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ERTS-B research proposal. Significant progress was made in the development of operational mechanisms, linking the research community at the University and the operation agencies of the State of Wisconsin. Efforts have been made to finalize a report which is being prepared for the State of Wisconsin Department of Administration, evaluating the applicability of ERTS-1 to the planning needs of the State of Wisconsin. This document is intended to assess the degree of utility of the satellite for providing information which has been designated by state planners as essential to their needs. This effort is considered highly significant to the overall research program since a situation has been created in which a prime potential user of ERTS type data has been given the opportunity to determine the direction of the research.
L W. Bowden. J. E. Estes. C. W. Churchman, C. W. Johnson. J. R. Huning. K. Rozelle, J. Hamilton. G. Washburn, L. R. Tinney. and R. R. Thaman In its An Integrated Study of Earth Resources in the State of Calif. Using Remote Sensing Tech. 31 Dec. 1973 71 p rets CSCL 08H
The areas of focus of the Santa Barbara and Riverside groups in conducting water demand studies are the central and southern California regional test sites, respectively. Within each test site. sub-areas have been selected for use in the making of detailed investigations. Within each of these sub-areas an in-depth evaluation is being made as to the capability of remote sensing systems to provide pertinent data relative to water demand phenomena, These more limited sub-areas are. (1) Kern County and the San Joaquin Basin; (2) Chino-Riverside Basin; and (3) the Imperial Valley. Rational for the selection of these subareas included the following: Much of the previous remote sensing research had been conducted in these areas and therefore a great deal of remote sensing imagery and pertinent ground truth for the areas was already available.
N74-18025*# California Univ., Berkeley. Space Sciences Lab. AN INTEGRATED STUDY OF EARTH RESOURCES IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA USING REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUES Semiannual Progress Report 31 Dec. 1973 304 p rets (Grant NG L-05-003-404) (NASA-CR-136945) Avail: NTIS HC $18.25
University of California investigations to determine the usefulness of modern remote sensing techniques have concentrated on the water resources of the state. The studies consider in detail the supply. demand, and impact relationships.
N74-18026* California Univ., Berkeley. INTRODUCTION Robert N. Colwell in its An Integrated Study of Earth Resources in the State of Calif. Using Remote Sensing Tech. 31 Dec 1973 7p CSCL 08F
Since May 1970. personnel on several campuses of the University of California have been conducting investigations which seek to determine the usefulness of modern remote sensing techniques for studying various components of California's earth resources complex. Emphasis has been given to California's water resources as exemplified by the Feather River project and other aspects of the California Water Plan. This study is designed to consider in detail the supply, demand, and impact relationships The specific geographic areas studied are the Feather River drainage in northern California, the Chino- Riverside Basin and Imperial Valley areas in southern California, and selected portions of the west side of San Joaquin Valley in central California. An analysis is also given on how an effective benefit-cost study of remote sensing in relation to California's water resources might best be made.
N74-18029* California Univ., Berkeley. WATER IMPACT STUDIES Robert N. Colwell in its An Integrated Study of Earth Resources in the Siate of Calif. Using Remote Sensing Tech. 31 Dec. 1973 3 p CSCL 08H
An investigation has begun into the potential impact of using modern remote sensing techniques as an aid in managing, even on a day-to-day basis, the storage, flow. and delivery of water made available through the California Water Project. It is obvious that the amount of this impact depends upon the extent to which remote sensing is proven to be useful in improving predictions of both the amount of water that will be available and the amount that will be needed. It is also proposed to investigate the potential impact of remote sensing techniques as an aid in monitoring, and perhaps even in directing, changes in land use and life style being brought about through the increased availability of water in central and southern California as a result of the California Water Project. The impact of remote sensing can be of appreciable significance only if: (1) the induced changes are very substantial ones; (2) remote sensing is found, in this context. to be very useful and potentially very cost effective; and (3) resource managers adopt this new technology. Analyses will be conducted of the changing economic bases and the new land use demands resulting from increased water availability in central and southern California.
N74-18027* California Univ., Davis.
The primary test site for water supply investigations continues to be the Feather River watershed in northeastern California. This test site includes all of the area draining into and including the Oroville Reservoir. The principal effon is to determine the extent to which remote sensing techniques, when properly employed, can provide information useful to those persons concerned with the management and planning of lands and facilities for the production of water, using the Oroville Reservoir and the California Water Project as the focus for the study in panicular, emphasis is being placed on determining the cost effectiveness of information derived through remote sensing as compared with that currently being derived through more conventional means.
