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priest's hoiisfe first,* and afterwarrls Deibrri Pilate into the judgment-hall; for the? Jew& who prosecuted, had not then eaten1 the^ passover, and upon this account could not go into the judgment-hall. They intended our Saviour's accusation should be capital; the law had appointed, that persons defiled with the dead body of a man should be kep\ back, and not eat the passover until the; fourteenth day of the second month;" they judged the persons, who were to accuse out Saviour, so as to bring him unto death', would be under the restriction of thislaW'; and therefore they left off their prosecutiori until they should go home and eat the pas^ sover. On the next morning, on the day
, * It was rather very early in the morning, about the time of cock-crowing; and shortly after (rgo/i, or wgwia, about break of day) the priests and scribes assembled; and, after some investigation, brought him before Pilate and accused him. But it does not appear that they brought him before Pilate twice, as Dr. Shuckford asserts; and our Loxi) expired about three o'clock in the afternoon of the same day in which he was apprehended. Edit.
•Numb. ix. M), II.
;&ef the £assover, &ey assembled, and carried him again to Pilate, and took counsel against him' to put him to death," and in this mtirning passed the several matters that are related to have preceded our .Saviour's crucifixion; namely, Pilate's sending him to Herod,y Pilate's wife's message to Pilate" upon account of her dreams,' Herod's remanding Jesus back again to Pilate,* Pilate's then delivering him to the Jews to be crucified,b upon which they immediately led him away and crucified him,1 and the next day was the Sabbath ;4 so that in this year, the Jews had at least a day between the evening of eating the passover and the sabbath; but had they at this time proceeded according to Moses' institutions, I think the first day of unleavened bread, the day immediately fol
x Matt, xxvii. 1. Mark xv. 1. Luke xxii. 66. r Luke xxiii. 7.
* Matt, xxvii. 19.
* Luke xxiii. 11.
» Luke xxiii. 21—24.
c Matt, xxvii. 27—35. Mark xv. 16—24. Luke xxiii. 26—33. John xix. 16—18.
* Mark xv. 42. Luke xxiii. 54. John xix. 31.
lowing the evening of the passover, would have been the sabbath.' (l .
I have now offered the reader what I have for some time apprehended, that the institutions of Moses' law hint to have been the first and most ancient method used by the 'Israelites for computing and regulating their year. I have much wished to find some one learned writer directing me in this matter; but as I cannot say I do, I hope I have expressed myself with a proper diffidence. If the reader shall think what I have offered may be admitted; a small correction must be made in what I have suggested, concerning the ancient Jewish year, in my preface
* According to the Jewish calculation of the year, after they used lunar years, the interval between the passover and the sabbath following it, was different in different years. For instance, there was a day between in the year of our Saviour's crucifixion, the day of the passover falling that year as on our Thursday: but it is evident, a Jewish lunar year ordinarily containing but three hundred and fifty four days, that the passover in the next year would fall as on a Tuesday, and consequently there would be three days between the passover and the sabbath, &c.
to my first volume, And if I shall find roy6elf herein mistaken, I shall be hereafter, better able to retract what I have thus attempted in a preface only, than if 1 .had given it a place in the following books among the observations upon the law of Moses. I have taken no notice of a sentiment of Scaliger, which seems to be admitted by Archbishop Usher; that the ancient Israelites computed their year in twelve months of thirty days each, adding five days at the end of the twelfth month yearly, and a sixth every fourth year;' because it is a thought for which I find no shadow of proof from any hint in Scripture or remains of antiquity. Scaliger indeed attempts to compute the year, of the Flood to have been reckoned up by Moses to contain three hundred and sixty five days;* but in order to give colour to his supposition, he represents that the raven and the dove sent by Noah out of the ark, to see if the waters were abated, had been
'Scaliger lib. de Emendnt. Temp. p. 151. Usher's Chronol. Epistle to the reader. • Scaliger p. 152, &c.
sent out at forty days' interval the oWe (rortf the other ,•" but Moses' narration intimates nothing like it; nor will any reader allow ft' to be prdbable, that collects and duely compares'the particulars related by Moses of the rise and fall of the waters, and of Nbah's conduct and observations. The raven and the dove here spoken of, were undoubtedly sent out, both upon 6ne and the same day. As to Archbishop Usher's seeming to be of opinion that the ancient Jewish year Was in this manner made up of three hundred and* sixty five days, with an allowance for about a quarter of a day in every year; he had computed, and found that a number of years of the Israelites were capable of being made to answer to a like number of Julian years; and this led him to think they were, as to length, of much the same nature. I need ouly observe that, if the Israelites computed their years in the manner above-mentioned by me; a number of such years will not much vary in the sum of them, from the sum of a like number of Julian;:
* Gen. viii. 7,8.