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AMNESTY

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON COURTS, CIVIL LIBERTIES,

AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-THIRD CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

H.R. 236, H.R. 674, H.R. 2167, H.R. 3100, H.R. 5195,
H.R 10979, H.R. 10980, H.R. 13001, H. Con. Res. 144,

and H. Con. Res. 385

RELATING TO AMNESTY

MARCH 8, 11, AND 13, 1974

Serial No. 35

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

31-658

WASHINGTON : 1974

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

PETER W. RODINO, JR., New Jersey, Chairman
HAROLD D. DONOHUE, Massachusetts EDWARD HUTCHINSON, Michigan
JACK BROOKS, Texas

ROBERT MCCLORY, Illinois
ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin HENRY P. SMITH III, New York
DON EDWARDS, California

CHARLES W. SANDMAN, JR., New Jersey WILLIAM L. HUNGATE, Missouri

TOM RAILSBACK, Illinois JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan

CHARLES E. WIGGINS, California JOSHUA EILBERG, Pennsylvania

DAVID W. DENNIS, Indiana JEROME R. WALDIE, California

HAMILTON FISH, JR., New York WALTER FLOWERS, Alabama

WILEY MAYNE, Iowa JAMES R. MANN, South Carolina

LAWRENCE J. HOGAN, Maryland PAUL S. SARBANES, Maryland

M. CALDWELL BUTLER, Virginia JOHN F. SIEBERLING, Ohio

WILLIAM S. COHEN, Maine GEORGE E. DANIELSON, California

TRENT LOTT, Mississippi ROBERT F. DRINAN, Massachusetts

HAROLD V. FROEHLICH, Wisconsin CHARLES B. RANGEL, New York

CARLOS J. MOORHEAD, California BARBARA JORDAN, Texas

JOSEPH J. MARAZITI, New Jersey
RAY THORNTON, Arkansas

DELBERT L. LATTA, Obio
ELIZABETH HOLTZMAN, New York
WAYNE OWENS, Utah
EDWARD MEZVINSKY, Iowa

JEROME M. ZEIFMAN, General Counsel
GARNER J. CLINE, A88ociate General Counsel

HERBERT FUCHS, Counsel
HERBERT E. HOFFMAN, Counsel
WILLIAM P. SHATTUCK, Counsel
H. CHRISTOPHER NOLDE, Counsel

ALAN A, PARKER, Counsel

JAMES F. Falco, Counsel
MAURICE A. BARBOZA, Counsel
FRANKLIN G. POLK, Counsel

ROGER A. PAULEY, Counsel
THOMAS E. MOONEY, Counsel

PETER T. STRAUB, Counsel
MICHAEL W. BLOMMER, Counsel

ALEXANDER B. Cook, Counsel
CONSTANTINE J. GEKAS, Associate Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON COURTS, CIVIL LIBERTIES, AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF

JUSTICE

ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin, Chairman GEORGE E. DANIELSON, California

TOM RAILSBACK, Illinois ROBERT F. DRINAN, Massachusetts

HENRY P. SMITH III, New York WAYNE OWENS, Utah

CHARLES W. SANDMAN, JR., New Jersey EDWARD MEZVINSKY, Iowa

WILLIAM S. COHEN, Maine
HERBERT Fuchs, Counsel
WILLIAM P. Dixon, Counsel

BRUCE A. LEHMAN, Counsel
THOMAS E. MOONEY, A88ociate Counsel

CONTENTS

Page

2
6
7
8

12

15

18

19

21

22

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410

Text of -

H.R. 236

H.R. 674.

H.R. 2167

H.R. 3100

H.R. 5195

H.R. 10979.

H.R. 10980

H.R. 13001

H. Con. Res. 144..

H. Con. Res. 385

Testimony of-

Abzug, Hon. Bella, a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York

Armstrong, Hon. 0. K., in behalf of Veterans of World War I.
Barger, Rev. Robert Newton.--
Benade, Lt. Gen., Leo E., Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for

Military Personnel Policy; accompanied by Col. Victor A. DeFiori,

Office of Secretary of Defense for Military Personnel Policy -
Bowles, Glenn, Manager of Operations, Selective Service System
Brown, Ronald H., director, Washington Bureau, National Urban

League..

Cary, Dr. W. Sterling, president, National Council of Churches of

Christ in the U.S.A.; accompanied by Rev. Richard Killmer,

Director of Special Ministry, Vietnam Generation, member, National

Council of Churches staff; and E. William D. Galvin, Jr., Emergency

Ministry on Conscience and War, United Presbyterian Church

Cavin, H. Lynn, immediate past national commander, Marine Corps

League

Charles, Hopkins, D., Deputy General Counsel, Selective Service

System.

