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express, which superstition may not turn to limey anil Cubic. Tlii> (.'recks had a whim about the shadow of ilmse who entered '' l he inn pie of tho Arcadian Jupiter, mil altogether uuUko this fiction «f tho Ilubbins; and (lie Monkish tide, which Rome of our vulgar people can still tell, of theix Niuuiow in the night of St. Mark's festival, was, perhaps, derived from it.
Moses was ordered to lead the Israelites back to» wards the lied Sen again ;q and after their unsuccessful attempt against the Canunnites,' they began their retreat. We hear but little more of them for about tUrtysMven years; during which time they marched up and down the Wilderness, and made seventeen encampments, • from their leaving Iiithmah in the Wilderness of Paran,1 to their coming to Kadcsh in the Wilderness of Kin." Their being obliged to make this retreat, and deferring their entrance into ('anonn, raised discontents among them, and very probably occasioned the rebellion of Korah, Dnthan and Abiraiu, which happened about this time. Two hundred and fifty princes of the assembly were concerned in it;* and many thousands of the people, as may be supposed from the number of (hose who perished by the plague,' werc'swullowcd up in the earth," or1 con* » ■'■ ■■" r i i . i. , T-— ■'■'!■■ ■■ m
» Oimm/xw®' ptiffittf rut tit To Th A'®* aC*ro» i/xC«»1«r x»1 'ifnaiimt cunm yiy»«r&a/. Vhl. Polyb. Hist. lib. 16, C. 11.
« Numb. xlv. tfl. • Ver. 44, 48.
• Chap, xxxlll. 10....30. * Comparo all. 16. with xxiiW. 18. n Chap, xxxlll. 30.
* Chap. xvl. 1, 2. rVor. 4°. » Ver J3. Vol. III. o
sumed by the fire.* The heads of the conspiracy were, Korah a Levite, Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, and On the son of Peteth, of the tribe of Reuben. They contended, that there was no reason for so great subjection to, and dependance upon Moses and Aaron ;b that the priesthood ought not to have been appropriated to Aaron and his family; for that all the congregation was holy, every one of them; and the Lord amongst them.c They remonstrated against Moses, that he had brought them out of Egypt, a very plentiful country; that he had no real intention ever to bring them into Canaan; that he designed only to carry them about, through innumerable difficulties, until he could inure them to servitude, and make himself altogether a prince over them ;d that to deny this to be his aim, would suppose that the people had no eyes to see the situation of their affairs, and the prospects which were before them.0 Moses had by express command from God denounced to the congregation, that not one of them except Caleb and Joshua, should enter into Canaan; that all the rest who were above twenty years old, when they were polled after coming out of Egypt, should die in the Wilderness, and the younger generation only should come into the land.f This had put them all into so great a ferment, that even a miraculous interposition of the divine power, was not immediately sufficient to sudue the spirit of their rebellion; for we read, that -» ■
•Numb. x?i. 35. b Ver. 3. • ibid.
a Vat. 3, 13. • Ver. 14. fxix. 28-^33. on the morrow after the earth had swallowed up Da* than and Abiram and all that belonged to them," after Koralt and his company were consumed with fire from the LonD,h all the congregation murmured against Moses and against Aaron, and accused them of having killed the Loan's people.' But hereupon God sent a plague among them, and took oft'fourteen thousand by it,k and also gave them a further evidence by the blossoming of Aaron's rod, that he was the person whom Cjod had appointed to be priest for his people.' After the punishment of the plague, and the testimony of the further miracle in Aaron's rod, their opposition ceased ;m Aaron's rod was by divine command laid up in the tabernacle in memory of this miraculousconfirmation of his priesthood." The people expressed: themselves now convinced, that whoever presumed to! intrude into the service of the tabernacle, would ibe pursued by divine vengeance unto death." The laws,; mentioned in the xviiith and xixth chapters of Numbers, were given about this time. i .'
Whilst the Israelites were in- the wilderness, some writers suppose that Sesostris was king;of Egypt; «0&, that he raised a.powerful army, and conquered agreali part of the then known world. They suppose him to.: be the son of Pharaoh, who in pursuit of the Israelites was drowned in the Red Sea. Archbishop Usher .was. of tliis opinion;p and the late learned bishop Cum*
« Numb, xvi. 32. h Ver. 35. 'Ver: 41.
* Ver. 49. ■ x?ii. m Ibid.
0 Ver. 10. • Ibid. > Annals, p. 21
berland endeavours to support it.q The substance of what he argues upon the subject, amounts to, 1. That Sesostris was the brother of the Grecian Danaus; and therefore, since Danaus is confessed to have lived about the time of Moses," that Sesostris must be likewise placed in the same age. 2. That according to the testimony of the ancient writers, Sesostris vra» the son of Amenophis, the Pharaoh who was drowned in the Red Sea. If indeed either of these assertions can be supposed, Sesostris must be placed in these times. But if both these arguments may be refuted, Aristotle's general opinion cited by the learned bishop, that Sesostris lived before Minos,* or Apollodius' supposing that he planted colonies in Colchis before the Argonautic expedition,' or Pliny's hinting that he lived befoTC the Trojan war, will be of no great weight; for it is known, that very considerable writers have mistaken the true time of the reign of Sesostris."
1. Bishop Cumberland contends, that Danaus and Sesostris were brothers; but a supposed citation from Manetho in Josephus, is the only proof of this fraternity.* Manetho is supposed to have said, that Sesostris was called yEgyptus, and that Armais his brother was Danaus. I must confess, I suspect this. r-"i i - .
* Sanchoniath, fj. 4, p. 387. * See vol. U. b. via. , Arist. Polit. lib. 7, c. 10.
* A pollon. Argonaut, lib. 4, 270.
* See Pref. to vol. ii.
* Joseph, contra Anion, lib. 1, c. 1$.
passage; for the words cited seem not to be those of Munetho, but of Josephus.* Josephus, aflor having given a large citation from Munetho, adds, -what 1 conceive,ho inferred from him to be true. And I rather think so, because nothing, which comes up to what is here cited, appears in the remain* of Munetho, ai transmitted to us by either Africanns or Eusebius; though they have both given us the list of kings cited by JosephU8, and one of them some words of Munetho, from which Joscphus might probably make his inference. Africanus transmits to us the series of kings, but has not remarked any relation between any two of them." But Eusebius at the name of A rmes or Armnis, calls him also Danaus, and records that he reigned m Egypt five years, and then fled out of the kingdom from his brother ^Egyptus, and went to Greece, and reigned at Argos ;* so that from Eusebius it seems probable, that Manctho had hinted that DanauB and jEgyptus were brothers. Josephus supposed that yftgyptus andSesostris were one and the same person; and hence concluded, that Munetho hud suggested Danaus and Scsostris to be so related. This seems to mc to be the foundation of what is cited in and from Josephus. That Duuaus was indeed the brother of j<Egyptus, may be proved from many ancient writers ;k