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lo.* 7. Venus was born to him of I)ionc.b 8. Mercury of Main/ 9. Dacchus of Semele; d and lie had several other children, both Koiih and daughters, by diver» oilier women. Hut let us endeavour first to lix with a little more certainty the times in which Jupiter lived, and after that we may take a further view of tho transactions of his life.
Jupiter lived about eight or nine generations before the Trojan war; which may be wry clearly computed hy going through the genealogies of those who are recorded to be his descendants. Thus ./Ktliliiis King of Elca in firecce, was sou of Jupiter and Prologcnia,
templo dicarontur, quibus postca dicit llcsiodum l'octam impasuissc. vocabnla. Nun ergo uit, Jupiter novem Musai genuit, sell tres fabri ternas feccrunt. Tres autcm Hob proptcrea civitas ilia locavcrat, quia in soinnis pas viderat, nut tot sri cujusquam illumm oeulis demonstravcrant, sed quia facile" crat aniinadvortcrc oninem soaum, qui materics rantilrnarum est, triformem esse Natura: aut enim editur voce, sicut est coram, qui faucibus sine instrument eauunt, aut flatu sicut tubarum et tibiarum, aut pulsu sicut in ey. tharis, ct tympunis, et quibusdaui aliis, quo pcrciitiendo' tonora fiunt. Varro in Fragment, p. 207. vide Augustiti. dc Doc 11 in. Christian, lib. 2. c. 17.
* Apollodor. lib. 1. c. 4. An/J-ir^os Ji AfTi/*i» Svyaripx *>»/, K*i « Anr«(, otl» kiyvitTiui Tov *oyoy, Aicr^tA®. Ijij^i»
ivptpiutx T«f EX?.ri»«j. l'ausan. in Arcad. c. 37.
k Apollod. c. 3. • Id. 1. 3. e. 10.
4 Vid. qua: sup. Diodo. Sic. I. 5. p. 230; Strab. Geog. 1. 10. p. 473.
the daughter Deucalion.* His son Endymion succeeded him.f Epeus son of Endymion succeeded him.* iEtolus brother to Epeus was his successor,14 and after iEtolus reigned Eleus his nephew.' At Eleus' death, Augeas son of Eleus had the kingdom.k Agasthenes son of Augeas succeeded his father;1 and Polyxenes son of Agasthenes, grandson of Augeas, commanded at Troy.TM Thus if we count from Jupiter to the Trojan war, we find nine successions, or computing Epeus and iEtolus, who were brothers, to bo in the same line of descent, eight generations. In the family of Thoas the son of Andramon, who commanded the iEtobans in the Trojan war," there are ten descents; for Thoas was six from iEtolus," and iEtolus as above was four from Jupiter. In like manner we find ten descents from Jupiter to Dioemcdes, four to iEtolus as before. Pleuron was son of iEtolus,1' Agenor of Pleuron,' (Eneus of Agenor,' Tydeus of (Eneus,'
* Pausan. lib. 5, c. 1. Apollod. Biblioth. lib. 1, c. 7. It ought to be here remarked that JEthlius was by some of the ancients thought to be the son of iEolus. See Pausan. 1. 5, c. 8. *
1 Apollod. Ibid. sect. 5, Pausan. ubi sup.
< Pausan. ibid. k Apollod §. 6, Pausan ubi sup.
1 Pausan. ibid. * Id. ibid. » Id ibid. c. 3.
m Id. ibid. Horn. II. 2. y. 623.
n Id ibid, ubi sup. Horn. II. C. v. 638.
• Id. ibid. "Apollod. b. 6, lib. 1, c. 7. 'Id. ibid. 'Id. ibid. ■ Id ibid. and Diomedes of Tydeus.' If we go into another branch of Jupiter's family, -we shall find the accounts much the same. Areas was the son of Jupiter, born of Callistho daughter of Lycaon." Areas succeeded Nyctimus the eldest son of Lycaon in the kingdom of Arcadia. * Azanas son of Areas succeeded him. y Clitor son of Azanas succeeded his father.1 Epitus a nephew of Azanas succeeded Clitor,* and Alcus another nephew succeeded Epitus;1" at Aleus' death his son Lycurgus had the crown,c and at his death he left" itto Echemus.d Agapenor grandson of Lycurgus succeeded Ech'emus,' and led the Arcadians to Troy. Thus from Nyctimus who may be supposed to be coartaneus with Jupiter, to Agapenor are nine succescessions; and, counting Clitor, Ipitus, and Aleus,' who were brothers' children, to be in the same line of descent, at least seven generations. In Laconia we find Lacedaemon king of that country was son of Jupiter and Taygete daughter of Atlas.' Amyclas the next king was his son ;g Argalus succeeded his fafher Amyclas;h and Cynortas Argalus;1 and Cynortas left
t Apollod. book vi, lib. 1, c. 7.
