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PARTICULARS OF LIGHTS RECENTLY ESTABLISHED.
(Continued from page .162)
(a.) 5.—Vessels coming from the northward for Batavia Roads should bring the light to bear between S. E. and S. & W., which will lead to the anchorage. In coming from the westward and having passed Karang Kuiper, s'eer to the south-eastward for the anchorage until the light bears South.
The old barbour light is discontinued. (b.) 8.-It stands on Punta del Torco de Afuera, at the West side of entrance to the Ria de San Martin de la Arena, 28 yards from the sea.
When coming from the westward and being near the shore, the light is hidden by the highest part of Punta del Buey between the bearings of E.S.E. and S.E. J E.
THE “RIFLEMAN'S” SURVEYs in the China Sea. We made the highest peak of the great Tambelan in lat. 1° 1' 24" N., agreeing with Ross's chart. Horsburgh places it in 1° 0' N., which cannot be correct, as we cannot be that much in error, our latitude being from three sets of circummeridianal altitudes by artificial horizon, all agreeing within a few seconds. Probably Ross's latitude was found by similar means. The longitude we made 107° 32' 42" E. In Ross's chart it is 107° 35', and the same in Horsburgh.
From the position of Tambelan Peakall the latitudes and longitudes given below have been calculated.
It is required of surveyors by the Admiralty, that all meridian distances be determined from equal altitudes. Bad weather prevented ns obtaining these, and the longitude of Tambelan Peak, and conse
quently all the longitudes given below, may be affected by subsequent observations, but only to a very small extent-certainly not more than half a mile; and the same error will apply to all the positions.
The Rifleman anchored in five fathoms on the Europe Shoal, found to extend about a mile N.b.E. and S.b.W., the shoalest patch about the middle, with three fathoms on it at low water spring tides. Horsburg gives two fathoms, but we could not find less than three, and all our boats were sounding over it several hours. Southward of the three fathom patch the shoal extends westward nearly three-quarters of a mile, with six to ten fathoms over this part of it. All round it there is from eighteen to twenty-five fathoms.
We made the position of the three fathoms patch to be lat. 1° 11' 18" N., long. 107° 25' 42". Compass bearings :-Rocky Islets, S. 85° 13' W., 11.75 miles; Gap Rock, N. 79° 25' E., 8.5 miles; Apex Pulo Iray, S. 17° 31' W., 5•25 miles; right extreme of the Tambelans, 8. 19° W., 5.8 miles ; left extreme of the Tambelans, S. 44° 17' E., 14:20 miles.
The Rodger Rock is of very small extent and, as described by Mr. A. Rodger (vide Horsburgh, page 305), is about 100 yards square; at low water springs there is but three feet water on it.
This is an exceedingly dangerous rock, having regular soundings of nineteen to twenty-two fathoms for miles round it. The Rifleman was four days before she found it, steaming slowly about with lookouts on all the yard-arms, &c. As her tracks were plotted on the chart as she ran them, it was seen, when the rock was found, that she had passed very close to it several times, the boats also. It was ultimately found by the tide making against the wind and causing a slight ripple. We made its position to be as follows:- lat. 0° 43' 6" N., long. 107° 31' E. Compass bearings :- Tambelan Peak seen on the right apex of large Jarrang, N. 1° 30' E., 11.05 miles; Green Island, N. 81° 24' W., 12:10 miles; right extreme of Tambelans, N. 11° E., 17.09 miles ; left extreme of Tambelans, N. 30° 20' W., 20.07 miles.
No doubt this is the rock seen by Mr. R. Loney, R.N., wben in command of the Rose Ellis (vide" Horsburgh, page 305), and so marked in the Admiralty charts. The rock being far from the islands, the least error of bearing would cause the discrepancy in its position as given by Captains Rodger and Loney.
