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N74-16676* Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, Pa.
THE NASA PLANNING PROCESS, APPENDIX D
H. A. Annett In its Res. and Educ. in Management of Large-Scale
Toch Programs 2 Jun. 1973 p 115-127

CSCL 06A

The planning process is outlined which NASA used in making somo fundamental post-Apollo decisions concerning the reuseable space shuttle and the orbiting laboratory. It is suggested that the basic elements and principles of the process. when combined. form a useful planning approach for solving urban problems. Thoso elements and principles are defined along with the basic strengths of the planning model.

D.L.G.

NSF (Grant NGL-32-004-042) (NASA-CA-136589: LC-73-90891) Avail: NTIS HC $4.50 CSCL 05A

Recommendations and requirements for the preparation of personnel with some scientific or technological background to enter fields of public policy and administration are reported. University efforts to provide science administration graduate programs are outlined and increased cooperation between government and university resources is outlined.

G.G.

N74-16677* Drexel Inst. of Tech., Philadelphia, Pa.
PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARD PROGRAMS OF LARGE-
SCALE TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES: SOME REFLECTIONS
AND POLICY PRESCRIPTIONS, APPENDIX E
Arthur B. Shostak In Drexel Univ. Res, and Educ. in Management
of Large-Scale Tech. Programs 2 Jun. 1973 p 128-139 rets

CSCL 05A

The question of how ready the public is for the implementation of large-scale programs of technological change is considered. Four vital aspects of the issue are discussed which include: (1) the ways in which the public mis-perceives the change process, (2) the ways in which recent history impacts on public attitudes, (3) the ways in which the public divides among itself, and (4) the fundamentals of public attitudes towards change. It is concluded that nothing is so critical in the 1970's to securing public approval for large-scale planned change projects as is securing the approval by change-agents of the public. D.L.G.

N74-15686# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
Senate).
LEGISLATIVE AUTHORITY OF FEDERAL AGENCIES WITH
RESPECT TO FUELS AND ENERGY: A STAFF ANALYSIS
Washington GPO 1973 240 D refs Presented to Comm.
on Interior and Insular Affairs. 93d Congr.. 1st Sess., 1973
Avail: SOD HC $1.65

A Congressional committee report on the authority of Federal agencies with respect to fuels and energy emergency management is presented. It is stated that more than forty Federal departments, agencies, and regulatory commissions affect energy matters. The reorganization and restructuring of these Federal energy activities is a principal concern of the Committee involved in the energy study. A staff analysis is developed to show the statutory authority of Federal agencies and the implementation of that authority in the energy field. The staff analysis is based on a questionnaire which requested the following information: (1) goals and objectives of the energy and (2) a summary of their respective roles within the overall body of Federal fuels and energy policy formulation and implementation. The term Energy Policy is define as all basic legal authority which authorized programs or policies designed to assist, to promote, to regulate, or to impose constraints on the range of alternatives which local, State, Federal, or private descision makers may consider in their effort to most existing and future energy demands.

Author

N74-16678* Drexel Inst. of Tech., Philadelphia, Pa.
URBAN SIMULATION AND GAMING: PRELIMINARY
EXPERIENCE AND PERSPECTIVES, APPENDIX F
Arthur B. Shostak In Drexel Univ. Res. and Educ. in Management
of Large-Scale Tech. Programs 2 Jun. 1973 p 140-154 refs

CSCL 05A

A three-month summer study of gaming. as applied to urban problems, was conducted. The results of the study are presented along with a series of recommendations aimed at guiding the warranted efforts of others to further explore the application of scientific gaming to the solution of some of America's urban problems. Three main topics are considered and are discussed in depth. These include: (1) gaming and urbanology. (2) methodology and lessons, and (3) reforms in the Cities Game.

D.L.G.