N74-18030* California Univ., Berkeley. Dept. of Business
The following step-wise procedure for making a benefit-cost analysis of using remote sensing techniques could be used either in the limited context of California water resources, or a context as broad as the making of integrated resource surveys of the entire earth resource complex on a statewide, regional, national. or global basis. (1) Survey all data collection efforts which can be accomplished by remote sensing techniques. (2) Carefully inspect the State of California budget and the Budget of the United Statos Government to find annual cost of data collection efforts. (3) Decide the extent to which remote sensing can obviate each of the collection efforts. (4) Sum the annual costs of all data collection which can be equivalently accomplished through remote sensing. (5) Decide what additional data could and would be collected through remote sensing, (6) Estimate the value of this information. It is not harmful to do a benefit-cost analysis so long as its severe limitations are recalled and it is supplemented with socio-economic impact studies.
N74-18028* California Univ., Riverside. WATER DEMAND STUDIES
N74-18035* California Univ., Berkeley.
World capital requirements to meet energy and resources shortages in 2100 relative to GNP will be about five to one. In order to maintain this projected growth to the year 2100 an accumulation of about two quadrillion dollars worth of capital is necessary. It is stipulated that capital accumulation of five percent a year does not seem to be a problem for the U.S.A.
University of California activities in the development of remote sensing techniques and their application in the study of water resources within the state are summarized. It is pointed out that the summary is very lengthy due to fact that NASA had requested a dramatic reorientation of the study. For this reason it was felt that the co-investigators and other participants, need a rather detailed and systematic tabulation of the relevant facts that have been uncovered during the period since the reorientation.
N74-18592 Virginia Univ.. Charlottesville.
It is stressed that socioeconomic 'considerations require the development of abundant and low cost energy in a national policy. The energy should be environmental clean and reasonable self-sufficient to insure long term national security. Public policies and regulations and a lead agency are required to assume these responsibilities and to fund the various sources of energy exploration.
N74-18209# Plastics Technical Evaluation Center, Dover, N.J.
The report lists the specifications for those plastic materials which are considered to be of interest to engineers concerned with the design, development, production, and handling of defense hardware. Included are the major specifications pertaining to adhesives, resins, molding. extrusion, films. foams, and laminates: sheets, rods, tubes and shapes. MIL, Federal, ASTM. and SAE Aeronautical Material Specifications are included.
N74-18693 California Univ., Livermore. Lawrence Livermore
The development of a consensual energy ethic is projected that leads to public agreement as to what is fair in respect to the various aspects of source development. Key issues are: Source development -- particularly of fossile fuel; energy use -- as affected by education, advertising, and legislation: (3) nationalism - in the national security sense as seen by a citizen of a consuming nation; (4) pollution -- as a negative factor in the quality of life; (5) Federal funding as an element of public suppon; and (6) fusion reactors as an example of a possible technological key to abundant energy.
N74-18271 Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va. THE SYSTEM OF OBSERVATIONS FOR THE FIRST WORLDWIDE GARP EXPERIMENT
c13 V. P. Meleshko In its Meteorology and Hydrology. No. 11. 1973 (JPRS-61249) 15 Feb. 1974 p158-169 refs Transl. into ENGLISH from Meteorol. Gidrol. (Moscow). no. 11. 1973 p 108-114
The organization, general description, and composition of the system of observations that has been suggested for the first worldwide. GARP (Global Atmospheric Research Program) experiment in 1977 are presented. The subjects discussed are: (1) observation equipment required, (2) numerical experiments to investigate the properties of the observation means. (3) the recommended observation system, and (4) participation of various countries in the experiment.
N74-18595 Mitre Corp., McLean, Va.
A comprehensive set of energy. resource and environmental issues is presented. Some changes to governmental institutions for dealing with the energy crisis are described that encompass pricing. depletion allowances, oil impons, and environmental regulations.
N74-18589 Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge.
The question whether or not the required capital will be available if technology did manage to meet energy and resource shortages. mounting pollution, and food shortages, is considered. Solving this real problem by a computer simulation model demands internal consistency between present assumptions and future expectations in technology, sociology. value structures, and long term versus short term conflicts.
N74-18596 Harvard Univ., Cambridge, Mass.
N74-18590 Hudson Inst., Inc., Croton-on-Hudson, N.Y.