In the latest Admiralty charts there is a danger marked “Constance ?” laid down about a mile and three-quarters South of large Jarrang. The Rifleman was steaming a whole day about its position without seeing it. Beyond being marked in the chart, we have no particulars; and, moreover, the shoal being marked as doubtful, and not as of doubtful position merely, induces us not to believe in its existence.
A coral shoal, however, was found off the S.W. end of little Jarrang; the shoalest part, with three fathoms on it, bearing N. 68° W. nine-tenths of a mile from the S.W. end of little Jarrang. From this patch (its western extreme) it extends about S.E.b.E. three-quarters of a mile, with depths varying from four to nine fathoms. We believe that to bave been the Constance Shoal.
Tambelan highest peak on with the right extreme of Harbour Island clears it half a mile to the West; and White Rock on with the right extreme of large Jarrang leads over nine fathoms on the S.E. end of it. White Rock kept well open of the right extreme of large Jarrang clears the danger to the southward.
There is seventeen to twenty fathoms between this shoal and little Jarrang.
Several other shoal patches and dangers were found out of the ordinary track of navigation; a glance at the chart would describe them better than a long account here.
The general description of them given by Horsburgh is in the main correct.
SUNKEN WRECK IN FUNCHAL BAY, ISLAND OF MADEIRA.
Information has been received at the Admiralty, that the brig Comet bas recently been sunk at the anchorage in Funchal Bay, island of Madeira. The wreck lies in about 231 fathoms water, with Cape Garajoa bearing S.E.b.E. E.; Ilheo do Gorgulo, W.b.N. I N.; Pico da Cruz, N.W. W.; the Cathedral, N.E.; and the right extreme of the Loo Rock, N. & E., and in line with the house West of the flagstaff. Mariners are cautioned not to anchor near the wreck, as H.M.S. Egmont by doing so lost an anchor and a portion of cable. All bearings are magnetic. Variation 21° 55' West in 1863.
VOYAGE OF H.M.S. “Cyclops :"_THE RED SEA.
Captain W. J. Ș. Pullen.
(Continued from vol. xxxi, page 664.) Finding that Mr. Vice-Consul Page bad effected a purchase of 600 tons of coals, as I had desired on the 6th ult., the embarking them was commenced. I determined on taking as many as the boxes would hold, leaving the remainder for future use, to be taken in on our way down the sea, which would not be until I had run the line up the centre, as I had before intended.
This work kept the crew constantly employed, except the intervening Sunday, until the morning of the 15th ; when, finding that 376 tons from the shore, with what was remaining on board, filled our bunkers—in the whole 408 tons,—I proposed going to sea as soon after I had got sights for time as convenient, not expecting a later delay than the 16th.
Frequently since arrival, and previous, Mr. Page had brought to my notice the circumstance of a British ship then in the port having : NO. 4.-VOL. XXXII.
assumed a Turkish character without any consultation with the Consul, the papers of which were still lying in the consulate. This was certainly contrary to all law; but, being doubtful on the point, I declined interfering until, finding that it was an indisputable case, and that one of the owners had made a formal complaint to the Vice-Consul on the subject against the other, and aggressor, in the matter,-moreover, the other merchants complaining, I decided an assembling a court at the consulate for the purpose of trying the case, and directed Mr. Page to issue the necessary notice to all parties concerned, and also warn any two British merchants (Indian) residing in the place that their presence would be necessary.
Accordingly, on the morning of the 13th, I landed and proceeded to the consulate for the purpose of inquiring into this matter. As the proceedings of the court have been detailed, I merely state now that the infraction of the law was so palpable, the wrongdoer finally admitting so himself, and his name appearing as part owner on the British register that I seized her as a forfeitnre to the crown, intimating to all concerned-also by writing to the Caimacan and Pacha—what I had done and my intention to send her to Bombay, the first ViceAdmiralty Court, for adjudication. A boat from the ship proceeded to the one in question (Eranee) and took possession, hauling the Turkish colours down and replacing them by British.