Credle, James, Clergy and Laity Concerned.

Damato, Edward, national coordinator, Vietnam Veterans Against the

War, Chicago, Ill.

Darling, E. Fred, executive coordinator, Military and Veterans Affairs,

Non-Commissioned Officers Association of the U.S. A.; accompanied

by II. Lynn Cavin, immediate past national commander, Marine

Corps League

De Fiori, Col., Victor A., Office of Secretary of Defense for Military

Personnel Policy, Department of Defense-
Dellums, Hon. Ronald V., a Representative in Congress from the State

of California..

Ensign, Tod, counsel for Lewis Simon.-

Freeman, Harrop A., Friends Committee on National Legislation;

accompanied by Raoul Kulberg -

Froehlke, Hon. Robert F., president of the Sentry Corp., and former

Secretary of Defense...

Galvin, E. William D., Jr., Emergency Minstry on Conscience and

War, United Presbyterian Church

Gruening, Hon. Ernest, former U.S. Senator from the State of Alaska.

Hehir, Rev. J. Bryan, Director, Division of Justice and Peace, United

States Catholic Conference-

Hoover, Warren, Church of the Brethren.

Jones, F. P., Colonel USA (retired), director, National Security and

Foreign Affairs, Veterans of the Foreign Wars of the United States.

Killmer, Rev. Richard, Director of Special Ministry, Vietnam Genera-

tion, Member, National Council of Churches Staff.

[graphic]

559

401

380
216

Page

603

430

157

239

527

224

422

480

422

471

Testimony of-Continued

Koch, Hon. Edward I., a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York.

Kulberg, Raoul.

Levine, Vis. Jacqueline, co-chairman, Governing Council, American

Jewish Congress..

Morse, Esq., Walter H., General Counsel, Selective Service System;

accompanied by Glenn Bowles, Manager of Operations: Hopkins,
Charles, Deputy General Counsel; and S. R. Shaw, L and L Officer-
Mott, Jeremy; vidwest secretary, the Central Committee for Con-

scientious Objectors.---
Mullen, Mrs. Peg, State chairman, Iowa Gold Star Families; accom-

panied by Rev. John Smith, professor of history, St. Ambrose Col-
lege, Davenport, Iowa-

Musil, Robert K., Associate Secretary, the Central Committee for Con-

scientious Objectors; accompanied by Jeremy Mott, Midwest Secre-

tary--

Norton, Jerry W., Young Americans for Freedom.

O'Neil, James F., past national commander, the American Legion; ac-

companied by Herald E. Stringer, Director, tional Legislative

Commission; and James R. Wilson, Director, National Security

Commission

Pearle, Lynn, Americans for Democratic Action
Poling, James N., on behalf of the Church of the Brethren, general

Board; accompanied by Ralph E. Smetzer, Church of the Brethren,

and Warren Hoover.

Rauh, Esq., Joseph, Jr., vice chairman, Americans for Democratic Ac-

tion; accompanied by Lynn Pearle.

Rutherford, Ms. Sandra, Vancouver American Exsolve Association --

Schardt, Arlie, associate director, American Civil Liberties Union, and

co-author, Amnesty? The Unsettled Question of Vietnam --

Schwarzschild, llenry, Director, Project on Amnesty, American Civil

Liberties Union Foundation; accompanied by Arlie Schardt, Asso-

ciate Director, ACLU, and co-author, Amnesty? The Unsettled

Question of Vietnam..

Shaw, S. R., L and L Officer, Selective Service System..

Siegel, Larry, Legislative Assistant, on behalf of Hon. Howard W.

Robison, à Representative in Congress from the State of New York.
Simon, Abe, on behalf of Lewis Simon; accompanied by Tod Ensign,

counsel for Lewis Simon..
Simon, Virs. Patricia, on behalf of Gold Star Families for Amnesty--
Smetzer, Ralph E., Church of the Brethren....
Smith, Rev. John, professor of history, St. Ambrose College, Daven-

port, Iowa..

Spencer, Wayne, Clergy and Laity Concerned..