N74-16679# Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). THE ENERGY SITUATION IN THE COMMUNITY, SITUATION 1972, FORECASTS 1973 9 Feb. 1973 55 p Avail: NTIS HC $4.75

An analysis of the world energy situation in 1972 and the outlook for 1973 are presented. The development of an energy policy which would improve the quality of information available concerning energy requirements and problems is discussed. The market situation in 1972 and its consequences are examined for the specific cases of petroleum, coal. gas, electricity, and nuclear energy. Tables, charts, and graphs are included to show consumption rates and predicted consumption of the significant natural resources used for energy conversion.

Author

N74-15688# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
Sonate)
SUMMARY OF THE ENERGY CONSERVATION AND
DEVELOPMENT RECOMMENDATIONS CONTAINED IN THE
FINAL REPORT OF THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON
MATERIALS POLICY, JUNE 1973: A BACKGROUND
PAPER
Washington GPO 1973 35 D refs Presented to Comm. on
Interior and Insular Affairs, 93d Congr., 1st Sess., Jun. 1973
Prepared by Library of Congr.
Avail: SOD HC $0.35 Domestic Post Paid or $0.20 GPO
Bookstore

A summary of the energy conservation and development recommendations was presented to the U.S. Congress pursuant to Senate Resolution 45. The summary was based on the final report of the National Commission on Materials Policy. The seven functions which are to be served by the national materials policy are defined. The major theme of the report is the need to strike a balance between producing goods and protecting the environment. A second theme is the need for a balance between the supply of materials and the demand for their use by increasing primary materials production. Specific recommendations are submitted for the following: (1) disposition of wastes. (2) development of energy sources. (3) land use. (4) water use, and (5) international aspects of the materials policy. The requirements for science and technology. research and development, and inventories of materials are included.

P.N.F.

N74-16683*# National Association of Schools of Public Affairs
and Administration. Washington D.C.
SCIENCE LEADERSHIP FOR TOMORROW: THE ROLE OF
SCHOOLS OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS AND UNIVERSITIES IN
MEETING NEEDS OF PUBLIC SCIENCE AGENCIES
Albert H. Rosenthal (New Mex. Univ.). Robert F. Wilcox (Colo.
Univ.), Frank Marini (San Diego State Univ.), and H. Clyde Reeves
(Council of State Govt.) Nov. 1973 46 p refs Sponsored by

N74-15690# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
Senate).
ENERGY CONSERVATION, PART 1
Washington GPO 1973 482 prefs Hearings pursuant to
S. Res. 45 before comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs, 93d
Congr., 1st Sess., 22-23 Mar. 1973
Avail: Comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs

A Congressional hearing on the role of energy conservation in the National energy policy was conducted. The hearing assisted members of Congress and other interested parties in their understanding of the issues inherent in the formulation of a long-term National Energy Policy which assures the continued welfare of the Nation including balance growth safeguarding and enhancing the quality of the environment, and national security The questions addressed in the hearings were directed toward: (1) the general issue of energy conservation. (2) detailed questions and policy issues, (3) requirements of the transportation sector, (4) requirements of the residential/commercial sector. (5) requirements of the industrial sector, and (6) requirements of the electric utilities.

P.N.F

The emphasis on economic use of resources, and the necessity to justify and account for each dollar spent, has required more research into ways and means of collecting costs of public programs. Aircraft modifications have been the subject of increasing concern, and the Air Force has been criticized for not being able to identify all costs of an aircraft modification The research is an effort to determine what significant costs are involved in Class 4 aircraft modifications, and which of these have been included in modification approval procedures. Present modification processing procedures habe been presented to enable an understanding of how costs have been collected GRA

N74-15692** National Academy of Public Administration. Washington, D.C. PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN NASA: THE SYSTEM AND THE MEN Robert H. Pontious and Lewis B. Barnes NASA 1973 137 p rets (Contract NSR-09-046-001) (NASA-SP-324; LC-73-600068) Avail: NTIS MF $1.45; SOD HC $1.55 CSCL 05A

An analytical description of the NASA project management system is presented with emphasis on the human element. The NASA concept of project management, program managers, and the problems and strengths of the NASA system are discussed.

