18 Jan 1974 64 p Transl. into ENGLISH from various Soviet publications (JPRS-61017) Avail NTIS HC $5.25
The requirements for the development of a national policy on energy sources and utilization are discussed. The economic factors which influence the availability of natural gas and petroleum are analyzed. The impact of energy availability on the national goals of economic growth and employment is examined. The most immediate issues to be resolved are identified as oil and gas pricing and the security of the supply of these resources. Tables of data are included to show: (1) free world oil production from 1970 to 1990. (2) energy demands and oil imports from oil producing and exporting countries, (3) the importance of offshore oil imports, and (4) U.S. energy consumption patterns for 1968.
N74-16659 Kerr-McGee Corp., Oklahoma City.
N74-1665 First National City Bank, New York.
The economic factors which influence the investments which should be made in developing natural resources for energy purposes are discussed. Capital outlays for the energy industries of the U.S. involving electricity, oil, gas and other are tabulated for 1970 and estimated for 1980. A similar tabulation is presented for nations of the non-Communist world. Energy demands for the U.S. and non-Communist countries from 1960 to 1980 are analyzed. Factors, other than economic which influence the amounts and types of energy available are examined. Author
The problem of obtaining a balance between demand and supply of nuclear fuel for electric power generation in the United States to 1985 is discussed. It is stated that the balance will depend on economic rather than geologic considerations. Proven reserves of uranium and the quality of the resource base that offers potential for new discoveries assure that uranium ore deposits available for development and production will be sufficient to meet demand. Projections are made in the growth of the nuclear powered electric energy field. The operation of the nuclear reactors and the nuclear fuel cycle involved in electric power production are described. Charts are included to show the projected utilization of nuclear fuels and the mix of coal, hydro, gas, thermal, and nuclear fuels to the year 2000.
N74-16666 Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge. Dept. of Economics. LONG RUN COST TRENDS: PERSIAN GULF AND UNITED STATES M. A. Adelman In Denver Univ. Balancing Supply and Demand for Energy in the US 1972 p 39-72 refs
N74-16660 Sun Oil Co., Philadelphia, Pa. Economics and
The production costs of crude oil and natural gas in the U.S. are compared with those for the Persian Gulf nations. A theory of petroleum production costs is presented to show the relationship between production, development, and exploration of petroleum supplies. The effect of changing sources of reserves on the development costs of new petroleum resources is analyzed. The expected supply from the North Shore Alaska petroleum field is reported. Tables of data are included to show the following: (1) development investment in Persian Gulf petroleum, (2) cost projection of Persian Gulf resources from 1965 to 1969. (3) exploration activity and expenditures in North American petroleum development from 1955 to 1970, and (4) significant discoveries of oil and gas from 1945 to 1964.
Methods for balancing the demand and supply of various energy forms are discussed. A graphic presentation of the U.S. energy balance for the five year periods beginning in 1970 and extending to 1985 is developed. The economic and environmental factors involved in using hydroelectric, geothermal, synthetic gas. and tar sands for energy sources are examined. Other sources of energy from agricultural products and tidal energy are analyzed. The potential for using more of the energy available from the sun is proposed.
N74-16661 Texas Univ., Austin.
N74.16656 Texas Univ., Austin. College of Social and Behavioral
A study was conducted to determine the effects of energy conversion on the environment. The effects of various types of energy sources were examined and examples of legislation to reduce environmental pollution are presented. The subjects discussed are: (1) protection of the environment and national income, (2) allocation of environmental protection costs. (3) environmental protection problems in the petroleum industry, and (4) progress in developing new environmental protection techniques
The economic factors which influence the supply and demand of crude oil in the U.S. are discussed. Estimates are made of the projected availability of petroleum from domestic sources through the year 1980. The availability of petroleum supplies based on the predictions of exploration and development is analyzed. Tables of data are provided to show the following: (1) projections of the oil supply-demand balance from 1980 to 1985, and (2) estimates of domestic U.S. production in 1975, 1980. and 1985. The need for a Federal energy policy is stressed and approaches to such a policy are submitted.
N74.16662# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
A Congressional hearing concerning emergency energy legislation was conducted. The purpose of the legislation was as follows: (1) to declare by congressional action a nationwide energy emergency. (2) to authorize the president to immediately undertake specific actions to conserve scarce fuels and increase supply, (3) to initiate the development of local, state, national, and international contingency plans, and (4) to assure the continuation of vital public services.
N74-16658 Peabrdy Coal Co., St. Louis, Mo.
An analysis of coal supplies for energy applications was conducted to determine methods of obtaining a balance between supply and demand. The problems faced by the coal producer and those of the coal user are examined to show the environmental impacts. Methods for meeting the energy shortages through improved coal utilization are proposed. A table is included to show the total demand for U.S. coal (including exports). Author
N74-16663# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.