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Washington GPO 7 Feb. 1974 631 p refs Twenty-third
Strategic stockpiling objectives of materials for mobilization are reviewed and other stockpiling operations, including the acquisition of materials from abroad and the disposal of stockpile surplusses, are elaborated.
plan calls for a government budgetary obligation of $40 million during FY-75 coupled with an industrial commitment of $11.7 million. The five year budgetary obligations are estimated to be $185 million for the government and $60 million for industry. The complete five year plan plus the balance-to-complete funds is presented.
N74-33413*# Little (Arthur D.), Inc., Cambridge, Mass.
The business and public policies were assessed that were determined to be important for NASA to consider in the design of a program for stimulating use of the space transportation system (STS) among potential users in the U.S. private sector and in foreign countries, in preparation for operations of the space shuttle in the early 1980's. Salient factors related to international cooperation in space are identified for special consideration in the development of user potential of the STS.
N74-33496# Atomic Energy Commission, Washington, D.C. ADVANCED METHODS OF OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION FROM FOSSIL FUELS Subpanol Roport 7 used in Preparing the AEC Chairmans Roport to the President E. H. Fleming 13 Nov. 1973 138 p (WASH-1281-7) Avail: NTIS HC $9.50
Four subprograms and objectives for in situ coal gasification and recovery of oil and gas from tar sands and heavy oils are: (1) oil recovery from fluid injection, demonstrating optimum applications of existing and improved methods for some 60 billion barrels now technologically but not economically recoverable, and an additional 60 billion barrels not now technologically recoverable; (2) oil and gas from stimulating tight formations using nuclear explosives, large volume hydraulic fractures, and chemical explosives; (3) oil from oil shale by developing appropriate fracturing techniques and processing methods; and (4) oil and gas from advanced drilling technology. The predicted results of the contribution of each subprogram to production levels by 1985 and 1995 are presented, and the comparative roles of government and industry are briefly discussed. NSA
N74-33421# Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.
The primary purpose of this project was to identity and evaluate policies, practices and other conditions relating to the supply of managerial personnel in the urban mass transit industry. The supply, conducted during 1972-1973, sought to provide information concerning the following: an inventory of management, technical, and supervisory personnel in the industry: a current profile of management and technical personnel: a summary of personnel practices and training methods now being used in the industry: an assessment of manpower demand and supply in the industry by administrative levels; and a review of the roles of UMTA, universities and the industry in improving the training of personnel in the transit industry with respect to training methods, course contents, level of support for trainees and related matters.
N74-33496# Atomic Energy Commission, Washington, D.C.
Opportunities for effective convervation of energy in the end-use sectors are considered. Major increases in efficiency can be attained through improvement of end-use technologies, better materials resource management, substitution of time and materials for energy, and alteration of lifestyles. In developing the program, end-use was divided into three main sectors (transportation, buildings, and industry) in order to inventory the opportunities for saving energy and to define mechanisms for allocating R and D resources. For technical reasons two more research sectors were added (integrated utility systems, and cross-sectoral studies). Additional factors that must be considered in determining research priorities include growth rate, role of federal versus private resources, and the extent of research opportunities. The minimum program developed by the panel is estimated to ensure a 15% savings before 2000. (LMT) NSA
N74-33497# Atomic Energy Commission, Washington, D.C.
The establishment of those mechanisms in the Federal Government is considered that would provide for both ongoing planning and management functions based on comprehensive energy systems analyses and research programs to provide the fundamental knowledge and tools required for those analyses. Specifically, it is recommended that the energy system analysis be composed of the following five elements: (1) energy data base and system modeling: (2) technology assessment of emerging energy systems: (3) social technologies and energy systems; (4) systematic analysis of alternative energy futures, and (5) strategic management and evaluation of energy R and D programs.
N74-33423# Air Force Systems Command, Washington, D.C. AIR FORCE SYSTEMS COMMAND RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 1 Apr. 1974 234 p refs (AD-781376; AFSC-TR-74-01) Avail: NTIS CSCL 14/2
Desired objectives are given for Air Force research activities in support of seven technology areas.