The following three policy mechanisms to achieve cleaner power are appraised: prices, regulation, and direct public provision, It is shown that the resource-environmental-energy linkup at the current level of pollution is due to multiplicative interaction of the amount of output per capita, the number of people, and the amount of pollution per unit output. The need for shifting some of the distribution impact of the projected financing burden from the poor population is emphasized.
N74.18617# Office of Telecommunications. Boulder, Colo.
The mission of the Office of Telecommunication is defined in terms of promoting the economic development, technological advancement, and growth of telecommunication resources. The application of technology, policies, and the management of the federal radio spectrum are discussed.
N74-18631H Harvard Univ., Boston, Mass. Graduate School of Business Administration. THE ADMINISTRATION OF TRANSPORTATION MODELING PROJECTS Ph.D. Thesis John W. Drake 31 May 1972 266 p refs (Contracts DOT-UT-381; DOT-MA-06-0019) (PB-224846/6GA, UMTA-MA-06-0019.72-11 Avail: NTIS HC $15.50 CSCL 138
The study examines the way in which modeling projects are administered, concentrating on the interactions between and characteristics of the decision makers and modelers. The objective is to learn which factors correlate with models which are considered useful by decision makers. Over fifty U.S. and European projects were studied, fifteen in detail. Both qualitative and statistical factors of operational use were investigated including recognition of the distinction between the roles of decision maker and analyst, the closeness of backgrounds. complexity of techniques used, the extent to which project included consideration of social, economic and political factors. the degree of bureaucracy in the decision maker's environment and the relative usefulness of European versus U S. models.
N74-18619# Joint Publications Research Service. Arlington, Va. TRANSLATIONS ON EASTERN EUROPE: SCIENTIFIC AFFAIRS, NO. 386 13 Feb. 1974 23 p Transl. into ENGLISH from various Eastern European articles (JPRS-61213) Avail: NTIS HC $4.25
Articles are presented concerning the development of and progress in the training of computer personnel in Hungary and the state of scientific research in Yugoslavia.
N74.18621 Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va.
N74-18634# Kentucky Univ., Lexington. coll. of Engineering.
Conf. held at Lexington, Ky.. 24-25 Oct. 1972 (PB-224750/OGA; UKY-TR-70-73-CEED 4) Avail: NTIS HC $5.00 CSCL 10A
Recent available information on the rapidly changing energy resource picture, fuel policies and consumer demands is presented. Papers by knowledgeable government officials and industrial representatives are included. Topics covered include new developments in the extraction of natural gas and crude oil. interfuel conversion (coal to gas and oil. coal to gas by the Lurgi process, SNG and oil), the role of the Federal Government to insure an adequate, reliable energy supply, and the transmission and transportation of energy.
The present and projected status of scientific research institutes and researchers in Yugoslavia is discussed. The present allocation for science is 1 percent of the national income and a growth to 2.5 per cent in 1985 is projected. Priority areas for funding are discussed.
N74-18622# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
Hearings are reported describing the role of energy conserva. tion in national energy policy. Conservation in transportation, housing and in the industrial secion are emphasized. Ways to educate consumers to use energy more efficiently especially regarding motor vehicles and home appliances are outlined.
N 74-18695# Army Aviation Systems Command. St. Louis. Mo. MAJOR ITEM SPECIAL STUDY (MISS). AH-1G MAIN TRANSMISSION ASSY, UNIVERSAL Interim Report, Jan. 1964 · Jul. 1972 Dec. 1973 32 p (AD-772983. USAAVSCOM-CR-73-30) Avail. NTIS
Major Item Special Study (MISS) reports are performed on DA Form 2410 reportable components. These are time change items and certain condition change items selected because of high cost or need for intensive management. Basically, the MISS reports are concerned with analyzing reported removal data presented in the Major Item Removal Frequency (MIRF) report The failure modes reported for each removal are examined and grouped into categories which are intended to clarify the intent of the data reporting. From this data, removal distributions can be plotted and an MTR (mean time to removal) can be calculated. The MISS reports then investigate possible cost savings based on total elimination of selected failure modes These modes are chosen because of the percentage of failures they represent and/ or because they appear to be feasible Product Improvement Program (PIP) areas.
N74.18627# RAND Corp., Santa Monica, Calif.