F.O.S.

N74-15733# Air Force Inst. of Tech., Wright-Patterson AFB.
Ohio. School of Systems and Logistics.
THE IMPACT OF CONVERSION TO THE METRIC MEASURE.
MENT SYSTEM ON AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE AT BASE
LEVEL M.S. Thesis
Robert G Dewey and Wayne A Mann Aug 1973 90 p refs
(AD-769186: SLSR-5-73B) Avail: NTIS CSCL 01/3

The conclusions drawn in the thesis indicate that the impact of metric conversion on aircraft maintenance hardware will allow continued use of current shop machinery and servicing equipment with minor modification required in but few cases. The intermix of tools and stock of both dimensions can be accomplished with little difficulty by the user and will require additional storage space throughout the conversion period and for many years thereafter. Technical information will be affected but can assimilate metric in an orderly fashion.

GRA

N74-15697* Chase Manhattan Bank, New York, Energy
Economics Div.
OUTLOOK FOR ENERGY IN THE UNITED STATES TO
1985
John G. Winger. Gerald D. Gunning, John D. Emerson, Richard
C. Sparling, and Arthur J. Zraly Jun. 1972 56 p
Avail: NTIS HC $5.00

The energy requirements of various sectors of the U.S. economy are analyzed. Graphs and charts are developed to show previous energy consumption levels and predictions are made for future requirements to 1985. A comparison is made for the amounts of energy in the form of oil, natural gas, coal, water, and nuclear used by various geographical areas of the United States. Tables of data are prepared to show the potential sources of energy, both foreign and domestic. The economic impact of depending on foreign sources for resources is analyzed.

Author

N74-15743*# Kanner (Leo) Associates, Redwood City. Calif. WIND POWER PLANTS IN RUSSIA Th. Sauer Washington NASA Feb. 1974 70 refs Transi into ENGLISH from VDI (Ver Deut. Ing ) Z (West Germany), v 81, no. 32. 7 Aug. 1937 p 947-948 (Contract NASW-2481) (NASA-TT-F-15331) Avail NTIS HC $300 CSCL 10B

Several measures relative to wind power plants have been taken by the Soviet government, and are outlined. The large Balaklava wind power plant is described briefly. The wind power experimental facility in Moscow is illustrated in a diagram and its operation discussed in some detail.

Author

11 p

N74-15698# RAND Corp., Santa Monica, Calif. RESIDENTIAL ENERGY USE: AN ECONOMETRIC ANALY. SIS Kent P. Anderson Oct. 1973 89 p rets (Grant NSF GI-44) (R-1297-NSF) Avail: NTIS HC $6.50

The demands of the residential sector of the U.S. economy for energy resources in the form of gas and electricity are discussed. Tables of data are presented to show the various predictions concerning the future price of electricity and natural gas to the consumer. Methods for predicting the future cost of energy resources are explained. The energy requirements for residential use are expressed in mathematical models and the results are tabulated for type of fuel, type of home, and specific uso within the home.

Author

N 74-16770*# Scientific Translation Service, Santa Barbara,
Calif.
SMALL WIND-ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS FOR EX-
PORT
G. R. Seidel Washington NASA Feb. 1974

refs Transl. into ENGLISH from Elektrotechn. Z. (West German), v. 70. no. 5. May 1949 p158-160 (Contract NASW-2483) (NASA-TT-F-15350) Avail NTIS HC $3.00 CSCL 10B

The design and operational problems are reported that are associated with wind power generating plants similar to the American wind charger. The potential market for such devices is discussed.

