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TABLE B-1.-CHINA: ESTIMATED PRODUCTION OF SELECTED TYPES OF MACHINERY, 1949-74

1, 100

17,000

,000
000

000
900
5,700
600

500
900

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089

Tractors ? (15 hp units)

Mainline locomotives (units)

Electric
gener-
ators
(kilo-
watts)

Machine

tools
(units)

Sewing

ma-
chines
( (thou-
sands)

Merchant
vessels

(LSD

Spindles

(units)

Freight

cars
(units)

Conven

tional

Motor
vehicles
(units)

Total

Garden

Total

Steam

Diesel

Electric

tons)

ននន

តនះ

625,000
780,000

700,000
000 1,400,000

46, 138

-១៧

ទំន៖

គឺ

3,500,000

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រ Preliminary estimates.

TABLE B-2.-CHINA: ESTIMATED PRODUCTION OF SELECTED PRODUCER GOODS, 1949-74

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TABLE B-2.-CHINA: ESTIMATED PRODUCTION OF SELECTED PRODUCER GOODS, 1949–74—Continued
Cement (thousand metric tons)

Paper
Large
Small

Timber (thousand
Total

plants plants (thousand M3) metric tons)

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TABLE B-3.-CHINA: ESTIMATED PRODUCTION OF SELECTED CONSUMER GOODS, 1949–74

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1949. 1950 1951 1952. 1953. 1954. 1955. 1956. 1957. 1958. 1959. 1960. 1961. 1962. 1963 1964. 1965. 1966. 1967 1968 1969. 1970. 1971. 1972 1973 1974

1, 889
2, 522
3,058
3, 829
4,685
5, 230
4,361
5, 770
5,050
5,700
6, 100
4,900
3, 300
3,500
4,600
5, 100
6, 400
6, 700
5,500
6,000
6, 600
7, 500
7,200
7, 300
7,600
7,600

199 242 300 451 638 693 717 807 864

900 1, 130

920
700
480

510
1,030
1, 460
1, 710
1, 900
1, 900
1, 700
1, 790
1,890
1,870
2, 230
2, 190

23, 920
27, 175

33, 216

300, 960

805

2, 412 3,026 3, 640 4,030 4, 300 4,859

401, 280

65, 220

TABLE B-4.--CHINA: GROSS VALUE OF INDUSTRIAL AND HANDICRAFT OUTPUT, BY PRODUCER AND CONSUMER

GOODS, 1949–57
(in millions of 1952 yuan)

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Total industrial production 1

Producer goods 1.

Consumer goods Industry?

Producer goods

Consumer goods
Handicrafts ...

Producer goods
Consumer goods

14,020 19,120 26, 350 34, 330 44,700 51, 97054,870 70,360 78, 390

3,730 5,650 8,500 12, 220 16,680 19, 990 22, 890 32,040 37, 940 19, 290 13, 470 17,850 22,110 28, 020 31, 980 31,980 38, 320 40, 450 10, 780 14,060 20, 210 27, 020 35, 580 41, 510 44,750 58, 660 65,020 3, 100 4,690 47,330 10,730 14,670 17,580 20,580 29, 170 $ 34, 330 7,680 49, 370 12, 880 16, 290 20,910 23,930 24,170 29, 490 5 30,690 3, 240 5, 060 6, 140 7,310 9, 120 10, 460 10, 120 11,700 13, 370

630 4 960 41,170 1,490 2,010 2,410 2,310 2, 870 3, 610 2,610 14,100 4,970 5, 820 7, 110 8,050 7.810 8,830 9, 760

1 State Statistical Bureau, "Ten Great Years," Peking, 1960, pp. 16 and 87,

Total industrial production less handicrafts. * State Statistical Bureau, "kuo-min ching-chi t'ung-chi t'i-yao" ("Statistical Abstract of the National Economy'). appended to the pamphlet "Kuzn-yu 1956 nien-tu kuo-min ching-chi chi-hua chih-hsing chieh-kuo ti kung-pao ("Communique on Results of Implementation of the 1956 Economic Plan'') released Aug. 1, 1957, Peking, no publication date, pp. 28-29 except as noted.