"Hyg. fab. 155, Apollod. BiWio. lib. 3, c. 8. Pausan. in Arcad. c. 3. Pausan. ibid. c. 4.
i Id. ibid. * Ibid,
a Id. ibid, in Arcad. c. 4. b Id. ibid.
c Ibid- u Ibid. 'Id. c. 5, Horn. II,
C. T. 609%
'Hygin. Fab. 155. Apollod. Bibl. lib. 3, c. 10. Pausan. in. Laconic, c. 1. e Pausan ibid.
k Id. ibid. i Id. ibid.
his crown to (Ebalus.k When CEbalus died, Ilippocoon got possession of the throne, and for a time defeated Tyndareus the son of CEbalus ;l but after some years Tyndareus ejected him,01 and recovered the kingdom. Tyndareus had two sons, Castor and Pollux," but they both died before him.° He married his daughter Helen to Menelaus the son of Atreus,^ and at his death Menelaus succeeded him in his kingdom."1 Thus from Lacedremon the son of Jupiter tar Helen and Menelaus, for whom the Greeks warred at Trojr, are eight reigns and seven descents; or eight descents from Jupiter, Again, Dardanus king of Troy was son of Jupiter and Electra, daughter of Atlas,r Erichthonius of Dardanus,' Tros of Erichtbonius,' Ilus of Tros,u Laomedon of Ilus,x Priamus ofLaomedon.y Priamus was an old man when the Greeks warred against him; his son Hector was then in his full strength, and about the age of the Greek commanders, and from Jupiter to Hector are eight descents. We might examine the accounts we have of other families, and in all, of whom we have sufficient remains, we should find Jupiter about eight or nine
k Pausan. ibid. 'Id. ibid. m Id. ibid.
» Apollod. Biblioth. lib. 3, c. 9. • Id. c. 10.
t Id. ibid. c. 9. « Id. ibid. c. 10.
'Id. ibid. lib. 3, c. 11. Diodor. Sic. Hist lib. 5, p. 223. Horn. II. y. v. 215.
"Diodor. lib. 4, p. 192. Horn. II, v. v. 219.
4 Diodor. ubi sup. Horn. 11. y. 230.
"Diodor. Horn. ibid. x Id. ibid. •* Id. ibid. generations before the Trojan war.. Successions in families vary enough to cause this difference of a descent or two; but we huve no genealogies that will allow us to place liiin later than the time of Moses; for Moses lived from A. M. 2433 to A.M. 2550." Take the middle of his life A. M. 2193, from thence to the war at Troy arc about three hundred years, supposing Troy to have been taken about A. M. 2790 ;* nud if we count eight or nine descents in this spaee of time, we go between thirty and forty years to a descent, Anil the generations we have examined being for the most part by the elder sons, this may pretty well agree Willi (he length of such generations in these times.
As what I have offered does abundantly hint, that Jupiter lived about the age of Moses; so (he particulars of his life do further confirm it, and may perhaps enable us to settle more exactly the time when lie flouriscd. 1. For Jupiter visited Lycaon king of Arcadia,band had a Soil named Areas born of Callistho, Lycaon's daughter.c Now Lycaon was contem porary, and of about the same years with the elder Cecrops.* Cccrops reigned in Attica from A. M. 2423 to A. M. 2473.' Lycaon was advanced towards old age when
1 See vol. II. book 0. Dcut. xxxiv. 7. * Id. ibid, book 8.
h llygln. Fab. 176. A poll. Bib. lib. 3, c. 8. 'Id. ibid. Pausan. in Arcadic. c. 3, 4.
d Aoxw Ji iy«yi Ktxfom nKixiat ru £%trt}.tv<j»*\i A9mx'ut Xai
/untxoti iWl Td» avrw. Pausan. in Arcad. c. '2. '>cf vol. ii. b. fci.