Author

N74-15730# Air Force Inst. of Tech., Wright-Patterson AFB,
Ohio School of Systems and Logistics.
AN INVESTIGATION OF COST FACTORS RELATING TO
CLASS 4 AIRCRAFT MODIFICATIONS M.S. Thesis
Elvis M. Baker, William H. Burgess, and Albert F. Malkiewicz
Aug. 1973 139 p rets
(AD-769195; SLSR-18-73B) Avail: NTIS CSCL 15/5

N74-15882# National Bureau of Standards. Washington, D.C.
Inst. for Computer Sciences and Technology
A STUDY OF SIX UNIVERSITY-BASED INFORMATION
SYSTEMS
Beatrice Marron, Elizabeth Fong. Dennis W. Fife, and Kirk Rankin
Jun. 1973 100 p Sponsored by NSF
(NBS-TN-781) Avail: SOD HC $1 25 Domestic Postpaid or
$1.00 GPO Bookstore as C13.46 781

A methodology for categorically describing computer-based information systems was developed and applied to six universitybased. NSF-supported, systems. The systems under study all operate as retail information centers primarily serving campus communities by accessing large commercially-available data bases using 3rd generation computer configurations The systems vary in design philosophy, mode of user service, transferability characteristics, and operational status. A summary matrix is included

Author

computerized methods to extract multi-feature information as well as singular feature information from ERTS-1 data as is exemplified by the forestry transparency overlay. Fabrication of an image transfer device to superimpose ERTS-1 data onto existing maps and other data sources was also a significant analytical accomplishment

26 p

N74-15948# Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fuer
Luft- und Raumfahrt, Oberpfaffenhofen (West Germany).
Zentralabteilung Satellitenbetrieb.
THE GERMAN SPACE OPERATIONS CENTER AND ITS USE
FOR BILATERAL SPACE PROJECTS
Klaus Wiegand 1973

rets Presented at the 13th European Space Symp., London, 25-27 Jun. 1973 Avail: NTIS HC $3 50

The German Space Operations Center and its facilities are described and a summary is given of experiences during missions of the bilateral projects Azur, Injun. and Aeros. An outlook on planned operations during future Helios and Symphonie missions is given

Author (ESRO)

N74-16143# Technische Univ., Berlin (West Germany)
Fachbereich Kybernetik
COMPARATIVE TECHNOLOGICAL SYSTEMS STUDY ON
OUTSIDE DATA PROCESSING FOR THE PRODUCTION
WITH NUMERICAL CONTROLLED TOOLING MACHINES
Ph.D. Thesis (VERGLEICHENDE SYSTEMTECHNISCHE
UNTERSUCHUNGEN DER AEUSSEREN DATENVERAR-
BEITUNG FUER DIE FERTIGUNG NUMERICH GESTEUER-
TEN WERKZEUGMASCHINEN!
Murat Dincmen jul 1972 143 0 rets In GERMAN
Avail NTIS HC S9 25

Investment planning with progressive automatization requires inclusion of external data processing as automatic controlled machining processes increase in conventional production methods Models for an external digital classification and simulation system are derived that consider (1) The interdependence between in house and external data processing. (2) material evaluation and information processing times; (3) inclusion of material flow and information flow observations (4) cost estimates for elements of inhouse and external data processing methods. and (5) descriptions of workpieces and elements of data processes for developing economic realistic investment alternatives

Trans! by GG

N74-15951# Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, Calif.
A NOISE EXPOSURE FORECAST EVALUATION OF THE
MONTEREY PENINSULA AIRPORT M.S. Thesis
Michael Reilly Merickel Sep. 1973 75 p rets
(AD-769814) Avail NTIS CSCL 01/5

A computer program was used to obtain contours of noise exposure for the Monterey Peninsula Airport. Two scenarios are presented for the present volume of operations and the resulting NEF contours are shown. The same two plots. with a doubled volume of operations. are depicted for a relative comparison These noise exposure forecasts can be used for noise evaluation and compatible land use planning in the vicinity of an airport (Modified Author Asbtract)

