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litude of any figure; by observing again to them, ver. J5, that they saw no similitude, on the day that the Lord spake unto them in Horeb, out of the midst of the fire. On this day it was, that God instructed them how he would be worshipped, and commanded , them to make to themselves no manner of image;* therefore to this particular day's transaction Moses might well appeal, in order to charge them in the strictest manner to be careful to observe this commandment. Accordingly, what he hereoflers is by his. own express words limited and confined to the transactions of the day here referred to ; and I do not see, how any thing can be concluded from what is here said, against what he may have suggested as happening on any other day whatsoever.
About these times Lelex, who was the first king of Laconia, flourished in that country; and seems to have been somewhat elder than Moses. He came originally from Egypt,h made divers settlements in many places in Caria,' in Ionia,k at Ida, near Troy,' and afterwards in Greece, in Acarnania,1" in iEtolia,' in Bccotia,* and last of all in Laconia. When Lelex began his travels, he took the same rout, that Cecrops and the father of Cadmus had before taken. He went
up into Phoenicia, thence into the lesser Asia, and from thence he crossed over into Greece, and made settlements in many places, until at length he came into Laconia. In all parts where he made any stay, he endeavoured to form and civilize the uncultivated people; and probably, when he removed, he left some of his followers to complete his designs, and upon every procession to a new country, he took with him such new associates, as had a mind to accompany him from the places where he had last resided. By these means the company he commanded, would in a few years be a mixed multitude gathered out of different nations; and his followers having been of this sort, seemed to Strabo, to be the reason why the .Greeks called him Lelex, and them Leleges.p It was found in writing in the times of the Maccabees, that the Lacedaemonians and the Jews were brethren; and that the Lacedaemonians were descended of the stock of Abraham.'1 I imagine, that this Lelex was an Israelite, and that as divers eminent persons of the Egyptians, upon the conquest which the pastors made of their country, fled with as many as would follow them into foreign lands ;r some of the Hebrews, when they were pressed with slavery, might do the same thing, and this Lelex might be one of them; and when he had obtained a settlement in Laconia, both what we find in Pausanias of his coming out of Egypt,' and this hint of his relation to the Hebrews might be
'Vid. Strab. lib. 7, p. 322. '1 Mac. xii. 21.
* See vol. ii. b. 8. "Pausan. in Attic, c. 39.
recorded of him. Some of the Greek writers mistake the time of his coming into Greece ; who report that, it was about thirteen generations after Phoroneus, king of Argos.' But we must not suppose it so late; for from Menelaus who warred at Troy up to Lelex, we find ten successive kings of this country exclusive of Menelaus ;u and in Castor's list we have but fourteen successions from Phoroneus down to Agamemnon the leader of the Greeks, contemporary with Menelaus;11 so that Lclex cannot have been at most above three or four reigns later than Phoroneus. We find a hint in Strabo, which may well fix for us the time of Lelex's entering Laconia. He records, that the Leleges were in Bceotia, when Cadmus cam* thither; and that Cadmus expelled them that country.y They were hereupon compelled to a further travel, and therefore at this time, they and their leader marched to Laconia, and began the kingdom of Laceda;monia. Cadmus came into Bceotia, A. M. 2486.z and therefore to this year I should fix Lelex's going into Laconia; who according to this computation came thither in the reign of Triopas, or Crotopus the fourth or fifth king of * Argos from Phoroneus. Agreeably to this computation, we may we.ll suppose ten kings of Laceda> monia from Lelex to Menelaus ; but if we place Lelex
* Pausan. in Attic, c. 39. « Id. in Laconic.
* Euseb. in Chronico.
J Strab. Gcog. ib. 9, p. 401. * See rol. ii. lib. 8.
* Triopas was , noted by the ancient writers, to lire about the 'hues of Cecrops. See vol. ii, b. 8.
lower, there can be no room for such a succession. 1
might add, that it further appears, that Lelcx lived
about these times, from what Pausanias records of
Polycaon his younger son, that he married Messen*
Ibc daughter of Triopas;b so that Lelcx and Triopas
\>ere nearly contemporaries. I suppose Lelex some
what elder than Moses; his coming into Laconia after
so many travels, must have been towards the end of
liis own life; but the year 2486 in which he entered
that country, falls about the middle of Moses' days;
in Moses fifty-third year, twenty-seven years before
he led the Israelites out of Egypt. We are no where
told how long Lelex governed his new settlement;
'•"■ eldest son Myles succeeded bin/ and at Myles'
h, Eurotas son of Myles became kng.d Eurotas at
death left no male heirs,cand Polycaon the younger
of Lelcx was settled in another country.f Hence
lappened at the demise of Eurotas, hat the crown of
coaia went into another family; and Laccd.emon, son
Jupiter and Taygete was promoted kit.e Pausanias
recorded the names of the Lacedanionian kings;''
from Lelex to Menelaus who warrctiat Troy, they
as follows; Lelcx, Myles, Eurotas, Lacedsemon,
,- lyclas, Argalus, Cynortas, Oe'balus, Hippocoon,
ndareus and Menelaus. Castor and Pollux were
the sons of Tyndareus,' and engaged in the Argonautic expedition ;k but they were never kings of Lacedaemonia, but died before their father;1 and upon their death, Tyndareus sent for Menelaus to succeed him in his kingdom.TM
The famous Jupiter of the Greeks was also contemporary with Moses. He was son of Saturn, a king of Crete." The remains we now have of the ancient writers seem to give but a confused account of the early history of the Cretans; though it is remarkable, that the Cretans were formerly so famous for their history, as to have the wisest of men think it worth while to travel to them to peruse their records." But of what now remains about them, almost all is fable; though I cannot but think, a careful enquirer may still collect partculars, and give them more light, than they are generally thought capable of receiving. Cres was king o' Crete, about the fifty-sixth year of Abraham,1' Talis was son of Cres, Vulcan of Talus, and Rhadamanihus of Vulcan.' About the time of this Rhadamsnthus,r we may place the Dae!vli
1 Apollod. Siblioth. lib. 3, c. 9.
k Apollon. Vrgon. et. Val. Flacc
1 Id. ibid. lb. 3, c. 10. ■ Id. ibid.
■ Diodor. &c. lib. 5, p. 232. Apol. Biblio. lib. I.
* 'Ey« Ti Ku 2<A«» o '/Jbwxios irXua-ams ftn its Kjiituh x.xrx. ■ni xtiQi isofixi Diogen. Laerat. in vit. Tfaalet.
p Euseb. ii Chron. 4 Cinxthon. in Paus. Arcad. c.53.
'We are not to suppose that tha Rhadamanthus here spoken of, -vas the same person with one of that name.