N74-33494 Atomic Energy Commission, Washington, D.C. GEOTHERMAL ENERGY PROGRAM 13 Nov. 1973 192 p (WASH-1281-8) Avail: NTIS HC $12.75 CSCL 10A
Only one resource type is presently being used to produce power in the U.S.-dry steam generating 400 MWe at the Geysers near Santa Rosa, California. Six other types are potentially available for economic energy recovery. The program
N74-33513# Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey. Calif.
A review of the world energy consumption is given and it is shown that there is a strong relationship between economic growth and energy consumption A comprehensive analytical model capable of evaluating the impact of energy related decisions is developed. The model is descriptive of exploration, extraction, storage, import, and processing of energy resources and takes into account the relationship between these aspects of energy production and the market prices of energy resources GRA
for conducting a computer evaluation program is the addition of another set of applications to an operating computer system. The selection and organization of the team of personnel to conduct the evaluation are discussed. The procedures for conducting the evaluation are explained to include (1) project administration, (2) project management, (3) learning techniques, (4) a flow chart for evaluation, and (5) special considerations and financial aspects
N74-33684 Mitre Corp. McLean, Va
N74-33681# Maryland Univ., College Park. Dept. of Psychology SOME RELATIONSHIPS AMONG AND BETWEEN MEASURES OF EMPLOYEE PERCEPTIONS AND OTHER INDICES OF ORGANIZATION EFFECTIVENESS Benjamin Sneider and Robert A. Snyder May 1974 45 p refs (Contract NO0014-67-A-0239-0025; NR Proj. 151-350) (AD-781888; RR-5) Avail: NTIS CSCL 05/10
Relationships with respect to two measures of job satisfaction and one of organizational climate, among seven production and turnover indices of organizational effectiveness, and between the two sets of measures were investigated in 50 life insurance agencies. Climate and satisfaction measures are correlated. People appear to agree more on the climate of their agency than they do on their satisfaction. Agency effectiveness is related to gross agency size, satisfaction and retention. Implications of these data for research on climate and satisfaction as well as organizational change are discussed. (Modified author abstract)
A methodology for conducting computer system performance evaluations is presented. The underlying assumptions of the evaluation methodology are identified. The aim of the methodology is to account for the significant factors that affect a performance evaluation effort. Specific problems associated with software and hardware are examined The development and application of a test hypothesis for insuring complete evaluation are explained.
N74-33582# Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. PEACE SAT Project PACIFIC SATELLITE HEALTH INFORMATION STUDY Final Report, May 1972 - Aug. 1973 John Bystrom May 1974 151 p refs (Contract HS-72-4706) (PB-232367/3: LHNCBC-74-05) Avail: NTIS HC $4.75 CSCL 06E
The Pacific satellite health information project was developed to assist development of effective medical and health information transfer. The following results are reported: (1) A study environment was developed in the Pacific, and committees were formed for health information and evaluation: (2) Studies were completed on medical communication requirements, health care status and status of libraries in the US and related areas of the Pacific; (3) Demonstration satellite ground terminals were constructed; (4) Biomedical data transmission tests were undertaken using the voice grade satellite circuit; (5) and pilot demonstrations of satellite communications were made. GRA
N74-33685 Boeing Computer Services, Inc., Seattle, Wash.
Hardware and software techniques used in measuring the performance of computer systems are discussed. The SARA (Systems Analysis and Resource Accounting) system is discussed and its applications are defined. The operational concepts of SARA are explained. Typical SARA studies are analyzed. Results of computer evaluation tests are examined and the conclusions resulting from the tests are reported.
N74-33686 Army Management Systems Support Agency.
The computer operations of the U.S. Army Management Systems Support Agency are described. The tools used to evaluate the computer systems are identified as: (1) hardware monitors (DYNAPROBE and XRAY) and (2) software monitor (CUE). The reports that are used to provide systems analysis are defined and their applications are explained. The benefits resulting from the use of the designated programs and reports are analyzed.
