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IdiEi j* who were five brothers, as many in number as the fingers of a man's hand, and for that reason called Dactyli.' One of these Dactyli was probably named Jupiter; for there was a more ancient Jupiter than tho son of Saturn," who was father of the Curetes," and brother of Ouranus ;y so that Ouranus might be another of the Dactyli. Saturn was son of Ouranus,1 and Jupiter was son of Saturn.* From Abraham to Moses are seven descents; Abraham, Isauc, Jacob, Levi, Cohath, Amram, Moses; and there are about as many from Cres to Jnpiter, namely, Cres, Talus, Vulcan, Rhadamanthus, Ouranus, Saturn, Jupiter. If Ouranus and the rest of the Dactyli were of the same descent with Rhadamanthus, we have but six; but if they were in the descent next after him, we have exactly •even, as in the family of Abraham. Diodorus Siculus mentions no kings of Crete between Cres and the Dactyli; but it is observable, that he does not say that the Dactyli flourished in or next after the times of Cres. Diodorus reckoned up the worthies who lived between Cres and Saturn, whom the ages which suc«
who was brother of Minos; nor the Vulcan here men. tiontd to be the same with Vulcan son of Jupiter. Persons of later ages frequently had the names which their ancestor had borne ages before them.
• Diodor. Sic. p. 230.
• Id. ibid. Strabo. Geog. lib. 10, p. 487.
• Diodor. lib. 3, p. 136. , * Id. ibid.
I Id. ibid. 'Id. 1. 5, p. 231. Apollod. Bib. 1. 1.
, Diodorus, p. 233. Apollod.ufii tup. ceeded, had mentioned with honour; and it is easy to imagine, that there might be two or three descents between the times of Cres and the Dactyli, in which nothing memorable was done, in the way of cither great actions or useful inventions, to bear their fame down to posterity, and so the names of those who lived in these generations, might cither not come to Diodorus, or he not think it worth while to mention them. If Cres himself had not excelled those who lived before him, in teaching his countrymen many things conducive to their public welfare ;b Diodorus had probably taken no notice of him. And had his successors been as eminent as he was; their names perhaps would have been recorded by him. But after the death of Cres,e no advance being made either in arts or government, until the Dactyli; the names between Cres and their times, were omitted by Diodorus.
Ouranus lived in the eastern parts of Crete; for his son Saturn afterwards removed westward.4 Ouranus married Titaea,' who, according to the custom of these
times, which was, to give the names of the elements and lights of heaven (they being deities now worshipped) to eminent persons, took the names of Terra or Tellus, as her husband was called C«elum or Ournnus. The children born of these (wo parents were first the Centimani; namely, Hriareus, Gycs, and Cains/ The fabulous writers say, that each of these mm had n hundred hands and fifty heads," They were of larger size, of greater strength,11 and perhaps of more cunning and contrivance than common men; and fable has given them the hands and heads of multitudes, for being superior (o single men in their wisdom and valour. Ourunus sent them to itdiabit the hind of Tartarus; for hero we find them in power and command in the days of Jupiter.1 What or where the country was, which was thus named, may be difficult to determine. Pluto was afterwards king of it,* and 1 imagine it was no part of Crete; for when Pluto took away Proserpine from her mother Ceres, Ceres sought her, x«7« iraooiv rrivyyiv, i. c. all over Crete, but could not find her;1 afterwards she heard that she was with Piuto; so that Pluto's dominions were not in Crete, but in some foreign country. We arc told by Apollodorus, that the Cyclops were sent into this
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'Apollod. Bibloth. lib. 1. e 1. « Id. ibid,
b Mtyf3f< Ti a¥Vitt(Qh»Toi %»i JiVvj/tri Xhsiioixiowh. Id. ibid. 'Apollod. Blblloth. lib. 1, o. «. k Id. ibid.
1 Ai^.»)Tf?« Si ft*T« A«(*iraX«/v H'xlor Ti x»i ujAi^ar xar* irx<r»* ■m yy» (yirrnrx rifinti. Apollodor. liibliolh. lib. 1, C. S. VOL. III. . M
land of Tartarus;* and Homer appears to think that they lived in the island of Sicily." Strabo supposed that in «hb point he had given us not fiction, bnt true history;" and we find Thucydides, though he had nothing to offer about the rise or exit of this set of men; whence they came hither, or whither they removed; yet not doubting bnt that they were of-the most ancient inhabitants of this island.' Agreeably hereto, Tartarus the father of Typhon appears from Apollodorus, to have lived in Sicily in the age I am treating of :< and in these days probably this island was called after his name. This land of Tartarus was said to be as far distant from the earth, as the earth is from heaven.1 This might be the ancient Cretan Account of it, and by the earth they might mean their own island, and intended only to assert that Tartarus was at an immeasurable distance from their shore; nnd unquestionably from Crete to Sicily was a considerable voyage hi those ages. As Pluto, from his having been the person who invented the rites and ceremonies," used at funerals, came in after-ages to be
called the god of the dead; so the country where he had been king; was reputed to be their region, and all the gloomy fictions imagined to belong to the stale of the departed, were related to have their place in this land of Tartarus. Bat It is obvious that these fables tvere not invented, until ages after the times of the Oerttimarti} and not until long after Sicily ceased to be called by this, its ancient name. «, The Cyclops were also sons of Ouranus and Tellus;' whose names tvere Harpes, Steropes, and Brontes. They were toitl to have but one eye apiece, and that situate in the middle of their foreheads." These men were the archers of their times, and usually shut one eye, to lake their aim in shooting ;v which occasioned the
'Apollod. lib. 1, c. 1. "Id. ibid.
* I hare forgot from whom I had this conjecture: I think it is Eustatbius'. But I would observe, that the ingenious annotator upon the English Homer, whose real worth, as well as learning, makes it a pleasure to mo to say, I have a friendship for him, gives a better account of this fable of the Cyclops; ascribing it to their wearing a head piece or martial vizor, that had but one sight through it. 'The vulgar, says he, form their judgments from appear, aiiess; and a mariner who passed these coasts at a distance, observing the resemblance of a broad eye iu the forehead of one of these Cyclops, might relate it accordingly, and impose it as a truth upon the ignorant. It is notorious, that things equally monstrous have found belief in all ages.' See Dr. Broome's Notes upon Homer's Odyssey, b. is. ver. 110,