GRA

N74-16153# Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.
Toulouse (France) Lab. d'Automatique et d'Analyse des
Systemes.
INTEGRATED AUTOMISATION OF SEMICONDUCTORS
COMPONENTS PRODUCTION LINE
A Titli, M. Richetin, J. P. Richard, M Lemaitre. C. Hernandez,
G. Giralt, and D Esteve 1973 22 prefs Presented at the
Intern. Inst. for Appl. Systems Anal Conf. on Control of Integrated
Ind. Systems, Vienna, 1-3 Oct. 1973
Avail: NTIS HC $3.25

The production process is defined more precisely, and a graphic representation is proposed. The principal functions of diagnosis, supervision, and control are introduced into a hierarchical structure. Some methods relative to these different functions are developed. The integration of technical and economic management is briefly described, illustrating different methods.

ESRO

N74-16010*# National Aeronautics and Space Administration
John F. Kennedy Space Center, Cocoa Beach, Fla.
PLANNING APPLICATIONS IN EAST CENTRAL FLORIDA
Progress Report, 1 Doc. 1973 - 31 Jan. 1974
John W. Hannah, Garland L. Thomas, and Ferd Esparza, Principal
Investigators 31 Jan. 1974

Prepared in cooperation with Brevard County Planning Dept., Titusville, Fla. ERTS (Contract NAS5-21847) (E74-10248: NASA-TM-X-69380) Avail: NTIS HC $3.00 CSCL 08B

There are no author-identified significant results in this report

8p

N74-16011*# Ohio Dept. of Economic and Community Development, Columbus. RELEVANCE OF ERTS-1 TO THE STATE OF OHIO Semiannual Progress Report, 1 Jul. · 31 Doc. 1973 David C. Sweet, Paul G. Pincura, and George E. Wukelic, Principal Investigators 11 Jan. 1974 45 p Prepared in cooperation with Battelle Columbus Labs., Ohio Original contains imagery. Original photography may be purchased from the EROS Data Center, 10th and Dakota Avenue, Sioux Falls, S. D. 57198 ERTS (Contract NAS5-21782) (E74-10250: NASA-CR-136564; SAPR-3) Avail: NTIS HC $4.25 CSCL 08F

The author has identified the following significant results. During the first year of project effort the ability of ERTS-1 imagery to be used for mapping and inventorying strip-mined areas in south eastern Ohio, the potential of using ERTS-1 imagery in water quality and coastal zone management in the Lake Erie region, and the extent that ERTS-1 imagery could contribute to localized (metropolitan/urban), multicounty, and overall state land use needs were experimentally demonstrated and reported as significant project results. Significant research accomplishments were achieved in the technological development of manual and

N74-16312# Tokyo Metropolitan Research Inst for Environmen-
tal Protection (Japan).
ELIMINATING POLLUTION AND CREATING A GENERAL
EQUILIBRIUM MODEL INCLUDING THE ENVIRONMENT
T Nambu and K. Aoki (1973) 90
Avail: NTIS HC $3.00

The effect of governmental intervention in eliminating environmental pollution is analyzed by using an equilibrium model. which considers goods. labor, and the life environment The assistance (subsidies) of the government to production activities in eliminating pollution is discussed along with combatting environmental pollution generated by the concentration of people.

FOS

N74-16513# Little (Arthur D.). Inc, Cambridge. Mass
Engineering Sciences
ENERGY CONSERVATION WITH SOLAR CLIMATE CON.
TROL
Peter E. Glaser 14 Nov. 1973 9 p Presented to Subcomm
on Energy of the Common Sci and Astronaut. US House of
Representatives, Washington, 14 Nov 1973
Avail: NTIS HC $3.00

The use of solar energy for climate control is discussed. with emphasis on solar heating and cooling of buildings. Government/industry relations are discussed in terms of taking action and supplying the market for solar climate control systems The components of these systems are listed.