N74-33686*# Pillsbury Mills, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn. SPACE SHUTTLE /FOOD SYSTEM STUDY. VOLUME 2, APPENDIX E: ALTERNATE FLIGHT SYSTEMS ANALYSIS (1974) 94 p (Contract NAS9-13138) (NASA-CR-134377) Avail: NTIS HC $7.75 CSCL 06H
The functional requirements of stowage, preparation, serving. consumption, and cleanup were applied to each of the five food mixes selected for study in terms of the overall design of the space shuttle food system. The analysis led to a definition of performance requirements for each food mix, along with a definition of equipment to meet those requirements. Weight and volume data for all five systems, in terms of food and packaging, support equipment, and galley installation penalties, are presonted.
N74-33689 Mitre Corp., Bedford, Mass
Benchmark testing, or benchmarking, one of several methods for measuring the performance of computer systems, is the method used in the selection of computer systems and services by the Federal Government. However, present benchmarking techniques not only have a number of known technical deficiencies, but they also represent a significant expense to both the Federal Government and the computer manufacturers involved. Federal Information Processing Standards Task Group 13 has been established to provide a forum and central information exchange on benchmark programs, data methodology, and problems. The program of work and preliminary findings of Task Group 13 are presented in this paper. The issue of application programs versus synthetic programs within the selection environment is discussed. Significant technical problem areas requiring continuing research and experimentation are identified.
N74-33683 Air Force Dept, Washington, DC Federal Computer
The circumstances which indicate the necessity for a computer evaluation program are defined The principal reason
N74-33690 Army Computer System Command, Fort Belvoir.
equipments make available. The use of dollars concept is obtained from observed measures of technical performance, and the method conjoins these various measures into a set of dollar related measures of overall performance.
PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT AT USACSC Richard Castle in NBS Computer Performance Evaluation Sep. 1974 p 55-62
The design, development, programming, installation, maintenance, and improvement of a U.S. Army multicommand automatic data processing information systems are discussed. The multicommand automatic data processing information systems satisfy the information requirements for as many as 41 identical data processing installations located world-wide. The systems include both management data systems and tactical data systems. Methods for conducting performance measurement to reduce system program run time, configuration performance measurement, and identification of hardware and software bottlenecks caused by program changes or added workload from newly fielded positions are analyzed.
N74-33695 Army Materiel Command, St. Louis, Mo. COMPUTER SCHEDULING IN AN MVT ENVIRONMENT Daniel A. Verbois In NBS Computer Performance Evaluation Sep. 1974 p 99-106
A computer program is described which helps to eliminate many of the problems associated with scheduling of the U.S. Army Material Command Commodity Command Standard System. The operation of the Automated Production Scheduler is explained. The reports which are generated by the Automated Production Scheduler are identified. The advantages and disadvantages of automatic scheduling are analyzed A primary advantage of the automated scheduler is the capability to update the scheduling data base with actual history data
N74-33691 Air Force Dept., Washington, D.C. Federal Computer
The application of the monitor register concept for evaluating computer system performance is discussed. The operational problems involving hardware monitors are identified. Implementation of the monitor register concept for the Trident submarine program is examined to show the following: (1) fire control system software performance. (2) performance measurement of the Trident basic processor, and (3) use of the data available at the monitor register.
N74-33696 Bell Telephone Labs., Inc., New Brunswick, NJ.
Techniques for evaluating the performance of time sharing computing systems are described. Reasonable synthetic jobs are created that represent the user workload. The synthetic jobs are then used in benchmarks under experimental design to obtain response curves. The response curves aid in determining under which load conditions the time-sharing system will degrade beyond acceptance and the most cost-effective method of upgrading. This information combined with a reasonable growth study keeps the time-sharing system from severe performance degradation.
N74-33692 Marine Corps, Washington, D.C.