The military sector of Soviet A and D may be more efficient than the civilian sector; and in some respects, particularly in aircraft development, the Soviet military R and D system appears to be more efficient than U.S. military R and D. One consequence is that the U.S.S.R. seems capable of generating more system options at lower costs and presumably with less risk than the U.S. in the present system acquisition environment. A second finding of this study is embodied in the demonstration that the extent of Soviet technological advancement can be ascertained for one specialized regime of military technology-turbine engines, in this instance--and the methodology developed in that demonstration can be applied to several areas of technology. Even if there is uncertainty about some of the underlying data. military goods and services should be expressed in terms that uniformly reflect Soviet rather than U.S. manufacturing methods and input quantities.
N74-18850# National Bureau of Standards, Washington, DC Computer Systems Engineering Div. NETWORK MANAGEMENT SURVEY Tra w Cotton Feb. 1974 91 p refs (Grant NSF AG-350) (NBS-TN-805) Avail: SOD HC $1 20 as С13.46 805
There are no author-identified significant results in this report
The results of a study of management practices in different computer networks are reported. Five networks were chosen as typical of different approaches to network implementation and management: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) Network, MERIT Network. Triangle Universities Computation Center (TUCC). Oregon State Regional Network and Tymmet, a commercial network. A common format is employed to survey each network. While the report is not intended to be prescriptive. some empirical observations are presented for each topic covered.
N74-18852# TRW Systems Group. Redondo Beach, Calif.
Problems in computer program developments constitute cost and schedule overruns, inability to meet performance specifications, zero management visibility, and inadequate or nonexistent documentation. Management functions to solve these problems constitute analyses of error sources in evaluating requirements, program design, coding and system execution processes as well as hardware realization.
N74-18987** Service de la Carte de la Vegetation CNRS.
The author has identified the following significant results, (1) Accurate recognition of previously known ground features from ERTS-1 imagery has been confirmed and a probable detection range for the major signatures can be given. (2) Unidentified elements, however, must be decoded by means of the equal densitometric value zone method. (3) Determination of these zonings involves an analogical treatment of images using the color equidensity methods (pseudo-color), color composites and especially temporal color composite (repetitive superposition). (4) After this analogical preparation, the digital equidensities can be processed by computer in the four MSS bands, according to a series of transfer operations from imagery and automatic cartography
N74.18853# National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C. Inst. for Computer Sciences and Technology. GOVERNMENT LOOKS AT PRIVACY AND SECURITY IN COMPUTER SYSTEMS Clark R. Renninger, ed. and Dennis K. Branstad, ed. Feb. 1974 47 p refs Conf. held at Gaithersburg. Md., 19-20 Nov, 1973 (NBS-TN-809) Avail: SOD HC $0.85 as С13.46:809
The proceedings of a conference held for the purpose of highlighting the needs and problems of Federal, State and local government in safeguarding individual privacy and protecting confidential data contained in computer systems from loss or misuses are summarized. The origin of governmental problems is discussed in the context of the public's concern for privacy arising out of computer based recordkeeping, the diverse legislative actions now being taken to safeguard privacy. the threats to the security of computer based information systems and the technological problems associated with protecting against such threats.
N74-19121 Lockheed Missiles and Space Co., Sunnyvale.
The philosophy and development of a test baseline program are discussed. The objective of the program was to develop a standard to be used as a starting point for developing test plans in order to achieve consistency in test requirements for all programs. The baseline document provides for deviations from the basic test plan, when required, and establishes a data base for future revisions. The scope of the test baseline includes qualification and acceptance testing of parts. subassemblies. components, modules, and systems used in aerospace vehicles. The types of tests to be conducted and the test sequence for component acceptance are tabulated.
N74-18889*# Universities Space Research Association, Charlottesville, Va. Lunar Science Inst. (SCIENTIFIC AND ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIVITIES AT THE LUNAR SCIENCE INSTITUTE) Somiannual Status Report, 15 Jul. - 31 Dec. 1973 5 Feb. 1974 43 p rets (Contract NSR-09-051-001) (NASA.CR-137081) Avail: NTIS HC $5.25 CSCL 14B
The scientific and administrative activities of the Lunar Science Institute during the period 15 July through 31 December 1973 are reported. The subjects discussed are: (1) contributions of the organization, (2) organization of the staff, (3) administration functions, and (4) scientific and professional meetings held at the institute.
N74-19122 Lockheed Missiles and Space Co., Sunnyvale.
A baseline test program for reliability analysis and quality control of parts used in aerospace vehicles is described. The test requirements are established for: (1) vendor selection, (2) type standardization, (3) configuration analysis. (4) evaluation testing. (5) process control testing. (6) screening and 17) destructive physical analysis. The technical features of the selection and testing program are tabulated.