KMM

Articles, concerning the development and progress in various theoretical and applied scientific disciplines and technical fields. are presented. Data are also given on the administration, structure. personnel, and research plans of leading East European scientific organizations and institutions,

N74-16561*# National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Tex, APOLLO EXPERIENCE REPORT: PROBLEM REPORTING AND CORRECTIVE ACTION SYSTEM T J. Adams Washington Feb. 1974 24 p (NASA-TN-D-7586; JSC-S-384) Avail NTIS HC $2 75 CSCL 228

The Apollo spacecraft Problem Reporting and Corrective Action System is presented the evolution from the early system to the present day system is described. The deficiencies and the actions taken to correct them are noted, as are management controls for both the contractor and NASA. Significant experience gained from the Apollo Problem Reporting and Corrective Action System that may be applicable to future manned spacecraft is presented.

Author

N74-16646# Joint Publications Research Service. Arlington.
Va.
TRANSLATIONS ON EASTERN EUROPE: SCIENTIFIC
AFFAIRS. NO. 377
9 Jan. 1974 60

refs Transl. into ENGLISH from East European Journals (JPRS-60949) Avail NTIS HC $5.00

Selected articles are presented concerning the development, administration, structure, personnel, and research plans of leading East European scientific organizations and institutions, and particularly the academies of sciences.

N74-16649 Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va. PRINCIPLES FOR LONG-TERM DEVELOPMENT OF ACADEMY'S RESEARCH NETWORK in its Transl. into Eastern Europe Sci. Affairs, no 377 (JPRS-60949) 9 Jan. 1974 p 6-18 refs Transl. into ENGLISH from Magyar Tudomany (Hungary), no. 9. Sep. 1973 p 557-566

N74-16641 Committee on Interior and Insular. Affairs (

US. Senate) A BIBLIC PHY OF NON-TECHNICAL LITERATURE ON ENERGY Flora Dean, comp Washington GPO 1971

The research network of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences was reviewed and the principles for long-term development were established. These developmental concepts are given and include the following. (1) principal directions of development in the natural sciences, (2) principal directions of development in the social sciences, (3) developmental trends that influence the research network's structure and the research stations organization, and (4) allocations for development.

D.LG

N74.16652 Gonzalez (Richard J), Houston, Tex.
FUTURE UNITED STATES POPULATION, ECONOMIC
GROWTH, AND ENERGY DEMANDS
Richard J. Gonzalez In Denver Univ. Balancing Supply and
Demand for Energy in the US 1972 D 1-8

The impact of United States population and economic growth on energy demands is discussed. The need for reasonably rational analyses based on correct information and on realistic assumptions with respect to the future energy requirements is stressed. The subjects considered are: (1) the outlook for U.S. population. (2) the potential for U. S economic growth. (3) probable U.S. energy requirements, and (4) perspective on long term energy problems. The author concludes that the future welfare of mankind requires that energy problems receive the best possible rational study as the basis for intelligent decisions about all policies and actions that affect energy availability, cost, and use.

Author

N74-16653 Stanford Research Inst., Menlo Park, Calif. Energy and Resources Economics. GOVERNMENT, POLICIES, NATIONAL OBJECTIVES, AND THE ENERGY INDUSTRIES Sherman H. Clark In Denver Univ. Balancing Supply and Demand for Energy in the US 1972 p 9-27 refs

104 p rets Presented to Common Interior and Insular Affairs. 92d Congr. 1 st Sess., 5 Nov. 1971 Prepared by Library of Congr. Avail: Comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs

A bibliography of non-technical literature on energy sources and problems was prepared for the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of the United States Senate. The reports cover the period of time from 1 July 1969 to 1 July 1971 The subjects covered include the following: (1) national energy goals, (2) energy policy issues. (3) projections for future demands, (4) resource base for all energy sources, (5) management of federally owned resources. (6) production of fuels, 17) transportation of energy and fuels. (8) utilization (including conservation measures). and (9) environmental effects (relation of environmental policy to energy policy).