The steps taken to provide redistribution of U.S. Marine Corps owned computer hardware to five major installations are discussed. All simulation models involved were created directly from hardware monitor data. The problem to be solved by the redistribution of the computer capabilities are identified. The organization and functions of the computer services at the various installations are explained. The steps taken following the evaluation and the specific recommendations for implementing the proposed changes are reported.
N74-33697 Naval Weapons Lab, Dahlgren, Va.
A case study of an effort to monitor the performance of the CDC 6700 computer is presented. The goals, approach, and future plans of the monitoring effort are outlined The benefits accrued from the study are analyzed Several software monitors are described, together with some proposed hardware monitoring configurations
N74-33698 Air Force Dept., Washington, DC Federal Computer
N74-33693 RAND Corp.. Santa Monica, Calif.
The effects of human factors during experimental planning. test execution, and data analysis for computer performance evaluation are considered. A computer performance experiment using the normal system environment requires that an analyzer be aware if the human problems associated with testing hypotheses. The five considerations are identified as: (1) ensuring participant awareness, (2) defining the measures, (3) testing the objectivity. (4) validating the environment, and (5) using multiple criteria
The organization and functions of a Federal computer performance evaluation and simulation center are discussed The organization provides consultant services throughout the Federal Government to improve the performance of computer systems. both existing and proposed, on a fully cost-recoverable basis Specific accomplishments of the organization are tabulated. Diagrams of the organızation, agency relationships, resources, and procedures are provided.
N74-33699 Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, Calif.
N74-33694 Performance Development Corp.. Trenton, N.J.
The dimensions for performing a technical evaluation of a computer system are defined as: (1) CPU-seconds. (2) byte seconds, and CPU-minute. The development of a method for creating a dollar evaluation that is related to the configuration as a capacity and to the use of the capacity by loads in all equipment categories is discussed. The approach adopted is the development of the concept of dollar use of the various configuration equipments relative to the dollar capacity that these
A survey is presented of the pertinent topics of statistical analysis as they relate to computer system performance measurement and evaluation. Two approaches to computer performance valuation are defined as. (1) the analytic modelling approach and (2) the empirical measurement and evaluation approach. The use of benchmarking as a controlled experiment
technique is described. On-line measurement and simulation processes for computer evaluation are considered. Author
Jan. 1974 98 p Conf. held at Canberra, Australia. 8-12 Jan. 1974 Prepared jointly with Intern. Council of Sci. Unions Avail: NTIS HC $8.00: WMO. Geneva
Following the chairman's report, summaries were presented of the numerical experimentation program, the GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment, the Global Experiment, and other related programs. The organization of future work was also discussed.
N74-33700 Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey. Calif.
A network description is presented which focuses on the CDP in order to show the operation of the AUTODIN as a whole and how the CDP fits into the overall picture. The simulation program construction is described to include the more important restrictions involved. Conclusions concerning the AUTODIN as a result of the experiments conducted using the model are included
N 74-33901 # World Meteorological Organization. Geneva
The telecommunications plan of GATE is described. All GATE observing platforms including ships, aircraft, buoys, and ground stations will communicate with each other through different telecommunication centers in accordance with this plan. The organization, procedures, and schedules for the transmission and reception of the different information needed during the duration of GATE is described. The GATE telecommunications manual is also included
N74-33703*# Rockwell International Corp., Downey. Calif.
The feasibility of having a common information management network for space shuttle data, is studied. Identified are the information types required, sources and users of the information, and existing techniques for acquiring, storing and retrieving the data. The study concluded that a decentralized system is feasible, and described a recommended development plan for it.
N74-33902# World Meteorological Organization, Geneva
The descriptions, definitions and general specifications for the international aspects of GATE data management are given. the objectives of which are to assemble an international data set for GATE and to assist in making it available to scientific users
N74-33774# Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fuer
The organization and functions of a research facility for aeronautical studies are discussed. Emphasis is placed on the five types of wind tunnels operated by the facility. The tunnels are identified as: (1) subsonic wind tunnels, (2) trans and supersonic wind tunnels, (3) hypersonic wind tunnels, (4) low density and high enthalpy wind tunnels, and (5) cascade flow wind tunnels. The apparatus installed in the tunnels and the capabilities of the tunnels are described. The main fields of research and testing conducted in each tunnel is defined.
