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fable of their having only one eye. Ouranus sent them to Tartarus unto their brethren.* 3, Ourunus and Tellus were the parents of the Titans also, whose names were Occnnus, (.'tens, Hyperion, Crius, Jiipelns and Saturn,!' anfl of the Titnnides, who were Tclhys, Rhea,Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Dioneand Thiu." Tclfus the wife of Ouranus had also other children, namely, Phorcus, Thaumas, Nereus, Kurybajo, and Octo, by a person named Poutus, who perhaps after the death of Ouranus washer second husband;* and Ouranus had several children by a concubine named Ops; who were Porphyron, llalcyoneus, Kphinltcs, Clytitis, Kncehulus, Polybotes, Gratian and Thoon. Tellus made a voyage into Sicily, and stayed there some time, until she had a son named Typhon, by Tartarus, a person of the highest, eminence in Sicily, in these nges.b Ops Whs no Cretan, but a foreigner; who came into Crete out of n more northern nation.c She is often taken to be the same person as Tellus; but it is evident, she was not. so, probably she was the Cybele of the ancients.
Al. the death of Ouranus, his son Saturn had his kingdom; who is said to have castrated and deposed
his father."1 But we have no reason to imagine 1 hat he did so, or that what is told us of Iho birth of the furies from Ouranuse was real fact. Varro judiciously thought these relations to be parts of what lie calls I he Mythic Theology; which afforded many narrations of imaginary actions never really done, but founded upon the ancient philosophy and religion, historically put together.11 Saturn married his sister Rhea, and had by her three sons and three daughters, Jupiter, Neptune, Pluto, Vesta, Ceres, and Juno> It is said of Saturn that he ate up his children as soon as they were born,* that Jupiter only escaped, by a contrivance of his mother Rhea, who bundled up a stone in his clothes, and sent it to Saturn,
d Apollodor. c. 1. * Id. ibid.
'Vid. Varrou. Frag. p. 13.
B See what I have offered upon this subject, vol. ii, book viii. Saturn us-—falcem habct ob agricultural). Quod Caelum patrem saturnus castrasse in fabulis dicitur, hoe lignificat, penes Saturnum, non penes Ccclum, semen ess» divinum ; hoc propterca quantum intelligi datur, quia nihil in Coelo de scminibus nascitur. Varro in P'rag. p. 42.
h Diodor. Apollodor. ubi sup.
* This fable is explained by Cicero, (de Nat. Door. lib. 2.) as being only a metaphorical account of Time's destroying own produce. His words arc, 'Kfovor, qui est idem xf°*"i i. e. spatium temporis, appellatus est saturnus, quod saturctur an Ii is. Ex se enira natos comesse fingilur solitus, quia consumit cctas temporiim spatia, annisq: prietcritis iusaturabilitcr cxpleter.' Edit.
•which, he not doubting but it was his new-born son, took and ate up instead of him. Jupiter, they tell us, was put out to nurse by his mother to the Curates. In time, they bring Saturn's children upon the stage again, and represent Jupiter as compelling his father by some drink, to discharge his stomach of them, and of the stone with them.' Varro has given us a philosophic solution of this fable also •' bnt I would observe, that Saturn was the first in these parts, who introduced a regularity of diet amongst his people,' and he might perhaps think it a matter of moment to begin from the first with his own children. We find the nursing and feeding infants with proper food became a sort of science in the generation next after him; and had directors appointed to take care of it.TM If Saturn had formed any scheme of this sort, and upon this account took his children as soon as born from their mother; if as soon as they were fit for it, he sent them abroad for education into some foreign land; and the figure they all afterwards made in life, renders it highly probable, that they had
'Apollodor. Biblioth. lib. 1.
* Saturnum dixerunt, quae nata ex eo cssent, devorare solitnm, quod ed ftemina, undo nascerentur, redirent; ct quid illi pro Jove Gleba objecta est rlevoranda, significat manihus humanis obrui cceptas screndo fruges, antequam subtilitas arandi esset inventa. Varro in Frag, p. 42. 1 Diodorus lib. 5, p. 231.
li (fount ivfin rm rat mviui metibun Sifawuay, not, » <fvm rui Sfilfui. Diodor. p.
better instruction than Crete was at this time able to give them; this might be a sufficient foundation for the fable handed down to us concerning Saturn. Rheasent Jupiter to the Curetes and, a bundle of clothes, with a stone wrapped up in them to make them heavy, was carried where Saturn ordered, instead of him; and when Jupiter was grown up, and came home to his father, and Saturn thought fit to have his other children recalled from their foreign education; as ho was before said to have eaten them, so now he might be represented to have vomited them up again. Th« fancy of the mythologists was extravagant beyond measure, and no representation could appear so monstrous or rjdiculous, but they could think it ingenious to dress up in it and disguise the plainest and most common transactions of life."
When Saturn died, Jupiter succeeded to his king* dom.° Here again the mythologists give us fable, and suggest that Jupiter deposed his father, and divided his dominions between himself and his brethren.1' But Diodorus informs us, that there were other accounts of him; that he came to his crown at Saturn's death as his rightful heir, without attempts of his own to obtain a succession, or endeavours of others to pre