* Handicraft and industrial production of producer and consumer goods are derived by forcing interpolated values to add to the total value of producer and consumer goods and of industry and handicrafts, respectively.

Producer and consumer goods are derived as 52.8 percent and 47.2 percent of industrial production respectively. See State Statistical Bureau, "Communique on Fulfillment and Overfulfillment of China's First Five-Year Plan" NCNÁ. English, Apr. 13, 1959; in American Consulate General, Hong Kong, "Current Background" No. 556, Apr. 15, 1959, p. 4,

Handicraft production of producer and consumer goods are total production less production by industry alone. respectively, except as noted.

TABLE B-5.--CHINA: GROSS VALUE OF INDUSTRIAL AND HANDICRAFT OUTPUT, INCLUDING AND EXCLUDING

REPAIR, BY PRODUCER AND CONSUMER GOODS, 1956

In millions of 1952 yuan)

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1 Table B-4.
2 Derived as total less repair.
: Derived as the sum of repair in industry and handicrafts.

Table B-6. The entire value is assumed to be repair of producer goods. s Estimated on the assumption that repair was 2.32 percent of the value of handicraft production. This percent is the share of employment in handicraft repair in 1954. See John Philip Emerson, "Nonagricultural Employment in Mainland China: 1949-58," U.S. Bureau of the Census, series P-90, No. 21, Washington, D.C., 1965, p. 116. The entire value is assumed to be repair of producer goods.

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TABLE B-6.-CHINA: GROSS VALUE OF INDUSTRIAL OUTPUT, BY BRANCH, 1952-57

Iin millions of 1952 yuan]

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All industry.
Flectric power..
Coal.
Petroleum
Ferrous metals.
Metal processiag.
Machine building -

Producer goods 2

Consumer goods.
Metal products

Repair
Chemical processing-
Building materials
Timber
Paper.
Textiles

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13,652

1, 123

621 1,216

655 8,016

11,632

919 1,541

711 9, 885

12, 147

976 1, 743

844 11, 135

12, 340

991 1,485

983 10, 754

1, 475 1, 718 1, 318 13, 049

4, 291 1, 626 1, 951 1, 691 12, 419

Producer goods

Consumer goods Food processing...

1, 124 6,892

1, 167
8, 718

1, 275
9, 860

1, 903
8,851

1, 895 11, 154

6, 105

18,083

19,522

1 10,574

111, 764

13, 264

Source: John Philip Emerson, "Nonagricultural Employment in Mainland China: 1949-58," U.S. Bureau of the Census, series P-90, No. 21, Washington, D.C., 1965, p. 208, except as noted.

1 Robert Michael Field, "The Growth of Industrial Production and Productivity in Communist China: 1952-57" (doctora thesis, Harvard University), 1966, pp. 156-159.

2. Producer goods and consumer goods were derived as 93 and 7 percent of machine building, respectively. See Chao lwen, "Hsin chung-kuo ti kung-yeh" ("The Industry of New China), Peking, 1957, p. 43.

: For 1952, the following percentage distribution for the gross value of the metal processing sector was reported in State Statistical Bureau, Wo-kuo kang-t'ieh tien-li mei-t'an chi-hsieh fang-chih tsao-chih kung-yeh ti chin-hsi" ("Chinese Iron and Steel, Electric Power, Coal, Machinery, Textile and Paper Industries--Past and Present)", Peking, 1958, p. 112; Machine building, 49.9; Metal products, 33.3; Repair, 14.7. The 3 components do not add to 100, but the gross value of the machine building industry is 49.9 percent of the total. The gross value of metal products and repairs in 1952 was estimated by dividing the residual in proportion to the reported percentages. The gross value of repair in 1957 is estimated to have Fallen to 10 percent of the metal processing sector. The gross value of metal products in 1957 is derived as a residual. The gross value for the intervening years was estimated from a linear interpolation of the relative shares of metal products and repair in 1952 and 1957.

State Statistical Bureau, op. cit., pp. 164-165.

51-174 0.75 - 12

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