N74-34118# World Meteorological Organization, Geneva
Following a general status report of the Tropical Experiment Board for the GARP Atlantic Tropic Experiment (GATE), the final platform commitments and operational plans (support aircraft, telecommunications, ship) were discussed. The status of the World Weather Watch and exchange of scientific personnel were noted and a report on the NAVAID wind finding system was presented. The data management and scientific subprograms were briefly summarized and post-GATE activities discussed.
N74-33896# World Meteorological Organization. Geneva (Switzerland) A GARP ATLANTIC TROPICAL EXPERIMENT (GATE) INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS PLAN. PART 2: SHIP OPERATIONS Y. V. Tarbeev and S. R. Petersen Feb. 1974 237 p Prepared jointly with Intern. Council of Sci. Unions (GATE-10-Pt-2) Avail: NTIS HC $15.00; WMO, Geneva
The ship operations plan of GATE, which coordinates the various scientific and operational aspects of the participating ships and also determines their position and role in the achievement of the main experiment objectives, is described. The observation schedule and procedures, intercomparisons at sea, data records and communication facilities are also discussed.
N74-34168# Oak Ridge National Lab., Tenn. MATERIALS INFORMATION IN THE RADIATION SHIELDING INFORMATION CENTER B. F. Maskowitz, D. K. Trubey, and R. W. Roussin Apr. 1974 10 p refs Presented at Materials Information Programs Meeting, Gaithersburg, Md., 16 Apr. 1974 Sponsored by AEC (Conf-740424-2) Avail: NTIS HC $4.00
The Radiation Shielding Information Center (RSIC), serves the shielding community by collecting, organizing. processing. evaluating, packaging, and disseminating information mainly related to reactor and weapons radiation. The scope includes the physics of interaction of radiation with matter, radiation production, transport and energy deposition, radiation detectors
N74-33898# World Meteorological Organization, Geneva
and measurements, engineering design techniques, shielding materials properties, computer codes useful in research and design, and shielding data compilations. This information is analyzed, evaluated, synthesized, and repackaged in a form more authoritative, timely, and useful. Promoting exchange and improvement of nuclear data, computer codes, and radiation transport information, RSIC provides strong support for the technology areas of its sponsors.
30-DAY LABORATORY Aug. 1974 92 p refs 4 Vol. (Contract NAS8-30288) (NASA-CR-120454, CASD-NAS-74-046-V01-4) Avail'NTIS HC $7.75 CSCL 22A
The results of the updated 30-day life sciences dedicated laboratory scheduling and costing activities are documented, and the 'low cost' methodology used to establish individual equipment item costs is explained in terms of its allowances for equipment that is commerical off-the-shelf. modified commercial, and laboratory prototype; a method which significantly lowers program costs. The costs generated include estimates for non-recurring development, recurring production, and recurring operations costs. A cost for a biomedical emphasis laboratory and a Delta cost to provide a bioscience and technology laboratory were also generated. All cost reported are commensurate with the design and schedule definitions available.
N74-34310*# General Dynamics / Convair, San Diego, Calif. LIFE SCIENCES PAYLOAD DEFINITION AND INTEGRATION STUDY. VOLUME 1: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Aug 1974 53 p 4 Vol. (Contract NAS8-30288) (NASA-CR-120451; CASD-NAS-74-046-Vol-1) Avail: NTIS HC $5 75 CSCL 22A
The definition and integration tasks involved in the development of design concepts for a carry-on laboratory (COL), to be compatible with Spacelab operations, were divided into the following study areas: (1) identification of research and equip. ment requirements of the COL: (2) development of a number of conceptual layouts for COL based on the defined research of final conceptual designs; and (3) development of COL planning information for definition of COL/ Spacelab interface data, cost data, and program cost schedules, including design drawings of a selected COL to permit fabrication of a functional breadboard.