Stringer, Herald E., Director, National Legislative Commission, the

American Legion

Struve, James, representing the Wisconsin Amnesty Project; accom-

panied by Edward Damato, national coordinator, Vietnam Veterans
Against the War, Chicago, Ill., and Sandra Rutherford, Vancouver

American Exsolve Association..
Taft, Hon. Robert, Jr., a U.S. Senator from the State of Ohio...
Ulman, Hon. Leon, Deputy Assistant Attorney General; accompanied

by Robert W. Vavda, Criminal Division, Department of Justice..

Vayda, Robert W., Criminal Division, Department of Justice---

Wells, Rev. John, Major USAF (retired), attorney, former special

consultant, U.S. Department of Defense 1964–1969, SANE...

Wilson, James R., Director, National Security Commission, The

American Legion.

Young, Ms. Trudi, national coordinator, Clergy and Laity Concerned;

accompanied by James Credle and Wayne Spencer.

Additional information-

Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts:

Chart from 1973 Semi-Annual Report of the Director, showing

disposition of defendants chargo with Selective Service Act

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

violations...

Table, convictions for violations of Selective Service acts.

350

348

566

81

562
575

438

126

331

610

25

22

401

Additional information-Continued

Articles:

Amnesty: An Act of Grace, by Julian C. Carey, St. Louis Univer-

sity Law Journal, vol. 17, No. 4, summer 1973.

Amnesty Must Not Be Forgoiten, by Hon. Ronald V. Deilums,

Congressional Record, October 23, 1973..

American Deserters and Draft Evaders: Exile, Punishment, or

Amnesty? by Douglas W. Jones and Davis L. Raish, the

Harvard Interation Law Review, vol. 13, No. 1, Winter 1970.-

Amnesty, Questions and Answers, American Civil Liberties Union...
Amnesiy: The Record and the Need, by John M. Swomley, Jr.
An Historical Justification and Legal Basis for Amnesty Today,

by Harrop A. Freeman, Law and Social Order, Arizona State

University Law Journal, vol. 1971, No.3..
Congressional Amnesty for War Resislers, Policy Considerations and

Constitutional Problems, by Louis Lusky, Vanderbilt Law Re-
view, vol. 25, No. 3, April 1972.
The Truth About Deserters by Robert K. Musil, the Nation,

April 16, 1973
Canadian Department of Manpower and Immigration, table, U.S.

males age 15-25 granted landed immigrant status in Canada.
Comparison of amnesty bills, Congressional Research Service, Li-

brary of Congress, March 1, 1974.-

Department of Defense:

Agency report, March 8, 1974..

Benade, Lt. Gen., Leo E., Deputy Assistant Secretary of De-

fense:

Letter, dated November 2, 1973, to Senator Robert Taft, Jr..

Letter, dated March 1, 1974, to Hon. Robert W. Kasten-

meier..

Niederlehner, L., acting General Counsel, letter, dated March 4,

1974, to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier-

Table of Desertion Rate (Unauthorized Absence of 30 days or

more).

Table of Absentee Incident Rate (Absentee Incidents of less than

30 days) -

Table of conscientious objectors, status of in-service applica-

tions for discharge or noncombatant service.--

Department of Justice:

Peterson, Hon. Henry E., Assistant Attorney General:

Letter, dated November 9, 1973, to Senator Robert Taft, Jr..

Letter, dated March 1, 1974, to Hon. Robert W. Kasten-

meier..

Traylor, Esq. Lawrence M., Pardon Attorney, letter, dated

February 26, 1974, to Rev. W. Sterling Cary--

Friends Committee:

Statement of Some Quaker Bodies on Amnesty -

AFSC Policy Statement on Amnesty-

Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends

Introduction.

Southeastern Yearly Meeting of Friends

New York Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends..

New England Yearly Meeting of Friends..

Baltimore Yearly Meeting of the Religous Society of Friends -

Western Yearly Meeting of Friends Church..

Wilmington (Ohio) Yearly Meeting---

Kastenmeier, Hon. Robert W., chairman, Subcommittee on Courts,

Civil Liberties, and the Administration of Justice:

Letter, dated February 15, 1974, to Hon. Henry E. Peterson, As-

sistant Attorney General, Department of Justice..

Letter, dated February 20, 1974, to Hon. Melvin R. Laird.

Letter, dated February 20, 1974, to Hon. James R. Schlesinger,

Secretary of Defense.

Letter, dated February 28, 1974, to Hon. James R. Schlesinger,

Secretary of Defense..

Laird, Hon. Melvin R., letter, dated February 22, 1974, to Hon.

Robert W. Kastenmeier, enclosing copy of letter to Commander
Ray R. Soden, Veterans of Foreign Wars, dated January 28, 1974..

545

339

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