P.NF.

N74-16642 Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
Senate)
A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF CONGRESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS
ON ENERGY FROM THE 89TH CONGRESS TO 1 JULY
1971
Dana C Ellingen, comp and William E. Towsey, Jr.. comp.
Washington GPO 1971 63 p refs Presented to Comm. on
Interior and Insular Affairs, 92d Congr, 1 st Sess, 5 Nov. 1971
Avail: Comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs

A bibliography of Congressional Publications on Energy Resources and Requirements is presented. The documents cover the period of time from 1 January 1965 to 30 June, 1969, The subjects included in the bibliography are (1) national energy goals, (2) energy policy issues. (3) projections of future demands, (4) resource base for all types of energy sources, (5) management of federally owned resources. (6) production of fuels (including storage). (7) transportation of energy and fuels. (8) utilization (including conservation measures). (9) environmental effects. (10) research and development of resources, and (11) changing and improving regulatory practices.

P.NF.

N74-16643# Joint Publications Research Service. Arlington, Va TRANSLATIONS ON EASTERN EUROPE: SCIENTIFIC AFFAIRS, NO. 380 18 Jan 1974 64 p Transl. into ENGLISH from various Soviet publications (JPRS-61017) Avail NTIS HC $5.25

The requirements for the development of a national policy on energy sources and utilization are discussed. The economic factors which influence the availability of natural gas and petroleum are analyzed. The impact of energy availability on the national goals of economic growth and employment is examined. The most immediate issues to be resolved are identified as oil and gas pricing and the security of the supply of these resources. Tables of data are included to show: (1) free world oil production from 1970 to 1990. (2) energy demands and oil imports from oil producing and exporting countries, (3) the importance of offshore oil imports, and (4) U.S. energy consumption patterns for 1968.

Author

N74-16659 Kerr-McGee Corp., Oklahoma City.
BALANCING THE DEMAND AND SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY
AND NUCLEAR FUELS
Dean A. McGee In Denver Univ. Balancing Supply and Demand
for Energy in the US 1972 p 115-130 rets

N74-1665 First National City Bank, New York.
CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS OF THE ENERGY INDUSTRIES
Edward Symonds In Denver Univ. Balancing Sunoly and Demand
for Energy in the US 1972 D 29-37

The economic factors which influence the investments which should be made in developing natural resources for energy purposes are discussed. Capital outlays for the energy industries of the U.S. involving electricity, oil, gas and other are tabulated for 1970 and estimated for 1980. A similar tabulation is presented for nations of the non-Communist world. Energy demands for the U.S. and non-Communist countries from 1960 to 1980 are analyzed. Factors, other than economic which influence the amounts and types of energy available are examined. Author

The problem of obtaining a balance between demand and supply of nuclear fuel for electric power generation in the United States to 1985 is discussed. It is stated that the balance will depend on economic rather than geologic considerations. Proven reserves of uranium and the quality of the resource base that offers potential for new discoveries assure that uranium ore deposits available for development and production will be sufficient to meet demand. Projections are made in the growth of the nuclear powered electric energy field. The operation of the nuclear reactors and the nuclear fuel cycle involved in electric power production are described. Charts are included to show the projected utilization of nuclear fuels and the mix of coal, hydro, gas, thermal, and nuclear fuels to the year 2000.