N74-34318*# National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Tex. APOLLO EXPERIENCE REPORT: APOLLO LUNAR SURFACE EXPERIMENTS PACKAGE DATA PROCESSING SYSTEM Roy L. Eason Washington Sep. 1974 15 p (NASA-TN-D-7781: JSC-S-402) Avail: NTIS HC $3.00 CSCL 09B
Apollo Program experience in the processing of scientific data from the Apollo lunar surface experiments package, in which computers and associated hardware and software were used, is summarized. The facility developed for the preprocessing of the lunar science data is described, as are several computer facilities and programs used by the Principal Investigators. The handling. processing, and analyzing of lunar science data and the interface with the Principal Investigators are discussed, Pertinent problems that arose in the development of the data processing schemes are discussed so that future programs may benefit from the solutions to the problems. The evolution of the data processing techniques for lunar science data related to recommendations for future programs of this type.
N74-34311*# General Dynamics Convair, San Diego, Calif.
The task phase concerned with the requirements, design, and planning studies for the carry-on laboratory (COL) began with a definition of biomedical research areas and candidate research equipment, and then went on to develop conceptual layouts for COL which were each evaluated in order to arrive at a final conceptual design. Each step in this design/evaluation process concerned itself with man/systems integration research and hardware, and life support and protective systems research and equipment selection. COL integration studies were also conducted and include attention to electrical power management requirements. operational considerations, and shuttle/Spacelab interface specifications. A COL program schedule was compiled, and a cost analysis was finalized which takes into account work breakdown, annual funding, and cost reduction guidelines
N74-34327*# TAW Systems Group. Redondo Beach, Calif. SPACE PROCESSING APPLICATIONS PAYLOAD EQUIP. MENT STUDY. VOLUME 1: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY R. L. Hammel Aug. 1974 45 p refs 3 Vol. (Contract NAS8-28938) (NASA-CR-120341; TRW-22886-6033- RU-00-Vol-1) Avail: NTIS HC $5.25 CSCL 22B
A study was conducted to derive and collect payload information on the anticipated space processing payload requirements for the Spacelab and space shuttle orbiter planning activities. The six objectives generated by the study are defined. Concepts and requirements for space processing payloads to accommodate the performance of the shuttle-supported research phase are analyzed. Diagrams and tables of data are developed to show the experiments involved, the power requirements, and the payloads for shared missions.
N74-34312*# General Dynamics/ Convair, San Diego, Calif.
All general purpose equipment items contained in the final carry-on laboratory (COL) design concepts are described in terms of specific requirements identified for COL use, hardware status, and technical parameters such as weight, volume, power, range, and precision. Estimated costs for each item are given, along with projected development times
N74-34328*# TRW Systems Group. Redondo Beach, Calif. SPACE PROCESSING APPLICATIONS PAYLOAD EQUIP. MENT STUDY. VOLUME 2A: EXPERIMENT REQUIREMENTS A. G. Smith and W. T. Anderson, Jr. Jul. 1974 78 p rets 3 Vol. (Contract NAS8-28938) (NASA-CR-120342; TRW-22886-6034-RU-00-Vol-2A) Avail: NTIS HC $7.00 CSCL 228
An analysis of the space processing applications payload equipment was conducted. The primary objective was to perform a review and an update of the space processing activity research equipment requirements and specifications that were derived in the first study. The analysis is based on the six major experimental classes of: (1) biological applications. (2) chemical processes in fluids, (3) crystal growth, (4) glass technology. (5) metallurgical processes, and (6) physical processes in fluids. Tables of data
N74-34313*# General Dynamics/ Convair. San Diego, Calif LIFE SCIENCES PAYLOAD DEFINITION AND INTEGRATION STUDY. VOLUME 4: APPENDIX, COSTS, AND DATA MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS OF THE DEDICATED