N74-18974*# General Electric Co.. Philadelphia. Pa.
N74-19128 Boeing Co., Seattle, Wash.
c34 S. Baber In LMSC Proc. of Aerospace Testing Seminar 1 Jun. 1973 11 p
Engineering test disciplines are discussed that can minimize test errors and optimize program technical, schedule, and cost trades. The application of these disciplines is related to a system level spacecraft test. The minimum test preparation activities required to assure successful test conduct are identified. These test activities include the planning, documentation, hardware, checkout, and readiness review necessary for a flight spacecraft vibration acceptance test. Requirements for unique test control and protection systems, cleanliness, ambient environments, facility support services, safety, data acquisition, and quality control are considered
N74-19587# Federal Power Commission, Washington, D.C.
An analysis of the availability of natural gas and gas reserves in the United States is presented. The actual and projected demand for gas during the 1950 to 1990 time period is analyzed. Historical trends in natural gas production and reserve additions are illustrated. A graph of the annual demand for natural gas is plotted to show the levels of domestic productive capacity with annual reserve additions of 30. 25, and 20 trillion cubic feet.
N74-19487 Joint Publications Research Service. Arlington, Va. ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES FROM SPACE V. S. Vereshchetin In its Legal Aspects of Manned Spaceflight and Remote Sensing of the Environment (JPRS-61614) 29 Mar. 1974 11-19 refs Transl. into ENGLISH from Sovetskoye Gosudarsto i Pravo (Moscow), no. 1 p 121-124
The regulation of environmental information from remote sensing spacecraft is discussed in terms of the sovereign rights of nations. It is recommended that commercial use of this data not be permitted without a country's knowledge and consent.
N74-19489# Committee on Science and Astronautics (U. S.
A Congressional hearing on the space shuttle, space tug. and Apollo-Soyuz project was conducted. The information was provided by the NASA Manned Space Flight Centers and key industrial contractors involved in the three programs. A review of the cost, performance, and schedules of the three programs is presented. Photographs and maps of the launch facilities and support complexes are included. Illustrations of the various space shuttle concepts, and configurations are shown.
N74-19596 National Center of Scientific and Technological
An index of research projects conducted by a research facility in Israel during 1972 is presented. The register of current research provides a means of locating individual expertise in specific fields. The index also provides statistical data on the activities of the population it deals with, their institutional adherence, trends of investment in research and development, and other data needed for formulation of science policy. The procedures used in data collection and processing are explained. The classification system used for the index is defined
N74-19597 National Center of Scientific and Technological
N74-19512*# Bendix Corp., Teterboro, N.J. Navigation and Control Div. ADVANCED C AND D TECHNIQUES AND APPLICATION STUDY Final Report Kenneth Kendall and Carlo Coscia May 1973 126 p (Contract NAS8-28657) (NASA-CR-124441) Avail: NTIS HC $9.50 CSCL 228
A study was conducted to identity a broad base of payload control and display requirements for space missions. The subjects discussed are: (1) functional requirements and allocation analysis, (2) control and display generic device matrix. (3) control functional requirements, and (4) display functional requirements. Specific applications of payload control and display requirements for various disciplines are defined.
N74-19603# Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences (U. S. Senate). NASA'S EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY PROGRAM Washington GPO 1974 101 p refs Hearing before Comm. on Aeron. and Space Sci., 93d Congr., 2d Sess., 24 Jan. 1974 Avail: SOD HC $1.10
NASA's efforts to increase minority and female representation in its work force are disci cd. Problems encountered in complying with EEO standards and solutions to these problems are discussed.
N74-19586# Federal Power Commission, Washington, D.C.
The energy situation with respect to natural gas as an energy source was studied. Factors which contributed to the current shortage of natural gas supplied are analyzed Federal actions to develop the policies necessary to increase the supply of natural gas and to encourage optimum use of this energy source are reported. Possible future sources of natural gas to supplement the shortage are identified. Tables, maps, and graphs are included to show the natural gas supply.
N74-19604# Committee on Science and Astronautics (U. S.
The responses are reported of selected Federal agencies to requests, by the Committee, for information on current research in areas of solar energy The nature of ongoing solar energy research, funding levels, and recommended areas for development are discussed. The legislative history of solar energy for heating and cooling, H.R. 11864 is included.