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INDEX.

441
387
356

382
357
410

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5

255
208
410

Great Deep, Five Years in,

398

Grant, Captain,

529

Grave and Gay,

438

5

H

4

95 Heat, as a Mode of Motion,
32 Health, Influence in,

528 Huguenots, Origin of,

53 | Human Skeleton under Buried Forests,

Cave of Bellamar,

Child and the Dew-Drops, .

Conversation, Decay of,

Care Deposits, .

Coast of Norway 24,000 years old,

Color Blindness,

Constantines, First of,

Coronation of the Sultan, .

Cremation of the Dead,

55

428

513

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Peruvians,
Phenomena of Missing,
Poland, Ancient and Modern,
Poland,
Pompeii, Discoveries in,

429 Whately, Archbishop of Dublin,
341 Wilson, Rev. Daniel,
297 | Woman's Work, Phase of,

36 White Nile,
269 World, Ancient,

525
200
205
209
273

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It seems to be understood that geology | cessive varieties of life it has sustained, and theology stand opposed to each other that its origin must be thrown back unin a sort of armed neutrality, ready at any counted ages. They proved this so clearmoment to rush into war. From time to ly, that theologians were obliged to reëxtime geology has made fierce attacks on amine their own record, and acknowledge, theology, and forced its opponent to re- with some discomfiture, that it did not say cede from its former standing.ground. what they asserted it to have said. It is Sixty years ago, the theologians of this true, the creation of heaven and earth, country.generally believed that the first in the beginning,” is referred to the chapter in Genesis contains the history of Almighty; but we are expressly told that the original creation of earth and heaven the existing earth was “ without form in a period of six days, about six thousand and void " before the command was years since. This was the first point of spoken which began the work of the first attack. Geologists argued from the earth's day. Driven from one position, the theoown record of the long series of changes logians intrenched themselves in another. which have passed over it, and the suc.“ Ít is true,” they said, “the earth has The Geological Evidences of the Antiquity of the Bible gives no account; but our state

passed through phases and ages of which Nar, with Remarks on Theories of the Origin of Species by Variation. By SIR CHARLES LYEL. of things, our forms of life, above all, our Illustrated by wood cuts. London: Murray. 1863. / human inheritance in the earth, only date VOL. LX.-NO. 1

1

back six thousand years; and it is the settled previous convictions. It is not beginning of this era that the first chapter enough for them to find probabilities or of Genesis records.' It is only within plausibilities inclining rather to one side the last thirty years that theologians have than another; they demand positive proof slowly retreated to this position, and dur- that the opinions which must uproot their ing that time geology has been gathering old established beliefs come to them with up its forces for a new attack. It now all the sacred authority of truth. If one tells us that there is no trace of any line party is open to the accusation that preof separation between periods of disorder vious conviction blinds them to the force and order, of old and new forms of life; of facts, the other is subject to the remore than this, it tells us that during the proach that the want of such conviction last few years human relics have been makes them injure the cause of truth found in deposits so old as to compel us by hasty conclusions, and generalizations to throw aside the chronology of the founded on insufficient data. Bible, and assign to the human race an It will be a question whether this reantiquity of tens of thousands of years. proach has or has not been deserved by

This is a serious affair. We know that the author of the book which now lies bethe chronology of the Bible has not fore us. Sir Charles Lyell comes forward escaped errors of transcription; there as the advocate of the alleged antiquity of can be no doubt that through this and the human race. All that can be said in other mischances the numbers are not al support of it, we may be certain he will ways in harmony with themselves; we say; all the facts that can be brought to know the Septuagint adds fourteen hun bear on it, such a master of facts will dred years to the chronology of the He- unquestionably produce. It helps to clear brew; but this is a kind of error that the mind of many doubts and apprehendoes not shake our faith in the general sions, when one who is so high an authorhistoric accuracy of the book of G ity enters the lists on this disputed subCould we, however, suppose that the ject; for, we may be sure, if such a chamhuman race is sixty or eighty thousand pion does not overthrow our belief, we years old, and that the six day's creation have nothing more to fear. must go for nothing, it would stamp on Sir Charles Lyell divides his subject into the book of Genesis that balf-mythical, three stages. First, he seeks to prove half-legendary, and wholly untrustworthy the great antiquity of the antiquarian or, character which belongs to the unrevealed as geologists call it, the recent periodrecords of the origin of all ancient nations. that in which man has existed with all his Not without a struggle shall we yield present surroundings. For this period that; not without clear and ample proof alone he demands much more than six shall we grant that. On this point we thousand years. Secondly, he endeavors are in a position which geologists do not to establish the far greater antiquity of a understand. They impute it wholly to preceding age, during which man existed our ignorance that we will not be satisfied amidst other than his present surroundings. with the amount of evidence which satis- This period is counted by tens of thousands fies them: and truly, when we hear the of years. Thirldy, he points out the imabsurd suggestions brought forward to mensely greater antiquity of a still earlier meet the force of geological facts, we age, in which (though no remains of man must be content to bear patiently the have yet been found) part of the fauna reproach of ignorance. But the difference and flora which are still contemporaneous between us is not so much our want of with man were in existence. Of this knowledge, as their want of belief. They period he only ventures to say that it can come into the field unembarrasssed by not be less than one hundred and eighty belief, not asking and not caring what thousand years. received truths their opinions may support To begin with the recent period. Let or upset. If, of two classes of facts, one us think of the lapse of time revealed. be stronger than the other-if, of two 1. By the successive changes of vegetatheories, one have less difficulties than the tion attested by the Danish peat-beds. other—they can be satisfied to accept the Low down in them are found trunks of better evidence and the easier theory. the Scotch fir, a tree not now a native of But it is otherwise with those who begin the Danish islands; higher up, trunks of an investigation under the influence of the common oak, which is now rare ;

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