On my way to the boat, I remarked to an officer with me that the people in the bazaars appeared to eye us very strangely, but thought nothing more of it. On reaching the wharf I was questioned by the pilot as to when I should go to sea. I told him the 17th, but he must be on board by the next evening. This was quite six o'clock; we reached the ship at seven. During the night several Greeks came off to the ship, some in a complete state of nudity, stating that they were clerks in merchants' houses on shore, and bad escaped for their lives, the Mussulman population having risen against the Christians, and as a preliminary torn down the consular flagstaffs of the English and French, and were committing other acts of violence. But they thought the flags would protect the lives of the Consuls, &c.
On the morning of June 16th daylight showed neither of the consulate flagstaffs standing. According to my intentions, as before stated, at eight a.m. I left the ship for the purpose of getting observations on the government wharf, and to endeavour to find out what had taken place on shore. As a precautionary measure, I ordered the arms in my gig, and took besides one of the cutters, Mr. Armstrong, Senior Lieutenant in command, having with him Mr. Maclear (Mate) and one of the escaped Greeks as interpreter. Mr. Mayes, the Master, accompanied me. All were fully armed.
Passing along the line of merchant ships (British Indian) the crews, which they had never done before, assembled to look at us as we passed them—significant, I thought. Pushing on, we got without any hindrance nearly up to the last narrow channel, leading direct into the landing-place. Entering it, and heading for the wharfs, not more than a hundred yards from us, and about eighty from the large fort on
our right, we saw an unusually large concourse of people assembled on a sort of esplanade under the walls forming the sea face to the town, the walls also crowded, and the windows of houses within them.
On the parapet of the large fort at the S.W. angle of the town were also some people, apparently soldiers ; several of whom we perceived jump off the wall and appear in the embrasures, evidently making signals for us to turn back. As we were near enough to talk to the people, I laid on my oars and, calling the cutter alongside, desired the Greek to ask the meaning of the large concourse, and if they intended to prevent our landing. Before reply could be obtained, musket balls were dropping about the boat, and at the same time two men on the Government wharf head were seen waiving scarfs, either to approach or go away, I cannot say which ; but interpreting it in the latter sense, and something more convincing following in the shape of a volley of musketry from about the vicinity of the Custom House, I gave the word to pull out, and came to the conclusion that the reports of last night were too true. But to what extent the mob had proceeded, was all conjecture, for it was apparent it was only the mob, which the Government, from their friendly warning, were not concerned in, but in their miserable inefficiency could not put down.
As we pulled round, besides this volley we were saluted with yells and shouts of fury, for it was evident that they hoped to get us entrapped. A stroke or two more of the oars would have put us among them, and had we landed, not one would have been left alive.
Pulling out, occasional shots dropped near us, and large bodies of men were seen running along the southern face of the town towards the shoals leading to the first channel, and there act in concert with other bodies from the northern side of the town, and intercept us in our passage out. A great many of these people seemed to be armed with the long Arab musket, and with a full intention of doing us mischief, and certainly such a preponderance of strength over our two boats, seventeen all told, was sufficiently alarming.
The men, however, I was pleased to see, displayed no apprehension of being able to clear the way, merely stretching out with a good will to endeavour to win the race. The shore part from the northward though had the advantage, and succeeded in gaining the passage before the boats could head into it. Up to this very time, not a single firearm or weapon of offence had been shown on our part, for I was determined on not proceeding to extremities as long as I could possibly help it, for if blood was once shed by us, I knew not what Christian lives might be sacrificed on shore in revenge, never dreaming but that all we knew of among such a set of fanatics were safe enough.
But it was time to prepare and show those who now appeared determined to stop us, that it would not be without a struggle. I was ahead with my boat, and seeing that many had crossed the channel, not more than twice the boat's length (winding) and about half her breadth, I sent Mr. Mayes in the bows, armed with his sword and revolver to clear the passage, and the men to have the arms and cut. lasses on the thwarts alongside them ; when with the yoke linés in