Author

N74-16666 Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge. Dept. of Economics. LONG RUN COST TRENDS: PERSIAN GULF AND UNITED STATES M. A. Adelman In Denver Univ. Balancing Supply and Demand for Energy in the US 1972 p 39-72 refs

N74-16660 Sun Oil Co., Philadelphia, Pa. Economics and
Industry Affairs.
BALANCING THE DEMAND AND SUPPLY OF OTHER
ENERGY FORMS
James S. Cross In Denver Univ. Balancing Supply and Demand
for Energy in the US 1972 p 131-143

The production costs of crude oil and natural gas in the U.S. are compared with those for the Persian Gulf nations. A theory of petroleum production costs is presented to show the relationship between production, development, and exploration of petroleum supplies. The effect of changing sources of reserves on the development costs of new petroleum resources is analyzed. The expected supply from the North Shore Alaska petroleum field is reported. Tables of data are included to show the following: (1) development investment in Persian Gulf petroleum, (2) cost projection of Persian Gulf resources from 1965 to 1969. (3) exploration activity and expenditures in North American petroleum development from 1955 to 1970, and (4) significant discoveries of oil and gas from 1945 to 1964.

Author

Methods for balancing the demand and supply of various energy forms are discussed. A graphic presentation of the U.S. energy balance for the five year periods beginning in 1970 and extending to 1985 is developed. The economic and environmental factors involved in using hydroelectric, geothermal, synthetic gas. and tar sands for energy sources are examined. Other sources of energy from agricultural products and tidal energy are analyzed. The potential for using more of the energy available from the sun is proposed.

Author

N74-16661 Texas Univ., Austin.
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND LONG RUN SUPPLY
OF CRUDE OIL IN THE UNITED STATES
Stephen L. McDonald In Denver Univ. Balancing Supply and
Demand for Energy in the US 1972 P 145-158 refs

N74.16656 Texas Univ., Austin. College of Social and Behavioral
Sciences.
BALANCING THE DEMAND AND SUPPLY OF OIL
James W. Mckie In Denver Univ. Balancing Supply and Demand
for Energy in the US 1972 p 73-90 refs

A study was conducted to determine the effects of energy conversion on the environment. The effects of various types of energy sources were examined and examples of legislation to reduce environmental pollution are presented. The subjects discussed are: (1) protection of the environment and national income, (2) allocation of environmental protection costs. (3) environmental protection problems in the petroleum industry, and (4) progress in developing new environmental protection techniques

Author

The economic factors which influence the supply and demand of crude oil in the U.S. are discussed. Estimates are made of the projected availability of petroleum from domestic sources through the year 1980. The availability of petroleum supplies based on the predictions of exploration and development is analyzed. Tables of data are provided to show the following: (1) projections of the oil supply-demand balance from 1980 to 1985, and (2) estimates of domestic U.S. production in 1975, 1980. and 1985. The need for a Federal energy policy is stressed and approaches to such a policy are submitted.

Author

N74.16662# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
Senate).
ENERGY EMERGENCY LEGISLATION, PART 1
Washington GPO 1973 364 p refs Hearing on S. 2589
before comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs, 93d Congr.. 1st
Sess., 8 Nov. 1973
Avail: SOD HC $2.35

A Congressional hearing concerning emergency energy legislation was conducted. The purpose of the legislation was as follows: (1) to declare by congressional action a nationwide energy emergency. (2) to authorize the president to immediately undertake specific actions to conserve scarce fuels and increase supply, (3) to initiate the development of local, state, national, and international contingency plans, and (4) to assure the continuation of vital public services.

P.N.F

N74-16658 Peabrdy Coal Co., St. Louis, Mo.
BALANCING THE DEMAND AND SUPPLY OF COAL
Thomas M. Lydon In Denver Univ. Balancing Supply and Demand
for Energy in the US 1972 p 107-114

An analysis of coal supplies for energy applications was conducted to determine methods of obtaining a balance between supply and demand. The problems faced by the coal producer and those of the coal user are examined to show the environmental impacts. Methods for meeting the energy shortages through improved coal utilization are proposed. A table is included to show the total demand for U.S. coal (including exports). Author

N74-16663# Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (U. S.
Senate).
BLACKSBURG, VIRGINIA, RESEARCH CENTER
Washington GPO 1973 45 p Hearing on S. 378 Before
Comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs, 93d Congr., 1st Sess..
25 Sep. 1973

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