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Y 4. A 983: In 7 EXTENSION OF THE FEDERAL INSECTICIDE,

FUNGICIDE, AND RODENTICIDE ACT

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH

AND GENERAL LEGISLATION

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
AGRICULTURE, NUTRITION,

AND FORESTRY
UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETY-FIFTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

JUNE 8 AND 9, 1977

Printed for the use of the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry

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U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1977

93-197

COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE, NUTRITION, AND FORESTRY

HERMAN E. TALMADGE, Georgia, Chairman JAMES 0. EASTLAND, Mississippi

ROBERT DOLE, Kansas GEORGE MCGOVERX, South Dakota

MILTON R. YOUNG, North Dakota JAMES B. ALLEN, Alabama

CARL T. CURTIS, Nebraska HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota HENRY BELLMON, Oklahoma WALTER D. HUDDLESTON, Kentucky JESSE HELMS, North Carolina DICK CLARK, Iowa

S. I. HAYAKAWA, California
RICHARD B. STONE, Florida

RICHARD G. LUGAR, Indiana
PATRICK J. LEAHY, Vermont
EDWARD ZORINSKY, Nebraska
JOHN MELCHER, Montana

MICHAEL R. MCLEOD, General Counsel and Staff Director

SUBCOMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND GENERAL LEGISLATION

PATRICK J. LEAHY, Vermont, Chairman JAMES B. ALLEN, Alabama

RICHARD G. LUGAR, Indiana JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi

ROBERT DOLE, Kansas RICHARD B. STONE, Florida

MILTON R. YOUNG, North Dakota HERMAN E. TALMADGE, Georgia

S. I. HAYAKAWA, California

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CONTENTS

Page

1

2
6

13

15

Leahy, Hon. Patrick J., a U.S. Senator from Vermont, opening statement-

CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF WITNESSES

Alikonis, Robert J., executive secretary and general counsel, Pesticide

Formulators Association, accompanied by J. S. Skaptason.-

Jahn, David, United Pesticide Formulators & Distributors Association.--

Barr, John S. III, chairman, technical committee, National Cotton Council,

accompanied by Dr. Jim Brown, production technology manager--

Buffaloe, William, president, American Association of Pesticide Control

Officials

Russell, Robert, vice president for training and standards, Rollins-

Orkin & Co., Atlanta, Ga---

Duskin, Edgar, executive vice president, Southern Agricultural Chemicals

Association, Dawson, Ga--

Higbee, F. Farrell, executive director, National Agricultural Aviation

Association

Jovanovich, Dr. Andrew P., vice president and director of regulatory af-

fairs, Western United Resources, Inc., Denver, Colo-----

Adkisson, Dr. Perry L., professor and head, Department of Entomology,

Texas A. & M. University, College Station, Tex...

Hall, John F., vice president, resource and environment, National Forest

Products Association, accompanied by Bruce Grefrath, manager, environ-

mental quality----

Spear, Dr. Philip J., acting executive director, National Pest Control Asso-

ciation, Vienna, Va----

Griffin, Dana K., president, International Sanitary Supply Association, ac-

companied by Scott C. Whitney, professor environmental law, William

and Mary College, and Joseph J. Lyman.--

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Seetin, Mark W., Minnesota Soybean Growers Association, Winnebago, Page

Minn

Fritschie, Gustave, director of Government relations, National Fisheries

Institute

90

MacDonald, Jeff, director, Growers Division, Society of American Florists

and Ornamental Horticulturists---

91

Crosby, Dr. Edwin A., vice president, National Canners Association.---

91

Hinkle, Maureen, pesticides monitor, Environmental Defense Fund and

Harriet Barlow, staff member, Rural America, Inc---

93

APPENDIX

Bartlett, Hon. Dewey F., a U.S. Senator from Oklahoma, statement-

98

Packwood, Hon. Bob, a U.S. Senator from Oregon, statement, supporting

material, and letters--

99

Allbee, Ronald A., deputy commissioner of agriculture, State of Vermont,

letter to Senator Leahy with attachment-

115

American Association of Nurserymen, statement-

227

Donalds, John E., general manager, Agricultural Products Department,

Dow Chemical, letters to Senator Leahy, with accompanying statement

and supporting material.---

234

Early, Jack D., National Agricultural Chemicals Association, letter to

Senator Leahy and Representative de la Garza, with attachments--- 268

Zee, Patricia V., American Agri-Women, Glassboro, N.J--

280

Griffiths, Dr. James T., director, Special Projects, Florida Citrus Mutual.- 280

David, Joffre C., secretary-treasurer, Florida Fruit and Vegetable Asso-

ciation, Orlando, Fla., letter to Senator Stone with enclosure-

283

Weller, Paul S., Jr., vice president, public affairs, National Council of

Farmer Cooperatives, statement -

287

Scherr, S. Jacob, Esq., and Faith Thompson Campbell, Ph. D., Natural Re

sources Defense Council, Inc., statement--

289

American Registry of Professional Entomologists, statement-

292

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EXTENSION OF THE FEDERAL INSECTICIDE,

FUNGICIDE, AND RODENTICIDE ACT

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 8, 1977

U.S. SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH

AND GENERAL LEGISLATION OF THE
COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE, NUTRITION, AND FORESTRY,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:40 a.m., in room 324, Russell Senate Office Building, Hon. Patrick J. Leahy (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Senators Leahy, Allen, Curtis, and Lugar.

STATEMENT OF HON. PATRICK J. LEAHY, A U.S. SENATOR FROM

VERMONT

1

Senator LEAHY. The subcommittee will come to order.

I am Patrick Leahy, the junior Senator from Vermont, and with me today is Senator Richard Lugar, the junior Senator from Indiana.

Today's hearing by the Subcommittee on Agricultural Research and General Legislation is on the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act as amended. As we all know, the purpose of this act is twofold. First to control the production and use of pesticides which are potentially harmful to both humans and the environment. The second purpose is to assure the availability of pesticides to agriculture, health facilities, industry, and homeowners for the control of pests.

Since the passage of Public Law 92-516 in 1972, there has been intensive controversy surrounding the implementation and direction of this legislation. There has been widespread agreement that the basic purposes of the act are appropriate, but there has been severe criticism of how EPA administers the act. Now, there is probably some basis for these charges. However, I think it should be remembered, and I certainly see that in the mail that I get in my own office, that some people have argued that EPA is going too slowly while others are charging EPA is overly zealous in enforcement of the program.

You also know that earlier this year the Senate Committee on Agriculture had 1 day of hearings on FIFRA in conjunction with the farm bill. This was in anticipation of the need to provide for an extension of FIFRA, following along the line of some of the hearings that I was present at last year on this whole subject. However, it became very evident to us that there were problems that demanded additional

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