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Jupiter visited him; for his children were all grown up, and of age to build cities and govern nations.f Jupiter therefore visited hhn about the end of the the life of Cecrops; and not earlier than the fortieth year of Moses' age. But we may fix this matter with still greater certainty. Lycaon died by the hand of Jupiter,' at his death Nyctimus his eldest son had his crown.h Nyctimus was made king of Arcadia just upon the time of Deucalian's flood;' and the ancients supposed, that flood had happened A. M. 2476 ;k so that about this year Jupiter was in Arcadia, namely, three years after the death of Cecrops, and in the fortythird year of Moses. Jupiter was undoubtedly of years of wisdom, authority, and experience of the world, when he transacted the affairs of Lycaon's kingdom; and to this agrees, 2. What we further find from the marble, that Mars the son of Jupiter was tried at Athens for the death of Halirrothius the son of Neptune, A. M. 2473;' so that before Jupiter's expedition to Arcadia, his sons were grown up and engaged in the world,, 3. Epaphus was son of Jupiter, born of Io.TM' Here indeed some of the genealogists make a mistake; for they suppose Io to be the daughter of Inachus: which would argue that Jupiter had lived three hun
drod years earlier limn tlic times we are treating of/ for Inaclius reigned ut Argon about A. M. 2154." But AppIIodorug hut observed and corrected this error; who remarks, that Jo the mother of Epnphus wns not daughter of Inachus, but ofJnsus.0 Jasus the father of Io, was son to Triopas king of Argos j * so that lo was Triopas' grand-daughter. Triopas was thd sixth king of Argos from Inachus;i for Apis ought not to be inserted amongst the Argivc kings/ Now if we count the number of years from the first year"of Inachus to the hist year of Triopas, we shall find them to amount to three hnndred and fifteen.' Compute then three hundred and fifteen years from A. M. 2154 the first year of Inachus, and wo come down to A.M. M69, in which year Triopas died. If Tripos lived to sed his grand-daughter matched to Jupiter, as certainly he well might; then Io might marry him about seven or eight years before Jupiter's expedition into Arcadia; or if she was not grown up nntil some years after her Kradfather's death, yet Jupiter's acquaintance with her proves very well his living in these times. 4. Minos is said to have been the son of Jupiter, born of Europa daughter of Agcnor.' This, 1 am sensible is a false account of Minos, and therefore though it
might easily be made to coincide with the times of Jupiter,, as Europa is generally said to have been the sister of Cadmus; yet, as it would not be a true account of Minos' ancestors, it would be trifling to ofter anything about it. The Minos so much talked of among the Greeks, was contemporary with Daedalus;" and Daedalus was the son of Eupalamus,* who had a daughter that was married to the second Cecrops ;y and his son Daedalus with Minos flourished about the time of iEgeus, * who reigned at Athens from A. M. 2697 to A. M. 2745;a so that this Minos lived about one hundred and fifty years after Moses* death. The placing this Minos about these times, agrees perfectly well with the accounts we have of his descendants down to the Trojan war; for he was in the third generation before that expedition; for the sons of Minos were Deucalion and Molus, and their sons Idomeneus and Meriones warred at Troy.b Sir John Marsham very judiciously observes from the hints of the ancient writers, that there were two Minos's; that the former was the grandfather of the latter; that
"Apollod. Biblioth. Lib. 3, c. 14. Diod: Sic. lib. 4.
1 Apollo, ibid. r Id ibid. p. 233.
1 Id. lib. 3, c. 14.
m Cecrops began his reign in Attica A. M. 2423. See vol. ii. b. 8. Count the years of the several reigns of the Attic kings in Chronic. Euseb. down to ^igcus, and jEgeus* reign will fall in the years I have allotted to it.
b Diodorus Sic. lib. 5. p. 238. Homer. 11. y. v. 450, II. C. r. 650. 3
length of time and the inaccuracy of writers had caused them to be botli taken for one man; and that their genealogy rightly stated would stand thus. Tcctamus sou of Dorus, Asterius sou of Tcctamus, Minos of Asterius, Lycastus of Minos, the second Minos of Lycastus, Deucalion of Minos, Idomeneus of Deucalion." This is the true account of this family, and according to this account the first Minos stands five generations before the Trojan war; in the same line of descent before Idomeneus who warred at Troy, as Tros king of Troy does before Hector. And this agrees with what is related of this Minos, that he stole (ianymodes from Tros his father : for not Jupiter, but this Minos was anciently recorded to have committed that rapc.u Further ; this time of Minos agrees with what the marble records, that he reigned at Apollonia, A. M. 2573.* Hcllcn, who was father of Dorus,' and therefore grandfather of Tcctamus, the progenitor of this family, was about Jupiter's age; for Amphictyon, who was brother of Hcllcn,' succeeded Cranaus, and reigned at Athens in the year 2484. * i. c. about eight years after Jupiter's being in Arcadia. Now count down from Hellen to Idomeneus, who warred at Troy;
and we have Hellen, Dorus, Tectamus, Asterius, Minos, Lycastus, Minos the second, Deucalion, and Idomeneus; that is, nine generations from Hellen, who was contemporary with Jupiter, to the Trojan war. We find a generation more in the families of Thoas and of Diomedes above-mentioned, and a generation less in the family of Agasthenes. In the Arcadian roll of kings we have but seven descents from Nyctimus to Agapenor ; but agreeable to this in another line of Hellen'sdecendant, we have exactly seven down from Hellen to Glaucus who exchanged armour with Diomedes in the fields of Troy ;' namely, Hellen, iEolus, Sisyphus, Glaucus, Bellerophon j Hippolochus, and Glaucus,k who commanded the Lycians.1 Thus, allowing the difference arising from descents happening by the elder or the younger children; the true account of Minos' genealogy synchronizes with the descents in other families, and confirms the times of Jupiter agreeably to them. 5. Laoedaemon was son of Jupiter and Taygete daughter of Atlas ;m according to the marble Lacedaemon reigned at Laconia about A. M. 2489." The marble joins Eurotas and Lacedaemon together;" but Eurotas was really Lacedaemon's pre
I Homer. II. £. v. 235. k Id. II. ead. T. 150—205.
J tl.C.v. 878. "Apollod. Bibli. lib. 3,
e. 10. Hygin. Fab. 155. Pausan. in Laconic, c. I. n Marm. Arundcll. Ep. 8.
8 A(p « Euqwtxs £ AxxeoaiiAav Aa)tovix*if ffaiffiXsuoay g-r*» XHHlilir, Gxo&evtnlos 'ASwwv 'A^txlvovos. Marraor. Ibid.